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History / Archeology - Computer Science - 12.04.2024
Prehistoric eyed idols spread across the Iberian Peninsula from the Serpis River basin, according to a study with Artificial Intelligence
Prehistoric eyed idols spread across the Iberian Peninsula from the Serpis River basin, according to a study with Artificial Intelligence
A Digital Archaeology pioneering study has revealed that the eyed idols of the Iberian Peninsula, prehistoric figures carved from long bones that represent eye-shaped motifs, had their original focus in the south of the current province of Valencia and the north from that of Alicante, specifically the basin of the Serpis river, and from there they expanded to those of the Tajo-Jùcar rivers, and also towards the Segura-Guadiana.

History / Archeology - 05.04.2024
A protohistoric burial site at Marliens (Côte-d’Or)
Inrap archaeologists conducted an excavation at Marliens, some twenty kilometers east of Dijon, prior to the extension of a gravel pit (Eqiom) in the Ouche valley, a tributary of the Saône. The three excavated areas, representing a total surface area of 60,000 m², yielded a series of occupations ranging from the Neolithic to the Early Iron Age.

History / Archeology - 05.04.2024
Make yourself at home... 40,000 years ago
Make yourself at home... 40,000 years ago
An UdeM study unveils fresh insights into how Neanderthals and Homo sapiens organized their living spaces at the Riparo Bombrini site in northern Italy. How did our Paleolithic ancestors go about organizing their living spaces? In a study published in the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, archeologists from Université de Montréal and the University of Genoa reveal that far from being more primitive, Neanderthals did much the same as their Homo sapiens successors: made themselves at home.

History / Archeology - 03.04.2024
Finds at Schöningen show wood was crucial raw material 300,000 years ago
Finds at Schöningen show wood was crucial raw material 300,000 years ago
Research team discovers sophisticated processing of archaeological wood During archaeological excavations in the Schöningen open-cast coal mine in 1994, the discovery of the oldest, remarkably well-preserved hunting weapons known to humanity caused an international sensation. Spears and a double-pointed throwing stick were found lying between animal bones about ten meters below the surface in deposits at a former lakeshore.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 02.04.2024
When Did the Chicken Cross the Road? New Evidence from Central Asia
When Did the Chicken Cross the Road? New Evidence from Central Asia
New research reveals that chickens were widely raised across southern Central Asia from 400 BCE through medieval periods and likely dispersed along the ancient Silk Road In a new study published by Nature Communications , an international team of scholars present the earliest clear archaeological and biomolecular evidence for the raising of chickens for egg production, based on material from 12 archaeological sites spanning one and a half millennia.

Innovation - History / Archeology - 01.04.2024
Most work is new work, long-term study of U.S. census data shows
The majority of U.S. jobs are in occupations that have emerged since 1940, MIT research finds - telling us much about the ways jobs are created and lost. This is part 1 of a two-part feature examining new job creation in the U.S. since 1940, based on new research from Ford Professor of Economics David Autor.

Health - History / Archeology - 29.03.2024
Crimean-Congo Fever: molecular mechanism of infection discovered
The Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever virus (CCHFV), first described in 1944, is also spreading rapidly in Europe due to global warming and is included in the WHO list of infectious agents with epidemic or pandemic potential as a top priority. There are currently no therapeutic or preventative measures available against the disease, which is mainly transmitted by ticks and is fatal in 40 per cent of cases.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 25.03.2024
Scientific Drilling Unravels Historical Mystery Surrounding Santorini
Scientific Drilling Unravels Historical Mystery Surrounding Santorini
Santorini is one of the best-studied volcanic archipelagos in the world. An international drilling expedition has now for the first time used a scientific drill ship to explore and investigate the seafloor around the Greek volcanic island. The researchers have uncovered evidence of an underwater eruption in 726 CE, previously known only from historical records.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 19.03.2024
Researchers uncover remarkable archive of ancient human brains
A new study conducted by researchers at the University of Oxford has challenged previously held views that brain preservation in the archaeological record is extremely rare. The team carried out the largest study to date of the global archaeological literature about preserved human brains to compile an archive that exceeds 20-fold the number of brains previously compiled.

History / Archeology - Religions - 07.03.2024
Rabana-Merquly: Was the Mountain Fortress also a Parthian-Era Sanctuary?
Rabana-Merquly: Was the Mountain Fortress also a Parthian-Era Sanctuary?
Archaeological excavations in Iraqi Kurdistan point to a place of worship for the water goddess Anahita Besides being a fortress for military use, the ancient mountain settlement of Rabana-Merquly in

Environment - History / Archeology - 01.03.2024
Seeing the wood for the trees: using hazelnuts to reconstruct ancient woodlands
Seeing the wood for the trees: using hazelnuts to reconstruct ancient woodlands
Humans in northern Europe have been snacking on hazelnuts - a key accessible source of energy -for at least 12,000 years. Now, a study led by the University of Oxford has shown that it is possible to analyse the carbon isotope values of hazelnuts found at archaeological sites to reveal what the places humans lived in millennia ago looked like.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 26.02.2024
First DNA study of ancient Eastern Arabians reveals malaria adaptation
The first DNA study of the ancient population of Eastern Arabia sheds new light on their lives People living in ancient Eastern Arabia appear to have developed resistance to malaria following the appearance of agriculture in the region around five thousand years ago, a new study reveals. DNA analysis of the remains of four individuals from Tylos-period Bahrain (300 BCE to 600 CE) - the first ancient genomes from Eastern Arabia - revealed the malaria-protective G6PD Mediterranean mutation in three samples.

History / Archeology - 21.02.2024
Earliest evidence of a complex adhesive in Europe
Earliest evidence of a complex adhesive in Europe
More than 40,000 years ago, early people in what is now France used a multi-component adhesive to make handles for stone tools. They produced a sophisticated mixture of ochre and bitumen, two raw materials that had to be procured from the wider region. This is the earliest discovery of a multi-component adhesive in Europe to date.

History / Archeology - 08.02.2024
Painkiller or Pleasure?
Painkiller or Pleasure?
A team of archaeologists led by Dr. Maaike Groot from Freie Universität Berlin has provided the first firm evidence that the Romans deliberately collected and used the poisonous seeds of the black henbane plant. The team analyzed seeds found in a hollowed bone discovered at the Roman-period settlement of Houten-Castellum in the Netherlands and compared them to other archaeological occurrences of the plant.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 08.02.2024
Ice cores provide first documentation of rapid Antarctic ice loss in the past
Ice cores provide first documentation of rapid Antarctic ice loss in the past
Researchers from the University of Cambridge and the British Antarctic Survey have uncovered the first direct evidence that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet shrunk suddenly and dramatically at the end of the Last Ice Age, around 8,000 years ago. The evidence, contained within an ice core, shows that in one location the ice sheet thinned by 450 metres - that's more than the height of the Empire State Building - in just under 200 years.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 08.02.2024
Lack of names of women in microbiology
Lack of names of women in microbiology
Mètode magazine publishes a report on the research developed at the Universitat de València on the scientific names dedicated to female researchers. Cytophaga johnsonae. This is the name of the bacterium named after Delia E. Johnson, American microbiologist and the first woman in the history of microbiology to name an organism, one hundred and twenty-five years after a man did so.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 31.01.2024
Homo sapiens already reached northwest Europe more than 45,000 years ago
Homo sapiens already reached northwest Europe more than 45,000 years ago
The arrival of Homo sapiens in cold northern latitudes took place several thousand years before Neanderthals disappeared in southwest Europe An international research team reports the discovery of Homo sapiens fossils from the cave site Ilsenhöhle in Ranis, Germany. Directly dated to approximately 45,000 years ago, these fossils are associated with elongated stone points partly shaped on both sides (known as partial bifacial blade points), which are characteristic of the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician (LRJ).

Environment - History / Archeology - 26.01.2024
Ozone stresses European forests
Ozone stresses European forests
Ozone causes visible damage to the foliage of European deciduous trees, as shown by a large-scale study led by the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL. The researchers found that some plants under certain environmental condition react particularly sensitively to ozone, which is toxic at ground level.

History / Archeology - Research Management - 26.01.2024
Researchers find previously unknown Nazi deportation photos in Dresden
Researchers find previously unknown Nazi deportation photos in Dresden
Unique photos from Wroclaw were taken secretly and at great risk by a persecuted Jew The international research network "#LastSeen. Images of Nazi Deportations" presents previously unknown photos of persecuted Jews during the Nazi era. The original photos, in which Breslau residents can be seen shortly before deportation, were recently found in the archives of the Saxon Association of Jewish Communities in Dresden and jointly researched.

Physics - History / Archeology - 25.01.2024
Using the World's First Mobile Computer Tomography Device to Decipher Hidden Texts
Using the World’s First Mobile Computer Tomography Device to Decipher Hidden Texts
Researchers in the Cluster of Excellence Understanding Written Artefacts at Universität Hamburg and the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) have developed the world's only transportable computer tomography device. Using this device, we can now read 4,000 year old cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia for the first time.
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