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Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2019
Concussion from hits to the side of the head
Concussion from hits to the side of the head
Through a combination of biometric tracking, simulated modeling and medical imaging, researchers detail how hits to the side of the head cause concussion. Concussion researchers have long suggested that damage to the corpus callosum, a thick bundle of nerves that connects the brain's two halves, could result in some common side effects of concussion, like dizziness or vision problems.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 11.03.2019
One term - three different interpretations
One term - three different interpretations
As different as the term “dynamic” is used and understood in science, so diverse are the research areas of the University of Münster, in which dynamic even plays a central role in the title. Prof. Christopher Deninger and Prof. Mario Ohlberger from the Cluster of Excellence „Mathematics Münster“, the lawyer Prof. Nils Jansen from the Cluster of Excellence „Religion and Politics“ and the biochemist Prof. Lydia Sorokin from Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence explain what they understand by the term in their research.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2019
Brain Awareness Week 2019
Brain Awareness Week 2019
In celebration of Brain Awareness Week, we will give you a sneak peek into the lives of the some of the Wyss Center team. Find out how they came to work in neurotech and where they think we'll see the greatest advances in the coming years. Check back regularly! From restoring movement in paralyzed limbs to reducing tinnitus through thought, this series of interviews with the Wyss Center leadership, neuroscientists and robotics experts will put cutting edge neurotechnology in the spotlight.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.03.2019
Nature's Own Biorefinery
Nature’s Own Biorefinery
Insects are critical contributors to ecosystem functioning, and like most living organisms their co-evolution with microbes has been essential to support these functions. While many insects are infamous for wreaking havoc wherever they roam, many thousands of species go quietly about their business, providing important services essential to healthy ecosystems using the innovative biochemistry of their microbiomes.

Life Sciences - 11.03.2019
Sugar set for 'energycane' reinvention
Sugar set for ’energycane’ reinvention
Gene-editing sugarcane for use in renewable energy and bio-plastics could help secure the industry's future. The University of Queensland's Professor Robert Henry said sugarcane's reinvention as an “energycane” crop could sustain the industry in the face of falling global demand for sugar.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2019
Protection from Zika virus may lie in a protein derived from mosquitoes
By targeting a protein found in the saliva of mosquitoes that transmit Zika virus, Yale investigators reduced Zika infection in mice. The finding demonstrates how researchers might develop a vaccine against Zika and similar mosquito-borne viruses, the study authors said. There is no current vaccine or therapy for Zika virus infection, which caused substantial illness, including birth defects, during the 2015 outbreak that impacted over a million people in the Americas.

Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
Confirms horseshoe crabs are really relatives of spiders, scorpions
For News Media FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE × University of Wisconsin-Madison postdoctoral researcher Jesús Ballesteros holds a small horseshoe crab. A study he led with integrative biology Professor Prashant Sharma used robust genetic analysis to demonstrate that horseshoe crabs are arachnids like spiders, scorpions and ticks.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
New insight into gestational diabetes
Researchers at Cardiff University have found that women taking metformin and/or insulin during gestational diabetes could reduce the risk of long-term complications for their child. The team discovered that the placentas of women treated with the drugs didn't exhibit DNA alterations associated with type 2 diabetes, while those of women not treated with the drugs did.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
New gene hunt reveals potential breast cancer treatment target
Australian and US researchers have developed a way to discover elusive cancer-promoting genes, and have already identified one that appears to promote aggressive breast cancers. The University of Queensland and Albert Einstein College of Medicine team has developed a statistical approach to reveal many previously hard-to-find genes that contribute to cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.03.2019
Vitamin B3 analogue boosts production of blood cells
Scientists from EPFL and the UNIL/Ludwig Cancer Research have found that supplementing diet with nicotinamide riboside, an analogue of vitamin B3, boosts the production of blood cells by improving the function of their stem cells. This can help overcome problems in stem cell-based therapies that treat leukemia and aggressive lymphomas.  Stem cell-based therapies are becoming more and more common, especially in the treatment of blood cancers like lymphoma and leukemia.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 07.03.2019
Advanced chemistry made possible with new suite of start-of-the-art instruments
A new suite of advanced analytical instruments allowing precise chemical measurement has opened in Imperial's Molecular Sciences Research Hub. The Agilent Measurement Suite (AMS) is a collaboration between Agilent Technologies Inc and Imperial College London. Its analytical instruments will help researchers tackle problems in areas ranging from health and environment to energy and fundamental biology.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.03.2019
Deep brain stimulation may significantly improve OCD symptoms
Deep brain stimulation may significantly improve OCD symptoms
The debilitating behaviours and all-consuming thoughts, which affect people with severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), could be significantly improved with targeted deep brain stimulation, according to new research published today. OCD is characterised by unwanted intrusive thoughts and repetitive rituals and causes pronounced impairment in everyday life.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.03.2019
THOR wrangles complex microbiomes into a model for improving them
"Microbial communities run the world," says Jo Handelsman, director of the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "People always laugh when I say that," she adds. "But it's true." Our rich new understanding of microbial communities and their influence on human health or crop productivity has led to the dream of changing these communities to produce benefits.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.03.2019
Brain region plays key role in regulation of parenting behavior
FINDINGS The amygdala — a region of the brain known to be involved in emotions and social behaviors — has been found to play a critical role in the regulation of parenting behavior, according to a new study by UCLA researchers. Differences in this brain region between males and females help to explain why the two sexes behave differently as parents.

Life Sciences - Environment - 07.03.2019
Using Tiny Organisms to Unlock Big Environmental Mysteries
A new approach for studying microbial genes will provide insight into how ecosystems respond to changes in the environment and climate The DNA belonging to the community of microbes in a water sample can give scientists clues about the ecosystem as a whole. However, this photo was not taken in association with the study.

Life Sciences - 07.03.2019
Pesticides found to affect bees' genes
Pesticides found to affect bees’ genes
The activity of dozens of genes are changed in bees exposed to pesticides, providing clues as to how these chemicals affect bee brains in the wild. The finding could provide clues as to why certain pesticides have been linked to bee colony declines. Our work reveals that neurotoxic pesticides not only directly target the cells of the nervous system, but also indirectly affect the normal activity of the exposed organism's genes.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.03.2019
New tech could help keep better track of Serengeti wildbeest
New methods of counting wildlife could provide conservationists with fast and accurate methods for estimating the abundance of natural populations. In a new paper published in the journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution , mathematicians and conservationists from the UK, Africa and the United States discuss how they have used both machine-learning and citizen science techniques to accurately count wildebeest in the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania more rapidly than is possible using traditional methods.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.03.2019
Scientists put ichthyosaurs in virtual water tanks
Scientists put ichthyosaurs in virtual water tanks
Using computer simulations and 3D models, palaeontologists from the University of Bristol have uncovered more detail on how Mesozoic sea dragons swam. The research, published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B , sheds new light on their energy demands while swimming, showing that even the first ichthyosaurs had body shapes well adapted to minimise resistance and maximise volume, in a similar way to modern dolphins.

Life Sciences - 06.03.2019
Mighty mites give scrawny beetles the edge over bigger rivals
Smaller beetles who consistently lose fights over resources can gain a competitive advantage over their larger rivals by teaming up with another species.  When the costs of a mutualistic relationship start to outweigh the benefits, it will break down Syuan-Jyun Sun In a study featuring a miniature 'gym' for beetles (complete with beetle treadmills), researchers from the University of Cambridge found that beetles who consistently lose out to members of their own species have the most to gain by forming a mutually-beneficial cross-species partnership.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.03.2019
Finds a lack of adequate hydration among the elderly
The conditions could lead to other health problems, such as infections and falls Andrew Porterfield Drinking enough water is a concern for everyone, but the elderly are particularly prone to underhydration and dehydration. A new UCLA School of Nursing study shows that these conditions are likely to be under-recognized, bringing on health problems ranging from urinary tract infections to frequent falls.