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Computer Science - Health - 27.10.2011
A simpler approach to diagnose heart disease
A simpler approach to diagnose heart disease
In clinical settings, simple 2D displays of human arteries have been shown more effective than traditional 3D rainbow models A team of computer scientists, physicists, and physicians at Harvard have developed a simple yet powerful method of visualizing human arteries that may result in more accurate diagnoses of atherosclerosis and heart disease.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 04.10.2011
MRI study finds that depression uncouples brain’s hate circuit
A new study using MRI scans, led by Professor Jianfeng Feng, from the University of Warwick's Department of Computer Science, has found that depression frequently seems to uncouple the brain's "Hate Circuit". The study entitled " Depression Uncouples Brain Hate Circuit " is published today (Tuesday 4th October 2011) in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

Computer Science - 30.09.2011
Sexting driven by peer pressure
Both young men and women experience peer pressure to share sexual images via the new phenomenon of 'sexting', preliminary findings from a University of Melbourne study has found. 'Sexting' is the practice of sending and receiving sexual images on a mobile phone. The study is one of the first academic investigations into 'sexting' from a young person's perspective in Australia.

Health - Computer Science - 29.09.2011
MIT: Computer science gives a boost to heart health
A new study shows that using computer science techniques to help determine risk of death in heart attack sufferers yields more accurate results. CAMBRIDGE, Mass. Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), the University of Michigan, Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston and Harvard Medical School have developed a new tool that can more accurately determine risk of death in patients who have suffered a heart attack.

Computer Science - Health - 28.09.2011
Study to investigate new treatment for lazy eye
Researchers are seeking children with amblyopia — also known as lazy eye — for a study investigating potential new treatments for the condition. The team from University of Notingham is looking for children (age 5-12 yrs), for research exploring whether computer-based visual tasks can help to improve vision in the weak eye.

Innovation - Computer Science - 16.09.2011
The apple doesnít fall far from the tree - or does it?
The apple doesnít fall far from the tree - or does it?
Research has shown that contrary to what was thought from previous studies, spin-outs don't systematically set up shop near their parent companies. To stay or to leave, what's the best strategy? "I was really surprised, when doing this research, to find that 50% of spin-outs don't necessarily establish themselves near the parent company," observes Christopher Tucci from EPFL.

Media - Computer Science - 11.08.2011
University of Minnesota researchers reveal Wikipedia gender biases
University of Minnesota researchers reveal Wikipedia gender biases
Gender gap shows no sign of closing over the past five years MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (08/11/2011) —Computer science researchers in the University of Minnesota's College of Science and Engineering are leading a team that has confirmed a substantial gender gap among editors of Wikipedia and a corresponding gender-oriented disparity in the content.

Economics / Business - Computer Science - 10.08.2011
Input/output: The Economics of Database Searching
Searching the internet might seem simple, but applying a little bit of economic theory to information retrieval can shed some light on the best search strategies to adopt, according to researchers. Leif Azzopardi from the School of Computing Science at the University of Glasgow took production theory from microeconomics and applied it to the process of searching the internet, or any other database system.

Physics - Computer Science - 03.08.2011
Dramatic simplification paves the way for building a quantum computer
Dramatic simplification paves the way for building a quantum computer
An international research group has demonstrated a new technique that dramatically simplifies quantum circuits, bringing quantum computers closer to reality. Xiao-Qi Zhou and colleagues at the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics and the University of Queensland, Australia, have shown that controlled operations ' ones that are implemented on the condition that a 'control bit' is in the state 1 - can be dramatically simplified compared to the standard approach.

Physics - Computer Science - 03.08.2011
First observational test of the multiverse?
First observational test of the multiverse?
The theory that our universe is contained inside a bubble, and that multiple alternative universes exist inside their own bubbles ' making up the 'multiverse' ' is, for the first time, being tested by physicists. Two research papers published in Physical Review Letters and Physical Review D are the first to detail how to search for signatures of other universes.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 12.07.2011
Engineers build a nanoscale device for brain-inspired computing
Engineers build a nanoscale device for brain-inspired computing
Researchers at the Stanford School of Engineering have delivered a nanoelectronic synapse that might drive a new class of microchips that can learn, adapt and make probability-based decisions in complex environments. Their work might one day lead to real-time brain simulators that enhance our understanding of neuroscience.

Health - Computer Science - 07.07.2011
Chips hold the key to understanding the human brain
Chips hold the key to understanding the human brain
University of Manchester scientists have taken a key step towards producing a high-performance computer which aims to create working models of human brain functions. Chips based on ARM processor technology will be linked together to simulate the highly-complex workings of the brain, whose functionality derives from networks of billions of interacting, highly-connected neurons.

Health - Computer Science - 01.07.2011
Health information technology poses no harm to nursing home residents
The federal government is pushing doctors and hospitals to convert to electronic medical records by 2015, touting reductions in costs, increased patient safety and greater efficiencies in the U.S. health care system. What's largely unknown is how the widespread adoption of computer technology affects the quality of medical care, particularly in nursing homes and other long-term care settings.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 28.06.2011
The math of the Rubik’s cube
New research establishes the relationship between the number of squares in a Rubik?s-cube-type puzzle and the maximum number of moves required to solve it. Last August, 30 years after the Rubik's cube first appeared, an international team of researchers proved that no matter how scrambled a cube got, it could be solved in no more than 20 moves.

Physics - Computer Science - 24.06.2011
Optical circuit enables new approach to quantum technologies
Optical circuit enables new approach to quantum technologies
An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bristol, UK, and the Universities of Osaka and Hokkaido, Japan, has demonstrated a fundamental building block for quantum computing that could soon be employed in a range of quantum technologies. Professor Jeremy O'Brien, Director of the University of Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics , and his Japanese colleagues have demonstrated a quantum logic gate acting on four particles of light - photons.

Linguistics / Literature - Computer Science - 22.06.2011
Database explains strange survival of irregular verbs
Database explains strange survival of irregular verbs
An historical study of the development of irregular verbs in the hundreds of Romance languages including French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian and Catalan has revealed how these structures survive. Experts have also examined why they are learned by successive generations despite 'making no sense' or, apparently, having any function in the language.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 21.06.2011
New curation tool a boon for genetic biologists
New curation tool a boon for genetic biologists
CHAMPAIGN, lll. With the BeeSpace Navigator, University of Illinois researchers have created both a curation tool for genetic biologists and a new approach to searching for information. The project was a collaboration between researchers at the Institute for Genomic Biology and the department of computer science.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 26.05.2011
When robots learn from our mistakes
When robots learn from our mistakes
Robots typically acquire new capacities by imitation. Now, EPFL scientists are doing the inverse - developing machines that can learn more rapidly and outperform humans by starting from failed or inaccurate demonstrations. A robot, unblinking, impassive, observes. Its instructor wants it to learn how to put a balloon in a basket 20 meters away.

Computer Science - 18.05.2011
’Mind reading’ brain scans reveal secrets of human vision
"Mind reading" scans show that, to our brains, a sparse line drawing of a street scene is almost as recognizable as a detailed color photograph. Researchers were able to determine that study participants were looking at this street scene even when the participants were only looking at the outline. BY DAN STOBER Researchers call it mind reading.

Computer Science - History / Archeology - 04.05.2011
Psychologist ponders perceived and virtual reality vs. 'real' reality
Psychologist ponders perceived and virtual reality vs. ’real’ reality
President Obama watched Navy SEALs raid the house where Osama bin Laden was killed in "real time," news outlets reported. Gamers spend their time immersed in fantasy. Our cell phone calls and Skype video chats send us real-time images and sounds that re-create a simultaneously occurring reality. What if realities we take for granted are not, in fact, real? In a new paper surveying work on questions of perceived reality, Shimon Edelman, professor of psychology, ranges from cryptography and computing to mathematics and Descartes.
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