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Linguistics/Literature



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Law - Linguistics / Literature - 19.10.2017
100 years on, poet’s "bloodless death" mystery solved
The famed “bloodless death” of a landmark British poet in the Great War has been investigated by experts from the Humanities and Sciences a century after his death, in a new project undertaken at Cardiff University. Biographical and critical works about Edward Thomas (1878 - 1917) often refer to his “bloodless death”, a story that emerged following his death aged just 39 at the Battle of Arras on Easter Monday in 1917.

Linguistics / Literature - Psychology - 15.08.2017
Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making | UChicago News
If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn‘t your native tongue' Psychologists at the University of Chicago found in past research that people facing such a dilemma while communicating in a foreign language are far more willing to sacrifice the bystander than those using their native tongue.

Linguistics / Literature - 30.06.2017
Picture overload hinders children learning new words in storybooks, study finds
Picture overload hinders children learning new words in storybooks, study finds
Picture overload hinders children learning new words in storybooks, study finds Less is more when it comes to helping children learn new vocabulary from picture books, according to a new study. While publishers look to produce ever more colourful and exciting texts to entice buyers, University of Sussex psychologists have shown that having more than one illustration per page results in poorer word learning among pre-schoolers.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 20.04.2017
Recognizing foreign accents helps brains process accented speech
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Our brains process foreign-accented speech with better real-time accuracy if we can identify the accent we hear, according to a team of neurolinguists. "Increased familiarity with an accent leads to better sentence processing," said Janet van Hell , professor of psychology and linguistics and co-director of the Center for Language Science , Penn State.

Linguistics / Literature - Environment - 11.04.2017
Citizen scientists help identify shorebird extinction threat
Citizen scientists help identify shorebird extinction threat
An international team of citizen scientists and researchers has identified a major contributor to the dramatic decline of migratory shorebird populations in Australia. University of Queensland School of Biological Sciences researcher Associate Professor Richard Fuller said Australian shorebirds were under threat due to the degradation and destruction of mudflats thousands of kilometres away in north-east Asia.

Linguistics / Literature - History / Archeology - 10.02.2017
Researchers piece together a portrait of the real Mr Darcy
Researchers piece together a portrait of the real Mr Darcy
A new, historically accurate portrait of the most admired and revered romantic leading man in literary history, Fitzwilliam Darcy, has been unveiled for the first time, following new research co-led by QMUL's Professor Amanda Vickery.  The new portraits paint a very different picture of the literary heartthrob when compared to modern day TV depictions, portrayed by Hollywood actors such as Colin Firth, Elliot Cowan and Matthew MacFadyen.

Linguistics / Literature - Environment - 16.12.2016
What makes influential science? Telling a good story
It turns out that even in the world of scientific writing, your eighth-grade teacher was right: how you write can matter as much as what you write. In a study published Dec. 15 in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers from the University of Washington looked at the abstracts from more than 700 scientific papers about climate change to find out what makes a paper influential in its field.

Social Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 04.10.2016
Failed Replication Shows Literary Fiction Doesn’t Boost Social Cognition
When a 2013 study published in Science concluded that reading literary fiction for as few as 20 minutes could improve someone's social abilities, it made quite the splash. However, when researchers from the University of Pennsylvania , Pace University, Boston College and the University of Oklahoma tried to replicate the findings using the original study materials and methodology, the results didn't hold up.

Linguistics / Literature - 13.06.2016
Dramatic decline in female job satisfaction since early 1990s
Women's expectations now more closely match reality and as a result these more closely match the expectations of men. Paradox of “contented female worker” has vanished as there is no longer a job satisfaction gap between men and women. Female job satisfaction has dramatically declined in Britain since the early 1990s and a gender gap no longer exists, meaning that the paradox of the “contented female worker” has vanished, new research from Lancaster University Management School reveals.

Linguistics / Literature - 12.05.2016
Nr. 150 vom May 12, 2016 German Research Foundation Grants Funds for Developing Academic Online Encyclopedias Cooperation between Freie Universität and Bavarian State Library in Munich
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has approved funds for a project based at Freie Universität Berlin that aims to set up academic online encyclopedias. Within the project "Open Encyclopedia System" (OES), researchers at Freie Universität and the Bavarian State Library in Munich are developing a standardized working environment for the creation and use of online encyclopedias that will be made available as open source software.

Linguistics / Literature - 11.05.2016
’Metaphor in the Curriculum’ opens up university research to schools
A new online schools resource and app, all about metaphor, have been launched by researchers at the School of Critical Studies at the University of Glasgow. The materials aim to “open the minds” of secondary school pupils, “put ideas into their heads” and “build up” their knowledge of the English language - metaphorically speaking.

Linguistics / Literature - 29.03.2016
Personality influences how one reacts to email errors
ANN ARBOR-When reading emails, do you become the "grammar police?" You no who you aer: the person who thinks its her job too catch every typo or gramatical errur? This behavior is partly the result of personality traits that influence how people react to written errors, according University of Michigan linguistics experts.

Linguistics / Literature - 24.03.2016
Writing Movement
Volkswagen Foundation Sponsors Project at Freie Universität on Relationship between Theory and Practice in Art and Science of Dance with 195,000 Euros / Press Image The Volkswagen Foundation is supporting a research project at Freie Universität Berlin that is investigating the relationship between theory and practice in the art and science of dance.

Linguistics / Literature - Art and Design - 22.03.2016
Researchers to investigate the connection between languages and creativity
A new Oxford-led research programme will explore the crucial role of creativity in the use of languages and investigate more creative forms of language learning, providing a forum for universities, schools and other partners to forge a new and more cohesive identity  for modern foreign languages (MFL).

Physics - Linguistics / Literature - 11.03.2016
Physical gestures play key role in human communication, Stanford research shows
When communicating with others, people often make physical gestures to complement their verbal descriptions, yet the study of human communication generally overlooks this dynamic, Stanford psychologist Herbert Clark says. When talking with others, people routinely describe and point at things with their hands, arms, heads, faces, eyes and bodies – with or without props.

Linguistics / Literature - 07.03.2016
AI crossword-solving application could make machines better at understanding language
A web-based machine language system solves crossword puzzles far better than commercially-available products, and may help machines better understand language.  Despite recent progress in AI, problems involving language understanding are particularly difficult. Felix Hill Researchers have designed a web-based platform which uses artificial neural networks to answer standard crossword clues better than existing commercial products specifically designed for the task.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 25.02.2016
Randy red-backed fairy-wrens’ duets reduce cuckoldry
The courtship and mating behaviors of the perky Australian red-backed fairy-wren have evolved into nothing short of a free-for-all. The rampant promiscuity of both sexes is legendary. What's a fairy-wren to do to keep from wasting energy raising another male's chicks? New research from scientists at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology provides a surprising answer: Sing with your mate.

Linguistics / Literature - Health - 20.11.2015
Language Use in Later Life
Research Workshop of Université catholique de Louvain and Freie Universität Berlin from December 7 to 9, 2015 How does language use change with increasing age? What can psychologists learn from linguists and vice versa? And how can the findings of linguistic research be useful for health care workers, care givers, relatives, and senior citizens themselves? These and other issues will be addressed by the participants of a research workshop that will take place from December 7 to 9, 2015, at Universität Louvain (UCL).

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 18.11.2015
’Alice in Wonderland’ leads researchers into the brain
Alice in Wonderland is 150 years old this year but the ever-young adventurer recently led Cornell researchers to a part of the brain that helps listeners understand her story. Cornell faculty member John Hale's study, " Modeling fMRI time courses with linguistic structure at various grain sizes ," published in Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics, examines how the individual words of Lewis Carroll's famous tale come together to yield an understanding of each sentence.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 11.11.2015
Artistic works influence our minds and nervous systems, Stanford scholar reveals
Stanford theater historian Matthew Wilson Smith's new research shows how 19 th century brain science has nerved its way into the drama of our lives, both onstage and off. Wikipedia Research by French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne in the 19th century influenced entertainers who used new information about brain sciences to manipulate their audiences.

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