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Physics - Computer Science - 22.04.2021
New tech builds ultralow-loss integrated photonic circuits
New tech builds ultralow-loss integrated photonic circuits
Scientists have developed ultralow-loss silicon nitride integrated circuits that are central for many photonic devices, such as chip-scale frequency combs, narrow-linewidth lasers, coherent LiDAR, and neuromorphic computing. Encoding information into light, and transmitting it through optical fibers lies at the core of optical communications.

Environment - Computer Science - 19.04.2021
AI empowers environmental regulators
AI empowers environmental regulators
Monitoring environmental compliance is a particular challenge for governments in poor countries. A new machine learning approach that uses satellite imagery to pinpoint highly polluting brick kilns in Bangladesh could provide a low-cost solution. By Rob Jordan Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment Like superheroes capable of seeing through obstacles, environmental regulators may soon wield the power of all-seeing eyes that can identify violators anywhere at any time, according to a new Stanford University-led study.

Computer Science - 15.04.2021
Uncovering the secrets of some of the world's first color photographs
Researchers have shed new light on one of the earliest color photography techniques, G. Lippmann's Nobel Prize-winning multispectral imaging method. It is often said that before air travel our skies were bluer yet how, in the 21 st century, could we ever know what light and colors were like one hundred years ago? Recently, a group of researchers from EPFL's Audiovisual Communications Laboratory , in the School of Computer and Communication Sciences (IC), had a unique opportunity to try to find out.

Pharmacology - Computer Science - 15.04.2021
Designing better antibody drugs with artificial intelligence
Machine learning methods help to optimise the development of antibody drugs. This leads to active substances with improved properties, also with regard to tolerability in the body. Antibodies are not only produced by our immune cells to fight viruses and other pathogens in the body. For a few decades now, medicine has also been using antibodies produced by biotechnology as drugs.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 07.04.2021
Using AI to Diagnose Neurological Diseases Based on Motor Impairment
New Heidelberg approach: analysing movement patterns through machine learning The way we move says a lot about the state of our brain. While normal motor behaviour points to a healthy brain function, deviations can indicate impairments owing to neurological diseases. The observation and evaluation of movement patterns is therefore part of basic research, and is likewise one of the most important instruments for non-invasive diagnostics in clinical applications.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 07.04.2021
Seeing Quadruple
Machine-learning methods lead to discovery of rare "quadruply imaged quasars" that can help solve cosmological puzzles With the help of machine-learning techniques, a team of astronomers has discovered a dozen quasars that have been warped by a naturally occurring cosmic "lens" and split into four similar images.

Computer Science - Innovation - 06.04.2021
Topological data analysis can help predict stock-market crashes
Topological data analysis can help predict stock-market crashes
Scientists, together with local startup L2F, have developed a robust model that can predict when a systemic shift is about to occur, based on methods from a branch of mathematics called topological data analysis. Topological data analysis (TDA) involves extracting information from clouds of data points and using the information to classify data, recognize patterns or predict trends, for example.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.04.2021
X-Ray Experiments, Machine Learning Could Trim Years Off Battery R&D
X-Ray Experiments, Machine Learning Could Trim Years Off Battery R&D
Berkeley Lab's COSMIC X-ray instrument reveals key information about individual battery particles - By Glenn Roberts Jr. An X-ray instrument at Berkeley Lab contributed to a battery study that used an innovative approach to machine learning to speed up the learning curve about a process that shortens the life of fast-charging lithium batteries.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.04.2021
To Speed Discovery, Infrared Microscopy Goes 'Off the Grid'
To Speed Discovery, Infrared Microscopy Goes ’Off the Grid’
A highly efficient way to collect infrared microscopy data avoids the use of slow, grid-based raster scans Question: What do a roundworm, a Sharpie pen, and high-vacuum grease have in common? Answer: They've all been analyzed in recent proof-of-principle microscopy experiments at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source (ALS) .

Computer Science - 30.03.2021
Keeping an eye on systems
Even minor disruptions in infrastructure systems can have fatal consequences. Researchers and practitioners counter that risk by taking action on multiple levels. Four examples. Urban systems: increase resilience By trade, Boļidar Stojadinovic is an expert in earthquake-proof construction. Now a Professor of Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, he specialises in urban systems and how to make them more resilient to earthquakes.

Environment - Computer Science - 26.03.2021
Big Data Accelerates Biodiversity Research
Carnegie Mellon University Museums hold the storehouse of specimens required to understand biodiversity across the planet. These archives serve as historical snapshots of biodiversity in one area, at one time. While this information has historically remained isolated, recent efforts to digitize collections have produced a bridge between these rich troves, combining collections into a larger pool that researchers can tap to tackle deep questions about global biodiversity.

Electroengineering - Computer Science - 26.03.2021
A Touch of Silver
Carnegie Mellon University In the field of robotics, metals offer advantages like strength, durability and electrical conductivity. But, they are heavy and rigid - properties that are undesirable in soft and flexible systems for wearable computing and human-machine interfaces. Hydrogels, on the other hand, are lightweight, stretchable and biocompatible, making them excellent materials for contact lenses and tissue engineering scaffolding.

Art and Design - Computer Science - 25.03.2021
Artist’s intent: AI recognizes emotions in visual art
A team of AI researchers has trained its algorithms to see the emotional intent behind great works of art, possibly leading to computers that see much deeper than current technologies. Researchers have built an algorithm that can capture the emotions that an image evokes. Experts in artificial intelligence have gotten quite good at creating computers that can "see" the world around them - recognizing objects, animals, and activities within their purview.

Computer Science - Physics - 23.03.2021
New high-performance computing hub aims to harness the sun's energy
New high-performance computing hub aims to harness the sun's energy
EPFL will soon be home to a European hub for high-performance computing focused on fusion power - a potential source of clean, risk-free energy. As part of this effort, EPFL's Swiss Plasma Center will lead a campus-wide, cross-disciplinary research team. EUROfusion - or the European Consortium for the Development of Fusion Energy, which consists of organizations from 28 European countries - has just selected EPFL as the site for its Advanced Computing Hub.

Computer Science - 22.03.2021
U-M computer chip pitted against 500+ hackers. The chip won
MORPHEUS technology from the University of Michigan emerged unscathed from a DARPA virtual hackathon. An "unhackable” computer chip lived up to its name in its first bug bounty competition, foiling over 500 cybersecurity researchers who were offered tens of thousands of dollars to analyze it and three other secure processor technologies for vulnerabilities.

Law - Computer Science - 19.03.2021
The importance of iconography and text: Research that impacted new privacy law
A groundbreaking law that gives consumers more agency over the sale of their private information was updated in California this week, and it reflects the work of two university teams. Additional regulations added to the California Consumer Privacy Act to include adoption of a Privacy Options icon come just as the team of researchers that helped lawmakers design the blue button get ready to share results of their research process that informed the icon design.

Computer Science - 16.03.2021
Virtual reality at your fingertips
Virtual reality at your fingertips
When a person taps with their fingers, each finger generates a different vibration profile propagating to the wrist through bones. ETH Zurich researchers have now leveraged this discovery in the development of a dual-sensor wristband that brings intuitive free-hand interaction to virtual productivity spaces.

Health - Computer Science - 15.03.2021
Machine learning models for diagnosing COVID-19 are not yet suitable for clinical use
Machine learning models for diagnosing COVID-19 are not yet suitable for clinical use
Systematic review finds that machine learning models for detecting and diagnosing COVID-19 from medical images have major flaws and biases, making them unsuitable for use in patients. However, researchers have suggested ways to remedy the problem.

Computer Science - Physics - 11.03.2021
Robots learn faster with quantum technology
Robots learn faster with quantum technology
Artificial intelligence is part of our modern life by enabling machines to learn useful processes such as speech recognition and digital personal assistants. A crucial question for practical applications is how fast such intelligent machines can learn. An experiment at the University of Vienna has answered this question, showing that quantum technology enables a speed-up in the learning process.

Physics - Computer Science - 11.03.2021
Finding quvigints in a quantum treasure map
Finding quvigints in a quantum treasure map
Researchers have struck quantum gold—and created a new word—by enlisting machine learning to efficiently navigate a 20-dimensional quantum treasure map. Physicist Dr Markus Rambach from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems (EQUS) at The University of Queensland said the team was able to find unknown quantum states more quickly and accurately, using a technique called self-guided tomography.