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Computer Science - Physics - 19.02.2021
Researchers Hunt for New Particles in Particle Collider Data
Researchers Hunt for New Particles in Particle Collider Data
In physicists' ongoing search for new particles, it's always easiest to find them when you have an idea where to look. Theories can serve to narrow and focus those searches to particles with a particular mass or a mass range, or to those with specific parent, child, or sibling particles as they burst forth from the firework-like cascades of particle collisions.

Computer Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 19.02.2021
CMU Robotics Alumnus Leads Development of Critical Landing Technology
"LVS Valid" The message would sound cryptic to most people, but for Andrew Johnson, a principal robotics system engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, receiving it from Mars on Thursday meant everything. It meant the Lander Vision System (LVS) developed by his team worked properly and that NASA's Perseverance rover landed safely on the red planet.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 18.02.2021
Artificial intelligence deciphers genetic instructions
Artificial intelligence deciphers genetic instructions
Deep learning algorithms reveal the rules of gene regulation With the help of artificial intelligence (AI) a German-American team of scientists deciphered some of the more elusive instructions encoded in DNA. Their neural network trained on high-resolution maps of protein-DNA interactions uncovers subtle DNA sequence patterns throughout the genome, thus providing a deeper understanding of how these sequences are organized to regulate genes.

Physics - Computer Science - 17.02.2021
Quantum computing: when ignorance is wanted
Quantum computing: when ignorance is wanted
Quantum technologies for computers open up new concepts of preserving the privacy of input and output data of a computation. Scientists from the University of Vienna, the Singapore University of Technology and Design and the Polytechnic University of Milan have shown that optical quantum systems are not only particularly suitable for some quantum computations, but can also effectively encrypt the associated input and output data.

Physics - Computer Science - 17.02.2021
New Advances Using Exotic Matter May Lead to Ultrafast Computing
In the 1960s, an exotic phase of matter known as an excitonic insulator was proposed. Decades later, evidence for this phase was found in real materials. Recently, particular attention has centered on Ta2NiSe5 because an excitonic insulator phase may exist in this material at room temperatures. The substance is made up of the elements tantalum, nickel, and selenium, and has the potential to lead to breakthroughs in more power-efficient, faster computers.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 15.02.2021
Under the Sea
Soft robots are better suited to certain situations than traditional robots. When interacting with an environment, humans or other living things, the inherent softness built into the structure of a robot made of rubber, for example, is safer than metal. Soft robots are also better at interacting with an unstable or uncertain environment - if a robot contacts an unpredicted object, it can simply deform to the object rather than crashing.

Environment - Computer Science - 12.02.2021
Digital sobriety is now a top priority at EPFL
An independent report commissioned by EPFL's upper management recommends drastic measures and more comprehensive carbon accounting in order to reduce the substantial environmental impact caused by the use of digital technology at the School. A recent assessment of EPFL's digital-technology carbon footprint found that the use of computer equipment by staff and students accounts for 25% of the School's total greenhouse gas emissions.

Physics - Computer Science - 12.02.2021
Applying Quantum Computing to a Particle Process
Applying Quantum Computing to a Particle Process
A team of researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) used a quantum computer to successfully simulate an aspect of particle collisions that is typically neglected in high-energy physics experiments, such as those that occur at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. The quantum algorithm they developed accounts for the complexity of parton showers, which are complicated bursts of particles produced in the collisions that involve particle production and decay processes.

Computer Science - 11.02.2021
FLeet: Putting Machine Learning in your pocket
New EPFL/INRIA research shows for the first time that it is possible for our mobile devices to conduct machine learning as part of a distributed network, without giving big global tech companies access to our data. Every time we read news online or search for somewhere to eat out, big tech collects huge amounts of our behavioral data.

Computer Science - Innovation - 10.02.2021
Virtual reality helping to treat fear of heights
Virtual reality helping to treat fear of heights
Researchers from the University of Basel have developed a virtual reality app for smartphones to reduce fear of heights. Now, they have conducted a clinical trial to study its efficacy. Trial participants who spent a total of four hours training with the app at home showed an improvement in their ability to handle real height situations.

Computer Science - 08.02.2021
Recognizing liars from the sound of their voice?
Recognizing liars from the sound of their voice?
Faster speech rate, greater intensity in the middle of the word, and falling pitch at the end of the word: that is the prosody 1 to adopt if one wants to come across as reliable and honest to one's listeners. Scientists from the Science and Technology for Music and Sound laboratory (CNRS/Ircam/Sorbonne Université/Ministčre de la Culture) 2 and the Perceptual Systems Laboratory (CNRS/ENS PSL) have conducted a series of experiments 3   to understand how we decide, based on the voice, whether a speaker is honest and confident, or on the contrary dishonest and uncertain.

Psychology - Computer Science - 05.02.2021
Tweets of fear used to spread malicious viruses online
Cybercriminals are preying on emotions of fear to spread dangerous viruses and spyware across Twitter, new research has revealed. Scientists from Cardiff University have shown, for the first time, that tweets containing malicious links are more likely to contain negative emotions, and that it is the content of the tweet that increases the likelihood of it being liked and shared, as opposed to the number of followers of the poster.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.02.2021
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
EU project on development of high-performance photonic processors gets started
Artificial intelligence (AI) is seen as a key technology with fields of application in a wide variety of areas in society. However, researching, developing and, in particular, using AI systems presents enormous challenges for the computing power and storage capacity needed to process large data volumes.

Computer Science - Philosophy - 28.01.2021
Peter Spirtes To Head Carnegie Mellon’s Department of Philosophy
Carnegie Mellon University has appointed Peter Spirtes head of the Department of Philosophy , effective July 1. "I am excited to work with Peter in this new role," said Richard Scheines , Bess Family Dean of the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences. "He is not only a founding member of what is acknowledged to be one of the best philosophy departments in the world, but also a scholar of enormous impact, a faculty member of remarkably sound judgment and a person of enormous integrity." Spirtes will succeed David Danks, who has served as department head since 2014.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 27.01.2021
A sunny outlook for speedier weather forecasts
Official weather forecasts are being produced faster and more efficiently, thanks to revolutionary technology designed by scientists at the University of Bath. Last updated on Tuesday 26 January 2021 Official weather forecasts are being produced faster and more efficiently, thanks to revolutionary technology designed by scientists at the University of Bath.

Computer Science - Innovation - 25.01.2021
First license for AV testing software developed by U-M's Mcity goes to American Center for Mobility
First license for AV testing software developed by U-M’s Mcity goes to American Center for Mobility
A unique new cloud-based operating system for testing connected or automated vehicles has for the first time been licensed for use beyond Mcity at the University of Michigan, where it was developed. The Mcity OS software, which lets researchers create and execute complex, highly repeatable testing scenarios for vehicles that are connected, automated, or both connected and automated, has been licensed by the U-M Office of Technology Transfer to the American Center for Mobility in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Physics - Computer Science - 25.01.2021
Lasers and virtual reality to revolutionize watch-crystal engraving
Lasers and virtual reality to revolutionize watch-crystal engraving
EPFL engineers teamed up with luxury watchmaker Vacheron Constantin to develop an innovative system that uses lasers to create 3D sculptures within sapphire watch crystals.

Health - Computer Science - 22.01.2021
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Using mathematical image processing, scientists at the BioTechMed-Graz research cooperation have found a way to create digital twins from human hearts. The method opens up completely new possibilities in clinical diagnostics. Additional Images for download at the end of the text [Update of the article on February 8, 2022] Although treatment options are constantly improving, cardiovascular diseases are still one of the most frequent causes of death in Europe.

Health - Computer Science - 22.01.2021
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
Using mathematical image processing, scientists at the BioTechMed-Graz research cooperation have found a way to create digital twins from human hearts. The method opens up completely new possibilities in clinical diagnostics. Additional Images for download at the end of the text [Update of the article on February 8, 2022] Although treatment options are constantly improving, cardiovascular diseases are still one of the most frequent causes of death in Europe.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 21.01.2021
New metamaterial offers reprogrammable properties
New metamaterial offers reprogrammable properties
Scientists have developed a metamaterial whose mechanical properties can be reprogrammed on demand and whose internal structure can be modified by applying a magnetic field. Over the past 20 years, scientists have been developing metamaterials, or materials that don't occur naturally and whose mechanical properties result from their designed structure rather than their chemical composition.