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Earth Sciences - 06.05.2021
New indicator for oxygen levels in early oceans developed
New indicator for oxygen levels in early oceans developed
A geoscientific research team led by scientists from the University of Cologne has come a decisive step closer to determining the oxygen levels in the early Earth's history by analysing the composition of tungsten isotopes / publication in PNAS Oxygen is essential for the development of higher life.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2021
’Stressed’ trees share resources to overcome environmental challenges
A length of steel pipe and a heart monitor are the unlikely tools underpinning new research which suggests that trees may work together to form resource-sharing networks, helping the group collectively overcome environmental challenges. The findings, laid out in a paper published today in Communications Biology, offer fresh insight into how forests around the world might adapt to the increasing environmental stresses of climate change.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2021
Sea level rise can be halved this century
Wednesday, May 5, 2021 — New research from a large international group of scientists, including the Physical Geography research group at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel led by Prof Philippe Huybrechts, suggests that sea level rise due to the melting of land ice could be halved this century if we meet the Paris targets to limit global warming to 1.5°C.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2021
King Henry VIII's favourite ship, the Mary Rose, was made up of a multinational crew
King Henry VIII’s favourite ship, the Mary Rose, was made up of a multinational crew
The biographies of eight crew found among the remains of the Tudor warship Mary Rose have been revealed using the latest archaeological methods. Cardiff University academics, in partnership with the Mary Rose Trust and the British Geological Survey, used cutting edge scientific techniques to reveal the ancestry, childhood origins and diets of some of the crew who perished on the ship in 1545 AD.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 04.05.2021
Let it rain: boosting showers where water is scarce
Let it rain: boosting showers where water is scarce
A new method to trigger rain where water is scarce is being tested in the UAE using drones that were designed and manufactured at the University of Bath. Last updated on Friday 7 May 2021 A new method to trigger rain in places where water is scarce is being tested in the United Arab Emirates using unmanned drones that were designed and manufactured at the University of Bath.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.04.2021
UofG experts contribute to climate change briefing paper
Researchers from the University of Glasgow have contributed their expertise to a new report on how nature-based solutions could help nations mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Professor Nick Hanley and Professor Larissa Naylor are among the authors of Nature-based Solutions for Climate Change, People and Biodiversity , a briefing paper released Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine by the COP26 Universities Network.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 29.04.2021
Seafloor Survey Finds Thousands of Barrels at DDT Dumpsite off LA Coast
Scripps Oceanography scientists mapped 36,000 acres using advanced ocean robotics and sonar An expedition led by UC San Diego's Scripps Institution of Oceanography mapped more than 36,000 acres of seafloor between Santa Catalina Island and the Los Angeles coast in a region previously found to contain high levels of the toxic chemical DDT in sediments and the ecosystem.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.04.2021
Global glacier retreat has accelerated
Global glacier retreat has accelerated
An international research team including scientists from ETH Zurich has shown that almost all the world's glaciers are becoming thinner and losing mass' and that these changes are picking up pace. The team's analysis is the most comprehensive and accurate of its kind to date. Glaciers are a sensitive indicator of climate change - and one that can be easily observed.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.04.2021
Seasonal Water Resource on the Upper Indus
Seasonal Water Resource on the Upper Indus
Heidelberg geographers draw up full inventory of barely researched aufeis (icing) fields Seasonally occurring fields of aufeis (icing) constitute an important resource for the water supply of the local population in the Upper Indus Basin. However, little research has been done on them so far. Geographers at the South Asia Institute of Heidelberg University have now examined the spreading of aufeis and, for the first time, created a full inventory of these aufeis fields.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 23.04.2021
TRANSMOW campaign to analyse circulation of Mediterranean outflow waters with new geochemical tracers
TRANSMOW campaign to analyse circulation of Mediterranean outflow waters with new geochemical tracers
Finding the signature of past climate transitions in the Mediterranean using the analysis of innovative geochemical tracers -specifically, isotopes of neodymium and rare-earth distributionis the objective of the oceanographic campaign TRANSMOW, led by the experts Leopoldo Pena and Jaime Frigola, members of the consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences of the Faculty of Earth Sciences of the UB.

Earth Sciences - Health - 23.04.2021
U.S. asbestos sites made risky by some remediation strategies
U.S. asbestos sites made risky by some remediation strategies
Efforts to prevent human exposure to asbestos may be mobilizing the cancer-causing mineral so that it can reach water supplies, based on new findings about how the fibers move through soil. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) largely remedies Superfund sites containing asbestos by capping them with soil to lock the buried toxin in place.

Earth Sciences - 22.04.2021
New cognitive bias affecting evaluation processes: generosity-erosion effect
New cognitive bias affecting evaluation processes: generosity-erosion effect
Researchers of the University of Barcelona, together with researchers from the University of Zurich (Switzerland) and Brown University (United States), have analysed more than 10,000 evaluations that were carried out to candidates who wish to hold a public teaching permanent in Catalonia. The objective was to study how the decision by the committee of evaluators is affected by the fact that each candidate holds a certain position in the lists of people to be assessed.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 22.04.2021
Plant provenance influences pollinators
Plant provenance influences pollinators
Insect decline is one of the greatest challenges facing our society. As a result of the destruction of many natural habitats, bees, bumblebees, butterflies, beetles and the like find less and less food. As a consequence, they are barely able to fulfil their role as pollinators of wild and cultivated plants.

Earth Sciences - 21.04.2021
Energy unleashed by submarine volcanoes could power a continent
Energy unleashed by submarine volcanoes could power a continent
Volcanic eruptions deep in our oceans are capable of extremely powerful releases of energy, at a rate high enough to power the whole of the United States, according to research published today. Eruptions from deep-sea volcanoes were long-thought to be relatively uninteresting compared with those on land.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 19.04.2021
Biomass production in lakes becomes easier to de-termine
The condition of Swiss lakes has improved thanks to stricter protection measures, but less than expected. A new method developed by Eawag for calculating biomass production in lakes provides explanations and a basis for further water protection measures. "No bathing" rules were still imposed on many Swiss lakeshores until the 1980s.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 14.04.2021
How microbes influenced the Earth's atmosphere three billion years ago
How microbes influenced the Earth’s atmosphere three billion years ago
For a long time, climate researchers could not explain the high concentration of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere around three billion years ago. Now an international research team with the participation of Hendrik Vogel from the Institute of Geological Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of Bern has solved the mystery.

Earth Sciences - Social Sciences - 08.04.2021
Hidden meaning of mountain gorillas' chest beats
Hidden meaning of mountain gorillas’ chest beats
The image of a gorilla beating its chest is one of the most iconic images related to the behaviour of these primates. However, despite being one of the most emblematic sounds in the animal kingdom, the well-known chest beats have received little attention from the scientific community. A research team in which Jordi Galbany, expert from the Faculty of Psychology of the UB, takes part, has found a correlation between the body size of gorillas and the sound frequency of the typical chest beats.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.04.2021
Scientists Map "Pulse" of Groundwater Flow through California’s Central Valley
Advances in remote sensing are providing a first glimpse of groundwater recharge in the San Joaquin Valley Groundwater is a key resource for water users in California's Central Valley, a major agricultural hub with an economic output of tens of billions of dollars annually. Surface deformation in the Central Valley has long been linked to changes in groundwater storage, but the timing and movement of water flow beneath the surface has been poorly understood due to a lack of reliable data.

Earth Sciences - 01.04.2021
Meteorite impact over Antarctica 430,000 years ago
Thursday, April 1, 2021 — An international research team of planetary scientists, led by Dr Matthias van Ginneken of the School of Physical Sciences at the University of Kent, a former researcher at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, the UniversitÚ libre de Bruxelles and the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, has found new evidence for a meteorite airburst just above the Antarctic ice cap 430,000 years ago.

Earth Sciences - 01.04.2021
When a Stream of Cosmic Debris Struck the Earth
A research team including members of Freie Universitńt Berlin has found traces of an ancient meteor explosion above the Antarctic / Re-assessment of asteroid threat No 058/2021 from Apr 01, 2021 An international research team has discovered that a huge meteor exploded over the Antarctic ice plateau around 430,000 years ago.