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Physics - Computer Science - 07.02.2023
Microscopy Images Could Lead to New Ways to Control Excitons for Quantum Computing
Excitons are drawing attention as possible quantum bits (qubits) in tomorrow's quantum computers and are central to optoelectronics and energy-harvesting processes. However, these charge-neutral quasiparticles, which exist in semiconductors and other materials, are notoriously difficult to confine and manipulate.

Computer Science - 07.02.2023
Solving a machine-learning mystery
Solving a machine-learning mystery
A new study shows how large language models like GPT-3 can learn a new task from just a few examples, without the need for any new training data. Close Large language models like OpenAI's GPT-3 are massive neural networks that can generate human-like text, from poetry to programming code. Trained using troves of internet data, these machine-learning models take a small bit of input text and then predict the text that is likely to come next.

Physics - Computer Science - 06.02.2023
Nanoscale ferroelectric semiconductor could power AI and post-Moore’s Law computing on a phone
Study: Thickness scaling down to 5 nm of ferroelectric ScAlN on CMOS compatible molybdenum grown by molecular beam epitaxy (DOI: 10. Ferroelectric semiconductors are contenders for bridging mainstream computing with next generation architectures, and now a team at the University of Michigan has made them just five nanometers thick-a span of just 50 or so atoms.

Innovation - Computer Science - 03.02.2023
Race against the machine - now knowledge work is also changing
Race against the machine - now knowledge work is also changing
OpenAI and the recently viral chatbot ChatGPT - in the course of the digital transformation, algorithms, database systems and artificial intelligence are increasingly taking over tasks that were previously performed by humans. What do these changes mean for employees? Peter Kels and Kai Dröge put it in perspective.

Computer Science - Campus - 30.01.2023
How FAIR is the software landscape of Utrecht University?
Nowadays, it is quite common to develop and use code and software for research. Graduate Keven Quach wanted to know how FAIR the code and software is developed by researchers at Utrecht University. So he dived into GitHub, an online platform where you can develop, manage and publish code and software.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 30.01.2023
University of Toronto undergrad develops AI technique to accelerate the search for extraterrestrial life
University of Toronto undergrad develops AI technique to accelerate the search for extraterrestrial life
Are we alone in the universe? With the help of artificial intelligence, scientists may be one step closer to finding the answer. Led by researchers at the University of Toronto, an international team of scientists has streamlined the search for extraterrestrial life by using a new algorithm to organize the data from their telescopes into categories to distinguish between real signals and interference.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 30.01.2023
A neuro-chip to manage brain disorders
A neuro-chip to manage brain disorders
Researchers have combined low-power chip design, machine learning algorithms, and soft implantable electrodes to produce a neural interface that can identify and suppress symptoms of various neurological disorders. Mahsa Shoaran of the Integrated Neurotechnologies Laboratory in the School of Engineering collaborated with Stéphanie Lacour in the Laboratory for Soft Bioelectronic Interfaces to develop NeuralTree: a closed-loop neuromodulation system-on-chip that can detect and alleviate disease symptoms.

Computer Science - 26.01.2023
Anisotropic explosive properties in key weapon safety study
Anisotropic explosive properties in key weapon safety study
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists and engineers led a multi-institutional team in executing a series of high explosives tests that successfully demonstrated fundamental principles of anisotropy, a possible enabler for improved weapon and munition safety. Working under snowy and frigid conditions on Idaho's Snake River Plain, a 13-member team from LLNL carried out 52 explosives shots over four days in mid-November at the Idaho National Laboratory 's (INL) National Security Test Range (NSTR) to complete the study.

Computer Science - 25.01.2023
Skywing: Open-source software aids collaborative autonomy applications
Skywing: Open-source software aids collaborative autonomy applications
A new software developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and known as Skywing, provides domain scientists working to protect the nation's critical infrastructure with a high-reliability, real-time software platform for collaborative autonomy applications. The U.S. modern critical infrastructure - from the electrical grid that sends power to homes to the pipelines that deliver water and natural gas and the railways and roadways we travel - is full of digitized components.

Health - Computer Science - 19.01.2023
AI-powered database to design potential cancer drug in 30 days
AI-powered database to design potential cancer drug in 30 days
In less than a month, researchers have used AlphaFold, an artificial intelligence (AI)-powered protein structure database, to design and synthesize a potential drug to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of primary liver cancer. The researchers successfully applied AlphaFold to an end-to-end AI-powered drug discovery platform called Pharma.AI.

Innovation - Computer Science - 18.01.2023
OneButtonPIN increases security for blind and low-vision tech users
New authentication method helps protect data from privacy attacks Working closely with blind and low-vision (BLV) users, researchers at the University of Waterloo and the Rochester Institute of Technology have developed a new authentication method that could help BLV technology users more securely access their devices.

Physics - Computer Science - 18.01.2023
Can you trust your quantum simulator?
Close At the scale of individual atoms, physics gets weird. Researchers are working to reveal, harness, and control these strange quantum effects using quantum analog simulators - laboratory experiments that involve super-cooling tens to hundreds of atoms and probing them with finely tuned lasers and magnets.

Health - Computer Science - 17.01.2023
New method revolutionises network analysis
How do you find the fastest route if you can't see all possible links? For example when "routing" Internet traffic - something which is now done based on trust - or protein pathways in the body, insights wherein can lead to completely new understandings diseases and medicines? Scientists have been racking their brains over the question since the 1950s.

Innovation - Computer Science - 16.01.2023
ChatGPT: A Technological Breakthrough?
GPT Chat is the latest innovation in chatbots. Designed by OpenAI, GPT Chat uses one of the most advanced language processing models available to simulate a natural conversation with users. GPT Chat is able to adapt to a wide range of conversational topics and provide smooth, natural responses through its use of the GPT-3 (Generative Pre-training Transformer 3) model.

Computer Science - Environment - 13.01.2023
Computers that power self-driving cars could be a huge driver of global carbon emissions
Computers that power self-driving cars could be a huge driver of global carbon emissions
Study shows that if autonomous vehicles are widely adopted, hardware efficiency will need to advance rapidly to keep computing-related emissions in check. In the future, the energy needed to run the powerful computers on board a global fleet of autonomous vehicles could generate as many greenhouse gas emissions as all the data centers in the world today.

Computer Science - Environment - 12.01.2023
Novel system to predict severe hurricanes using Artificial Intelligence
Novel system to predict severe hurricanes using Artificial Intelligence
A team from the University of Valencia develops a novel system to predict severe hurricanes using Artificial Intelligence A research team from the Image Processing Laboratory (IPL) of the University of Valencia has developed a system that allows to optimally analyse and combinie certain structural parameters of the hurricane clouds from GOES satellite images.

Physics - Computer Science - 12.01.2023
Integrated photonic circuits could help close the 'terahertz gap'
Integrated photonic circuits could help close the 'terahertz gap'
Researchers have collaborated with those at Harvard and ETH Zurich on a new thin-film circuit that, when connected to a laser beam, produces finely tailorable terahertz-frequency waves. The device opens up a world of potential applications in optics and telecommunications. Researchers led by Cristina Benea-Chelmus in the Laboratory of Hybrid Photonics ( HYLAB ) in EPFL's School of Engineering have taken a big step toward successfully exploiting the so-called terahertz gap, which lies between about 300-30,000 gigahertz (0.3 to 30 THz) on the electromagnetic spectrum.

Computer Science - 11.01.2023
Datagotchi: the voting-prediction tool keeps learning new things
Released in September during the Quebec provincial elections, the app analyzes people's lifestyles to give a better idea which party they'll cast their ballot for. CONTENU - People's everyday habits may not correlate perfectly with their voting behaviour. But the research team behind a made-in-Quebec app called Datagotchi has found a significant link between lifestyle and voting preference.

Pharmacology - Computer Science - 11.01.2023
AI to fast-track drug formulation development
AI to fast-track drug formulation development
In a bid to reduce the time and cost associated with developing promising new medicines, University of Toronto scientists have successfully tested the use of artificial intelligence to guide the design of long-acting injectable drug formulations. The study, published this week in  Nature Communication , was led by Professor  Christine Allen  in the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy and  Alán Aspuru-Guzik  in the departments of chemistry and computer science in the Faculty of Arts & Science.

Environment - Computer Science - 09.01.2023
AI to monitor changes to globally important glacier
AI to monitor changes to globally important glacier
Scientists have developed AI to track the development of crevasses - or fractures - on the Thwaites Glacier ice tongue in west Antarctica. Crevasses are indicators of stress building-up in the glacier. A team of researchers from the University of Leeds and University of Bristol have adapted an AI algorithm originally developed to identify cells in microscope images to spot crevasses forming in the ice from satellite images.