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Results 41 - 60 of 2352.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.05.2023
Anticoagulation treatment after an ischemic stroke should be started earlier
An international clinical trial, which involved experts from Glasgow, has concluded that anticoagulation treatment could be safely started earlier than current recommended guidelines in patients following ischemic stroke with atrial fibrillation. The study - published in the New England Journal of Medicine and led by the led by the Stroke Center, Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, and the University of Bern - found the chances of suffering a recurrent event with earlier treatment were likely to be lower compared to a later start, without an increase in risk of complications.

Health - 24.05.2023
Study provides new insights into the development of aortic aneurysms
A recent study at JKU sheds light on the development of aortic aneurysm, a pathological dilatation of the aorta. Aortic aneurysm, a pathological enlargement of the aorta that can lead to a tear or rupture of the aorta with life-threatening consequences. Since the disease often occurs without symptoms, it is often diagnosed only at an advanced stage, which usually necessitates surgical intervention.

Astronomy / Space Science - 24.05.2023
Experts confirm meteorite find in Elmshorn
Experts confirm meteorite find in Elmshorn
Sky rock testifies to intense collisions in early solar system A suspected meteorite find at the end of April in Elmshorn in Schleswig-Holstein has now been confirmed: Scientists from Münster and Dresden have analyzed the find and determined that the rock is a so-called common type H chondrite. This is a group of meteorites that have a particularly high proportion of metal.

Health - Physics - 24.05.2023
New production process for therapeutic nanovesicles
New production process for therapeutic nanovesicles
Researchers at the University of Basel have developed an efficient method for the preparation of therapeutic nanovesicles, thereby fulfilling a key prerequisite for industrial production. The method also paves the way for research into areas such as immunotherapy treatments for cancer. Particles known as extracellular vesicles play a vital role in communication between cells and in many cell functions.

Environment - 24.05.2023
New technique substantially reduces mouse damage to crops even during plagues
New technique substantially reduces mouse damage to crops even during plagues
Mice are tricked to think there is no point digging for seeds A non-toxic method to prevent mice from devouring wheat crops has been shown to drastically reduce seed loss. The technique, developed by scientists at the University of Sydney, could be a game-changer in the management of crop loss to mice plague.

Chemistry - Physics - 24.05.2023
Watching Molecules Relax in Real Time
Designing the next generation of efficient energy conversion devices for powering our electronics and heating our homes requires a detailed understanding of how molecules move and vibrate while undergoing light-induced chemical reactions. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ÜBerkeley Lab) have now visualized the distortions of chemical bonds in a methane molecule after it absorbs light, loses an electron, and then relaxes.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.05.2023
Unique molecular machinery of woman who can't feel pain
Unique molecular machinery of woman who can’t feel pain
The biology underpinning a rare genetic mutation that allows its carrier to live virtually pain-free, heal more rapidly and experience reduced anxiety and fear, has been uncovered by new research from UCL. The study, published in Brain , follows up the teams' discovery in 2019 of the FAAH-OUT gene and the rare mutations that cause patient, Jo Cameron, to feel virtually no pain and never feel anxious or afraid.

Physics - 24.05.2023
By adjusting knob to the quantum solid
Quantum physicists at the University of Innsbruck, together with colleagues at the ETH Lausanne, have found a new way to generate a crystalline structure that emerges as a "coherent matter density wave" in an atomic gas. The findings help to better understand the fascinating behavior of quantum matter near absolute zero.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.05.2023
Nature-inspired compounds chop up cancer gene's RNA
Nature-inspired compounds chop up cancer gene’s RNA
Resarchers have found new possibilities for targeting cancer genes' RNA with nature-inspired compounds The cancer gene MYC drives unrestrained growth of most human cancers. It has been called the "Mount Everest" of cancer research because of the difficulty of designing medications that can disable it, and the expectation that an effective MYC drug could help so many cancer patients.

Computer Science - 24.05.2023
Largest study of video games reveals men say twice as much as women
Largest study of video games reveals men say twice as much as women
Researchers have found a stark gender imbalance after carrying out the largest-ever study of video game dialogue, published today. The research, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science , analysed more than 13,000 video-game characters and found that men speak twice as much as women. The study, led by Dr Stephanie Rennick at the University of Glasgow and Dr Seán G. Roberts at Cardiff University, performed the first large-scale test of gender imbalance in the dialogue of 50 role-playing video games (RPGs).

Health - 24.05.2023
Designing synthetic receptors for precise cell control
Designing synthetic receptors for precise cell control
Scientists at EPFL have developed a groundbreaking new technique for engineering biosensors that respond sensitively to specific biomolecules, enhancing cell migration and targeting in cancer treatment. The findings could lead to more precise control over cellular processes for a wide range of therapeutic applications.

Politics - Psychology - 24.05.2023
Gender trumps politics in determining people’s ability to read others’ minds
Psychologists surveyed over 4,000 people to test social ability to analyse what factors determine how well you understand and get on with others. Political parties regularly claim to have their finger on the pulse and be able to read the public mood. Yet a new study challenges the idea that being political makes you good at understanding others: it shows gender, not politics, is a far more important factor in determining people's social skills.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 24.05.2023
University of Glasgow researchers prepare for next gravitational wave observing run
Researchers from the University of Glasgow's School of Physics & Astronomy are preparing for the next observing run of the international LIGO-Virgo-KAGRA (LVK) network of gravitational-wave detectors. The LVK collaboration consists of scientists across the globe who use a network of observatories-LIGO in the United States, Virgo in Europe, and KAGRA in Japan-to search for gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, generated by colliding black holes and other extreme cosmic events.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.05.2023
New chemical compound demonstrates potential in nerve regeneration
New chemical compound demonstrates potential in nerve regeneration
Research led by UCL, in partnership with the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology (MRC LMB) and AstraZeneca, has identified a new compound that can stimulate nerve regeneration after injury, as well as protect cardiac tissue from the sort of damage seen in heart attack. The study, published in Nature , identified a chemical compound, named '1938', that activates the PI3K signalling pathway, and is involved in cell growth.

Environment - Economics - 24.05.2023
Colorado River deal: U-Michigan experts available
EXPERTS ADVISORY California, Nevada and Arizona have reached an agreement to cut their water use from the Colorado River. University of Michigan experts are available to discuss this historic deal and its implications. Drew Gronewold is a hydrologist and associate professor at the U-M School for Environment and Sustainability.

Computer Science - Physics - 24.05.2023
A better way to match 3D volumes
A better way to match 3D volumes
By mapping the volumes of objects, rather than their surfaces, a new technique could yield solutions to computer graphics problems in animation and CAD. In computer graphics and computer-aided design (CAD), 3D objects are often represented by the contours of their outer surfaces. Computers store these shapes as "thin shells," which model the contours of the skin of an animated character but not the flesh underneath.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.05.2023
Explosion in the Night Sky - First Brightness Measurements of Supernova SN2023ixf
Explosion in the Night Sky - First Brightness Measurements of Supernova SN2023ixf
Astronomers at the University of Potsdam have succeeded in making one of the world's first brightness measurements of the supernova SN2023ixf in the constellation Ursa Major, which was discovered only on Friday evening. It is the brightest detected outburst in more than ten years in the galaxy Messier 101.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.05.2023
How cells feed on RNA
Scientists have discovered that cells can use RNA and its constituent uridine as alternative energy sources to sugar. For better or for worse, as shown by their publication in "Nature Metabolism ". Each cell contains the genetic material necessary for the activity of the organism. RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is an important molecule for making proteins from the instructions contained in the genes.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.05.2023
A marine worm, life saver
A marine worm, life saver
In 2020, in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis, we spoke with Franck Zal, a doctor in marine biology from Sorbonne University and founder of the company Hemarina. At the time, HEMO2life - their flagship product created from the hemoglobin of the marine worm, the arenicole - was envisaged to improve the oxygenation of patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Life Sciences - 23.05.2023
New mechanism for sodium salt detoxification in plants
New mechanism for sodium salt detoxification in plants
Newly discovered signalling pathway specifically protects the stem cells in the plant root from salt stress A high content of sodium-containing salts in the soil is a problem for many plants: as a result, they grow less well, or not at all. Soil salinisation is seen as one of the greatest threats to being able to feed the world's population because it makes soils increasingly infertile, especially in dry regions.