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History / Archeology - 08:00
Fifty years of decline in Queensland’s coastal sharks
Queensland's coastal shark numbers are continuing a 50-year decline, in sharp contradiction of suggestions of ‘exploding' shark populations, according to an analysis of Queensland Shark Control Program data. University of Queensland and Griffith University researchers analysed data from the program, which has used baited drumlines and nets since 1962 to minimise human-shark interactions, and now spans 1760 km of the Queensland coastline.

History / Archeology - Environment - 26.11.2018
Even the ancient Romans were polluters
Even the ancient Romans were polluters
"We are polluting the rivers and the natural elements, and even ruining the very thing that is essential to life - the air." These words were not spoken by nature conservationists in the 21st century but flowed from the pen of the Roman scholar Pliny the Elder. In fact ancient history researchers agree today that even in Roman times the environment was being polluted - by unfiltered wastewater, the mining of metals such as iron or lead and clear-cutting of the forests.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 16.11.2018
Laser technology uncovers medieval secrets locked in Alpine ice core
A new study has found ground-breaking evidence from an ice core in the Swiss-Italian Alps that proves the 7 th century switch from gold to silver currencies in western Europe actually occurred a quarter of a century earlier than previously thought. The findings, from the University of Nottingham and which are published in the journal Antiquity , will have major implications on the history of the European monetary system, and what we thought we knew about trade and the economy during this period.

History / Archeology - Environment - 12.11.2018
Study casts new light on fishing throughout history
Study casts new light on fishing throughout history
A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) has revealed new insights into ancient fishing throughout history, including what type of fish people were regularly eating as part of their diet. The study looked at fish bones unearthed in an archaeological dig on the Indonesian island of Alor - home to the world's oldest fish-hooks ever found in a human burial site, dating back to about 12,000 years.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 09.11.2018
Ancient DNA analysis unlocks secrets of Ice Age tribes in the Americas
Ancient DNA analysis unlocks secrets of Ice Age tribes in the Americas
Scientists have sequenced 15 ancient genomes spanning from Alaska to Patagonia and were able to track the movements of the first humans as they spread across the Americas at "astonishing" speed during the last Ice Age, and also how they interacted with each other in the following millennia.

Music - History / Archeology - 06.11.2018
Oceanographers produce first-ever images of entire cod shoals
Oceanographers produce first-ever images of entire cod shoals
Wide-ranging acoustic images could help researchers identify populations on the brink of collapse. For the most part, the mature Atlantic cod is a solitary creature that spends most of its time far below the ocean's surface, grazing on bony fish, squid, crab, shrimp, and lobster - unless it's spawning season, when the fish flock to each other by the millions, forming enormous shoals that resemble frenzied, teeming islands in the sea.

History / Archeology - 18.10.2018
History shows abuse of children in custody will remain an 'inherent risk' - report
History shows abuse of children in custody will remain an ’inherent risk’ - report
New research conducted for the current independent inquiry suggests that - despite recent policy improvements - cultures of child abuse are liable to emerge while youth custody exists, and keeping children in secure institutions should be limited as far as possible.

Health - History / Archeology - 17.10.2018
How drug resistant TB evolved and spread globally
The most common form of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) originated in Europe and spread to Asia, Africa and the Americas with European explorers and colonialists, reveals a new study led by UCL and the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. TB takes more lives than any other infectious disease and while its global burden has slowly declined over the past decade, the rise of antibiotic resistance (ABR) presents a major obstacle to its control.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 15.10.2018
Parasites from medieval latrines unlock secrets of human history
A radical new approach combining archaeology, genetics and microscopy can reveal long-forgotten secrets of human diet, sanitation and movement from studying parasites in ancient poo. Researchers at the University of Oxford's Department of Zoology and School of Archaeology have applied genetic analysis to 700-year-old parasites found in archaeological stool samples to understand a variety of characteristics of a human population.

History / Archeology - Computer Science / Telecom - 03.10.2018
Scientists ’virtually unravel’ burnt 16th century scroll
Scientists are on the look-out for damaged and unreadable ancient scrolls as brand new techniques have revealed the hidden text inside a severely burnt 16th century sample. The new development, the latest in a long line of advancements in the field in recent years, has shown how ‘virtual unravelling' can be achieved using a more autonomous approach and with scrolls that contain multiple pages.

History / Archeology - 25.09.2018
Painted tomb discovered in Cumae (Italy) : A banquet frozen in time
Painted tomb discovered in Cumae (Italy) : A banquet frozen in time
At the foot of the hill on which sits the ancient city of Cumae, in the region of Naples, Priscilla Munzi, CNRS researcher at the Jean Bérard Centre (CNRS-EFR), and Jean-Pierre Brun, professor at the Collège de France, are exploring a Roman-era necropolis. They now reveal the latest discovery to surface in the archaeological dig they have led since 2001: a painted tomb from the 2nd century B.C. In excellent condition, the tomb depicts a banquet scene, fixed by pigments.

History / Archeology - 19.09.2018
SE Asian population boom 4,000 years ago
SE Asian population boom 4,000 years ago
Researchers at The Australian National University (ANU) have uncovered a previously unconfirmed population boom across South East Asia that occurred 4,000 years ago, thanks to a new method for measuring prehistoric population growth. Using the new population measurement method, which utilises human skeletal remains, they have been able to prove a significant rapid increase in growth across populations in Thailand, China and Vietnam during the Neolithic Period, and a second subsequent rise in the Iron Age.

Business / Economics - History / Archeology - 12.09.2018
Works of Art Called "Degenerate Art" from Collections of Art Dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt Were Catalogued
Published in Scholarly Database at Freie Universität Berlin No 236/2018 from Sep 12, 2018 The works acquired by the art dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt during the period of National Socialism in Germany that were officially ostracized as "degenerate art" have been fully catalogued in a database.

History / Archeology - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.09.2018
Did crafting beer lead to cereal cultivation?
Stanford researchers have found the oldest archaeological evidence of beer brewing, a discovery that supports the hypothesis that in some regions, beer may have been an underlying motivation to cultivate cereals. Standing in the entrance to Raqefet Cave, where they found evidence for the oldest man-made alcohol in the world, are, from left, Dani Nadel, Li Liu, Jiajing Wang and Hao Zhao.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 22.08.2018
Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo caused in part by Indonesian volcanic eruption
Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo caused in part by Indonesian volcanic eruption
Electrically charged volcanic ash short-circuited Earth's atmosphere in 1815, causing global poor weather and Napoleon's defeat, says new research. Historians know that rainy and muddy conditions helped the Allied army defeat the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo. The June 1815 event changed the course of European history.

Environment - History / Archeology - 10.08.2018
Laziness helped lead to extinction of Homo erectus
Laziness helped lead to extinction of Homo erectus
New archaeological research from The Australian National University (ANU) has found that Homo erectus , an extinct species of primitive humans, went extinct in part because they were 'lazy'. An archaeological excavation of ancient human populations in the Arabian Peninsula during the Early Stone Age, found that Homo erectus used 'least-effort strategies' for tool making and collecting resources.

History / Archeology - 02.08.2018
New evidence on the origins of people buried at Stonehenge
New evidence on the origins of people buried at Stonehenge
People buried at Stonehenge 5,000 years ago likely lived in west Wales where Stonehenge's smaller standing stones - bluestones - originated from, according to a new study involving UCL, University of Oxford, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France. The study, published in Nature Scientific Reports , suggests that a number of people buried at the Wessex site had moved with and likely transported the bluestones, which were sourced from the Preseli Mountains in west Wales and used in the early construction of Stonehenge.

History / Archeology - 02.08.2018
Epic issues: epic poetry from the dawn of modernity
Epic issues: epic poetry from the dawn of modernity
Epic poems telling of cultures colliding, deeply conflicted identities and a fast-changing world were written by the Greeks under Roman rule in the first to the sixth centuries CE. Now, the first comprehensive study of these vast, complex texts is casting new light on the era that saw the dawn of Western modernity.   Each poem was trying to say something about its topic for eternity.

History / Archeology - 01.08.2018
New light shed on the people who built Stonehenge
Despite over a century of intense study, we still know very little about the people buried at Stonehenge or how they came to be there. Now suggests that a number of the people that were buried at the Wessex site had moved with and likely transported the bluestones used in the early stages of the monument's construction, sourced from the Preseli Mountains of west Wales.

History / Archeology - 26.07.2018
Historian uncovers new evidence of 18th century London’s ’Child Support Agency’
How 18th and 19th century London supported its unmarried mothers and illegitimate children - essentially establishing an earlier version of today's Child Support Agency - is the subject of newly-published research by a Cambridge historian.
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