Computer Science

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Computer Science - 23.10.2020
Pump down the volume: study finds noise-cancelling formula
Pump down the volume: study finds noise-cancelling formula
Noisy open plan offices full of workers hunched over desks while wearing noise cancelling headphones could soon be a thing of the past, thanks to new research from The Australian National University (ANU).

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 21.10.2020
AI detects hidden earthquakes
AI detects hidden earthquakes
Tiny movements in Earth's outermost layer may provide a Rosetta Stone for deciphering the physics and warning signs of big quakes. New algorithms that work a little like human vision are now detecting these long-hidden microquakes in the growing mountain of seismic data. Measures of Earth's vibrations zigged and zagged across Mostafa Mousavi's screen one morning in Memphis, Tenn.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 19.10.2020
Ulissi and Facebook AI Create World’s Largest Catalysis Dataset
For decades, the push toward renewable energy sources like solar and wind has necessitated the development of countless technologies. From generation techniques, to power grid infrastructure and storage methods, renewable power development requires innovation from all angles. Today, thanks to the tireless work of researchers and engineers all over the world, methods for generating renewable energy have come a long way.

Physics - Computer Science - 15.10.2020
Scientists Contribute to New Exploration of Higgs Boson Interactions
Scientists Contribute to New Exploration of Higgs Boson Interactions
Team uses NERSC supercomputer simulations to achieve high-sensitivity analysis of Higgs bosons decaying into pairs of muons A display of a candidate Higgs boson event at CERN's ATLAS experiment in which a Higgs boson decays into two muons. The muons appear as red tracks in this rendering.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 14.10.2020
New Deep Learning Models: Fewer Neurons, More Intelligence
New Deep Learning Models: Fewer Neurons, More Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) can become more efficient and reliable if it is made to mimic biological models. New approaches in AI research are hugely successful in experiments. Artificial intelligence has arrived in our everyday lives-from search engines to self-driving cars. This has to do with the enormous computing power that has become available in recent years.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 13.10.2020
Cameras that can learn
SCAMP-5d vision system The University of Manchester, 2020 SCAMP-5d's hardware architecture.

Computer Science - 13.10.2020
Unique signature of a lion’s roar using machine learning
The roar of a lion is one of the most thrilling and captivating sounds of the wild.

Computer Science - 12.10.2020
Machine learning helps to predict new violence hot spots
Violence reduction strategies, which have traditionally focused on pubs and nightclubs, need to be broadened to include places where alcohol is not served if they are to be effective, a new study has suggested. Researchers from Cardiff University's Violence Research Group gathered data from 10 city centres across England and Wales and used machine learning to map the distribution of reported incidents of violent crime against alcohol outlets and, crucially, locations where alcohol is not sold.

Computer Science - Physics - 12.10.2020
New virtual reality software allows scientists to ’walk’ inside cells
Virtual reality software which allows researchers to 'walk' inside and analyse individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease.

Computer Science - Physics - 12.10.2020
When human and machine agree
When human and machine agree
A human research team and a machine learning algorithm have found that we need to rethink much of what we know about iridium oxide.

Health - Computer Science - 07.10.2020
Crunching Numbers for Regenerative Medicine
SURF recipient applies computational skills to biomedical engineering As a sophomore at Carnegie Mellon University, Sean Pereira took a seminar with biomedical engineering professor Rosalyn Abbott. Despite Pereira's focus on the computational aspects of biology, he was drawn to the work Abbott was exploring with silk applications to different challenges in biomedical engineering.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 05.10.2020
Scientists Solve 90-Year-Old Geometry Problem
Math puzzle resolved by translating it into satisfiability problem Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists and mathematicians have resolved the last, stubborn piece of Keller's conjecture, a geometry problem that scientists have puzzled over for 90 years. By structuring the puzzle as what computer scientists call a satisfiability problem, the researchers put the problem to rest with four months of frenzied computer programming and just 30 minutes of computation using a cluster of computers.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 01.10.2020
’Digital chemistry’ breakthrough turns words into molecules
A new system capable of automatically turning words into molecules on demand will open up the digitisation of chemistry, scientists say. Researchers from the University of Glasgow's School of Chemistry, who developed the system, claim it will lead to the creation of a 'Spotify for chemistry' - a vast online repository of downloadable recipes for important molecules including drugs.

Innovation - Computer Science - 30.09.2020
Our actual attention is now measurable
Our actual attention is now measurable
We want to make sure our phones no longer disturb us at the wrong moment. To achieve this, we first have to better understand where our attention lies when using smartphones. Computer scientists at ETH have now developed a system that records eye contact with the display in everyday situations for the first time.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 29.09.2020
3D images display plant organs down to the smallest detail
3D images display plant organs down to the smallest detail
Intelligent software for a better understanding of plant tissue development Using artificial intelligence, researchers have developed a novel computer-based image processing method for plant sciences. The method enables the detailed 3D representation of all cells in various plant organs with unprecedented precision.

Computer Science - 22.09.2020
EPFL's Predikon: predicting voting results with machine learning
On September 27 Switzerland votes for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic began, including on a contentious initiative to end the free movement of workers with the European Union. Predikon will be predicting the final outcome within minutes of the release of the first partial municipal results from the Swiss Federal Statistical Office.

Computer Science - Campus - 22.09.2020
Predicting wildfires with CAT scans
Predicting wildfires with CAT scans
Engineers at Stanford have used X-ray CT scans, more common in hospital labs, to study how wood catches fire. They've now turned that knowledge into a computer simulation to predict where fires will strike and spread. As wildfires rage across much of the American West, researchers at Stanford have used CAT scanners, the same instruments used in medicine to peer inside the human body, to understand the process of smoldering - the state of burning without flame that often leads to fire.

Physics - Computer Science - 22.09.2020
Scientists control single subatomic quantum memories in semiconductors
Quantum technologies have the potential to help create next-generation computers, sensors and communication networks-but doing so requires building a scalable platform in which quantum bits ("qubits") can be controlled individually and retain information for a long time. In a new study, scientists at the University of Chicago managed to do exactly that.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 22.09.2020
Thousands of seismometers on a single cable
Thousands of seismometers on a single cable
Fibre-optic cables are emerging as a valuable tool for geoscientists and glaciologists. They offer a relatively inexpensive way of measuring even the tiniest glacial earthquakes - plus they can also be used to obtain more accurate images of the geological subsurface in earthquake-prone megacities. Today's fibre-optic cables move data at tremendous speeds, enabling us to stream films and TV shows in HD or even 8K resolution.

Computer Science - Transport - 21.09.2020
New Perception Metric Balances Reaction Time, Accuracy
Both elements are critical for applications such as self-driving cars Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a new metric for evaluating how well self-driving cars respond to changing road conditions and traffic, making it possible for the first time to compare perception systems for both accuracy and reaction time.
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