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Law - Chemistry - 19.05.2011
How sensors can detect the crime-solving clues at our fingertips
A new approach to fingerprinting using sensor technology developed at the University of Sussex could soon be helping forensics teams date and identify prints left at a crime scene - by capturing their electrical imprint. Currently, traditional methods of fingerprinting don't allow forensics experts to differentiate between prints at a crime scene left before and after the crime has been committed, or to differentiate important or interesting prints from background "clutter" (ie very old fingerprints).

Physics - Law - 02.05.2011
Fruit flies 'swim' through air, using the same physics as fish, study shows
Fruit flies ’swim’ through air, using the same physics as fish, study shows
Like a fish paddles its pectoral fins to swim through water, flying insects use the same physics laws to "paddle" through the air, say Cornell physicists. Using high-speed videography and a precision algorithm for 3-D motion tracking, Cornell researchers have demonstrated that swimmers and flyers share similar force generation methods to propel themselves through water or air.

Law - 26.04.2011
False memories lack sensory and other details, study finds
To "tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth" is the maxim guiding legal testimony. But what if the witness recalls something that didn't really happen? Memory is notoriously fickle and can be influenced by many factors, including how questions are asked. We often remember general impressions but not exact details of an event and draw on that impression to fill in the gaps, sometimes creating memories we never experienced.

Physics - Law - 17.04.2011
Zoom-up star photos poke holes in century-old astronomical theory
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—The hottest stars in the universe spin so fast that they get a bit squished at their poles and dimmer around their middle. The 90-year-old theory that predicts the extent of this "gravity darkening" phenomenon has major flaws, according to a new study led by University of Michigan astronomers.

Law - Mathematics - 28.03.2011
Demographics cloud optimism on black violent crime decrease
University Park, Pa. Optimism about studies that show a drop in the black percentage of crime may be dampened by demographic trends and statistical aberrations, according to a group of criminologists. The rise in the U.S. Hispanic population and the sharp jump in black violent crime during the late 1980s and early 1990s may skew statistics from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports and the National Crime Victimization Survey that appear to show a recent drop in black violence, said Darrell Steffensmeier, professor, sociology, and crime, law and justice, Penn State.

Law - 23.03.2011
Psychologists Find the Meaning of Aggression
AUSTIN, Texas — Bottling up emotions can make people more aggressive, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin and the University of Minnesota that was funded, in part, by a grant from the U.S. Army. The study, published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science , could have important implications for reducing violence and helping people in professions such as law enforcement and the military better cope with long hours and stressful situations.

Law - 18.03.2011
Libya resolution endorses international responsibility
Libya resolution endorses international responsibility
The United Nations Security Council agreement to allow the immediate use of military force against Libya shows that it takes the 'responsibility to protect' seriously, according to an international law expert from The Australian National University. The UN Security Council this morning adopted Resolution 1972 with a vote of 10-0 in which five members abstained.

Law - 16.03.2011
Children's evidence cross-examined
Children’s evidence cross-examined
The complex question of how children should give evidence to court - particularly when it could be critical to convicting someone of child abuse - will be the subject of a University of Cambridge conference next month. The one-day conference, hosted by the University's Law Faculty, will bring together experts from various legal systems around the world, including some where mechanisms are already in place to prevent young children from having to go through the distressing experience of giving their evidence to full court during a trial.

Environment - Law - 28.01.2011
Changing Climate: Faculty Provide Insights on the Science and Politics of Global Warming
It's not a political talking point but a scientific fact: global temperatures in 2010 were the warmest on record, in a dead heat with 2005. That's the finding of the Columbia-affiliated NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies , located above Tom's Restaurant of Seinfeld fame on 112th Street and Broadway.

Economics / Business - Law - 23.11.2010
Tobacco: Out of sight, out of mind?
Tobacco: Out of sight, out of mind?
PA 323/10 Putting tobacco out of sight in shops can change the attitude of young people to smoking, while not hitting retailers in the pocket, researchers at The University of Nottingham have discovered. Academics from the University's UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies looked at the effect of the removal of tobacco displays in the Republic of Ireland, ahead of similar legislation which is due to come into force in the UK.

Health - Law - 15.11.2010
Scientists identify criminal virus spreaders
AUSTIN, Texas — The source of HIV infection in two separate criminal cases in which men were convicted of intentionally infecting their female sexual partners was confirmed by scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and Baylor College of Medicine using evolutionary forensics. The research shows it's possible to identify the source of a cluster of diseases by analyzing the evolution of a virus within its host and between individuals.

Physics - Law - 29.10.2010
New physics law sheds light on measurement precision
29 October 2010 New physics law sheds light on measurement precision Researchers from the University of Sheffield have discovered a new law of physics that determines exactly what it costs to make a measurement with a certain precision. The discovery by Dr Pieter Kok and his team from the University´s Department of Physics and Astronomy, which was published today (29 October 2010) in the journal Physical Review Letters, will hopefully help with the detection of elusive gravitational waves, and open up new levels of miniaturisation in nanotechnology.

Health - Law - 22.10.2010
Geeks r us: UCL scientists join movement for libel reform
UCL scientists Dr Lewis Dartnell and Dr Petra Boynton explain their motivation for posing for Geek Calendar, a project in aid of libel reform that launches this week. "The Geek Calendar is a fantastic venture started by three expert science communicators: Dr Alice Bell (Imperial College London), Mun-Keat Looi andáLouise Crane (Wellcome Trust).

Law - 08.10.2010
Up in smoke - prohibition of cannabis proves counter-productive
7 Oct 2010 Prohibition of cannabis in the United States may be counter-productive, with a new study showing that a period of increased law enforcement against the drug coincided with an increase in the number of young adult cannabis users smoking cheaper and more potent produce.

Law - 06.10.2010
Ban on cigarette sales to teens has done little to reduce access to tobacco, study finds
Ban on cigarette sales to teens has done little to reduce access to tobacco, study finds
Liverpool, UK - 6 October 2010: Researchers at the University of Liverpool have found that banning under-18s from buying cigarettes has had little impact on young people┬┐s access to tobacco and large numbers buy cigarettes via strangers. The study, in collaboration with the University of Edinburgh, found a widespread acceptance of underage sales in some communities and significant numbers of young people waiting outside shops and asking strangers to buy cigarettes for them.

Physics - Law - 19.08.2010
High speed beams, heaps of excitement and hunting the Higgs boson
High speed beams, heaps of excitement and hunting the Higgs boson
High speed beams, heaps of excitement and hunting the Higgs boson Imperial physicist talks about working at Fermilab and the Large Hadron Collider - News Thursday 19 August 2010 By Lucy Goodchild If looking for the elusive Higgs boson particle is like searching for a needle in a haystack, research published last month has made the haystack smaller.

Health - Law - 18.08.2010
Drop in teenage smokers
Drop in teenage smokers
The number of 16- and 17-year-old smokers has dropped since it became illegal to sell cigarettes to under-18s according to new UCL research published today in the journal Addiction . In the first study of its kind, more than 1,100 16- and 17-year-olds were interviewed from across England before and after the age rise in October 2007.

Law - Mathematics - 28.07.2010
Is DNA evidence enough An interview with David Kaye
Is DNA evidence enough An interview with David Kaye
By Michael Bezilla Research/Penn State David H. Kaye is Distinguished Professor of Law and Weiss Family Faculty Scholar in Penn State's Dickinson School of Law, and a member of the graduate faculty of the University's Forensic Science program. He is an internationally recognized legal expert on DNA and other forms of scientific evidence and the author of " The Double Helix and the Law of Evidence," released earlier this year by Harvard University Press.

Psychology - Law - 20.07.2010
Study: Negative emotions trigger false memories in adults more often than in children
Emotions - particularly those provoked by negative events - can cause distorted, inaccurate memories, but less often in children than in adults, according to a new Cornell study.

Social Sciences - Law - 07.07.2010
Disclosure checks under scrutiny
Researchers at the University have found that enhanced disclosure checks, which contain details of both spent and unspent convictions, give a false sense of reassurance as the majority of persistent and serious offenders are unknown to either the children's hearing system or the adult criminal justice system.
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