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Computer Science/Telecom
17.11.2017
Objectively measuring how clean our cities are
Objectively measuring how clean our cities are
EPFL researchers have come up with a fact-based system to measure urban cleanliness. Municipal authorities will now be able to draw on objective assessments when planning their street cleaning - a sector with multi-million-franc budgets. The concept is straightforward: on one hand, vehicles equipped with video cameras to record the city streets, and on the other, a computer able to spot waste, identify it and classify it - in the blink of an eye.
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
16.11.2017
The stacked colour sensor
The stacked colour sensor
Red-sensitive, blue-sensitive and green-sensitive colour sensors stacked on top of each other instead of being lined up in a mosaic pattern - this principle could allow image sensors with unprecedented resolution and sensitivity to light to be created.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
08.11.2017
A robotic spy among the fish
A new miniature robot developed by EPFL researchers can swim with fish, learn how they communicate with each other and make them change direction or come together. These capabilities have been proven on schools of zebrafish. Researchers at EPFL's Robotic Systems Laboratory (LSRO), which is headed by Professor Francesco Mondada, have developed a miniature robot that can integrate perfectly into schools of zebrafish.
Social Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
07.11.2017
Modeling social interactions to improve collective decision-making
Modeling social interactions to improve collective decision-making
How are we affected by other peoples' opinions' To answer this question, scientists 1 at the CNRS, Inra and Université Toulouse 1 Capitole conducted a study in France and Japan, quantifying this impact on our decisions. They identified five behaviors common to both countries: a majority of subjects make a compromise between their opinion and that of others (59% of people in France), some hold to their opinion (29% in France), whereas others follow faithfully, amplify or contradict the information they receive.
Computer Science/Telecom
06.11.2017
The floor you walk on is now smart
The floor you walk on is now smart
Technis, an EPFL spin-off, has developed a system that combines a connected floor surface with artificial intelligence to track people's trajectories as they walk through a shopping mall or convention center, for example.
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
24.10.2017
Quantum computing breakthrough: Imperial scientist reveals latest findings
Quantum computing breakthrough: Imperial scientist reveals latest findings
A materials expert says quantum computers may be able to come out of the cold, thanks to his research breakthrough. Dr Jonathan Breeze is from the Department of Materials at Imperial College London. He says his research breakthrough may help scientists overcome a major obstacle with quantum computers - the fact that they have to operate in conditions that are colder than deep space.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
13.10.2017
Augmented tongue ultrasound for speech therapy
Augmented tongue ultrasound for speech therapy
A team of researchers in the GIPSA-Lab (CNRS/Université Grenoble Alpes/Grenoble INP) and at INRIA Grenoble Rhône-Alpes has developed a system that can display the movements of our own tongues in real time.
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
12.10.2017
Humanoid robot tests to explore AI ethics
Humanoid robot tests to explore AI ethics
Artificial intelligence researchers at the University of Bath have been awarded ¤250,000 to conduct a series of unique experiments on how people interact with humanoid robots. Dr Joanna Bryson and her research group in the Department of Computer Science have received the funding from the AXA Research Fund , which supports scientific discoveries that contribute to societal progress.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Computer Science/Telecom
11.10.2017
Database clarifies bottom-up design of cement
Database clarifies bottom-up design of cement
An international team of researchers from EPFL, ETHZ and Rice University in Houston creates a database tool for the design of cement, a component of concrete, the most-used construction material in the world and a significant source of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Computer Science/Telecom
11.10.2017
Future smartwatches could sense hand movement using ultrasound imaging
Future smartwatches could sense hand movement using ultrasound imaging
New research has shown future wearable devices, such as smartwatches, could use ultrasound imaging to sense hand gestures. The research team led by Professor Mike Fraser, Asier Marzo and Jess McIntosh from the Bristol Interaction Group (BIG) at the University of Bristol, together with University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust (UH Bristol), presented their paper this summer [8-11 May] at one of the world's most important conferences on human-computer interfaces, held in Denver, USA.
Computer Science/Telecom
04.10.2017
Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
When EPFL researchers fused the data from two intelligent vehicles, the result was a wider field of view, extended situational awareness and greater safety. Intelligent vehicles get their intelligence from cameras, Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) sensors, and navigation and mapping systems. But there are ways to make them even smarter.
Computer Science/Telecom - Physics/Materials Science
03.10.2017
UW System researchers played role in Nobel-winning gravitational wave discovery
Miron Livny, a UW-Madison computer science professor, is pictured near an enclosed bank of distributed computing equipment in the Computer Sciences and Statistics Building. Photo: Jeff Miller Today's announcement of the Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded to researchers Rainer Weiss of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Kip Thorne and Barry Barish of the California Institute of Technology, bears University of Wisconsin System connections.
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics
29.09.2017
There are only 15 possible pentagonal tiles
There are only 15 possible pentagonal tiles
Tiling the plane with a single pattern is a mathematical problem that has interested humans since Antiquity, notably for the aesthetic quality of tiles in mosaics or tiling. One of the unresolved problems in this field that has been puzzling the scientific community since 1918 has now been definitively resolved thanks to Michaël Rao of the Laboratoire d'informatique du parallélisme (CNRS/Inria/ENS de Lyon/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1).
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
18.09.2017
Analyzing the language of color
Analyzing the language of color
The human eye can perceive millions of different colors, but the number of categories human languages use to group those colors is much smaller. Some languages use as few as three color categories (words corresponding to black, white, and red), while the languages of industrialized cultures use up to 10 or 12 categories.
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
11.09.2017
Quantum internet a step closer with data storage breakthrough
The effort to build a quantum computer is often described as the space race of the 21st century. Our work will allow us to build a global network to connect quantum computers. Scientists at ANU have found a new way to store quantum data long enough to share the information around a next-generation internet which promises to be impervious to hacking.
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics
08.09.2017
How neural networks think
How neural networks think
Artificial-intelligence research has been transformed by machine-learning systems called neural networks, which learn how to perform tasks by analyzing huge volumes of training data. During training, a neural net continually readjusts thousands of internal parameters until it can reliably perform some task, such as identifying objects in digital images or translating text from one language to another.
Computer Science/Telecom - Psychology
06.09.2017
Computer programming languages can impact science and thought
For decades, fierce debates have raged over the benefits of different programming languages over others: Java vs. C++; Python vs. Ruby; Flask vs. Django. While often waged with fervor by computer scientists and programmers, these debates tend to rely on anecdotal evidence, with very little rigorous comparison of programming approaches or the larger question of how software may augment human thinking.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Computer Science/Telecom
31.08.2017
A new mobile application helps scientists map the sound environment
A new mobile application helps scientists map the sound environment
Anyone who owns an Android smartphone will soon be able to contribute to a research project, simply by recording surrounding noise.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom
30.08.2017
New soft robots really suck
EPFL scientists have created the first functional robot powered entirely by vacuum: made up of soft building blocks, it moves by having air sucked out of them.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
28.08.2017
New app uses smartphone selfies to screen for pancreatic cancer
New app uses smartphone selfies to screen for pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer has one of the worst prognoses - with a five-year survival rate of 9 percent - in part because there are no telltale symptoms or non-invasive screening tools to catch a tumor before it spreads. Now, University of Washington researchers have developed an app that could allow people to easily screen for pancreatic cancer and other diseases - by snapping a smartphone selfie.
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