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Computer Science / Telecom - Business / Economics - 20.12.2010
Analysis of phone calls shows how political boundaries could be ideally drawn
Analysis of phone calls shows how political boundaries could be ideally drawn
In an ideal world, political boundaries would enclose groups of people who are connected to each other more than they are connected to outsiders. A new study using a computer algorithm developed at Cornell shows that Great Britain is - almost - already organized that way. Analyzing a database of British telephone calls, which they call "the largest non-Internet human network," researchers at Cornell, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in the United Kingdom found that connections coincided remarkably well with administrative boundaries.

Computer Science / Telecom - Life Sciences - 16.12.2010
FReD helps explain how a bee sees
FReD helps explain how a bee sees
FReD helps explain how a bee sees Researchers have developed a database that shows how colours appear to bees - News Adapted from a news release issued by Queen Mary, University of London Thursday 16 December 2010 Bees can see colours but they perceive the world differently to us, including variations in hue that we cannot distinguish with the naked eye.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 08.12.2010
Redrawing the map of Great Britain based on human interaction
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. A group of researchers at MIT, Cornell University and University College London have used one of the world's largest databases of telecommunications records to redraw the map of Great Britain. The research, which will be published in the journal PLoS ONE on Dec. 8, is based on the analysis of 12 billion anonymized records representing more than 95 percent of Great Britain's residential and business landlines.

Computer Science / Telecom - Mathematics - 08.12.2010
Geotagging reveals not only where you are, but also people you might know
Geotagging reveals not only where you are, but also people you might know
If you see Fred and Susie standing in the same line at the cafeteria just once, it probably doesn't mean anything. If they show up together in many different places, it starts to mean a lot. But how many times do you have to see them together before it becomes significant? Surprisingly few, say Cornell computer scientists.

Environment - Computer Science / Telecom - 23.11.2010
Midwest farm drainage systems partly to blame for Gulf of Mexico dead zones
Midwest farm drainage systems partly to blame for Gulf of Mexico dead zones
The tile drainage systems in upper Mississippi farmlands - from southwest Minnesota to across Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio - are the biggest contributors of nitrogen runoff into the Gulf of Mexico, reports a Cornell/University of Illinois-Urbana study. Nitrogen runoff has been identified as a major contributor to dead zones in the Gulf, where nitrogen fertilizes algae and causes it to bloom, which in turn, depletes oxygen from the water and suffocates other life forms over thousands of square miles each summer.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 17.11.2010
Caltech Physicists Demonstrate a Four-Fold Quantum Memory
Caltech Physicists Demonstrate a Four-Fold Quantum Memory
PASADENA, Calif. — Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have demonstrated quantum entanglement for a quantum state stored in four spatially distinct atomic memories. Their work, described in the November 18 issue of the journal Nature, also demonstrated a quantum interface between the atomic memories—which represent something akin to a computer "hard drive" for entanglement—and four beams of light, thereby enabling the four-fold entanglement to be distributed by photons across quantum networks.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 17.11.2010
Speech monitoring could track Parkinson s
Speech monitoring could track Parkinson s
Science | Health 17 Nov 10 The severity of Parkinson's disease symptoms could be accurately monitored remotely through analysing a patient's speech patterns, a new study suggests. The research, by scientists from Oxford University and Denver, Colorado, examined almost 6,000 speech recordings from 42 people with Parkinson's.

Computer Science / Telecom - Electroengineering - 15.11.2010
‘Space-time cloak’ to conceal events revealed in new study
‘Space-time cloak’ to conceal events revealed in new study
‘Space-time cloak' to conceal events revealed in new study Cloak allows objects to move undetected, according to a paper in the Journal of Optics - News release Scientists have developed a recipe for manipulating the speed of light as it passes over an object, making it theoretically possible to ‘cloak‘ the object's movement so that an observer doesn't notice, according to a paper in the Journal of Optics .

Computer Science / Telecom - Linguistics / Literature - 20.10.2010
New search method tracks down influential ideas
New search method tracks down influential ideas
Princeton computer scientists have developed a new way of tracing the origins and spread of ideas, a technique that could make it easier to gauge the influence of notable scholarly papers, buzz-generating news stories and other information sources. The method relies on computer algorithms to analyze how language morphs over time within a group of documents - whether they are research papers on quantum physics or blog posts about politics - and to determine which documents were the most influential.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 16.09.2010
Optical chip enables new approach to quantum computing
Optical chip enables new approach to quantum computing
An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bristol has developed a new approach to quantum computing that could soon be used to perform complex calculations that cannot be done by today's computers Scientists from Bristol's Centre for Quantum Photonics have developed a silicon chip that could be used to perform complex calculations and simulations using quantum particles in the near future.

Computer Science / Telecom - Mathematics - 14.09.2010
Researchers improve wireless location-detection systems
Researchers improve wireless location-detection systems
In a pair of papers appearing in October in the journal IEEE Transactions on Information Theory , MIT researchers present a new theory that establishes fundamental limits on the accuracy of wireless location detection. By demonstrating which aspects of wireless signals convey the most reliable location information, the work points the way toward better location-detection algorithms.

Mathematics - Computer Science / Telecom - 10.09.2010
Neurons: Faster than thought and able to multiply
Scientists discover new properties of nerve cells through computing - and contemplation Freiburg, 10.09.2010 Using computer simulations of brain-like networks, researchers from Germany and Japan have discovered why nerve cells transmit information through small electrical pulses. Not only allows this the brain to process information much faster than previously thought: single neurons are already able to multiply, opening the door to more complex forms of computing.

Computer Science / Telecom - Mathematics - 05.08.2010
Shape-shifting robots
Shape-shifting robots
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. By combining origami and electrical engineering, researchers at MIT and Harvard are working to develop the ultimate reconfigurable robot - one that can turn into absolutely anything. The researchers have developed algorithms that, given a three-dimensional shape, can determine how to reproduce it by folding a sheet of semi-rigid material with a distinctive pattern of flexible creases.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 05.08.2010
Quantum networds advance with entanglement of photons, solid-state qubits
Quantum networds advance with entanglement of photons, solid-state qubits
A team of Harvard physicists led by Mikhail D. Lukin has achieved the first-ever quantum entanglement of photons and solid-state materials. The work marks a key advance toward practical quantum networks, as the first experimental demonstration of a means by which solid-state quantum bits, or "qubits," can communicate with one another over long distances.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 03.08.2010
Quantum Networks Advance with Entanglement of Photons, Solid-State Qubits
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Steve Bradt 617.496.8070 Quantum Networks Advance with Entanglement of Photons, Solid-State Qubits Physicists demonstrate means for quantum bits to communicate over long distances Cambridge, Mass. Aug. 4, 2010 - A team of Harvard physicists led by Mikhail D. Lukin has achieved the first-ever quantum entanglement of photons and solid-state materials.

Computer Science / Telecom - Mathematics - 20.07.2010
'The friend of my enemy is my enemy': Virtual universe study proves 80 year old theory on how humans interact
’The friend of my enemy is my enemy’: Virtual universe study proves 80 year old theory on how humans interact
A new study analysing interactions between players in a virtual universe game has for the first time provided large-scale evidence to prove an 80 year old psychological theory called Structural Balance Theory. The research, published today in PNAS , shows that individuals tend to avoid stress-causing relationships when they develop a society, resulting in more stable social networks.

Mathematics - Computer Science / Telecom - 19.07.2010
'The friend of my enemy is my enemy': Virtual universe study proves 80 year old theory on how humans interact
’The friend of my enemy is my enemy’: Virtual universe study proves 80 year old theory on how humans interact
'The friend of my enemy is my enemy': Virtual universe study proves 80 year old theory on how humans interact New research proves paychological theory about society for the first time - News Release A new study analysing interactions between players in a virtual universe game has for the first time provided large-scale evidence to prove an 80 year old psychological theory called Structural Balance Theory.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 13.07.2010
Scientists Identify New Virus That May Threaten Salmon
' Epidemiology ' Research & Service ' What‘s Killing Farmed Salmon' U.S. and Norwegian Scientists Identify a New Virus That May Also Pose a Risk to Wild Salmon What‘s Killing Farmed Salmon' U.S. and Norwegian Scientists Identify a New Virus That May Also Pose a Risk to Wild Salmon Farmed fish are an increasingly important food source, with a global harvest now at 110 million tons and growing at more than 8 percent a year.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 08.07.2010
Scientists Use Computer Algorithms to Develop New Flu Vaccines
July 09, 2010 — Coral Gables — Every year, hundreds of thousands of people die from influenza all over the world. Defeating the illness is challenging because the virus evolves by frequent changes of its genetic code, making it difficult for scientists to manufacture effective vaccines for the seasonal flu in a timely manner.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 23.06.2010
No link between early childhood cancers and living near mobile phone base station during pregnancy, says study
No link between early childhood cancers and living near mobile phone base station during pregnancy, says study
No link between early childhood cancers and living near mobile phone base station during pregnancy, says study A new study finds no association between a mother living near to a mobile phone base station during her pregnancy and the risk of that child developing cancer before reaching the age of five - News A new study looking at the patterns of early childhood cancers across Great Britain has found no association between a mother living near to a mobile phone base station during her pregnancy and the risk of that child developing cancer before reaching the age of five.
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