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Physics - Computer Science - 12.02.2021
Applying Quantum Computing to a Particle Process
Applying Quantum Computing to a Particle Process
A team of researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) used a quantum computer to successfully simulate an aspect of particle collisions that is typically neglected in high-energy physics experiments, such as those that occur at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. The quantum algorithm they developed accounts for the complexity of parton showers, which are complicated bursts of particles produced in the collisions that involve particle production and decay processes.

Computer Science - 11.02.2021
FLeet: Putting Machine Learning in your pocket
New EPFL/INRIA research shows for the first time that it is possible for our mobile devices to conduct machine learning as part of a distributed network, without giving big global tech companies access to our data. Every time we read news online or search for somewhere to eat out, big tech collects huge amounts of our behavioral data.

Computer Science - Innovation - 10.02.2021
Virtual reality helping to treat fear of heights
Virtual reality helping to treat fear of heights
Researchers from the University of Basel have developed a virtual reality app for smartphones to reduce fear of heights. Now, they have conducted a clinical trial to study its efficacy. Trial participants who spent a total of four hours training with the app at home showed an improvement in their ability to handle real height situations.

Computer Science - 08.02.2021
Recognizing liars from the sound of their voice?
Recognizing liars from the sound of their voice?
Faster speech rate, greater intensity in the middle of the word, and falling pitch at the end of the word: that is the prosody 1 to adopt if one wants to come across as reliable and honest to one's listeners. Scientists from the Science and Technology for Music and Sound laboratory (CNRS/Ircam/Sorbonne Université/Ministčre de la Culture) 2 and the Perceptual Systems Laboratory (CNRS/ENS PSL) have conducted a series of experiments 3   to understand how we decide, based on the voice, whether a speaker is honest and confident, or on the contrary dishonest and uncertain.

Psychology - Computer Science - 05.02.2021
Tweets of fear used to spread malicious viruses online
Cybercriminals are preying on emotions of fear to spread dangerous viruses and spyware across Twitter, new research has revealed. Scientists from Cardiff University have shown, for the first time, that tweets containing malicious links are more likely to contain negative emotions, and that it is the content of the tweet that increases the likelihood of it being liked and shared, as opposed to the number of followers of the poster.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.02.2021
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
Artificial intelligence (AI) is seen as a key technology with fields of application in a wide variety of areas in society. However, researching, developing and, in particular, using AI systems presents enormous challenges for the computing power and storage capacity needed to process large data volumes.

Computer Science - Philosophy - 28.01.2021
Peter Spirtes To Head Carnegie Mellon’s Department of Philosophy
Carnegie Mellon University has appointed Peter Spirtes head of the Department of Philosophy , effective July 1. "I am excited to work with Peter in this new role," said Richard Scheines , Bess Family Dean of the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences. "He is not only a founding member of what is acknowledged to be one of the best philosophy departments in the world, but also a scholar of enormous impact, a faculty member of remarkably sound judgment and a person of enormous integrity." Spirtes will succeed David Danks, who has served as department head since 2014.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 27.01.2021
A sunny outlook for speedier weather forecasts
Official weather forecasts are being produced faster and more efficiently, thanks to revolutionary technology designed by scientists at the University of Bath. Last updated on Tuesday 26 January 2021 Official weather forecasts are being produced faster and more efficiently, thanks to revolutionary technology designed by scientists at the University of Bath.

Computer Science - Innovation - 25.01.2021
First license for AV testing software developed by U-M's Mcity goes to American Center for Mobility
First license for AV testing software developed by U-M’s Mcity goes to American Center for Mobility
A unique new cloud-based operating system for testing connected or automated vehicles has for the first time been licensed for use beyond Mcity at the University of Michigan, where it was developed. The Mcity OS software, which lets researchers create and execute complex, highly repeatable testing scenarios for vehicles that are connected, automated, or both connected and automated, has been licensed by the U-M Office of Technology Transfer to the American Center for Mobility in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Physics - Computer Science - 25.01.2021
Lasers and virtual reality to revolutionize watch-crystal engraving
Lasers and virtual reality to revolutionize watch-crystal engraving
EPFL engineers teamed up with luxury watchmaker Vacheron Constantin to develop an innovative system that uses lasers to create 3D sculptures within sapphire watch crystals.

Health - Computer Science - 22.01.2021
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Using mathematical image processing, scientists at the BioTechMed-Graz research cooperation have found a way to create digital twins from human hearts. The method opens up completely new possibilities in clinical diagnostics. Additional Images for download at the end of the text Although treatment options are constantly improving, cardiovascular diseases are still one of the most frequent causes of death in Europe.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 21.01.2021
New metamaterial offers reprogrammable properties
New metamaterial offers reprogrammable properties
Scientists have developed a metamaterial whose mechanical properties can be reprogrammed on demand and whose internal structure can be modified by applying a magnetic field. Over the past 20 years, scientists have been developing metamaterials, or materials that don't occur naturally and whose mechanical properties result from their designed structure rather than their chemical composition.

Music - Computer Science - 19.01.2021
Machine learning helps retrace evolution of classical music
Machine learning helps retrace evolution of classical music
Researchers in EPFL's Digital and Cognitive Musicology Lab in the College of Humanities used an unsupervised machine learning model to 'listen to' and categorize more than 13,000 pieces of Western classical music, revealing how modes - such as major and minor - have changed throughout history. Many people may not be able to define what a minor mode is in music, but most would almost certainly recognize a piece played in a minor key.

Computer Science - 19.01.2021
CEA-Leti Reports Machine-Learning Breakthrough That Opens Way to Edge Learning
CEA-Leti Reports Machine-Learning Breakthrough That Opens Way to Edge Learning
Article in Nature Electronics Details Method that Takes Advantage of RRAM Non- Idealities To Create Intelligent Systems that Have Potential Medical-Diagnostic Applications -GRENOBLE, France - Jan. CEA-Leti scientists have demonstrated a machine-learning technique exploiting what have been previously considered as "non-ideal" traits of resistive-RAM (RRAM) devices, overcoming barriers to developing RRAM-based edge-learning systems.

Computer Science - 08.01.2021
Light-based processors boost machine-learning processing
Light-based processors boost machine-learning processing
An international team of scientists have developed a photonic processor that uses rays of light inside silicon chips to process information much faster than conventional electronic chips. The exponential growth of data traffic in our digital age poses some real challenges on processing power. And with the advent of machine learning and AI in, for example, self-driving vehicles and speech recognition, the upward trend is set to continue.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 07.01.2021
What Neural Networks Playing Video Games Teach Us About Our Own Brains
When you are driving a car, your brain is taking in an enormous amount of visual information and using it to make driving decisions, such as when to brake or change lanes. The brain needs to determine what kind of information in your field of view is necessary for making these decisions. For example, the position of another car is very important, but a cloud in the sky or the color of that car does not really have an impact on the way you drive.

Computer Science - Physics - 06.01.2021
"Wichtig sind Neugier und Interesse, alles andere kann man lernen"
In the digital age, data traffic is growing at an exponential rate. The demands on computing power for applications in artificial intelligence such as pattern and speech recognition in particular, or for self-driving vehicles, often exceeds the capacities of conventional computer processors. Working together with an international team, researchers at the University of Münster are developing new approaches and process architectures which can cope with these tasks extremely efficient.

Computer Science - 04.01.2021
Brains that remain
Brains that remain
There is a war for talent raging within the field of AI, with young researchers being lured away by big tech companies. Yet there are also talents who consciously choose an academic career. Two professors and two rising stars talk about their work. Leading by example Cees Snoek is Professor of Intelligent Sensory Information Systems and Pascal Mettes is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Computer Science.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 04.01.2021
Researchers compute turbulence with artificial intelligence
Researchers compute turbulence with artificial intelligence
For the first time, researchers at ETH Zurich have successfully automated the modelling of turbulence. Their project relies on fusing reinforcement learning algorithms with turbulent flow simulations on the CSCS supercomputer "Piz Daint". The modelling and simulation of turbulent flows is crucial for designing cars and heart valves, predicting the weather, and even retracing the birth of a galaxy.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 23.12.2020
Love and Hate in the Mouse Brain
Mounting behavior, that awkward thrusting motion dogs sometimes do against your leg, is usually associated with sexual arousal in animals, but this is not always the case. New research by Caltech neuroscientists that explores the motivations behind mounting behavior in mice finds that sometimes there is a thin line between love and hate (or anger) in the mouse brain.
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