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Health - Computer Science - 07.07.2011
Chips hold the key to understanding the human brain
Chips hold the key to understanding the human brain
University of Manchester scientists have taken a key step towards producing a high-performance computer which aims to create working models of human brain functions. Chips based on ARM processor technology will be linked together to simulate the highly-complex workings of the brain, whose functionality derives from networks of billions of interacting, highly-connected neurons.

Health - Computer Science - 01.07.2011
Health information technology poses no harm to nursing home residents
The federal government is pushing doctors and hospitals to convert to electronic medical records by 2015, touting reductions in costs, increased patient safety and greater efficiencies in the U.S. health care system. What's largely unknown is how the widespread adoption of computer technology affects the quality of medical care, particularly in nursing homes and other long-term care settings.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 28.06.2011
The math of the Rubik’s cube
New research establishes the relationship between the number of squares in a Rubik?s-cube-type puzzle and the maximum number of moves required to solve it. Last August, 30 years after the Rubik's cube first appeared, an international team of researchers proved that no matter how scrambled a cube got, it could be solved in no more than 20 moves.

Physics - Computer Science - 24.06.2011
Optical circuit enables new approach to quantum technologies
Optical circuit enables new approach to quantum technologies
An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bristol, UK, and the Universities of Osaka and Hokkaido, Japan, has demonstrated a fundamental building block for quantum computing that could soon be employed in a range of quantum technologies. Professor Jeremy O'Brien, Director of the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics , and his Japanese colleagues have demonstrated a quantum logic gate acting on four particles of light - photons.

Linguistics / Literature - Computer Science - 22.06.2011
Database explains strange survival of irregular verbs
Database explains strange survival of irregular verbs
An historical study of the development of irregular verbs in the hundreds of Romance languages including French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian and Catalan has revealed how these structures survive. Experts have also examined why they are learned by successive generations despite 'making no sense' or, apparently, having any function in the language.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 21.06.2011
New curation tool a boon for genetic biologists
New curation tool a boon for genetic biologists
CHAMPAIGN, lll. With the BeeSpace Navigator, University of Illinois researchers have created both a curation tool for genetic biologists and a new approach to searching for information. The project was a collaboration between researchers at the Institute for Genomic Biology and the department of computer science.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 26.05.2011
When robots learn from our mistakes
When robots learn from our mistakes
Robots typically acquire new capacities by imitation. Now, EPFL scientists are doing the inverse - developing machines that can learn more rapidly and outperform humans by starting from failed or inaccurate demonstrations. A robot, unblinking, impassive, observes. Its instructor wants it to learn how to put a balloon in a basket 20 meters away.

Computer Science - 18.05.2011
’Mind reading’ brain scans reveal secrets of human vision
"Mind reading" scans show that, to our brains, a sparse line drawing of a street scene is almost as recognizable as a detailed color photograph. Researchers were able to determine that study participants were looking at this street scene even when the participants were only looking at the outline. BY DAN STOBER Researchers call it mind reading.

Computer Science - History / Archeology - 04.05.2011
Psychologist ponders perceived and virtual reality vs. 'real' reality
Psychologist ponders perceived and virtual reality vs. ’real’ reality
President Obama watched Navy SEALs raid the house where Osama bin Laden was killed in "real time," news outlets reported. Gamers spend their time immersed in fantasy. Our cell phone calls and Skype video chats send us real-time images and sounds that re-create a simultaneously occurring reality. What if realities we take for granted are not, in fact, real? In a new paper surveying work on questions of perceived reality, Shimon Edelman, professor of psychology, ranges from cryptography and computing to mathematics and Descartes.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 04.05.2011
Robots learn sharing
Robots learn sharing
An evolutionary robotics experiment supports Hamilton's rule of altruism and improves swarm robotics collaboration as a result. Using simple robots to simulate genetic evolution over hundreds of generations, researchers shed light on one of the most enduring puzzles in biology: Why do most social animals, including humans, go out of their way to help each other?

Mathematics - Computer Science - 19.04.2011
Swapping 'dance partners' in the brain is key to learning
Swapping 'dance partners' in the brain is key to learning
A new way of examining networks is revealing how different areas of the brain team up to help people learn. Researchers collected brain imaging data from people performing a motor task, and then analysed this data using new computational techniques. They found evidence that the 'flexibility' of a person's brain - how much different areas of the brain link up in different combinations; essentially 'swapping partners' - can be used to predict how fast someone will learn.

Physics - Computer Science - 14.04.2011
LOFAR takes the pulse of the radio sky
LOFAR takes the pulse of the radio sky
A powerful new telescope is allowing an international team led by University of Manchester scientists to have their "best-ever look” at pulsars – rapidly rotating neutron stars created when massive stars die. In the first scientific results from the new European telescope LOFAR (Low Frequency Array) to appear in a journal – Astronomy & Astrophysics – the scientists present the most sensitive, low-frequency observations of pulsars ever made.

Physics - Computer Science - 11.04.2011
Physicists Discover New Way to Visualize Warped Space and Time
Physicists Discover New Way to Visualize Warped Space and Time
PASADENA, Calif.—When black holes slam into each other, the surrounding space and time surge and undulate like a heaving sea during a storm. This warping of space and time is so complicated that physicists haven't been able to understand the details of what goes on—until now. "We've found ways to visualize warped space-time like never before," says Kip Thorne, Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics, Emeritus, at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech).

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 14.03.2011
Unique new map shows earthquake risks on humanity
Unique new map shows earthquake risks on humanity A map, which provides a general representation of the risks of earthquakes on humanity using records from the past 4,000 years, has been produced by a geographer from the University of Sheffield. The new World Earthquake Intensity Map has been created on an equal-population map and allows us to understand the earthquake intensity in relation to today´s population distribution, giving an idea of where most people are at risk in regards to seismic activity.

Computer Science - Innovation - 28.02.2011
Supercomputers with the size of sugar cubes
Supercomputers with the size of sugar cubes
Energy consumption poses a critical challenge in the development of next-generation supercomputers and IT systems.

Physics - Computer Science - 23.02.2011
Nature: Two physics highlights
Atomic antennae transmit quantum information across a microchip The Austrian research group led by physicist Rainer Blatt suggests a fundamentally novel architecture for quantum computation. They have experimentally demonstrated quantum antennae, which enable the exchange of quantum information between two separate memory cells located on a computer chip.

Computer Science - 18.02.2011
Findings of Trash Track project revealed
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. In August 2009, a team of researchers from the Senseable City Lab in the MIT Department of Urban Studies and Planning embarked on a major project to track the journey of 3,000 items of waste as they moved through Seattle's disposal system. The goal of the project, called Trash Track, was to monitor the patterns and costs of urban disposal and to help create awareness of the impact of trash on the environment.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 18.02.2011
Discovery of New Planet Reveals Distant Solar System to Riva
With the discovery of an eighth planet, the Kepler-90 system is the first to tie with our solar system in number of planets. NASA/Ames Research Center/Wendy Stenzel AUSTIN, Texas - The discovery of an eighth planet circling the distant star Kepler-90 by University of Texas at Austin astronomer Andrew Vanderburg and Google's Christopher Shallue overturns our solar system's status as having the highest number of known planets.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 18.02.2011
Discovery of New Planet Reveals Distant Solar System to Riva
With the discovery of an eighth planet, the Kepler-90 system is the first to tie with our solar system in number of planets. NASA/Ames Research Center/Wendy Stenzel AUSTIN, Texas - The discovery of an eighth planet circling the distant star Kepler-90 by University of Texas at Austin astronomer Andrew Vanderburg and Google's Christopher Shallue overturns our solar system's status as having the highest number of known planets.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 18.02.2011
Using AI to Discover New Worlds
With the discovery of an eighth planet, the Kepler-90 system is the first to tie with our solar system in number of planets. NASA/Ames Research Center/Wendy Stenzel AUSTIN, Texas - The discovery of an eighth planet circling the distant star Kepler-90 by University of Texas at Austin astronomer Andrew Vanderburg and Google's Christopher Shallue overturns our solar system's status as having the highest number of known planets.
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