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Environment - 06.12.2018
Greenland ice loss quickening
Greenland ice loss quickening
ESA Observing the Earth Space for our climate ESA > Our Activities > Observing the Earth > Space for our climate 6 December 2018 Using a 25-year record of ESA satellite data, recent research shows that the pace at which Greenland is losing ice is getting faster. The research , published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters , uses radar altimetry data gathered by the ERS, Envisat and CryoSat missions between 1992 and 2016.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 06.12.2018
Biggest extinction in Earth's history caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath
Biggest extinction in Earth’s history caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath
The largest extinction in Earth's history marked the end of the Permian period, some 252 million years ago. Long before dinosaurs, our planet was populated with plants and animals that were mostly obliterated after a series of massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia. Fossils in ancient seafloor rocks display a thriving and diverse marine ecosystem, then a swath of corpses.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.12.2018
Under the Trafalgar Square Christmas tree
Under the Trafalgar Square Christmas tree
Tonight the crowds will gather in Trafalgar Square to see the lights on the world's most famous Christmas tree switched on. But it's the bits we can't see that make the Norway Spruce ( Picea abies ) so magnificent. CT scanning - X-Ray Computed Tomography (X-Ray CT) - is an imaging technique originally developed by Sir Godfrey Hounsfield for medical application.

Environment - 05.12.2018
Copernicus Sentinel-5P ozone boosts daily forecasts
Copernicus Sentinel-5P ozone boosts daily forecasts
ESA Observing the Earth Copernicus Sentinel-5P ESA > Our Activities > Observing the Earth > Copernicus > Sentinel-5P 5 December 2018 Measurements of atmospheric ozone from the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite are now being used in daily forecasts of air quality. Launched in October 2017, Copernicus Sentinel-5P - short for Sentinel-5 Precursor - is the first Copernicus satellite dedicated to monitoring our atmosphere.

Environment - Life Sciences - 05.12.2018
Study solves mystery of how geckos walk on water
It's official, the humble gecko is the Maserati of reptiles. Despite being just a few centimetres long, the gecko is known for its superior acrobatic skills and ability to power through the most challenging terrain, such as, climbing the tallest trees and running across cold, slippery ice. Scientists have now cracked perhaps its most head-scratching talent of all: how it walks on water.

Life Sciences - Environment - 05.12.2018
A microbe’s membrane helps it survive extreme environments
Scientists discovered a protein that modifies a microbe's membrane and helps it survive in hot, acidic environments, proving a long-standing hypothesis that these structures have a protective effect. Facebook Twitter Email The microorganism Sulfolobus acidocaldarius lives in extreme environments, such as Emerald Hot Spring in Yellowstone National Park.

Life Sciences - Environment - 04.12.2018
Study counts the high cost of infidelity for swift parrots
Study counts the high cost of infidelity for swift parrots
Scientists at ANU have found a chronic shortage of females in a critically endangered parrot species has led to love triangles, sneaky sex on the side, increased fighting between males and fewer babies. The ratio of males to females among swift parrots was once roughly equal but it has increased over time to almost three to one, since the introduction of a tiny predator to Tasmania in the 1800s - the sugar glider.

Environment - 04.12.2018
Monitoring climate change from space
Monitoring climate change from space
ESA Observing the Earth Space for our climate ESA > Our Activities > Observing the Earth > Space for our climate 4 December 2018 Rising global temperatures and the effects of climate change are huge and environmental challenges. Satellites provide unequivocal evidence of the changes taking place and provide decision-makers with the information they need to address these complicated issues - as demonstrated in efforts underway at the COP24 summit in Poland.

Environment - 04.12.2018
Forget ’needle in a haystack.’ Try finding an invasive species in a lake
For News Media FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE × Spiny water fleas are a type of zooplankton that travel in swarms and are pushed around by wind and currents. They are present in the greatest numbers in Lake Mendota in the fall. Jake Walsh When the tiny and invasive spiny water flea began appearing in University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers' nets in 2009, scientists began to wonder how Lake Mendota, one of the most-studied lakes in the world, went from flea-free to infested seemingly overnight.

Environment - Life Sciences - 04.12.2018
Clue to ecosystem recovery after pollution
Scientists have discovered a fish species which significantly evolved and expanded its ecological toolset, after an effort was made to reduce pollution in its ecosystem. The study, led by the University of Glasgow and the University of Konstanz and published in Nature Ecology and Evolution , found that the gangfisch - a European whitefish subspecies - expanded its genetic diversity after habitat loss and hybridization with other whitefish subspecies during eutrophication.

Life Sciences - Environment - 03.12.2018
Nature's 'laboratory' offers clues on how plants thrive through genetic diversity
PA 253/18 Scientists have turned to nature's own ‘laboratory' for clues about how plants adapt in the environment to ensure their own survival. A study led by researchers at The University of Nottingham has suggested that while plants evolve to adapt to their conditions, they also maintain a small degree of diversity to stay one step ahead of changing conditions.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.12.2018
Surprising discovery of pollutants in gammarids
Surprising discovery of pollutants in gammarids
The water in Swiss streams is contaminated with numerous micropollutants. However, very little research has been carried out to determine how these trace substances affect organisms in bodies of water. An Eawag research group has been able to show for the first time on a large scale that such trace substances accumulate in gammarids and possibly have a negative effect on them.

Environment - 30.11.2018
Virtual reality aids in environmental education
Stanford researchers took a virtual reality experience into a variety of educational settings, including high school classrooms, to test the impact on awareness and understanding of ocean acidification. Facebook Twitter Email Utter the words "ocean acidification" in mixed company, and you'll probably get blank stares.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.11.2018
The polar regions communicate via postcards and text messages
The polar regions communicate via postcards and text messages
A new study found two types of climatic connection between the North Atlantic and Antarctica. One is a rapid atmospheric channel and the other a much slower connection through the ocean. During the last glacial period, these links resulted in abrupt climatic changes - and could so again in future. In a study just published in the journal "Nature", an international team of researchers describes how an ocean current repeatedly strengthening and weakening again 60,000 to 12,000 years ago led to an extremely sudden change in the climate.

Environment - 29.11.2018
Queensland deforestation policy failing to meet expectations
Australia has some of the highest rates of private land deforestation in the world, despite policies designed to prevent the practice. University of Queensland researchers have conducted what they believe to be the first robust analysis of a policy's ability to reduce deforestation of remnant trees in Queensland, amid debate about policy effectiveness and the significant costs to farmers and graziers.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 29.11.2018
Connected urban planners can better serve city residents
Connected urban planners can better serve city residents
By comparing the cities of Geneva and Singapore, a thesis found that urban planners can reap multiple benefits by better leveraging digital technology.

Environment - 28.11.2018
Hot, dry years will hit many regions simultaneously
Odds are rising that warm, dry conditions - the kind that can hurt crop yields, destabilize food prices and exacerbate wildfires - will strike multiple regions at once. A new Stanford study shows just how much the risk is increasing. Facebook Twitter Email A new study from Stanford University suggests that the kind of hot, dry conditions that can shrink crop yields, destabilize food prices and lay the groundwork for devastating wildfires are increasingly striking multiple regions simultaneously as a result of a warming climate.

Environment - 28.11.2018
Bulk of social media content supports climate change research
The majority of content and commentary being shared on social media supports the scientific consensus on climate change, according to new research from the Oxford Internet Institute. The findings are welcome relief from growing concern around the polarisation of the climate change debate. Despite broad consensus among scientists that climate change is both occurring and caused by human activity, the populist campaign expressing scepticism on the validity of the scientific consensus shows no signs of movement in their beliefs.

Environment - Health - 28.11.2018
Reflections on the California wildfires
The 2018 fire season in California gave Stanford experts much to think about, including how the state can develop better policies for preventing fires and new research to better understand the long-term effects of breathing smoky air. Facebook Twitter Email Scenes like this one following a fire in San Diego County are becoming more commonplace in California.

Physics - Environment - 28.11.2018
A new way to provide cooling without power
A new way to provide cooling without power
Device developed at MIT could provide refrigeration for off-grid locations. MIT researchers have devised a new way of providing cooling on a hot sunny day, using inexpensive materials and requiring no fossil fuel-generated power. The passive system, which could be used to supplement other cooling systems to preserve food and medications in hot, off-grid locations, is essentially a high-tech version of a parasol.
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