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Life Sciences - Environment - 01.12.2023
Uncovering the genetic history of British otters
Uncovering the genetic history of British otters
New genetic research has revealed how British otters were able to recover from species loss in the 1950s with the help of their counterparts from Asia. Using genome sequencing data, a team from Cardiff University's Otter Project showed that much of the genetic diversity of British otters was lost when chemical pollution led to severe population declines in the 1950-1970s.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.12.2023
An international collaboration identifies new genes influencing beef production
Beef currently accounts for 21% of the world's meat consumption, placing it third after poultry and pork. It therefore plays a crucial role in the global food system, with great economic and cultural importance in many countries. However, its production has a high environmental impact, mainly due to greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

Health - Environment - 01.12.2023
New perspective on limits of survival and liveability in extreme heat
A human-centred approach for assessing survivability & liveability Record-breaking heatwaves made headlines during 2023, raising questions about how humans will survive and function in a warming world. A new study suggests the outlook may be even worse than expected, challenging recommended thresholds for survivability in the heat.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.12.2023
Researchers sound out Canadian military's plan to combat ocean noise pollution
Researchers sound out Canadian military’s plan to combat ocean noise pollution
A new study from Simon Fraser researchers examines the Canadian military's efforts to reduce the impacts of underwater noise pollution on species during training exercises in the Pacific Ocean but caveat that more can still be done. The paper, published today in Marine Policy , takes aim at a report commissioned by the Canadian Department of National Defence (DND) to reduce the effects of noise pollution from military small-arms munitions training within "Whiskey Hotel", a 330-square-kilometre area in the Strait of Juan de Fuca off the British Columbia coast.

Materials Science - Environment - 01.12.2023
Replicating the structure of bird feathers
Modelled on nature: researchers have developed a new material that replicates the structure responsible for the blue feathers of the North American song bird, among many other birds. It also has other striking advantages. The eastern bluebird is a special bird. The blue of its feathers is unique. However, this colour is not based on pigments but on the special structure of the feather.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.11.2023
Toxic banned chemicals exceed safe thresholds in UK orcas
Levels of banned chemicals in UK-stranded orcas are 30 times over the toxic threshold, uncovers new research. Levels of banned chemicals in UK-stranded orcas are 30 times over the toxic threshold, uncovers new research. The finding is just one alarming discovery from the investigation into the scale at which chemical pollution threatens the future of marine mammals.

Environment - 30.11.2023
Focus cli­mate com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on: Pro­ject PEAK laun­ched
Focus cli­mate com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on: Pro­ject PEAK laun­ched
The University of Innsbruck is enhancing its science communication in the fields of climate, biodiversity, and sustainability. A key development in this initiative is the creation of a new online platform, designed to showcase the university's extensive scientific expertise. This platform, part of the 'PEAK' project (Perspectives on Engagement, Accountability, and Knowledge), offers insights into current research and includes a growing database of expert profiles.

Environment - Psychology - 30.11.2023
What Makes Sustainable Consumption So Difficult
What Makes Sustainable Consumption So Difficult
When it comes to self-discipline, psychological research traditionally focuses on individual responsibility. Wilhelm Hofmann believes this is too short-sighted. Self-discipline doesn't work without effective regulation. While many people want to achieve major long-term goals - such as improving their diet, quitting smoking or adopting a more sustainable lifestyle - they often find it difficult to do so.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 30.11.2023
Inoculation Against Diseased Fields
Inoculation Against Diseased Fields
Plant Biology Farmland often harbors a multitude of pathogens which attack plants and reduce yields. A Swiss research team has now shown that inoculating the soil with mycorrhizal fungi can help maintain or even improve yields without the use of additional fertilizers or pesticides. In a large-scale field trial, plant yield increased by up to 40 percent.

Environment - 30.11.2023
When polar bears hunt like sharks in the movies
Researchers describe a novel technique used by polar bears to hunt snow geese Bylot Island, Nunavut, August 8, 2021, 1 p.m. A polar bear approaches a pond where some thirty moulting snow geese - unable to fly - have taken refuge. The bear enters the water, swims stealthily along the surface towards a goose and, once within 30 meters of it, disappears beneath the surface of the wave, then suddenly emerges..

Earth Sciences - Environment - 30.11.2023
Landscape dynamics determine the evolution of biodiversity on Earth
Scientific model shows striking correlation to how life evolved over 500m years In groundbreaking research published in Nature, Dr Tristan Salles and colleagues show that sediment flows have set the limits to species diversity on Earth over the past half billion years. Movement of rivers, mountains, oceans and sediment nutrients at the geological timescale are the central drivers of Earth's biodiversity, new research has revealed.

Life Sciences - Environment - 30.11.2023
Penguins nesting in a dangerous environment obtain large quantities of sleep via seconds-long microsleeps
Penguins nesting in a dangerous environment obtain large quantities of sleep via seconds-long microsleeps
New study shows the most fragmented sleep ever recorded in an animal When breeding in a dangerous environment, chinstrap penguins usually do not nod off for more than four seconds at a time. However, they still get up to twelve hours of sleep in total thanks to over 600 such microsleep phases per hour - and over 10,000 per day.

Environment - Psychology - 30.11.2023
Climate: why disinformation is so persistent
Climate: why disinformation is so persistent
A team from the University of Geneva has tested six psychological interventions to combat climate misinformation. It shows how difficult it is to combat these messages, which are resistant to scientific information. Melting of glaciers, rising sea levels, extreme heat waves: the consequences of climate change are more visible than ever, and the scientific community has confirmed that humans are responsible.

Environment - Architecture - 30.11.2023
Architecture’s concerns - and hopes - for our climate future
An industry survey has found Australian architects are worried about the climate crisis and frustrated by barriers to action but are confident the profession can contribute to a sustainable future.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 30.11.2023
A mineral produced by plate tectonics has a global cooling effect
A mineral produced by plate tectonics has a global cooling effect
An accordion-textured clay called smectite efficiently traps organic carbon and could help buffer global warming over millions of years. MIT geologists have found that a clay mineral on the seafloor, called smectite, has a surprisingly powerful ability to sequester carbon over millions of years. Under a microscope, a single grain of the clay resembles the folds of an accordion.

Environment - Social Sciences - 29.11.2023
Small apartments have potential in Switzerland
Small apartments have potential in Switzerland
There is a high level of interest in small forms of housing among the Swiss population. However, there are clear differences between those who already live or have lived in such a form of housing and those who can imagine doing so in principle. These are the findings of a study conducted by Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.11.2023
Variety Is Key
Variety Is Key
University of Bonn study shows where diversified farming also makes economic sense Where and how can diversified farming practices be put to profitable use in order to boost both productivity and biodiversity? Researchers at the University of Bonn have tackled this question in a study that has now been published in "Communications Earth & Environment.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.11.2023
Capturing water from the clouds to combat water shortages in deserts
Capturing water from the clouds to combat water shortages in deserts
Affordable, effective and sustainable "fog nets" to capture droplets and combat water scarcity in deserts. An article by Denis Terwagne, Professor and Chairman of the Centre de Recherche en Physique, Faculty of Science, in The Conversation. In 2022, 2.2 billion people still have no access to drinking water services.

Environment - Campus - 29.11.2023
2.45 million for research into solving PFAS at Utrecht Science Park
2.45 million for research into solving PFAS at Utrecht Science Park
Utrecht University's PFAS Remediation Living Lab recently received funding of 2.45 million from the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water to research a PFAS-contaminated field at Utrecht University and other locations. Worldwide, large tracts of land are contaminated with PFAS. Instead of the classic "dig and dump" method, the university wants to explore the possibilities of sustainable remediation.

Materials Science - Environment - 29.11.2023
Google DeepMind Adds Nearly 400,000 New Compounds to Berkeley Lab’s Materials
Google DeepMind Adds Nearly 400,000 New Compounds to Berkeley Lab's Materials Project " layout="backlink-only" Key Takeaways The Materials Project revolutionized the invention of new materials by creating them virtually, simulating their properties so researchers can focus on the most promising ones.
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