Results 101 - 120 of 218.

Law - Computer Science - 26.08.2016
Lobbyists’ model legislation unmasked by U-M researchers
ANN ARBOR'Since 2005, about two dozen states have created "Stand Your Ground" laws authorizing deadly force in self-defense. And nearly all of those laws have similar language. So, how did that happen? They all shared an author: The American Legislative Exchange Council drafted "model" legislation and lobbied states to pass it.

Physics - Law - 18.08.2016
UCLA physicists discover apparent departure from the laws of thermodynamics?
Ions subjected to buffer gas cooling never truly reach the same temperature as the surrounding gas Stuart Wolpert Eric Hudson and Steven Schowalter/UCLA Physics A microscopic sample of barium ions, shown in teal, immersed in a cloud of calcium atoms whose temperature is 1/1,000th of a degree above absolute zero.

Law - Mechanical Engineering - 21.07.2016
Leonardo da Vinci’s irrelevant? scribbles mark the spot where he first recorded the laws of friction
A new detailed study of notes and sketches by Leonardo da Vinci has identified a page of scribbles in a tiny notebook as the place where Leonardo first recorded the laws of friction. The research also shows that he went on to apply this knowledge repeatedly to mechanical problems for more than 20 years.

Law - Health - 23.06.2016
State laws aimed at curbing prescription opioid abuse have had little impact
Researchers from UCLA Law and Dartmouth analyze effect of laws on opioid use by disabled Medicare beneficiaries UCLA Newsroom A new study by researchers from UCLA School of Law and the Dartmouth Institute of Health Policy and Clinical Practice found that state laws aimed at curbing prescription opioid abuse have had no measurable effect on opioid use by a vulnerable population with high rates of use.

Administration - Law - 15.06.2016
Racial disparities in Oakland, Calif., police behavior, offers solutions
Stanford researchers analyzing thousands of data points found racial disparities in how Oakland Police Department officers treated African Americans on routine traffic and pedestrian stops. The researchers suggest 50 measures to improve police-community relations, such as better data collection, bias training and changes in cultures and systems.

Law - 08.06.2016
More People Need to Understand Their Rights
The right to remain silent while being questioned by police is something that all of us think we understand fairly well. We all have seen the police warn suspects of this right, known as the "Miranda warning," in countless movies and TV shows. Yet, as we commemorate the 50th anniversary of this right this month, there is much still to be learned.

Law - 12.05.2016
Layout change can make licensing agreements more agreeable
Participants who reviewed the paraphrased agreement had a better attitude about the contract, which the researchers refer to as a halo effect. According to Waddell, the halo effect is a tendency for people to make broad but unrelated judgments based on a specific detail or attribute. SAN JOSE, Calif.

Law - Health - 28.04.2016
Australia’s gun numbers climb
For the first time since the Port Arthur massacre, Australia's national arsenal of private guns is larger than before the subsequent introduction of strict gun control laws, writes Associate Professor Philip Alpers. The proud claim that Australia may have "solved the gun problem" might only be a temporary illusion.

Social Sciences - Law - 26.04.2016
The law enforcement system is ill-prepared for dying prisoners
The law enforcement system is ill-prepared for dying prisoners
In Switzerland, an increasing number of offenders are aging and dying in prison. Penal institutions need to better adjust to this situation, and uniform rules are needed to ensure a dignified end of life in prison.

Law - Social Sciences - 09.03.2016
International research project aims to investigate how tax laws and policies contribute to gender inequality
Tax policies of most countries are constructed in a seemingly neutral way, and are meant to give the same impact regardless of the taxpayer's gender. But the policies can disfavour some groups in society, due to the taxpayer's social prerequisites. The research project "ReTax - Rethinking tax neutrality - a multiple gender critique of fiscal structures and processes" intends to investigate how tax policies really are implemented, and how they in reality create more unequal societies.

Law - Social Sciences - 07.03.2016
Researchers investigate sexual orientation and gender identity asylum claims
A University of Liverpool law academic will produce the first ever comprehensive analysis of refugees seeking asylum across Europe on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. Dr Nuno Ferreira , from Liverpool Law School , has been awarded a European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant totalling ¤1million to carry out the project over four years.

Law - Career - 25.02.2016
Honeypot Britain? EU migrants’ benefits and the UK referendum
Ahead of Britain's EU referendum, research will explore the experiences of EU migrants working in the UK, and attitudes to employment and social security - for which there is little empirical evidence, despite intense political rhetoric. An initial study suggests workers from the EU are significantly under-represented in employment tribunals.

Social Sciences - Law - 17.02.2016
Call for changes in EU policy to address migrant crisis
New study indicates deterrent measures such as anti-smuggling are ineffective and an alternative is needed - The research highlights the need for opening safe and legal routes for those migrating - Findings demonstrate that a deeper understanding of why people migrate is needed A series of proposed changes to EU policy on refugees and migrants has been released by researchers at the University of Warwick.

Law - 10.02.2016
Forensic odorology scientifically validated
Forensic odorology scientifically validated
Odorology is a technique that uses specially-trained dogs to identify human scent. It is used in police investigations to establish that an individual has been at the scene of a crime. However, there is no international norm on how these dogs are trained. At the Centre de recherche en neurosciences de Lyon (CNRS/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1/Inserm), researchers specializing in scents and their memorization have analyzed data, provided since 2003 by the Division of the Technical and Scientific Police (DTSP, Ecully) on dog performances in scent identification tasks.

Law - Social Sciences - 03.02.2016
Failing carers
Survey finds local authorities falling short on respite care There are serious failings in the accessibility and accuracy of short break statements among local authorities in England, according to new research by the University. Short breaks or respite care is an important support service that allows families and disabled children to have time apart.

History / Archeology - Law - 29.01.2016
Georgian jailbirds and celebrity highwaymen shaped modern Britain, say historians
Eighteenth-century thieves, paupers, prostitutes and highwaymen helped shape the evolution of modern justice and welfare systems, according to new evidence uncovered by historians. London Lives, a landmark project led by Professor Bob Shoemaker from the University of Sheffield and Professor Tim Hitchcock from the University of Sussex, has uncovered a mass of extraordinary new evidence which reveals how the lives of thousands of 18th-century poor and criminal Londoners helped shape modern Britain.

Law - Psychology - 21.01.2016
Raising Age of Majority Doesn’t Affect Teen Crime Rates, Penn Research Shows
In the criminal justice world, there's an ongoing debate about whether to increase the age of majority, the point at which an adolescent can no longer be tried in the juvenile legal system and instead must be tried as an adult. Advocates of raising this threshold say it's unfair to process juveniles in the adult system because their brains are not fully mature.

Health - Law - 20.01.2016
Laws of nature predict cancer evolution
Cancers evolve over time in patterns governed by the same mathematical laws that drive natural processes such as the flow of rivers or the brightness of stars, reports a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and The Institute of Cancer Research. The research raises the possibility that doctors could take clinical decisions on how an individual patient's cancer will change, and what treatments should be used, by applying mathematical formulas to tumour biopsies.

Law - Health - 29.12.2015
No easy answers in UW study of legal marijuana's impact on alcohol use
No easy answers in UW study of legal marijuana’s impact on alcohol use
Does legal marijuana tempt pot users to consume more alcohol - or are they likely to opt for cannabis instead of chardonnay? A University of Washington team of researchers sought to address those questions in the context of evolving marijuana policies in the United States. Their , published online Dec.

Law - 14.12.2015
Family court ‘recycles’ one in three young mums
At least 1 in 4 women will return to the family court, having previously lost a child through court order, and the chances of having a child removed increase to at least 1 in 3 for the youngest women who were teenagers at the birth of their first child. A team of researchers, funded by the Nuffield Foundation and led by Professor Karen Broadhurst from Lancaster University, have updated initial findings, presented last year, confirming that a 'hidden population' of mothers are caught up in a cycle of family court proceedings, with one child after another being removed from women's care.