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Economics / Business - 20.01.2022
Australians managing COVID risks 'on their own'
Australians managing COVID risks ’on their own’
As Australia faces food and staff shortages and an insufficient supply of COVID tests, authors of a new report say there are many similarities to how the US has handled the pandemic. Australia is entering a new phase in the pandemic where we are managing more risks on our own, according to a new report by experts at The Australian National University (ANU).

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 19.01.2022
Prevalence of small farms hinders economic growth in developing countries
Prevalence of small farms hinders economic growth in developing countries
Consolidating farms in low-income countries like India, where the average farm is less than three acres, would significantly boost economic growth and reduce poverty, according to a study coauthored by Yale economist Mark Rosenzweig. The study, forthcoming in the Journal of Political Economy , found that if India consolidated its farms to an average size of 24.5 acres, and used the agricultural technology locally available, it would achieve a 42% increase in agricultural production and a 68% increase in income for farmworkers.

Economics / Business - 17.01.2022
Working in isolated environments enables culture of bullying among elite chefs
Bullying, violence and aggressive behaviour among chefs employed in fine dining restaurants is enabled by their working environments, research from Cardiff University has found. The study shows how working in closed, hidden away kitchen environments left chefs feeling isolated and led to a sense that they could act in ways that would not be possible elsewhere.

Economics / Business - 20.12.2021
Hot housing market puts renters off having more kids
Based on data from a nearly 20-year period, University of Sydney research shows Australian renters are less likely to want and have more children when the property market booms. The opposite is true for home owners. For the first time in Australia, people's plans to have children and the outcomes of this have been measured against property prices.

Economics / Business - Innovation - 09.12.2021
Chats, Chatbots and Voicebots - Arrived in Banking?
Chats, Chatbots and Voicebots - Arrived in Banking?
Questions about finances, savings accounts, or retirement planning: More and more interactions with the bank are taking place via low-threshold, digital communication channels. Almost half of customers can imagine communicating with their bank via chat or chatbot. This is shown by the Conversational Banking study conducted by the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 09.12.2021
Tackling oil and gas sector abuses: new findings show how corporations can do better on human rights
Tackling oil and gas sector abuses: new findings show how corporations can do better on human rights
Companies must walk the talk: human rights policies must be backed by deeper engagement Multinational corporations must go beyond simply adopting human rights policies if they are to stop human rights abuses in their supply chains and avoid charges of ethical window-dressing, new research from the University of Bath School of Management shows.

Career - Economics / Business - 06.12.2021
Over-optimism in the newly self-employed
Over-optimism in the newly self-employed
Autonomy is something people cherish. Those who long for independence in their daily working lives may decide to become self-employed. This step toward greater freedom should after all contribute to greater life satisfaction. But does self-employment actually live up to these high expectations? Researchers at the University of Basel have investigated the topic.

Economics / Business - 02.12.2021
Facebook advertising can be targeted at a specific person
Facebook advertising can be targeted at a specific person
A piece of research undertaken by scientists at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Graz University of Technology (Austria) shows that an advertising campaign on Facebook can target a specific person, with the campaign being based only on four unique interests assigned to the user by the social network.

Economics / Business - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.11.2021
The livelihood ’quandairy’ of milk producers in a disrupted market
Research team from the University of Göttingen explores what guides Cameroonian milk producers' decision-making after a market disruption   When agricultural markets in the Global South are disrupted, what helps producers stay in business? In regions where work can be hard to find, educational attainment is low, and opportunities for economic diversification are often too few, it is essential to understand what helps smallholder producers maintain their livelihoods.

Economics / Business - 22.11.2021
Online purchases prove popular in pandemic
Aussies spent big online during the pandemic, but it was physical retailer websites that outperformed online-only websites, a new report by Monash researchers has found. Research by Monash Business School's Australian Consumer and Retail Studies (ACRS) confirmed what we already assumed: eCommerce spending habits surged during lockdowns.

Environment - Economics / Business - 12.11.2021
Tech companies underreport CO2 emissions
Study reveals missing data for scope 3 greenhouse gases Companies in the digital technology industry are significantly underreporting the greenhouse gas emissions arising along the value chain of their products. Across a sample of 56 major tech companies surveyed in a study by the Technical University of Munich (TUM), more than half of these emissions were excluded from self-reporting in 2019.

Economics / Business - 22.10.2021
Close to home: Identifying links between gaming venues and financial hardship
Researchers from the Centre for Health Economics at Monash University have found that people who live closer to pokies venues are more likely to gamble, experience financial hardship, become insolvent or bankrupt, and report mental health problems. Data from the Australian Government's Productivity Commission shows that up to 170,000 Australian adults experience problems due to gambling addiction and are among the heaviest gamblers in the world, losing A$24.9 billion a year to gambling.

Economics / Business - 19.10.2021
Great minds don't think alike - why companies need to understand cognitive diversity
Great minds don’t think alike - why companies need to understand cognitive diversity
Companies must do more to understand and act on cognitive diversity in their boardrooms, according to a new report Last updated on Tuesday 19 October 2021 Companies must do more to understand cognitive diversity and foster a culture of 'constructive disagreement' within their boardrooms to make better decisions, according to a new report published today.

Health - Economics / Business - 11.10.2021
Federal unemployment money during pandemic boosted health care spending
Emergency federal dollars given to the unemployed during the COVID-19 pandemic bolstered health care spending as jobless rates skyrocketed, a new University of Michigan study found. But the negative consequences of unemployment and moderating effects of federal income support were greatest in states that did not adopt Medicaid expansion.

Economics / Business - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.10.2021
An efficient and low-cost approach to detecting food fraud
An efficient and low-cost approach to detecting food fraud
Fraudulent practices in food production, especially false claims of geographical origin, cause billions of dollars in economic damage every year. Botanists at the University of Basel have now developed a model that can be used to determine the origin of food in an efficient and low-cost manner. Strawberries from Switzerland or olive oil from Italy can be sold at much higher prices than the same products from other countries.

Economics / Business - 06.10.2021
Corporate insiders disguise share sales with cautious approach to deter predatory short sellers
Corporate insiders disguise share sales with cautious approach to deter predatory short sellers
New research suggests regulators and short sellers alike may benefit from identifying cautious selling tactics Last updated on Wednesday 6 October 2021 Company directors, officers or major shareholders, worried that their personal share sales might trigger aggressive short selling from investors tracking their moves, are disguising their trades with a cautious, incremental approach often spread over several days, new research from the University of Bath shows.

Health - Economics / Business - 28.09.2021
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of 'nowcasts' | University of Cambridge
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of ’nowcasts’ | University of Cambridge
When the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in 2020, the R rate became well-known shorthand for the reproduction of the disease. Yet a new study suggests it's time for 'A Farewell to R' in favour of a different approach based on the growth rate of infection rather than contagiousness.

Economics / Business - 27.09.2021
Increased economic benefits and resilience with collaborative management of the Nile’s Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
New research linking water and economic modelling shows that coordinated filling and operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) increases economic benefits and resilience in the riparian countries. In the Nile Basin region, eleven African countries are economically dependent on the river, though differently.

Administration - Economics / Business - 22.09.2021
Savers with individual personal pensions are losing out due to lack of regulation
Savers with individual personal pensions are losing out due to lack of regulation
People with an individual personal pension could retire with as little as half the value of a comparable group pension fund facilitated by an employer Last updated on Wednesday 22 September 2021 The absence of a third party protecting the interests of individual personal pensions means they perform worse than group personal pensions (GPP), according to new research from the University of Bath's School of Management.

Economics / Business - 15.09.2021
Pension inequality a major issue when couples divorce
A new report has found that men within couples have substantially more private pension wealth than women, which poses particular challenges when they divorce.
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