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Education / Continuing Education - Pedagogy / Education Science - 13.06.2018
Where boys and girls do better in math, English
A review of test scores from 10,000 school district finds that gender gaps in math and English vary with community wealth and racial diversity. When Stanford Professor Sean Reardon and his research team set out to take an unprecedented look at how elementary school girls and boys compare in academic achievement, they expected to find similar stereotype-driven patterns across all 10,000 U.S. school districts: boys consistently outperforming girls in math and girls steadily surpassing boys in reading and writing by a wide margin.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Education / Continuing Education - 12.04.2018
Does age at menopause affect memory?
Does age at menopause affect memory?
Entering menopause at a later age may be associated with a small benefit to your memory years later, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. The paper, published today in Neurology and funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) suggests a possible link between entering the menopause late and memory retention.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 06.04.2018
Globular Clusters as Relics of Star Formation in the Early Universe
Globular Clusters as Relics of Star Formation in the Early Universe
The globular clusters that surround our Milky Way are nearly as old as the universe itself. Computer simulations conducted by a team led by Dr Joel Pfeffer of Liverpool John Moores University (United Kingdom) and Dr Diederik Kruijssen of Heidelberg University suggest that these ancient star clusters were formed via the same mechanisms as our home galaxy's new-born stars, which makes them natural relics of star formation in the early universe.

Social Sciences - Education / Continuing Education - 27.03.2018
Grammar schools could be damaging to social mobility
Grammar schools could be damaging to social mobility
Grammar schools are no better or worse than non-selective state schools in terms of attainment, but can be damaging to social mobility, according to new research by Durham University. The researchers say a policy of increasing selection within the schools system is dangerous for equality in society.

Education / Continuing Education - Earth Sciences - 22.01.2018
Understanding meltwater drainpipe formation In Greenland ice sheet
Understanding meltwater drainpipe formation In Greenland ice sheet
Moulins, vertical conduits that penetrate through the half-mile-deep ice, efficiently funnel the majority of summer meltwater from the ice surface to the base of the ice sheet. Forming a moulin in Greenland requires a crack on the ice surface, which becomes filled with water that eventually drives the crack through the ice.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 11.01.2018
Five-Planet System
Five-Planet System
In its search for exoplanets-planets outside of our solar system-NASA's Kepler telescope trails behind Earth, measuring the brightness of stars that may potentially host planets. The instrument identifies potential planets around other stars by looking for dips in the brightness of the stars that occur when planets cross in front of, or transit, them.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Education / Continuing Education - 11.12.2017
Education and Research on the Sustainable Use of Resources with Biochar
Deutsche Bundesstiftung funds research project BodenBildungBerlin at Freie Universität No 339/2017 from Dec 11, 2017 As part of the "BodenBildungBerlin" research project, scientists from Freie Universität Berlin are investigating how biochar can be used to reduce the burden on the environment. They are developing methods for imparting skills and knowledge on the sustainable use of resources in training and continuing education.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 23.10.2017
Formation of Magma Oceans on exoplanet
Formation of Magma Oceans on exoplanet
Induction heating can completely change the energy budget of an exoplanet and even melt its interior. In a study published by Nature Astronomy an international team led by the Space Research Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences with participation of the University of Vienna explains how magma oceans can form under the surface of exoplanets as a result of induction heating.

Education / Continuing Education - Chemistry - 17.07.2017
New Vehicle Emissions Deceptively Clean
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have found that newer gasoline vehicles emit less particulate matter, but vapors in the "cleaner" exhaust form particulate matter long after exiting the tailpipe. These secondary particles, can be just as harmful to human health. Mechanical Engineering Professor Allen Robinson and his research team investigated the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and the effects that more stringent vehicle standards could have on SOA formation.

Education / Continuing Education - 10.05.2017
Oldest buckthorn fossilized flowers found in Argentina
Around 66 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous period, a giant asteroid crashed into the present-day Gulf of Mexico, leading to the extinction of the non-avian dinosaurs. How plants were affected is less understood, but fossil records show that ferns were the first plants to recover many thousands of years afterward.

Education / Continuing Education - Life Sciences - 27.04.2017
How Plants Form Their Sugar Transport Routes
How Plants Form Their Sugar Transport Routes
In experiments on transport tissues in plants, researchers from Heidelberg University were able to identify factors of crucial importance for the formation of the plant tissue known as phloem. According to Thomas Greb of the Centre for Organismal Studies (COS), these factors differ from all previously known factors that trigger the specification of cells.

Education / Continuing Education - 24.02.2017
New pop-up strategy inspired by cuts, not folds
Origami-inspired materials use folds in materials to embed powerful functionality. However, all that folding can be pretty labor intensive. Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) are drawing material inspiration from another ancient Japanese paper craft - kirigami.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 09.01.2017
Spontaneous
Spontaneous "dust traps": the missing link in planet formation discovered
Formation mechanism of spontaneous dust traps(red) in a protoplanetary disk after the formation of a spontaneous dust trap, visible as a bright dust ring. JF Gonzalez? One of the major questions in astronomy today is how do planets form? Until recently, no theory has been able to provide a complete answer.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 07.11.2016
The birth of massive stars is accompanied by strong luminosity bursts
The birth of massive stars is accompanied by strong luminosity bursts
Astronomers of the Universities of Tübingen and Vienna are investigating the basic principles of the formation of stars "How do massive stars form?" is one of the fundamental questions in modern astrophysics, because these massive stars govern the energy budget of their host galaxies.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 27.10.2016
How planets like Jupiter form
How planets like Jupiter form
Young giant planets are born from gas and dust. Researchers of ETH Zürich and the Universities of Zürich and Bern simulated different scenarios relying on the computing power of the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) to find out how they exactly form and evolve. Astronomers set up two theories explaining how gaseous giant planets like Jupiter or Saturn could be born.

Astronomy - Education / Continuing Education - 24.10.2016
Preferentially Earth-sized planets with lots of water
Preferentially Earth-sized planets with lots of water
Computer simulations by astrophysicists at the University of Bern of the formation of planets orbiting in the habitable zone of low mass stars such as Proxima Centauri show that these planets are most likely to be roughly the size of the Earth and to contain large amounts of water.

Education / Continuing Education - 16.08.2016
Birds fly faster in large flocks
Birds fly faster in large flocks
Researchers at the Faculty of Science in Lund show that birds fly faster in flocks. The picture shows Terns photographed on Öland. Photo: Anders Hedenström New research at Lund University in Sweden shows that the flight speed of birds is determined by a variety of factors. Among the most sensational is that the size of the flock has a significant impact on how fast the birds can fly.

Education / Continuing Education - 21.06.2016
Scientists calculate the fate of the Greenland meltwater
Scientists calculate the fate of the Greenland meltwater
Scientists have been able to track the flow of water created by Greenland's melting glaciers, revealing that it's currently having a less significant impact on the Gulf Stream than previously thought. New model calculations, conducted by an international research team from the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research based in Germany and the University of Bristol in the UK, suggest that a large fraction of the meltwater is effectively removed from the most sensitive areas by swift, narrow boundary currents, delaying the influence on the Gulf Stream.

Chemistry - Education / Continuing Education - 04.05.2016
Clues on the path to a new battery technology
Clues on the path to a new battery technology
Research news Rechargeable lithium air batteries are a next-generation technology: Theoretically they might be much lighter and offer better performance than current lithium ion batteries. However, currently they run out of steam after only a few charging cycles. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Forschungszentrum Jülich have now investigated the processes and discovered a possible culprit: highly reactive singlet oxygen, which is released when the batteries are charged.

Education / Continuing Education - Physics / Materials Science - 22.02.2016
Soap bubbles' secrets go pop
Soap bubbles’ secrets go pop
Some phenomena that appear to be well understood are much more mysterious than it seems. In spite of the numerous applications that rely on the presence or absence of bubbles, no advanced scientific studies had been carried out so far into how bubbles form.
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