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Life Sciences - 05.03.2019
Reading summer camp? Study to examine how soon-to-be kindergarteners are wired for literacy
Reading summer camp? Study to examine how soon-to-be kindergarteners are wired for literacy
Picture this scene: A father reads a storybook to his young daughter, the girl seated in his lap and apparently fascinated by the illustrations of a bunny. Picture the same scene, neuroscientist version: Brain scans show activity in the father's primary visual cortex, extending to a specialized word recognition area, as he reads the text and glances at the drawings; in the child's brain, only the primary visual cortex and regions involved in recognizing the illustrations are activated.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 05.03.2019
Could genetic breakthrough finally help take the sting out of mouth ulcers?
A large breakthrough has been made in the genetic understanding of mouth ulcers which could provide potential for a new drug to prevent or heal the painful lesions. Mouth ulcers affect up to 25 per cent of young adults and a higher proportion of children. Previous research has shown that mouth ulcers are partially heritable, but until now there has been little evidence linking specific genes or genomic regions to mouth ulcers.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 05.03.2019
Three Ways Studying Organic Chemistry Changes the Brain
Academic learning is about gaining new knowledge and skill, but only recently has it been possible to see new knowledge appear in a human brain. A new study from Carnegie Mellon University researchers using multiple imaging modalities shows that learning scientific information results in changes in the actual structure of memory-related areas of the brain, changes due to the encoding of the new information in these memory-related brain areas, and changes in the coordination among the network nodes that jointly contain the new information.

Life Sciences - Physics - 04.03.2019
UCLA-led study could point to ways to better control inflammation in autoimmune diseases
UCLA-led study could point to ways to better control inflammation in autoimmune diseases
Researchers discover an unexpected organization of antimicrobial molecules that amplifies immune response Meghan Steele Horan In autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis or lupus, the immune system goes into overdrive in response to people's own DNA being released from damaged cells — a reaction that can cause severe inflammation in the body.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.03.2019
Harnessing beneficial bacteria for a sustainable future
Repurposing a strain of beneficial bacteria could offer a safe, sustainable and natural alternative to man-made chemical pesticides, according to research from Cardiff University, in collaboration with the Universities of Warwick and Liverpool, and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Finding natural approaches to sustain agriculture and food production is a major global challenge.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 04.03.2019
Protocells use DNA logic to communicate and compute
Protocells use DNA logic to communicate and compute
Researchers at the University of Bristol, Eindhoven University of Technology and Microsoft Research have successfully assembled communities of artificial cells that can chemically communicate and perform molecular computations using entrapped DNA logic gates. The work provides a step towards chemical cognition in synthetic protocells and could be useful in biosensing and therapeutics.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.03.2019
Young people at risk of addiction show differences in key brain region
Young people at risk of addiction show differences in key brain region
Young adults at risk of developing problems with addiction show key differences in an important region of the brain, according to an international team led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. The study adds further evidence to support the idea that an individual's biological makeup plays a significant role in whether or not they develop an addictive disorder.

Life Sciences - Physics - 04.03.2019
Directed evolution builds nanoparticles
Directed evolution builds nanoparticles
Directed evolution is a powerful technique for engineering proteins. EPFL scientists now show that it can also be used to engineer synthetic nanoparticles as optical biosensors, which are used widely in biology, drug development, and even medical diagnostics such as real-time monitoring of glucose. The 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to three scientists who developed the method that forever changed protein engineering: directed evolution.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.03.2019
Using sleep disorder to predict Parkinson’s disease
Large international study will help select and categorize patients for better clinical trials A large multi-centre study of more than 1,200 patients provides important predictors of Parkinson's disease progression, which will allow better candidate selection for clinical trials and more effective therapy development.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.03.2019
Dementia’s gender differences revealed
Dementia is one of the leading causes of death in Australia, but University of Queensland research has found the disease affects men and women differently. UQ health biostatistician Dr Michael Waller said the collaborative study with the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health examined 1.1 million Australian death certificates for any mention of dementia.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.03.2019
Linking bacterial populations with health
Two people may have different bacteria living on and in them, but the challenge is knowing which differences matter for health. Statistician Susan Holmes thinks she might have some answers to help scientists work out these links. We are all teeming with bacteria that help us digest food or fight disease, but two people might play host to a very different array of bacteria due to diet, where they live, hobbies or even medical histories.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.03.2019
Two genomes can be better than one for evolutionary adaptation
Scientists have revealed how certain wild plants with naturally doubled ‘supergenomes' can stay ahead of the game when it comes to adapting to climate volatility and hostile environments. This world-first study could have significant implications for plant and crop sustainability in the face of climate change.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 01.03.2019
Swimming microbes steer themselves into mathematical order
For News Media FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE × A sheet of tiny swimming organisms that "push" themselves through fluid with, say, flagella, create forces in the liquid that bend the sheet in asymmetric, shrinking folds. Image courtesy of Saverio Spagnolie Freeing thousands of microorganisms to swim in random directions in an infinite pool of liquid may not sound like a recipe for order, but eventually the swarm will go with its own flow.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.02.2019
New insights into underlying causes of Alzheimer’s disease
An international team of researchers has identified some striking new insights into the underlying causes of Alzheimer's disease, including five new genes that increase risk for the disease. The International Genomic Alzheimer's Project (IGAP), which is a collaboration of four consortia, including the Genetic and Environmental Risk for Alzheimer's Disease (GERAD) consortia led by Cardiff University, analysed data from more than 94,000 individuals with Alzheimer's disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.02.2019
When watching others in pain, women's brains show more empathy
When watching others in pain, women’s brains show more empathy
It's a phrase many of us have uttered at one time or other: “I feel your pain.” However, the degree to which you actually feel another person's pain may depend on your sex. That was a key finding of a recent study by Leonardo Christov-Moore, a UCLA postdoctoral fellow in psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences, and Dr. Marco Iacoboni, director of the Neuromodulation Lab at the UCLA Ahmanson-Lovelace Brain Mapping Center , who studied the brain activity of people as they reacted to images of pain in others.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.02.2019
A gentle method for unlocking the mysteries of the deep brain
A gentle method for unlocking the mysteries of the deep brain
Researchers at UNIGE have successfully demonstrated that electroencephalography can be used to accurately study activity in the deep areas of the brain. The way is now open to understanding how these regions† interact with other parts of the brain for developing appropriate treatments following dysfunction.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.02.2019
Pioneering trial offers hope for restoring brain cells damaged in Parkinson’s
Results from a pioneering clinical trials programme that delivered an experimental treatment directly to the brain offer hope that it may be possible to restore the cells damaged in Parkinson's.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 26.02.2019
Improved outlook for people of African descent with treatment-resistant schizophrenia
A study led by researchers at Cardiff University means that more people of African descent who have treatment-resistant schizophrenia could be safely given the drug best proven to manage their symptoms. The team identified a genetic and benign cause in people of African descent for lower neutrophil levels: a condition that can also be a rare and potentially life-threatening side-effect of the only licensed medication for treatment-resistant schizophrenia.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.02.2019
International team of scientists detect cause of rare pediatric brain disorder
Channels McGill University News and Events RI-MUHC pediatric researcher joins efforts with scientists from the Rady Children's Institute for Genomic Medicine to discover new mutation Mathilde came into the world with chubby cheeks and a full head of auburn hair. But she was a very sick baby, and was immediately transferred on January 19, 2013 to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Montreal Children's Hospital of the McGill University Health Centre (MCH-MUHC).

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.02.2019
Discovery of a new pathway that may help develop more resilient crop varieties
Researchers from the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, have discovered a new biochemical pathway in plants which they have named CHLORAD. By manipulating the CHLORAD pathway, scientists can modify how plants respond to their environment. For example, the plant's ability to tolerate stresses such as high salinity can be improved.