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Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 22.01.2021
TRAPPIST-1's 7 Rocky Planets May Be Made of Similar Stuff
TRAPPIST-1’s 7 Rocky Planets May Be Made of Similar Stuff
The TRAPPIST-1 star is home to the largest batch of roughly Earth-size planets ever found outside our solar system. An international study involving researchers from the Universities of Bern, Geneva and Zurich now shows that the exoplanets have remarkably similar densities, which provides clues about their composition.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 22.01.2021
Solar System formation in two steps
Solar System formation in two steps
Why are the planets of the inner Solar System dry and rocky, but the outer ones are not? An international team of researchers with participation of the University of Zurich discovered that a two-step formation process of the planets can explain the chronology and split in volatiles like water and isotope content of the inner and outer Solar System.

Materials Science - Environment - 22.01.2021
Secrets to solar success
Secrets to solar success
A new study shows how researchers at The Australian National University (ANU) achieved a world record in solar cell efficiency.   The study focused on perovskite solar cells - made using a special group of materials which are cheap and easy to manufacture.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 22.01.2021
First Cloudless, Jupiter-Like Planet
Harvard & Smithsonian have detected the first Jupiter-like planet without clouds or haze in its observable atmosphere. The findings were published this month in the Astrophysical Journal Letters . Named WASP-62b, the gas giant was first detected in 2012 through the Wide Angle Search for Planets (WASP) South survey.

Environment - Health - 21.01.2021
A new way to forecast beach water quality
A new way to forecast beach water quality
Using water samples and environmental data gathered over 48 hours or less, Stanford engineers develop a new predictive technique for forecasting coastal water quality, a critical step in protecting public health and the ocean economy. By Michelle Horton Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment Less than two days of water quality sampling at local beaches may be all that's needed to reduce illnesses among millions of beachgoers every year due to contaminated water, according to new Stanford research.

Environment - 21.01.2021
Study Identifies European Cities with Highest Mortality Due to Air Pollution
Study Identifies European Cities with Highest Mortality Due to Air Pollution
A health impact study has for the first time estimated the mortality burden attributable to air pollution in more than 1,000 European cities. The study, published in The Lancet Planetary Health, includes a ranking of the European cities with the highest rates of mortality attributable to each of the two air pollutants studied: fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 20.01.2021
Oldest Carbonates in the Solar System
Oldest Carbonates in the Solar System
A meteorite that fell in northern Germany in 2019 contains carbonates that are among the oldest in the solar system; it also evidences the earliest presence of liquid water on a minute planet. The high-resolution Heidelberg Ion Probe - a research instrument at the Institute of Earth Sciences at Heidelberg University - provided the measurements.

Environment - Economics / Business - 20.01.2021
Modelling the energy transition
Modelling the energy transition
An interdisciplinary research team from ETH Zurich is developing the Nexus-e modelling platform in a project supported by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. The platform facilitates the analysis of how technological, economic and regulatory developments affect the energy system of the future. Switzerland's energy system will undergo a fundamental transformation in the coming years.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.01.2021
Cereal crops fighting the climate chaos
Cereal crops fighting the climate chaos
Agriculture and climate experts have warned for some years that extreme climate events including severe droughts with frequent heatwaves drop the production of major staple food crops like wheat causing a severe threat to food security.

Environment - Campus - 20.01.2021
Methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas wells underestimated
Bubbles of methane gas in water around an unplugged oil/gas well in Pennsylvania . CREDIT: Mary Kang A recent McGill study published in Environmental Science and Technology finds that annual methane emissions from abandoned oil and gas (AOG) wells in Canada and the US have been greatly underestimated - by as much as 150% in Canada, and by 20% in the US.

Life Sciences - Environment - 19.01.2021
Counting elephants from space
Satellite images processed with the help of computer algorithms devised at the University of Bath are a promising new tool for surveying endangered wildlife. Last updated on Tuesday 19 January 2021 For the first time, scientists have successfully used satellite cameras coupled with deep learning to count animals in complex geographical landscapes, taking conservationists an important step forward in monitoring populations of endangered species.

Environment - 18.01.2021
Parrots pushed to extinction, despite protection policies
Parrots pushed to extinction, despite protection policies
Habitat destruction by logging and agriculture is pushing parrot species towards extinction, while current protected areas are failing to mitigate these effects, according to new research. The study also shows that in many regions across the globe, including Australia, the future of parrots is in the hands of policy makers.

Environment - Economics / Business - 18.01.2021
Low-carbon policies can be 'balanced' to benefit small firms and average households - study
Low-carbon policies can be ’balanced’ to benefit small firms and average households - study
A review of ten types of policy used to reduce carbon suggests that some costs fall on those less able to bear them - but it also shows these policies can form the bedrock of a 'green recovery' if specifically designed and used in tandem. Unless low-carbon policies are fair, affordable and economically competitive, they will struggle to secure public support Cristina Peñasco Some of the low-carbon policy options currently used by governments may be detrimental to households and small businesses less able to manage added short-term costs from energy price hikes, according to a new study.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.01.2021
Digging Beneath the Surface
Digging Beneath the Surface
Researchers call for greater consideration of soil biodiversity and its ecological functions in developing international conservation strategies No 008/2021 from Jan 15, 2021 The soil is home to a quarter of all known species. In fact, life above ground wouldn't be possible without the soil and its countless inhabitants.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 15.01.2021
Changing resilience of oceans to climate change
Oxygen levels in the ancient oceans were surprisingly resilient to climate change, new research suggests. An international team of scientists led by ETH Zurich used geological samples to estimate ocean oxygen during a period of global warming 56 million years ago - and found limited expansion of seafloor anoxia (absence of oxygen).

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.01.2021
Foraging humans, mammals and birds who live in the same place behave similarly
Foraging humans find food, reproduce, share parenting, and even organise their social groups in similar ways as surrounding mammal and bird species, depending on where they live in the world, new research has found. The study , shows environmental factors exert a key influence on how foraging human populations and non-human species behave, despite their very different backgrounds.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 14.01.2021
Science finds simple way to make lamb leaner
Scientists based at Rothamsted and the University of Bristol Veterinary School have found a clear link between the weight of lambs early in their life and meat quality - which is good news for consumers, farmers, and the environment. Currently, 35 per cent of lambs going to market have meat that is considered too fatty, but this new study, published in the journal Animal , shows that it's the lambs which are heaviest at the point of weaning - when they switch from their mother's milk to grazing - that go on to produce the leanest, most sought-after meat at market.

Environment - 14.01.2021
Ozone Generators May Help Remediate Contamination Caused by Thirdhand Smoke
In 10 years of studying thirdhand smoke, which is the toxic cigarette residue that clings to virtually all indoor surfaces for months or years, Berkeley Lab scientist Hugo Destaillats said the most frequent question he hears from the public is how to remediate property where a smoker once lived. Remediation companies frequently use ozone generators to eliminate odors from mold, tobacco, and fire damage, blasting homes with high levels of ozone.

Health - Environment - 14.01.2021
Linking piped water, health and gender equality
New Stanford research finds installing piped water in rural Zambian homes frees up time in the daily lives of women and girls, while also promoting economic growth and food security - making an argument for piped water infrastructure investments across rural, low-income areas. By Michelle Horton Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment Water isn't just crucial for life, it's fundamental to increasing opportunities for women and girls in rural areas across the globe.

Environment - Innovation - 14.01.2021
A sea of rubbish: ocean floor landfills
The study warns about the need to promote specific policies to minimize this serious environmental problem. Photo: Caladan Oceanic Over the next 30 years, the volume of rubbish in the sea could surpass three billion metric tons. Photo: National Research Council/La Sapienza University in Rome This paper gathers the results of the scientific meeting on macrolitter that took place in May 2018.
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