Computer Science

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Computer Science - Environment - 08.03.2021
Assessing regulatory fairness through machine learning
Assessing regulatory fairness through machine learning
Algorithmic approaches for assessing pollution reduction policies can reveal shifts in environmental protection of minority communities, according to Stanford researchers Applying machine learning to a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency initiative reveals how key design elements determine what communities bear the burden of pollution.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 05.03.2021
Researchers use sound to shape the future of printing
Researchers use sound to shape the future of printing
Researchers have developed a way to coax microscopic particles and droplets into precise patterns by harnessing the power of sound in air. The implications for printing, especially in the fields of medicine and electronics, are far-reaching. The scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Bath have shown that it's possible to create precise, pre-determined patterns on surfaces from aerosol droplets or particles, using computer-controlled ultrasound.

Computer Science - Health - 05.03.2021
Cardiology prepared for the fourth dimension
What if heart specialists could simulate the fitting of a new heart valve in 4D before an operation? 4D CT scanners add the dimension of time to three-dimensional images and visualise the movement of the heart in detail.

Computer Science - Psychology - 04.03.2021
Speed of expression offers vital visual cues
The speed at which we produce facial expressions plays an important role in our ability to recognise emotions in others, according to new research at the University of Birmingham. A team in the University's School of Psychology carried out research which showed that people tend to produce happy and angry expressions more rapidly, while sad expressions are produced more slowly.

Computer Science - 04.03.2021
New Optical Antennas Could Overcome Data Limits
New Optical Antennas Could Overcome Data Limits
Game-changing technology developed by Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley promises new advances for biological imaging, quantum cryptography, high-capacity communications, and sensors Adapted from UC Berkeley news release by Sarah Yang Researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have found a new way to harness properties of lightwaves that can radically increase the amount of data they carry.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 04.03.2021
Can’t solve a riddle? The answer might lie in knowing what doesn’t work
Ever get stuck trying to solve a puzzle? Say, something like this: What goes in the last box? (The answer and more puzzles are below. You look for a pattern, or a rule, and you just can't spot it. So you back up and start over. That's your brain recognizing that your current strategy isn't working, and that you need a new way to solve the problem, according to new research from the University of Washington.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 03.03.2021
Scientists confirm third-nearest star with a planet-and it’s rocky like Earth
In the past two decades, scientists have discovered more and more planets orbiting distant stars-but in some sense, they're still just dots on a map. "It's kind of like looking at a map of Europe and seeing the dot that's labeled 'Paris,'" said University of Chicago astrophysicist Jacob Bean. "You know where it is, but there's a whole lot that you're missing about the city." Scientists are developing new telescopes and instruments to fill in more and more of that picture.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 26.02.2021
More ethical and economic model for nanoparticle toxicological studies
More ethical and economic model for nanoparticle toxicological studies
A small caterpillar, considered a plague by all beekeepers, has proved to be a great promise for biomedical research. The larvae of the Galleria mellonella species, known for the damage they cause to beehives, had been object of interest in scientific research for the last decades, specially for their utility as invertebrate models in the study of mechanisms of diseases.

Computer Science - Innovation - 25.02.2021
Statistical methods, data science and artificial intelligence: the FSO and UniNE intensify their cooperation
Competence centre for data science Statistical methods, data science and artificial intelligence: the FSO and UniNE intensify their cooperation 25. The University of Neuchâtel (UniNE) and the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) are reinforcing their cooperation in the field of data science and statistical methods.

Physics - Computer Science - 24.02.2021
For first time, researchers send entangled qubit states through a communication channel
In a breakthrough for quantum computing, University of Chicago researchers have sent entangled qubit states through a communication cable linking one quantum network node to a second node. The researchers, based in the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering at the University of Chicago, also amplified an entangled state via the same cable first by using the cable to entangle two qubits in each of two nodes, then entangling these qubits further with other qubits in the nodes.

Computer Science - Environment - 23.02.2021
Scientists begin building highly accurate digital twin of our planet
Scientists begin building highly accurate digital twin of our planet
A digital twin of our planet is to simulate the Earth system in future. It is intended to support policy-makers in taking appropriate measures to better prepare for extreme events. A new strategy paper by European scientists and ETH Zurich computer scientists shows how this can be achieved. To become climate neutral by 2050, the European Union launched two ambitious programmes: " Green Deal " and " DigitalStrategy ".

Computer Science - 22.02.2021
Security flaw detected for the second time in credit cards
After finding a vulnerability in certain credit cards for the first time last year, ETH researchers have now found a way to outsmart the PIN codes for other payment cards. Making a contactless payment with a credit or debit card is quick and easy, and has proved particularly useful during the current pandemic.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 19.02.2021
Making sense of the mass data generated from firing neurons
Scientists have achieved a breakthrough in predicting the behaviour of neurons in large networks operating at the mysterious edge of chaos. New research from the University of Sussex and Kyoto University outlines a new method capable of analysing the masses of data generated by thousands of individual neurons.

Computer Science - Physics - 19.02.2021
Researchers Hunt for New Particles in Particle Collider Data
Researchers Hunt for New Particles in Particle Collider Data
In physicists' ongoing search for new particles, it's always easiest to find them when you have an idea where to look. Theories can serve to narrow and focus those searches to particles with a particular mass or a mass range, or to those with specific parent, child, or sibling particles as they burst forth from the firework-like cascades of particle collisions.

Computer Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 19.02.2021
CMU Robotics Alumnus Leads Development of Critical Landing Technology
"LVS Valid" The message would sound cryptic to most people, but for Andrew Johnson, a principal robotics system engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, receiving it from Mars on Thursday meant everything. It meant the Lander Vision System (LVS) developed by his team worked properly and that NASA's Perseverance rover landed safely on the red planet.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 18.02.2021
Artificial intelligence deciphers genetic instructions
Artificial intelligence deciphers genetic instructions
Deep learning algorithms reveal the rules of gene regulation With the help of artificial intelligence (AI) a German-American team of scientists deciphered some of the more elusive instructions encoded in DNA. Their neural network trained on high-resolution maps of protein-DNA interactions uncovers subtle DNA sequence patterns throughout the genome, thus providing a deeper understanding of how these sequences are organized to regulate genes.

Physics - Computer Science - 17.02.2021
Quantum computing: when ignorance is wanted
Quantum computing: when ignorance is wanted
Quantum technologies for computers open up new concepts of preserving the privacy of input and output data of a computation. Scientists from the University of Vienna, the Singapore University of Technology and Design and the Polytechnic University of Milan have shown that optical quantum systems are not only particularly suitable for some quantum computations, but can also effectively encrypt the associated input and output data.

Physics - Computer Science - 17.02.2021
New Advances Using Exotic Matter May Lead to Ultrafast Computing
In the 1960s, an exotic phase of matter known as an excitonic insulator was proposed. Decades later, evidence for this phase was found in real materials. Recently, particular attention has centered on Ta2NiSe5 because an excitonic insulator phase may exist in this material at room temperatures. The substance is made up of the elements tantalum, nickel, and selenium, and has the potential to lead to breakthroughs in more power-efficient, faster computers.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 15.02.2021
Under the Sea
Soft robots are better suited to certain situations than traditional robots. When interacting with an environment, humans or other living things, the inherent softness built into the structure of a robot made of rubber, for example, is safer than metal. Soft robots are also better at interacting with an unstable or uncertain environment - if a robot contacts an unpredicted object, it can simply deform to the object rather than crashing.

Environment - Computer Science - 12.02.2021
Digital sobriety is now a top priority at EPFL
An independent report commissioned by EPFL's upper management recommends drastic measures and more comprehensive carbon accounting in order to reduce the substantial environmental impact caused by the use of digital technology at the School. A recent assessment of EPFL's digital-technology carbon footprint found that the use of computer equipment by staff and students accounts for 25% of the School's total greenhouse gas emissions.
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