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Environment - Materials Science - 10.11.2023
Energy-saving and environmentally friendly: JKU cooperation leads to a milestone in robotics
An international project has developed stable and efficient artificial robot muscles based on new material combinations. An international cooperation between the Johannes Kepler University Linz, the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa and the University of Trento combines technological progress with ecological sustainability.

Materials Science - Physics - 08.11.2023
Scaling Up Nano for Sustainable Manufacturing
Key Takeaways Researchers have developed a multipurpose, high-performance coating material that self-assembles from 2D nanosheets. The new material could significantly extend the shelf life of consumer products for electronics, energy storage, and health & safety applications. The material is also recyclable, enabling a sustainable manufacturing approach that could keep single-use packaging and electronics out of landfills.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 03.11.2023
Photo Battery Achieves Competitive Voltage
Photo Battery Achieves Competitive Voltage
Researchers from the Universities of Freiburg and Ulm have developed a monolithically integrated photo battery using organic materials. Networked intelligent devices and sensors can improve the energy efficiency of consumer products and buildings by monitoring their consumption in real time. Miniature devices like these being developed under the concept of the Internet of Things require energy sources that are as compact as possible in order to function autonomously.

Materials Science - Innovation - 02.11.2023
New ultra strong material for microchip sensors
New ultra strong material for microchip sensors
A material that doesn't just rival the strength of diamonds and graphene, but boasts a yield strength 10 times greater than Kevlar, renowned for its use in bulletproof vests. Researchers at Delft University of Technology, led by assistant professor Richard Norte, have unveiled a remarkable new material with potential to impact the world of material science: amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC).

Materials Science - Physics - 02.11.2023
While Rare, Why Do Batteries Sometimes Catch Fire and Explode?
Key Takeaways Scientists have gained new insight into why thermal runaway, while rare, could cause a resting battery to overheat and catch fire. In order to better understand how a resting battery might undergo thermal runaway after fast charging, scientists are using a technique called "operando X-ray microtomography" to measure changes in the state of charge at the particle level inside a lithium-ion battery after it's been charged.

Materials Science - Electroengineering - 02.11.2023
Creating efficient transparent p-type conductors
Transparent conductors are essential for many devices, such as touch screens and solar cells. Copper iodide (CuI) can conduct electricity while staying see-through but is not as good as some other materials. Researchers from the University of Twente managed to improve the conductivity of CuI while keeping 75% of its transparency.

Materials Science - Physics - 02.11.2023
Nanoparticle quasicrystal constructed with DNA
Nanoengineers have created a quasicrystal-a scientifically intriguing and technologically promising material structure-from nanoparticles using DNA, the molecule that encodes life. The team, led by researchers at Northwestern University, the University of Michigan and the Center for Cooperative Research in Biomaterials in San Sebastian, Spain, reports the results in Nature Materials.

Materials Science - Innovation - 30.10.2023
Using lasers to 'heat and beat' 3D-printed steel could help reduce costs
Using lasers to ’heat and beat’ 3D-printed steel could help reduce costs
Researchers have developed a new method for 3D printing metal that could help reduce costs and make more efficient use of resources. This method could help reduce the costs of metal 3D printing, which could in turn improve the sustainability of the metal manufacturing industry Matteo Seita The method, developed by a research team led by the University of Cambridge, allows structural modifications to be 'programmed' into metal alloys during 3D printing, fine-tuning their properties without the 'heating and beating' process that's been in use for thousands of years.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 30.10.2023
Autonomous measuring instruments specifically find new materials
A new algorithm mines material libraries up to four times faster than before. It is based on machine learning . Researchers are working flat out to find new materials for future technologies on which the energy transition depends, for example as electrocatalysts. Due to their versatile properties, materials consisting of five or more elements are of particular interest.

Materials Science - Innovation - 27.10.2023
3D printed reactor core makes solar fuel production more efficient
3D printed reactor core makes solar fuel production more efficient
Using a new 3D printing technique, researchers at ETH Zurich have developed special ceramic structures for a solar reactor. Initial experimental testing show that these structures can boost the production yield of solar fuels. In recent years, engineers at ETH Zurich have developed the technology to produce liquid fuels from sunlight and air.

Life Sciences - Materials Science - 26.10.2023
DNA Origami nanoturbine sets new horizon for nanomotors
DNA Origami nanoturbine sets new horizon for nanomotors
A collaborative team of researchers led by prof. Cees Dekker at TU Delft, in partnership with international colleagues, introduces a pioneering breakthrough in the world of nanomotors - the DNA origami nanoturbine. This nanoscale device could represent a paradigm shift, harnessing power from ion gradients or electrical potential across a solid-state nanopore to drive the turbine into mechanical rotations.

Physics - Materials Science - 19.10.2023
A miniature magnetic resonance imager made of diamond
A miniature magnetic resonance imager made of diamond
Quantum sensors make microscale NMR spectroscopy possible A miniature magnetic resonance Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an important imaging method in research which can be used to visualize tissue and structures without damaging them. The technique is better known from the medical field as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), where the patient is moved into a bore of a large magnet on a table.

Physics - Materials Science - 18.10.2023
Superlensing without a superlens: microscopes boosted beyond limits
Physicists at the University of Sydney have shown a new pathway to achieve superlensing with minimal losses, breaking through the diffraction limit by a factor of nearly four times. Their trick? Remove the superlens altogether. Ever since Antonie van Leeuwenhoek discovered the world of bacteria through a microscope in the late seventeenth century, humans have tried to look deeper into the world of the infinitesimally small.

Physics - Materials Science - 18.10.2023
From a five-layer graphene sandwich, a rare electronic state emerges
From a five-layer graphene sandwich, a rare electronic state emerges
A newly discovered type of electronic behavior could help with packing more data into magnetic memory devices. Ordinary pencil lead holds extraordinary properties when shaved down to layers as thin as an atom. A single, atom-thin sheet of graphite, known as graphene, is just a tiny fraction of the width of a human hair.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.10.2023
New nanomaterial may solve long-standing fuel cell issue
New nanomaterial may solve long-standing fuel cell issue
There is an urgent need to address climate change, making the development of sustainable energy alternatives more important than ever. While proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) have shown great promise for energy production, particularly in the transportation industry, there is a long-standing problem with their durability and cost.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.10.2023
Physicists coax superconductivity and more from quasicrystals
Flexible platform could produce enigmatic materials, lead to new studies of exotic phenomena. In research that could jump-start interest into an enigmatic class of materials known as quasicrystals, MIT scientists and colleagues have discovered a relatively simple, flexible way to create new atomically thin versions that can be tuned for important phenomena.

Physics - Materials Science - 06.10.2023
A treasure chest for researchers
A treasure chest for researchers
Physicists investigate 2D materials with very special properties Postdoc Dr. Nihit Saigal, a member of Prof. Ursula Wurstbauer's team at Münster University's Institute of Physics, has got everything ready in the laboratory to produce an ultra-thin, two-dimensional material - a silver-coloured crystal of molybdenum disulphide, a viscoelastic polymer film.

Materials Science - 03.10.2023
Fabien introduces innovative approach to Digital Volume Correlation
Revolutionising Material Analysis: Sub-Volume Adaptive Meshing in Global Digital Volume Correlation Materials science is an exciting and constantly evolving study of the properties and behaviour of different materials. Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) is a crucial technique in this field, enabling researchers to accurately track changes and analyse complex structural deformations.

Physics - Materials Science - 28.09.2023
Accelerating Sustainable Semiconductors With ’Multielement Ink’
Key Takeaways Scientists have developed "multielement ink" - the first "high-entropy" semiconductor that can be processed at low temperature or room temperature. Multielement ink could enable cost-effective and energy-efficient semiconductor manufacturing. The new semiconducting material could accelerate the sustainable production of next-gen microelectronics, photovoltaics, solid state lighting, and display devices.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 27.09.2023
A Longer Life for Organic Solar Cells
A Longer Life for Organic Solar Cells
By Philipp Jarke Photovoltaic cells made of organic materials are light and flexible, which is why they are considered very promising. An international research network led by TU Graz is now aiming to increase the stability of the materials. Solar cells made of silicon have been around for 70 years. Organic solar cells, on the other hand, are quite new, but open up new possibilities for emission-free electricity production.
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