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Computer Science - 13.05.2021
Locomotion Vault will help guide innovations in virtual reality locomotion
Experts in virtual reality locomotion have developed a new resource that analyses all the different possibilities of locomotion currently available. Moving around in a virtual reality world can be very different to walking or employing a vehicle in the real world and new approaches and techniques are continually being developed to meet the challenges of different applications.

Computer Science - 12.05.2021
Several vulnerabilities in Wi-Fi security
Several vulnerabilities in Wi-Fi security
New research has identified various flaws in the security of Wi-Fi connections. Attackers could take advantages of these weaknesses to get access to private data. New security updates were announced yesterday. New research has identified various flaws in the security of Wi-Fi connections. Attackers could take advantages of these weaknesses to get access to private data.

Physics - Computer Science - 12.05.2021
Light meets superconducting circuits
Light meets superconducting circuits
Researchers have developed a light-based approach to read out superconducting circuits, overcoming the scaling-up limitations of quantum computing systems. In the last few years, several technology companies including Google, Microsoft, and IBM, have massively invested in quantum computing systems based on microwave superconducting circuit platforms in an effort to scale them up from small research-oriented systems to commercialized computing platforms.

Computer Science - Innovation - 12.05.2021
Precise touch screens thanks to AI
Fewer typing errors when touching a smartphone keyboard: ETH Computer scientists have developed a new AI solution that enables touchscreens to sense with eight times higher resolution than current devices. Thanks to AI, their solution can infer much more precisely where fingers touch the screen. We are probably all familiar with this: if you want to quickly type a message on your smartphone, you sometimes hit the wrong letters on the small keyboard - or on other input buttons in an app.

Health - Computer Science - 12.05.2021
Contact-tracing apps prove that they save lives
Contact-tracing apps prove that they save lives
A study published today in Nature shows that the NHS COVID-19 app for digital contact tracing, based on the DP3T protocol, averted between 300,000 and 600,000 COVID-19 cases in England and Wales. The researchers used data from the NHS to show and quantify the epidemiological impact of such privacy-preserving apps, which are now available around the globe to help control the pandemic.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 11.05.2021
Building a universe in a supercomputer
Building a universe in a supercomputer
You can't physically crash a planet into another planet in a lab to see what happens or look quite far enough back in time to see how the universe might have formed. So what do you do? At Durham we use supercomputer technology to simulate the universe as we seek to unravel its mysteries. How do galaxies form? What are dark matter and dark energy? And what will be the ultimate fate of the universe? COSMA supercomputer The COSMA supercomputer - with the memory of about 25,000 high-powered laptops - allows researchers to answer these big cosmological questions.

Environment - Computer Science - 10.05.2021
Can federated learning save the world?
Can federated learning save the world?
Training the artificial intelligence models that underpin web search engines, power smart assistants and enable driverless cars, consumes megawatts of energy and generates worrying carbon dioxide emissions. But new ways of training these models are proven to be greener.   The development and usage of AI is playing an increasing role in the tragedy that is climate change, and this problem will only worsen as this technology continues to proliferate through society Nic Lane Artificial intelligence models are used increasingly widely in today's world.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 10.05.2021
Reaching your life goals as a single-celled organism
Reaching your life goals as a single-celled organism
How do simple creatures manage to move to a specific place? Artificial intelligence and a physical model from TU Wien can now explain this. How is it possible to move in the desired direction without a brain or nervous system? Single-celled organisms apparently manage this feat without any problems: for example, they can swim towards food with the help of small flagellar tails.

Computer Science - 10.05.2021
Overcoming Tab Overload
Carnegie Mellon University CMU researchers develop tool to better manage browser tabs If you are reading this, chances are you have several other tabs open in your browser that you mean to get to eventually. Internet browser tabs are a major source of friction on the internet. People love them. People hate them.

Computer Science - Environment - 06.05.2021
Algorithm to improve aid response to victims in disaster zones
Algorithm to improve aid response to victims in disaster zones
Research into disaster planning addresses issue of considering how to restore distribution networks alongside providing immediate aid Last updated on Thursday 6 May 2021 A University of Bath School of Management academic has developed an algorithm to help charities and aid organisations improve the way they help victims of storms, floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters.

Health - Computer Science - 05.05.2021
Artificial intelligence identifies the tiger mosquito from the photos received in the Mosquito Alert app
Artificial intelligence, combined with citizen science, will provide real-time detection of the tiger mosquito on a large scale and, as a result, will allow faster control of this disease transmitter. The deep learning algorithm that has been trained with more than 7,000 anonymous photographs received in the Mosquito Alert app between 2015 and 2019, is able to correctly identify 96% of tiger mosquito photographs.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 03.05.2021
USI develops innovative system for better credit card fraud detection
USI develops innovative system for better credit card fraud detection
The use of credit cards and other cashless or digital payment methods has become the norm for consumers all over the globe, and the strong surge of online buying during the pandemic has further boosted this decade-long trend. However, behind the convenience of 'click and pay' there are also risks, such as fraud and related losses, which are mostly borne by the card companies.

Computer Science - Physics - 30.04.2021
’Bat-sense’ tech generates images from sound
Scientists have found a way to equip everyday objects like smartphones and laptops with a bat-like sense of their surroundings. At the heart of the technique is a sophisticated machine-learning algorithm which uses reflected echoes to generate images, similar to the way bats navigate and hunt using echolocation.

Physics - Computer Science - 29.04.2021
Machine learning algorithm helps unravel the physics underlying quantum systems
Machine learning algorithm helps unravel the physics underlying quantum systems
Scientists from the University's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs (QETLabs) have developed an algorithm that provides valuable insights into the physics underlying quantum systems - paving the way for significant advances in quantum computation and sensing, and potentially turning a new page in scientific investigation.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 29.04.2021
Seafloor Survey Finds Thousands of Barrels at DDT Dumpsite off LA Coast
Scripps Oceanography scientists mapped 36,000 acres using advanced ocean robotics and sonar An expedition led by UC San Diego's Scripps Institution of Oceanography mapped more than 36,000 acres of seafloor between Santa Catalina Island and the Los Angeles coast in a region previously found to contain high levels of the toxic chemical DDT in sediments and the ecosystem.

Computer Science - Sport - 28.04.2021
Virtual Reality could help improve balance in older people
Virtual Reality could help improve balance in older people
Researchers at CAMERA are investigating VR technology to help improve balance and prevent falls. Last updated on Wednesday 28 April 2021 Researchers at the University of Bath investigating how virtual reality (VR) can help improve balance believe this technology could be a valuable tool in the prevention of falls.

Computer Science - 28.04.2021
Advanced core processing: New robot technology appealing for apple growers
Monash researchers have developed a robot capable of performing autonomous apple harvesting. Field trials at Fankhauser Apples in Victoria showed an 85 per cent success rate, at roughly nine seconds per apple picked and deposited, with the robot operating at half capacity. This system seeks to address chronic labour shortages Australia's agricultural sector is experiencing brought on by COVID-19, as well as tackling the future food crisis.

Health - Computer Science - 27.04.2021
Visual analysis for medicine
Visual analysis for medicine
Cancer, Alzheimer's, diabetes or cardiovascular diseases are what are known as non-communicable diseases, which are responsible for the majority of deaths worldwide - in Germany, an estimated 91 percent of all deaths are the result of these diseases, and it is a rising trend. Epidemiologists have been studying the development and distribution of these epidemiological diseases, as well as the measures to combat them and what their social consequences are.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 27.04.2021
Towards new solar cells with active machine learning
Towards new solar cells with active machine learning
Fewer requirements let artificial intelligence discover new materials A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Fritz Haber Institute in Berlin uses active machine learning in the search for suitable molecular materials for new organic semiconductors, the basis for organic field effect transistors (OFETs), light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic solar cells (OPVs).

Computer Science - Mechanical Engineering - 26.04.2021
New PP: Daring More Intelligence
Date: April 26, 2021, No. 31 DFG approves new priority program coordinated by the University of Stuttgart Design Assistants in Mechanics and Dynamics are the topic of a new priority program (PP) of the German Research Foundation (DFG) that aims to bring more artificial intelligence (AI) into the design process of technical systems.