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Computer Science - 06.12.2021
Turbo boost for materials research
Turbo boost for materials research
Researchers train AI to predict new compounds A new algorithm has been designed to help discover previously unknown material compounds. It was developed by a team from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Friedrich Schiller University Jena and Lund University in Sweden. The researchers designed a form of artificial intelligence (AI) based on machine learning that can perform complex calculations within a very short space of time.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.12.2021
Twisting elusive quantum particles
Twisting elusive quantum particles
While the number of qubits and the stability of quantum states are still limiting current quantum computing devices, there are questions where these processors are already able to leverage their enormous computing power. In collaboration with the Google Quantum AI team scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the University of Nottingham used a quantum processor to simulate the ground state of a so-called toric code Hamiltonian - an archetypical model system in modern condensed matter physics, which was originally proposed in the context of quantum error correction.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 02.12.2021
Mathematicians use DeepMind AI to create new methods in problem-solving
Mathematicians use DeepMind AI to create new methods in problem-solving
Sydney researcher Professor Geordie Williamson is working with colleagues at Oxford using DeepMind's artificial intelligence to develop fundamentally new techniques in mathematics. For the first time, computer scientists and mathematicians have used artificial intelligence to help prove or suggest new mathematical theorems in the complex fields of knot theory and representation theory.

Health - Computer Science - 01.12.2021
A new system for analysing thoracic CT scans with deep learning enables COVID-19 lesion detection
A new system for analysing thoracic CT scans with deep learning enables COVID-19 lesion detection
A new automated system that involves deep learning technology enables the detection of COVID-19 lesion via the analysis of a computed tomography (CT) scan. This system, described in a study published in the journal Computers in Biology and Medicine, has been carried out by researchers of the UB, the EURECAT Technology Centre of Catalonia, and the Computing Vision Center (CVC).

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 29.11.2021
Artificial intelligence could be used to accurately predict tsunamis
A reliable early warning system to detect tsunamis could be a step closer thanks to research from Cardiff University. Researchers say their analysis of ocean soundwaves triggered by underwater earthquakes has enabled them to develop artificial intelligence (AI) that allow prediction of when a tsunami might occur.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 23.11.2021
More than 300 possible new exoplanets
UCLA astronomers have identified 366 new exoplanets, thanks in large part to an algorithm developed by a UCLA postdoctoral scholar. Among their most noteworthy findings is a planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, each roughly the size of Saturn and located unusually close to one another.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 23.11.2021
Robots build new hanging gardens
Robots build new hanging gardens
With the help of artificial intelligence and four collaborative robots, researchers at ETH Zurich are designing and fabricating a 22.5-metre-tall green architectural sculpture. Working with Müller Illien Landscape Architects, Timbatec and other partners from industry and research, researchers from the group led by ETH architecture professors Fabio Gramazio and Matthias Kohler are creating a green architectural sculpture for the Tech Cluster Zug.

Computer Science - Innovation - 15.11.2021
Serious security vulnerabilities in computer memories
Serious security vulnerabilities in computer memories
Researchers at ETH Zurich have discovered major vulnerabilities in DRAM memory devices, which are widely used in computers, tablets and smartphones. The vulnerabilities have now been published together with the National Cyber Security Centre, which for the first time has assigned an identification number for it.

Physics - Computer Science - 11.11.2021
Canadian researchers achieve first quantum simulation of baryons
Researchers take step towards more complex quantum simulations  A team of researchers led by an Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) faculty member performed the first-ever simulation of baryons-fundamental quantum particles-on a quantum computer. With their results, the team has taken a step towards more complex quantum simulations that will allow scientists to study neutron stars, learn more about the earliest moments of the universe, and realize the revolutionary potential of quantum computers.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 10.11.2021
When algorithms get creative
When algorithms get creative
Uncovering the mechanisms of learning via synaptic plasticity is a critical step towards understanding how our brains function and building truly intelligent, adaptive machines. Researchers from the University of Bern propose a new approach in which algorithms mimic biological evolution and learn efficiently through creative evolution.

Computer Science - 09.11.2021
New AI brings the power of natural language processing to African languages
New AI model enables computers to analyze text in African languages for many useful tasks Researchers have developed an AI model to help computers work more efficiently with a wider variety of languages. African languages have received little attention from computer scientists, so few natural language processing capabilities have been available to large swaths of the continent.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 09.11.2021
Data scientists aim to detect internet censorship in real time
AI could help flag totalitarian governments trying to cut off information flow While the internet has proven a force for freedom, controlling the flow of online traffic is one of the most powerful methods used by 21st-century totalitarian governments. By blocking or throttling areas of the internet, a nation-state can slow or even entirely cut off the spread of information, or prevent the use of applications and tools it considers dangerous or threatening to its rule.

Computer Science - 08.11.2021
Want to Throw Off Your Chatbot? Use Figurative Language
Computer scientists recently examined the performance of dialog systems, such as personal assistants and chatbots designed to interact with humans. The team found that when these systems are confronted with dialog that includes idioms or similes, their performance drops to between 10 and 20 percent.

Environment - Computer Science - 03.11.2021
New software predicts the movements of large land animals
New software can help determine the movements of large wild animals, thereby minimising conflicts with people.  Large land animals have a significant impact on the ecology and biodiversity of the areas they inhabit and traverse. If, for example, the routes and stopping places of cattle, horses, sheep, and also those of wolves or bears overlap with those of people, this often leads to conflicts.

Environment - Computer Science - 03.11.2021
Where the wild bears are
Where the wild bears are
New software predicts the movements of large land animals New software helps determine the movements of large wild animals thereby minimising conflicts with people. The software is simpler than measurements obtained using radio transmitters and can be used where conventional methods fail. An international team led by the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Aarhus University and the University of Oxford has published a description of the new software in the journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution .

Physics - Computer Science - 03.11.2021
Revolutionary identity verification technique offers robust solution to hacking
A team of computer scientists, including Claude Crépeau of McGill University and physicist colleagues from the University of Geneva, have developed an extremely secure identity verification method based on the fundamental principle that information cannot travel faster than the speed of light. The breakthrough has the potential to greatly improve the security of financial transactions and other applications requiring proof of identity online.

Computer Science - 03.11.2021
SEI Asserts Bold Vision for Engineering Future Software Systems
Carnegie Mellon University In as little as 10 to 15 years, software engineering may look more like a technical conversation between humans and computers than a process of manually refining specifications and code, and the software ecosystem must prepare for that future. That is just one of the conclusions of a study titled " Architecting the Future of Software Engineering: A National Agenda for Software Engineering Research & Development " that was released today by the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) at Carnegie Mellon University.

Computer Science - 02.11.2021
How words acquire their meaning
How words acquire their meaning
Researchers in EPFL's College of Humanities have used machine learning to reveal how humans bridge the often-significant gaps between signal and meaning in communication. Robert Lieck and Martin Rohrmeier of the Digital and Cognitive Musicology Laboratory (DCML) used machine learning and artificial intelligence to explore the alignments and misalignments between signals - such as words and gestures - and meaning in communication.

Health - Computer Science - 28.10.2021
Computer scientists developed method for identifying disease biomarkers with high accuracy
Scientists and medical practitioners now have a greater chance of discovering possible diseases through tissue sample analysis Researchers are developing a deep learning network capable of detecting disease biomarkers with a much higher degree of accuracy. Experts at the University of Waterloo's Cheriton School of Computer Science have created a deep neural network that achieves 98 per cent detection of peptide features in a dataset.

Computer Science - 25.10.2021
Distributed protocol underpinning cloud computing automatically determined safe and secure
Distributed protocol underpinning cloud computing automatically determined safe and secure
Two researchers have debunked the common assumption that the famous Paxos consensus protocol is too complex to be proven safe without hours of manual labor In an important step toward ensuring the protocols that dictate how our networked services operate are safe, secure and running as expected, University of Michigan researchers have automated a technique called formal verification.
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