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Environment - Palaeontology - 16:37
Traces of ancient rainforest in Antarctica point to a warmer prehistoric world
Traces of ancient rainforest in Antarctica point to a warmer prehistoric world
Researchers have found evidence of rainforests near the South Pole 90 million years ago, suggesting the climate was exceptionally warm at the time. A team from the UK and Germany discovered forest soil from the Cretaceous period within 900 km of the South Pole. Their analysis of the preserved roots, pollen and spores shows that the world at that time was a lot warmer than previously thought.

Environment - 14:37
Natural light flicker can help prevent detection
Natural light flicker can help prevent detection
Movement breaks camouflage, making it risky for anything trying to hide. New research, published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B today [1 April] has shown that dynamic features common in many natural habitats, such as moving light patterns, can reduce being located when moving. Dynamic illumination is particularly common in coral reefs, where patterns known as 'water caustics' play chaotically in the shallows.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11:32
About the distribution of biodiversity on our planet
About the distribution of biodiversity on our planet
Large open-water fish predators such as tunas or sharks hunt for prey more intensively in the temperate zone than near the equator. With this result, a study headed by Marius Roesti of the University of Bern is challenging a long-standing explanation for the distribution of biodiversity on our planet.

Environment - 11:07
Uncertain Climate Future Could Disrupt Energy Systems
Uncertain Climate Future Could Disrupt Energy Systems
Extreme weather events - such as severe drought, storms, and heat waves - have been forecast to become more commonplace and are already starting to occur. What has been less studied is the impact on energy systems and how communities can avoid costly disruptions, such as partial or total blackouts. Now an international team of scientists has published a new study proposing an optimization methodology for designing climate-resilient energy systems and to help ensure that communities will be able to meet future energy needs given weather and climate variability.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 31.03.2020
Flooding Stunted 2019 Cropland Growing Season, Resulting in More Atmospheric CO2
Severe flooding throughout the Midwest-which triggered a delayed growing season for crops in the region-led to a reduction of 100 million metric tons of net carbon uptake during June and July of 2019, according to a new study. For reference, the massive California wildfires of 2018 released an estimated 12.4 million metric tons of carbon into the atmosphere.

Health - Environment - 30.03.2020
Hopes of pandemic respite this spring may depend upon what happens indoors
Hopes of pandemic respite this spring may depend upon what happens indoors
How much spring and summer affect the COVID-19 pandemic may depend not only on the effectiveness of social distancing measures, but also on the environment inside our buildings, according to a review of Yale scientists of their own work and that of colleagues on how respiratory viruses are transmitted.

Health - Environment - 30.03.2020
Emergency demolitions in Detroit: Low risk of asbestos exposure
As Detroit continues to revitalize its urban core by razing abandoned buildings, emissions of airborne asbestos during emergency demolitions have been negligible, say University of Michigan researchers. This suggests that the asbestos-related risk to human health from these demolitions-which account for about 10% of all demolitions in the city-is virtually nonexistent.

Life Sciences - Environment - 27.03.2020
Scientists document seasonal migrations of fish across the deep-sea floor for the first time
Scientists have, for the first time, documented seasonal migrations of fish across the seafloor in deep-sea fish, revealing an important insight that will further scientific understanding of the nature of our planet. The study - published today in the Journal of Animal Ecology and led by the University of Glasgow and Nova Southeastern University in Florida - analysed over seven years of deep-sea photographic data from West Africa, linking seasonal patterns in surface-ocean productivity with observed behavioural patterns of fishes at 1500 metres.

Life Sciences - Environment - 27.03.2020
Scientists predict the size of plastics animals can eat
A team of scientists at Cardiff University has, for the first time, developed a way of predicting the size of plastics different animals are likely to ingest. The researchers, from the University's Water Research Institute, looked at the gut contents of more than 2,000 animals to create a simple equation to predict the size of a plastic item an animal can eat, based on the length of its body.

Environment - Life Sciences - 26.03.2020
Marine species respond as oceans warm
A global analysis of over 300 marine species spanning more than 100 years, shows that mammals, plankton, fish, plants and seabirds have been changing in abundance as our climate warms. At the cool edge of species ranges marine life is doing well as warming opens up habitat that was previously inaccessible, while at the warmer edge species are declining as conditions become too warm to tolerate.

Health - Environment - 26.03.2020
A sewage surveillance effort to track COVID-19
Could a community's wastewater give an early warning of the spread of COVID-19? With a rapid response grant from the National Science Foundation, a research team from the University of Michigan and Stanford University is exploring this and other questions about how the novel coronavirus behaves and moves through the environment.

Environment - Health - 26.03.2020
Understanding spread of COVID-19
Stanford professor Alexandria Boehm and visiting scholar Krista Wigginton describe potential transmission pathways of COVID-19 and their implications. Much remains unknown about how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads through the environment.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.03.2020
Pablo Escobar's hippos might have helped to restore local ecological diversity
Pablo Escobar’s hippos might have helped to restore local ecological diversity
Hippos imported into Colombia by drug lord Pablo Escobar could have helped to restore ecological diversity in the surrounding area, according to a new study. An international group of researchers, including Dr Chris Sandom and Owen Middleton at the University of Sussex, conducted a worldwide analysis comparing the ecological traits of introduced herbivores, like Escobar's hippos, to those of the past.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.03.2020
Urban birds need to be smart or fast-breeding
Urban birds need to be smart or fast-breeding
To thrive in urban environments, birds need to either have large brains, or breed many times over their life, according to a new study involving UCL. The study, published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution , suggests that birds have two alternative strategies for coping with the difficulties of humanity's increasingly chaotic cities.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 25.03.2020
Scientists get first look at cause of 'slow motion' earthquakes
Scientists get first look at cause of ’slow motion’ earthquakes
An international team of scientists has for the first time identified the conditions deep below the Earth's surface that lead to the triggering of so-called ‘slow motion' earthquakes. These events, more commonly known as slow slip events, are similar to regular sudden and catastrophic earthquakes but take place on much longer timescales, usually from days to months.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.03.2020
Bristol develops photosynthetic proteins for more sustainable solar-powered devices
Bristol develops photosynthetic proteins for more sustainable solar-powered devices
The initiative is part of a broader effort in the field of synthetic biology to use proteins in place of man-made materials which are often scarce, expensive and can be harmful to the environment when the device becomes obsolete. The aim of the study, published today , was the development of “chimera” photosynthetic complexes that display poly-chromatic solar energy harvesting.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 24.03.2020
Ships' emissions create measurable regional change in clouds
Ships’ emissions create measurable regional change in clouds
A container ship leaves a trail of white clouds in its wake that can linger in the air for hours. This puffy line is not just exhaust from the engine, but a change in the clouds that's caused by small airborne particles of pollution. New research led by the University of Washington is the first to measure this phenomenon's effect over years and at a regional scale.

Environment - 24.03.2020
Unearthing technical solutions for a low carbon future: CCS
A University of Queensland study has revealed that carbon capture and storage (CCS) could be a real option for Queensland. The release of this study is particularly timely, with the Australian Government recently flagging a role for CCS in its technology investment roadmap to deepen cuts to Australia's carbon emissions.

Environment - Transport - 23.03.2020
Electric cars better for climate in 95% of the world
Electric cars better for climate in 95% of the world
Fears that electric cars could actually increase carbon emissions are unfounded in almost all parts of the world, new research shows. Understanding the effect of low-carbon innovations on relevant sectors of the economy, such as heating and transport, is crucial for the development of effective policy Pablo Salas Reports have questioned whether electric cars really are 'greener' once emissions from production and generating their electricity are taken into account.

Environment - 23.03.2020
Uncertainty about facts can be reported without damaging public trust in news - study
A series of experiments - including one on the BBC News website -finds the use of numerical ranges in news reports helps us grasp the uncertainty of stats while maintaining trust in data and its sources. Ultimately we'd like to see the cultivation of psychological comfort around the fact that knowledge and data always contain uncertainty Sander van der Linden The numbers that drive headlines - those on Covid-19 infections, for example - contain significant levels of uncertainty: assumptions, limitations, extrapolations, and so on.
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