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Linguistics/Literature



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Linguistics / Literature - History / Archeology - 10.02.2017
Researchers piece together a portrait of the real Mr Darcy
Researchers piece together a portrait of the real Mr Darcy
A new, historically accurate portrait of the most admired and revered romantic leading man in literary history, Fitzwilliam Darcy, has been unveiled for the first time, following new research co-led by QMUL's Professor Amanda Vickery.  The new portraits paint a very different picture of the literary heartthrob when compared to modern day TV depictions, portrayed by Hollywood actors such as Colin Firth, Elliot Cowan and Matthew MacFadyen.

Linguistics / Literature - Environment - 16.12.2016
What makes influential science? Telling a good story
It turns out that even in the world of scientific writing, your eighth-grade teacher was right: how you write can matter as much as what you write. In a study published Dec. 15 in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers from the University of Washington looked at the abstracts from more than 700 scientific papers about climate change to find out what makes a paper influential in its field.

Social Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 04.10.2016
Failed Replication Shows Literary Fiction Doesn’t Boost Social Cognition
When a 2013 study published in Science concluded that reading literary fiction for as few as 20 minutes could improve someone's social abilities, it made quite the splash. However, when researchers from the University of Pennsylvania , Pace University, Boston College and the University of Oklahoma tried to replicate the findings using the original study materials and methodology, the results didn't hold up.

Linguistics / Literature - 13.06.2016
Dramatic decline in female job satisfaction since early 1990s
Women's expectations now more closely match reality and as a result these more closely match the expectations of men. Paradox of “contented female worker” has vanished as there is no longer a job satisfaction gap between men and women. Female job satisfaction has dramatically declined in Britain since the early 1990s and a gender gap no longer exists, meaning that the paradox of the “contented female worker” has vanished, new research from Lancaster University Management School reveals.

Linguistics / Literature - 12.05.2016
Nr. 150 vom May 12, 2016 German Research Foundation Grants Funds for Developing Academic Online Encyclopedias Cooperation between Freie Universität and Bavarian State Library in Munich
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has approved funds for a project based at Freie Universität Berlin that aims to set up academic online encyclopedias. Within the project "Open Encyclopedia System" (OES), researchers at Freie Universität and the Bavarian State Library in Munich are developing a standardized working environment for the creation and use of online encyclopedias that will be made available as open source software.

Linguistics / Literature - 11.05.2016
’Metaphor in the Curriculum’ opens up university research to schools
A new online schools resource and app, all about metaphor, have been launched by researchers at the School of Critical Studies at the University of Glasgow. The materials aim to “open the minds” of secondary school pupils, “put ideas into their heads” and “build up” their knowledge of the English language - metaphorically speaking.

Linguistics / Literature - 29.03.2016
Personality influences how one reacts to email errors
ANN ARBOR-When reading emails, do you become the "grammar police?" You no who you aer: the person who thinks its her job too catch every typo or gramatical errur? This behavior is partly the result of personality traits that influence how people react to written errors, according University of Michigan linguistics experts.

Linguistics / Literature - 24.03.2016
Writing Movement
Volkswagen Foundation Sponsors Project at Freie Universität on Relationship between Theory and Practice in Art and Science of Dance with 195,000 Euros / Press Image The Volkswagen Foundation is supporting a research project at Freie Universität Berlin that is investigating the relationship between theory and practice in the art and science of dance.

Linguistics / Literature - Art and Design - 22.03.2016
Researchers to investigate the connection between languages and creativity
A new Oxford-led research programme will explore the crucial role of creativity in the use of languages and investigate more creative forms of language learning, providing a forum for universities, schools and other partners to forge a new and more cohesive identity  for modern foreign languages (MFL).

Physics - Linguistics / Literature - 11.03.2016
Physical gestures play key role in human communication, Stanford research shows
When communicating with others, people often make physical gestures to complement their verbal descriptions, yet the study of human communication generally overlooks this dynamic, Stanford psychologist Herbert Clark says. When talking with others, people routinely describe and point at things with their hands, arms, heads, faces, eyes and bodies – with or without props.

Linguistics / Literature - 07.03.2016
AI crossword-solving application could make machines better at understanding language
A web-based machine language system solves crossword puzzles far better than commercially-available products, and may help machines better understand language.  Despite recent progress in AI, problems involving language understanding are particularly difficult. Felix Hill Researchers have designed a web-based platform which uses artificial neural networks to answer standard crossword clues better than existing commercial products specifically designed for the task.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 25.02.2016
Randy red-backed fairy-wrens’ duets reduce cuckoldry
The courtship and mating behaviors of the perky Australian red-backed fairy-wren have evolved into nothing short of a free-for-all. The rampant promiscuity of both sexes is legendary. What's a fairy-wren to do to keep from wasting energy raising another male's chicks? New research from scientists at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology provides a surprising answer: Sing with your mate.

Linguistics / Literature - Health - 20.11.2015
Language Use in Later Life
Research Workshop of Université catholique de Louvain and Freie Universität Berlin from December 7 to 9, 2015 How does language use change with increasing age? What can psychologists learn from linguists and vice versa? And how can the findings of linguistic research be useful for health care workers, care givers, relatives, and senior citizens themselves? These and other issues will be addressed by the participants of a research workshop that will take place from December 7 to 9, 2015, at Universität Louvain (UCL).

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 18.11.2015
’Alice in Wonderland’ leads researchers into the brain
Alice in Wonderland is 150 years old this year but the ever-young adventurer recently led Cornell researchers to a part of the brain that helps listeners understand her story. Cornell faculty member John Hale's study, " Modeling fMRI time courses with linguistic structure at various grain sizes ," published in Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics, examines how the individual words of Lewis Carroll's famous tale come together to yield an understanding of each sentence.

Life Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 11.11.2015
Artistic works influence our minds and nervous systems, Stanford scholar reveals
Stanford theater historian Matthew Wilson Smith's new research shows how 19 th century brain science has nerved its way into the drama of our lives, both onstage and off. Wikipedia Research by French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne in the 19th century influenced entertainers who used new information about brain sciences to manipulate their audiences.

History / Archeology - Linguistics / Literature - 09.11.2015
Academics to investigate unopened letters from 'lost mailbag' from 17th century
A haul of undelivered letters from the 17th-century recently discovered in the Netherlands will be analysed by an international team of academics. 600 unopened letters found in a postmaster's trunk were discovered in The Hague's Museum voor Communicatie in 2012, along with 2,000 opened but undelivered letters.

Social Sciences - Linguistics / Literature - 26.10.2015
A glimpse of India
Kevin Greenbank, archivist at the Centre of South Asian Studies, explores the ways in which the home movie offers fascinating insights into the lives of those in front of, and behind, the camera - as rare footage of a 1935 Raj picnic shows. The Collection is perhaps most interesting when the films reveal something unintended by the film-maker Kevin Greenbank For most people, owning a mobile phone also means owning a video camera.

History / Archeology - Linguistics / Literature - 01.09.2015
Stanford scholar discovers unknown Magna Carta scribe
Literary scholar Elaine Treharne painstakingly examined every letter and punctuation mark of the Salisbury Magna Carta in making her discovery about the document's origin. (Photo illustration by L.A. Cicero) Using handwriting analysis, Stanford manuscript expert Elaine Treharne shows for the first time that one of the world's most famous documents was written not by the king's own scribes, but by a cathedral scribe outside the central court.

History / Archeology - Linguistics / Literature - 24.08.2015
Stanford historian says falsified medieval history helped create feminism
Through research into the first historians of medieval Europe, Professor Paula Findlen discovers that an interest in women's history began much earlier than is assumed. The British Library Detail of a miniature of medieval writer Christine de Pizan. Stanford historian Paula Findlen has studied Renaissance biographies of medieval women and says these often embellished tales represent a kind of feminism.

Art and Design - Linguistics / Literature - 05.08.2015
Operating theatre teams should review use of background music, study suggests
Operating theatre teams should review use of background music, study suggests
An analysis of video footage shows that some operating theatre teams are negatively affected by background music, during surgery. Researchers suggest that the decision to play music during an operation should be made by the entire team, taking into account both the benefits and the risks. The study, published today (5 August) in the Journal of Advanced Nursing , suggests that communication within the theatre team can be impaired when music is playing.