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Environment/Sustainable Development



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Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
20.11.2017
Research Becomes Reality in Study of Fire Impact on Sonoma Water Resources
Research Becomes Reality in Study of Fire Impact on Sonoma Water Resources
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) spent a decade developing world-class modeling and monitoring capabilities to pinpoint factors behind the success of Sonoma's riverbank filtration system. They were turning their attention to investigating the potential impact of extreme events, such as storms and wildfires, when disaster struck.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
20.11.2017
How our forests are adapting to climate change
How our forests are adapting to climate change
How do trees adjust to the effects of global warming? EPFL researchers have studied how beech and spruce trees - two of the most common plant species in Europe - react to changing temperatures. And they discovered that the amount of moisture in the air plays a decisive role. Rising temperatures, increasingly intense rainfall and extended periods of drought are some of the known effects of climate change.
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development
20.11.2017
Homes should not be abandoned after a big nuclear accident
Homes should not be abandoned after a big nuclear accident
New research suggests that few people, if any, should be asked to leave their homes after a big nuclear accident, which is what happened in March 2011 following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. This is the main finding of a multi-university research study led by Philip Thomas, Professor of Risk Management at the University of Bristol, involving the universities of Manchester and Warwick, The Open University and City, University of London.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
17.11.2017
Plants release more carbon dioxide into atmosphere than expected
The study shows that as global temperatures increase, the amount of carbon dioxide released through plant respiration will increase significantly. A new study involving ANU and international collaborators has found plants release more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through respiration than expected, and the problem will worsen with climate change.
Environment/Sustainable Development
17.11.2017
The importance of forest biodiversity could increase with climate change
The importance of forest biodiversity could increase with climate change
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) Forests fulfil many important functions for humanity, and do so particularly well if they contain many different tree species. At the same time, European forests could potentially provide more services than they do at the moment.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Environment/Sustainable Development
17.11.2017
Winds of change for vertical axis turbines?
New research suggests vertical axis turbines, which may have fewer impacts on birds and the environment, could increase public support for new wind energy installations. With global carbon emissions on the rise, wind power continues to be an attractive option for states and countries looking to limit fossil fuel use and increase renewable energy.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
16.11.2017
Species in the north are more vulnerable to climate change
Species in the north are more vulnerable to climate change
For the first time, researchers have proposed the hypothesis that animals that live in climate zones at a safe distance from both the poles as well as the tropics have the most to gain from acclimating to changes in climate. The findings contradict previous research in the field. Acclimation means the ability of both animals and plants to adjust their physiology when it gets hotter or colder.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
15.11.2017
Amazonian streams found teeming with fish species are lacking protection
Amazonian streams found teeming with fish species are lacking protection
Hundreds of thousands of Amazonian streams are teeming with highly diverse populations of fish species, a new study reveals. Scientists have found that small streams, in areas of the eastern Brazilian Amazon that are a mixture of forest and farmland, contain fauna new to science, as well as very rare species.
Environment/Sustainable Development
15.11.2017
Swap all incandescent bulbs now, but hold on to CFLs, older LEDs
ANN ARBOR-LED light bulbs are getting cheaper and more energy efficient every year. So, does it make sense to replace less-efficient bulbs with the latest light-emitting diodes now, or should you wait for future improvements and even lower costs? A new study from University of Michigan researchers recommends replacing all incandescent and halogen light bulbs in your home now with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or LEDs.
Environment/Sustainable Development
14.11.2017
UChicago Consortium studies differences between CPS charter, non-charter schools
In its first in-depth look at charter high schools, the University of Chicago Consortium on School Research looked beyond test scores to examine the differences between charter and non-charter high schools in Chicago Public Schools. The study, released Nov. 14, found that, on average, charter high schools in Chicago look similar to non-charter schools on some dimensions of organizational capacity and some measures of student performance.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.11.2017
Global Warming - New Study Calls for Decisive Action
Global Warming - New Study Calls for Decisive Action
The largest global study to date on the effects of climate change on temperature-related mortality shows that more deaths due to hot weather may not be balanced by fewer deaths in colder world regions should global temperatures continue to rise. Swiss TPH, working for improved health of the people around the globe, prepared the data set for Switzerland.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
13.11.2017
California birds nesting a week earlier than they did a century ago
California birds nesting a week earlier than they did a century ago
!- Start of DoubleClick Floodlight Tag: Please do not remove Activity name of this tag: UCB001CP Retargeting URL of the webpage where the tag is expected to be placed: http://unknown This tag must be placed between the A new study suggests that many of the state's birds are adapting to rising temperatures by breeding earlier than they did a century ago.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Environment/Sustainable Development
13.11.2017
Urban trees are growing faster worldwide
Urban trees are growing faster worldwide
Research news Trees in metropolitan areas have been growing faster than trees in rural areas worldwide since the 1960s. This has been confirmed for the first time by a study on the impact of the urban heat island effect on tree growth headed by the Technical University of Munich (TUM). The analysis conducted by the international research team also shows that the growth of urban trees has already been exposed to changing climatic conditions for a long period of time, which is only just beginning to happen for trees in rural areas.
Astronomy - Environment/Sustainable Development
07.11.2017
First coast-to-coast land motion map of Scotland derived from satellite radar images
The first country-wide map of relative land motion has been created by a team at the University of Nottingham. Using hundreds of satellite radar images the team, working with Geomatic Ventures Limited (GVL), an innovative University spin-out company, created a complete map of mainland Scotland. The map covers a two-year period from 2015 to 2017 and was created using Intermittent Small Baseline (ISBAS) analysis, a novel satellite remote sensing technique.
Environment/Sustainable Development
07.11.2017
Climate video series: Bringing power to the developing world
!- Start of DoubleClick Floodlight Tag: Please do not remove Activity name of this tag: UCB001CP Retargeting URL of the webpage where the tag is expected to be placed: http://unknown This tag must be placed between the California leads the way in finding sustainable energy supplies to combat climate change, but Dan Kammen's experience in the developing world makes it clear that energy solutions, like politics, must be local.
Environment/Sustainable Development
06.11.2017
Relocating bus stops would cut riders' pollution exposure, UCLA study finds
Relocating bus stops would cut riders’ pollution exposure, UCLA study finds
Moving bus stops away from intersections would substantially reduce the amount of pollution bus riders are exposed to, UCLA scientists report today in the journal Environmental Pollution. Research has shown that in many cities in the United States and internationally, bus riders frequently spend 15 to 25 minutes or more each way waiting for a bus.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
06.11.2017
Wallpaper bio-solar panel developed by researchers
Wallpaper bio-solar panel developed by researchers
A two-in-one solar bio-battery and solar panel has been created by researchers who printed living cyanobacteria and circuitry onto paper. Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic micro-organisms that have been on Earth for billions of years. They are thought to be the primary reason why the Earth's atmosphere is oxygen rich.
Sport Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
06.11.2017
A scientific view on football turf
A scientific view on football turf
What are the effects of LED lighting and the climate on different types of sports turf? At the greenhouse laboratory center Dürnast, this question is addressed by TUM researchers. Their findings serve as a basis for the development of new lighting systems for professional football. If, in the Bundesliga, a football match doesn't go too well, it is common to blame the lawn: "Der Rasen ist schuld!" - which shows how much importance the professionals attach to the turf.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
06.11.2017
Statistical tool reveals climate change impacts on plants
Early flowering, early fruiting: Anecdotal evidence of climate change is popping up as quickly as spring crocuses, but is it coincidence or confirmation that plants' timing is shifting in response to warming temperatures? Scientists have had few tools to piece together disparate, anecdotal data into a collective, bigger picture.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
03.11.2017
Atmospheric rivers could increase flood risk by 80 per cent
The global effect and impact of atmospheric rivers on rainfall, flooding and droughts has been estimated for the first time - revealing that in some regions the risks can be enhanced by up to 80 percent. The work, of which Oxford University is a key partner, also considers the number of people affected by these atmospheric phenomena across the globe.
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