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Health - 07.05.2020
Moderate exercise in middle and older age cuts time spent in hospital
Moderate exercise in middle and older age cuts time spent in hospital
Men and women aged 40-79 are at significantly lower (25-27%) risk of long or frequent hospital admissions if they do some form of physical activity, a new study suggests. Small, feasible increases in usual physical activity substantially reduce the future hospital usage of middle-aged and older people Robert Luben Inactive participants in the study spent just over four days more in hospital over the next ten years than those who did at least some physical activity, whether for work or leisure.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.05.2020
Risk factors for COVID-19 death revealed in world’s largest analysis of patient records
The largest study to date, analysing NHS health data from 17.4 million UK adults between 01 February 2020 and 25 April 2020, has given the strongest evidence on risk factors associated with COVID-19 death. Academics at the University of Oxford and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), working on behalf of NHS England and in partnership with NHSX, have analysed the pseudonymised health data of over 17.4 million UK adults to discover the key factors associated with death from COVID-19 .

Psychology - Pedagogy - 07.05.2020
Do I look mad? Reading facial cues with the touch-screen generation
Are today's children, who grew up with mobile technology from birth, worse at reading emotions and picking up cues from people's faces than children who didn't grow up with tablets and smar tp hones' A new UCLA psychology study suggests today's kids are all right. Infancy and early childhood are critical developmental phases during which children learn to interpret important non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, tone of voice and gestures.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.05.2020
AI being developed to help cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
AI being developed to help cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
A new study led by The Royal Marsden involving Imperial will use artificial intelligence (AI) to help cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The researchers aim to use AI tools to analyse scans from cancer patients. The analyses will help clinicians to prioritise either targeting treatment for the infection or targeting cancer treatment side-effects.

Health - Physics - 07.05.2020
New x-ray method for Corona diagnosis ready for patient testing
New x-ray method for Corona diagnosis ready for patient testing
Low-dose radiographs could reveal typical lung changes Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed an innovative x-ray method for lung diagnostics, which they now plan to test in one of its first applications for diagnosis of the respiratory ailment Covid-19 caused by Coronavirus.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2020
Uncovering the potency and evasiveness of the COVID-19 virus
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is highly infectious. Curiously, in many patients, it triggers poor immune responses, which prolongs illness. This helps the virus spread widely, exacerbating the global pandemic. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers at the University of Minnesota identified the biochemical mechanism that may explain how the virus infects people efficiently while evading their immune responses.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2020
U-M researchers advance antibody test production to aid in the international fight against COVID-19
U-M researchers advance antibody test production to aid in the international fight against COVID-19
Scientists at the University of Michigan are advancing a new antibody test to identify people who have been infected with the novel coronavirus that causes the COVID-19 disease. The test, being validated now, could accelerate selection of patient plasma for use in treating new COVID-19 infections. Antibody tests, also called serological tests, search blood serum for evidence that an individual has been infected with a virus.

Health - 07.05.2020
BAME groups two to three times more likely to die from Covid-19
The likelihood of death from Covid-19 is significantly higher among England's Black, Asian and Ethnic Minority (BAME) groups than the general population, finds a new UCL analysis of NHS data. Researchers say the findings are consistent with emerging global data and support the need for the UK Government to take urgent action to reduce the risk of death from Covid-19 for BAME groups.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 07.05.2020
Sleep difficulties in the first year of life linked to altered brain development in infants who later develop autism
Sleep difficulties in the first year of life linked to altered brain development in infants who later develop autism
Infants spend most of their first year of life asleep. Those hours are prime time for brain development, when neural connections form and sensory memories are encoded. But when sleep is disrupted, as occurs more often among children with autism, brain development may be affected, too. New research led by the University of Washington finds that sleep problems in a baby's first 12 months may not only precede an autism diagnosis, but also may be associated with altered growth trajectory in a key part of the brain, the hippocampus.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.05.2020
Everyone vs. COVID-19: U-M scientists need public’s help to understand and fight coronavirus
Signing up for U-M registry will make it easy for researchers to find sick, recovered, at-risk and healthy people for dozens of studies University of Michigan researchers have launched dozens of COVID-19 studies in the past six weeks, working at top speed to understand the new coronavirus, test ways of preventing or treating COVID-19, and measure the pandemic's effects on people and society.

Music - Physics - 07.05.2020
Sounds of silent space come to life in new soundtrack
Sounds of silent space come to life in new soundtrack
The eerie and usually unheard sounds of space captured in the deep cold of Antarctica could be the next hot hit, thanks to a new research, musical and artistic collaboration. The unique project takes recordings of Earth's natural radio sounds, normally not audible to the human ear, and stunning imagery captured at the Halley Research Station in Antarctica to create a 90-minute soundtrack set to piano.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.05.2020
Prostate cancer treatment may protect from COVID-19
Androgen-deprivation therapy could protect against infection with SARS-CoV-2 and against severe disease progression. This is suggested by a study led by a professor from the Universitą della Svizzera Italiana and ETH Zurich. Male cancer patients have a 1.8-fold increased risk of COVID-19 infection compared to the whole male population and develop a more severe disease.

Environment - 07.05.2020
Carbon footprint hotspots: Mapping China's export-driven emissions
Carbon footprint hotspots: Mapping China’s export-driven emissions
The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted just how reliant the United States and other countries are on Chinese manufacturing, with widespread shortages of protective medical gear produced there. But U.S. dependence on China extends far beyond surgical masks and N95 respirators. China is the largest producer of many industrial and consumer products shipped worldwide, and about one-quarter of the country's gross domestic product comes from exports.

Physics - Materials Science - 07.05.2020
Researchers map tiny twists in
Researchers map tiny twists in "magic-angle" graphene
Results could help designers engineer high-temperature superconductors and quantum computing devices. Made of a single layer of carbon atoms linked in a hexagonal honeycomb pattern, graphene's structure is simple and seemingly delicate. Since its discovery in 2004, scientists have found that graphene is in fact exceptionally strong.

Physics - 07.05.2020
Tiny devices promise improved cancer detection
Tiny devices promise improved cancer detection
Scientists have made new miniature devices that could be developed into safe, high-resolution imaging technology that helps doctors to identify potentially deadly cancers and treat them early.   Millions of people around the world die from cancer every year. The Australian National University (ANU) collaborated on the new devices with the University of Strathclyde and Oxford University in the UK.

Health - 07.05.2020
Australians worried about infection and jobs due to COVID-19
Australians worried about infection and jobs due to COVID-19
Two-thirds of Australians say they feel anxious or worried about their own and others' safety and more than 600,000 have lost their jobs due to COVID-19, according to a new study from The Australian National University. Almost four-in-10 people say they feel it is either very likely or likely that they will be infected with the coronavirus in the next six months.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.05.2020
Being overweight throughout life increases risk of heart disease and diabetes
Obesity in childhood is known to have a detrimental impact on various health conditions and disease risk in later life including coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer. However it is unclear whether being overweight as a child directly influences risk of these diseases or whether they can be reversed through lifestyle changes, particularly as those who are obese in early life tend to remain obese as adults.

Health - 06.05.2020
Marketing claims for infant formula should be banned, argue researchers
Current regulations do not effectively prevent potentially misleading claims, says Imperial scientists The team, writing in The BMJ , say current regulations do not effectively prevent potentially misleading claims that may carry health risks for a vulnerable population. Infant formula is an important food product, often consumed in high volumes in relation to an infant's body size Dr Robert Boyle Study author Despite improvements in infant formula over its 150 year history, it is still associated with health risks for mother and infant compared with breastfeeding, they write.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.05.2020
Brain-scan abnormalities found in children with PANS
MRI brain scans show subtle changes consistent with inflammation in a severe childhood disease in which the immune system is thought to attack the brain, Stanford researchers found. Subtle abnormalities occur in key brain structures of children diagnosed with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome, a disease characterized by abrupt, severe behavioral problems, according to a new study from the  School of Medicine.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.05.2020
Opinion: Will three billion people really live in temperatures as hot as the Sahara by 2070?
Professor Mark Maslin (UCL Geography) comments on human adaptability in adversity in relation to a new study discussing the potential impact of climate change on human living conditions. Humans are amazing creatures, in that they have shown they can live in almost any climate. Think of the Inuit who live in the Arctic or the Bedouins in the deserts of North Africa.
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