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Results 61 - 80 of 751.


Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 26.04.2019
Cancer treatment could become more effective thanks to computer algorithms
Cancer treatment could become more effective thanks to computer algorithms
While network algorithms are usually associated with finding friends on social media, researchers at the University of Sussex have shown how they could also be used improve the effectiveness of cancer treatment, by predicting the interactions between genes. There are over 12 million newly diagnosed cases of cancer globally each year and this figure only continues to grow.

Computer Science / Telecom - 25.04.2019
KU Leuven researchers make themselves invisible to AI cameras
A cardboard sign with a colourful print. That's all researchers from the Faculty of Engineering Technology at KU Leuven needed to fool a smart camera. To be clear: Wiebe Van Ranst, Simen Thys, and Toon Goedemé from the EAVISE research group don't have evil intentions. Quite the opposite. Their research aims to expose the weaknesses of intelligent detection systems.  "Smart detection systems rely on pattern recognition," says Professor Goedemé, head of EAVISE (Embedded and Artificially Intelligent Vision Engineering) at De Nayer Campus.

Computer Science / Telecom - 23.04.2019
Computer scientists design way to close ’backdoors’ in AI-based security systems
It sounds like a plot out of a spy novel, with a touch of cyberpunk: An agent approaches a secure location, protected by a facial recognition system, accessible only to a head of state or CEO. Flashing an unusually shaped earring, the agent tricks the system into thinking they're that VIP, opening the door and exposing the secrets inside.

Life Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 18.04.2019
Team proposes plan to use bioinformatics, open data to boost science in developing countries
Team proposes plan to use bioinformatics, open data to boost science in developing countries
UCLA computer scientists and their collaborators have devised a plan for the use of cloud computing and big data analysis to allow scientists in developing countries to jumpstart bioinformatics research programs. Bioinformatics is the computational analysis of biological data. Research in this emerging area has broad applications for diagnosing and treating diseases and preventing their spread; and in developing public health strategies and new drugs.

Environment - Computer Science / Telecom - 15.04.2019
Algorithms to enhance forest inventories
An EPFL doctoral student has come up with methods to map out forests more effectively using aerial remote sensing, in support of on-the-ground forest inventories. Forests are an essential component of the world's ecosystems and a key indicator of our planet's health. They provide valuable resources - like wood for construction and heating - and they filter rainwater, protect against erosion and avalanches, and can be used for numerous leisure pursuits.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 03.04.2019
Novel nanophotonic chips for encrypted data transfer: Quantum communication
Novel nanophotonic chips for encrypted data transfer: Quantum communication
A giant cylindrical refrigerator, an electron-beam pattern generator, a cleanroom, etching equipment. Sometimes it takes a lot of big things to make something very small. The nanoscientists at the University of Münster headed by Prof. Wolfram Pernice and Prof. Carsten Schuck know this only too well: they use these and other devices to produce nanophotonic chips the size of a one-cent piece.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 27.03.2019
Artificial intelligence can predict premature death
Computers which are capable of teaching themselves to predict premature death could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future, suggests a new study by experts at the University of Nottingham. The team of healthcare data scientists and doctors have developed and tested a system of computer-based ‘machine learning' algorithms to predict the risk of early death due to chronic disease in a large middle-aged population.

Computer Science / Telecom - 27.03.2019
Kids store 1.5 megabytes of information to master their native language
Learning one's native language may seem effortless. One minute, we're babbling babies. The next we're in school reciting Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech or Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice." But new research from UC Berkeley suggests that language acquisition between birth and 18 is a remarkable feat of cognition, rather than something humans are just hardwired to do.

Materials Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 25.03.2019
AI accurately predicts useful life of batteries
AI accurately predicts useful life of batteries
In an advance that could accelerate battery development and improve manufacturing, scientists have found how to accurately predict the useful lifespan of lithium-ion batteries, used in devices from mobile phones to electric cars. If manufacturers of cell-phone batteries could tell which cells will last at least two years, then they could sell only those to phone makers and send the rest to makers of less demanding devices.

Computer Science / Telecom - Physics - 22.03.2019
Machine learning could help scientists invent flexible electronics
Organic electronics could allow companies to print electronics like paper or incorporate them into clothing to power wearable electronics-if there were only better ways to control their electronic structure. To help address this challenge, Nick Jackson, a postdoctoral fellow in the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering , developed a faster way of creating molecular models by using machine learning.

Computer Science / Telecom - 21.03.2019
Land-cover dynamics unveiled
Land-cover dynamics unveiled
Billions of image pixels recorded by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission have been used to generate a high-resolution map of land-cover dynamics across Earth's landmasses. This map also depicts the month of the peak of vegetation and gives new insight into land productivity. Using three years' worth of optical data, the map can indicate the time of vegetation peak and variability of vegetation across seasons.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 21.03.2019
What can machine learning tell us about the solid Earth?
What can machine learning tell us about the solid Earth?
Scientists are training machine learning algorithms to help shed light on earthquake hazards, volcanic eruptions, groundwater flow and longstanding mysteries about what goes on beneath the Earth's surface. Scientists seeking to understand Earth's inner clockwork have deployed armies of sensors listening for signs of slips, rumbles, exhales and other disturbances emanating from the planet's deepest faults to its tallest volcanoes.

Computer Science / Telecom - Pharmacology - 21.03.2019
Data sharing by popular health apps is
Data sharing by popular health apps is "routine"
Researchers call for greater regulation and transparency as analysis of medicines-related apps found most directly shared user data - including sensitive health data - with third parties, posing an unprecedented privacy risk. Mobile health apps are a booming market targeted at both patients and health professionals.

Computer Science / Telecom - 20.03.2019
Humans switch between apps in ’remarkably similar’ ways, scientists find
Humans are unknowingly adhering to a universal pattern when they flick between apps on their smartphones, scientists have discovered. Experts from Cardiff University have shown that although we spend a varying amount of time glued to our screens, the way in which we specifically switch between our different apps is remarkably similar.

Computer Science / Telecom - Health - 18.03.2019
New Argonne supercomputer, built for next-gen AI, will be most powerful in U.S
The most powerful computer ever built in the United States will make its home at Argonne National Laboratory in 2021, the U.S. Department of Energy and Intel announced today. Aurora , the United States' first exascale computer, will combine unprecedented processing power with the growing potential of artificial intelligence to help solve the world's most important and complex scientific challenges.

Computer Science / Telecom - 14.03.2019
Handling trillions of supercomputer files just got simpler
Handling trillions of supercomputer files just got simpler
Exascale file system Delta FS breaks the "the metadata bottleneck" by handling extreme numbers of files and amounts of data with unprecedented performance Gary Grider, left, and Brad Settlemyer discuss the new Los Alamos and Carnegie Mellon software product, DeltaFS, released to the software distribution site GitHub this week.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 13.03.2019
Neural networks predict planet mass
To find out how planets form astrophysicists run complicated and time consuming computer calculations. Members of the NCCR PlanetS at the University of Bern have now developed a totally novel approach to speed up this process dramatically. They use deep learning based on artificial neural networks, a method that is well known in image recognition.

Computer Science / Telecom - Innovation / Technology - 07.03.2019
Breakthrough research using quantum cryptography addresses security in 5G networks
New research has demonstrated a ground-breaking solution for securing future critical communications infrastructures, including emerging 5G networks. The research addresses widely reported concerns on security vulnerability of 5G networks which are predicted to transform the telecommunications industry in the next ten years.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 01.03.2019
For the future of quantum technology
For the future of quantum technology
BeyondC research project with partners from Austria and Germany starts in March The recently granted collaboration project "Quantum Information Systems Beyond Classical Capabilities (BeyondC)" coordinated by the University of Vienna will exploit the unique features of quantum science to go beyond the capabilities of classical technology.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 28.02.2019
Fit for Mars
Fit for Mars
Rovers are versatile explorers on the surface of other planets, but they do need some training before setting off. A model of Rosalind Franklin rover that will be sent to Mars in 2021 is scouting the Atacama Desert, in Chile, following commands from mission control in the United Kingdom, over 11 000 km away.

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