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Computer Science / Telecom - 14.05.2019
Critical vulnerability in Intel processors
Researchers from the Department of Computer Science have helped to expose a security flaw in Intel processors. More than 80 per cent of all computers and servers use these processors. The security flaw makes the hardware vulnerable to hackers. "Our research focuses on designing secure computer processors, among other things," says Jo Van Bulck from the KU Leuven Department of Computer Science.

Life Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 08.05.2019
Researchers take a step towards light-based, brain-like computing chip
Researchers take a step towards light-based, brain-like computing chip
New light-based hardware which can store and process information in a similar way to the human brain / Study published in "Nature" journal A technology that functions like a brain? In these times of artificial intelligence, this no longer seems so far-fetched - for example, when a mobile phone can recognise faces or languages.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 08.05.2019
Researchers Make Transformational AI Seem "Unremarkable"
AI must be unobtrusive to be accepted as part of clinical decision making Physicians making life and death decisions about organ transplants, cancer treatments or heart surgeries typically don't give much thought to how artificial intelligence might help them. And that's how researchers at Carnegie Mellon University say clinical AI tools should be designed - so doctors don't need to think about them.

Computer Science / Telecom - Innovation - 07.05.2019
Collision-Detecting Suitcase, Wayfinding App Help Blind People Navigate Airports
Researchers, Pittsburgh International Airport seek to increase independence of travelers with vision impairments Carnegie Mellon University researchers say a smart suitcase that warns blind users of impending collisions and a wayfinding smartphone app can help people with visual disabilities navigate airport terminals safely and independently.

Electroengineering - Computer Science / Telecom - 06.05.2019
Adding satnav to turn power grids into smart systems
Adding satnav to turn power grids into smart systems
6 May 2019 An ESA-backed project is harnessing satnav to insert an intelligent sense of place and time to power grids, to provide early warning of potentially dangerous electricity network failures. Four years ago an apparent fire from nowhere forced the evacuation of 5 000 people from central London.

Computer Science / Telecom - Life Sciences - 06.05.2019
Dataset Bridges Human Vision and Machine Learning
Neuroscience, computer vision collaborate to better understand visual information processing Neuroscientists and computer vision scientists say a new dataset of unprecedented size - comprising brain scans of four volunteers who each viewed 5,000 images - will help researchers better understand how the brain processes images.

Computer Science / Telecom - 01.05.2019
Businesses that embrace digital technologies are showing more resilience as Brexit uncertainty continues, report shows
New technologies are giving businesses in Wales a much needed boost while questions over Brexit continue, researchers say. Academics from Cardiff University's Welsh Economy Research Unit surveyed 479 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) as part of the 2018 Digital Maturity Survey. They say the results demonstrate a clear link between a business's success and its uptake of new digital opportunities.

Computer Science / Telecom - Physics - 26.04.2019
Chicago Quantum Exchange, IBM Q Network partner to advance quantum computing
The Chicago Quantum Exchange, a growing intellectual hub for the research and development of quantum technology, will join forces with the IBM Q Network to provide leaps forward in electronics, computers, sensors and "unhackable" networks. CQE member institutions will work with IBM Q scientists and engineers through IBM Q's academic partner program to explore the field of quantum computing, including investigations into materials, fabrication techniques, algorithms, and software and hardware development.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 26.04.2019
Cancer treatment could become more effective thanks to computer algorithms
Cancer treatment could become more effective thanks to computer algorithms
While network algorithms are usually associated with finding friends on social media, researchers at the University of Sussex have shown how they could also be used improve the effectiveness of cancer treatment, by predicting the interactions between genes. There are over 12 million newly diagnosed cases of cancer globally each year and this figure only continues to grow.

Computer Science / Telecom - 25.04.2019
KU Leuven researchers make themselves invisible to AI cameras
A cardboard sign with a colourful print. That's all researchers from the Faculty of Engineering Technology at KU Leuven needed to fool a smart camera. To be clear: Wiebe Van Ranst, Simen Thys, and Toon Goedemé from the EAVISE research group don't have evil intentions. Quite the opposite. Their research aims to expose the weaknesses of intelligent detection systems.  "Smart detection systems rely on pattern recognition," says Professor Goedemé, head of EAVISE (Embedded and Artificially Intelligent Vision Engineering) at De Nayer Campus.

Computer Science / Telecom - 23.04.2019
Computer scientists design way to close ’backdoors’ in AI-based security systems
It sounds like a plot out of a spy novel, with a touch of cyberpunk: An agent approaches a secure location, protected by a facial recognition system, accessible only to a head of state or CEO. Flashing an unusually shaped earring, the agent tricks the system into thinking they're that VIP, opening the door and exposing the secrets inside.

Life Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 18.04.2019
Team proposes plan to use bioinformatics, open data to boost science in developing countries
Team proposes plan to use bioinformatics, open data to boost science in developing countries
UCLA computer scientists and their collaborators have devised a plan for the use of cloud computing and big data analysis to allow scientists in developing countries to jumpstart bioinformatics research programs. Bioinformatics is the computational analysis of biological data. Research in this emerging area has broad applications for diagnosing and treating diseases and preventing their spread; and in developing public health strategies and new drugs.

Environment - Computer Science / Telecom - 15.04.2019
Algorithms to enhance forest inventories
An EPFL doctoral student has come up with methods to map out forests more effectively using aerial remote sensing, in support of on-the-ground forest inventories. Forests are an essential component of the world's ecosystems and a key indicator of our planet's health. They provide valuable resources - like wood for construction and heating - and they filter rainwater, protect against erosion and avalanches, and can be used for numerous leisure pursuits.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 03.04.2019
Novel nanophotonic chips for encrypted data transfer: Quantum communication
Novel nanophotonic chips for encrypted data transfer: Quantum communication
A giant cylindrical refrigerator, an electron-beam pattern generator, a cleanroom, etching equipment. Sometimes it takes a lot of big things to make something very small. The nanoscientists at the University of Münster headed by Prof. Wolfram Pernice and Prof. Carsten Schuck know this only too well: they use these and other devices to produce nanophotonic chips the size of a one-cent piece.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 27.03.2019
Artificial intelligence can predict premature death
Computers which are capable of teaching themselves to predict premature death could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future, suggests a new study by experts at the University of Nottingham. The team of healthcare data scientists and doctors have developed and tested a system of computer-based ‘machine learning' algorithms to predict the risk of early death due to chronic disease in a large middle-aged population.

Computer Science / Telecom - 27.03.2019
Kids store 1.5 megabytes of information to master their native language
Learning one's native language may seem effortless. One minute, we're babbling babies. The next we're in school reciting Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech or Robert Frost's poem "Fire and Ice." But new research from UC Berkeley suggests that language acquisition between birth and 18 is a remarkable feat of cognition, rather than something humans are just hardwired to do.

Materials Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 25.03.2019
AI accurately predicts useful life of batteries
AI accurately predicts useful life of batteries
In an advance that could accelerate battery development and improve manufacturing, scientists have found how to accurately predict the useful lifespan of lithium-ion batteries, used in devices from mobile phones to electric cars. If manufacturers of cell-phone batteries could tell which cells will last at least two years, then they could sell only those to phone makers and send the rest to makers of less demanding devices.

Computer Science / Telecom - Physics - 22.03.2019
Machine learning could help scientists invent flexible electronics
Organic electronics could allow companies to print electronics like paper or incorporate them into clothing to power wearable electronics-if there were only better ways to control their electronic structure. To help address this challenge, Nick Jackson, a postdoctoral fellow in the University of Chicago's Institute for Molecular Engineering , developed a faster way of creating molecular models by using machine learning.

Computer Science / Telecom - 21.03.2019
Land-cover dynamics unveiled
Land-cover dynamics unveiled
Billions of image pixels recorded by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission have been used to generate a high-resolution map of land-cover dynamics across Earth's landmasses. This map also depicts the month of the peak of vegetation and gives new insight into land productivity. Using three years' worth of optical data, the map can indicate the time of vegetation peak and variability of vegetation across seasons.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 21.03.2019
What can machine learning tell us about the solid Earth?
What can machine learning tell us about the solid Earth?
Scientists are training machine learning algorithms to help shed light on earthquake hazards, volcanic eruptions, groundwater flow and longstanding mysteries about what goes on beneath the Earth's surface. Scientists seeking to understand Earth's inner clockwork have deployed armies of sensors listening for signs of slips, rumbles, exhales and other disturbances emanating from the planet's deepest faults to its tallest volcanoes.

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