Mechanical Engineering

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Mechanical Engineering - 06.05.2024
A better way to ride a motorcycle
Motorcycles are designed to accommodate the average-sized rider, leaving taller and shorter riders vulnerable to discomfort. A new study from the University of Waterloo used software that predicted realistic motorcycle riding behaviours, considering human factors and ergonomic trade-offs. It found that shorter and taller statures require joint adjustments to achieve their preferred riding posture.

Mechanical Engineering - 03.04.2024
Control technology as a breakwater
Researchers have discovered how sloshing movements can be actively suppressed during the highly dynamic transportation of liquids . In highly automated industrial processes, machines, materials and goods are often moved very quickly. It is important that these movements are carried out precisely and safely.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 15.02.2024
A 'quantum leap' at room temperature
A ’quantum leap’ at room temperature
Scientists have achieved a milestone by controlling quantum phenomena at room temperature. Image: Conceptual art of the operating device, consisting of a nanopillar-loaded drum sandwiched by two periodically segmented mirrors, allowing the laser light to strongly interact with the drum quantum mechanically at room temperature.

Mechanical Engineering - 12.11.2023
How rock erosion by dissolution creates sharp shapes
Publication of the RDP in the journal PNAS on November 21, 2023. News by CNRS Engineering on December 7, 2023. Water flowing over soluble rocks can create patterns of multiple troughs bordered by sharp ridges. By combining field measurements, a numerical model and laboratory experiments, a team led by the MSC laboratory (CNRS/Université Paris Cité), in collaboration with the LPG (CNRS/Nantes Université/Université d'Angers) and the RDP (CNRS/ENS de Lyon/Inrae) has shown that the appearance of these shapes results from a geometric mechanism.

Microtechnics - Mechanical Engineering - 07.11.2023
Humans are far superior to robots
Humans are far superior to robots
A new ETH study compares 27 humanoid robots with humans and comes to the conclusion that while robots have better components, they are still not capable of achieving as much.

Mechanical Engineering - Health - 16.06.2023
Mechanics of the ideal surgical knot
Researchers have published a first study on the mechanics of surgical knots, with results that could be used to train surgeons to tie stronger, safer sutures - a skill that usually requires years of practice to master. Think about the last time you tied your shoe: maybe you tied it tightly, or tied multiple knots to ensure the laces wouldn't come undone.

Mechanical Engineering - 21.04.2023
Gels’ ’memory’ guides their mechanical properties
Publication of the Physics Laboratory in the journal Nature Physics on May 4, 2023. Communication of the CNRS-INSIS on May 9, 2023. The more solids a gel contains, the more solid it is. However, this principle is not sufficient to explain all the mechanical behaviors observed in reality. An international team has discovered that the macroscopic mechanical properties of gels are due to heterogeneities in their structure, inherited from the singular microstructure that the material adopts at the very moment of its gelation.

Mechanical Engineering - 10.03.2023
Solar Team Twente presents tenth solar car: RED X
Solar Team Twente presents tenth solar car: RED X
Solar Team Twente presented its new solar car, with which they will participate in the Bridgestone World Solar Challenge in October this year.

Mechanical Engineering - 01.03.2023
The lowdown on lower back pain
The lowdown on lower back pain
A new Johns Hopkins study investigates the source of back and joint pain with the goal of reverse engineering treatments It's a familiar story: you feel a twinge in your back and next thing you know, you can't get out of bed. From back pain to achy joints, musculoskeletal pain, while common, can be life-changing and debilitating.

Mechanical Engineering - 15.02.2023
University of Toronto researchers help design the future of nuclear waste management
University of Toronto researchers help design the future of nuclear waste management
Researchers at the University of Toronto are collaborating with the Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) to optimize the design and layout of a new plant for processing used nuclear fuel packages.

Mechanical Engineering - Economics - 19.01.2023
UT and Netherlands Defence Academy expand research into smart maintenance
Previous article Next article Using data to predict the best moments to perform maintenance on systems and machines, that is -smart maintenance-.

Mechanical Engineering - 06.12.2022
Solving a messy problem
Engineering researchers make a media splash with sleek new 'splash-free' urinal design By Brian Caldwell Faculty of Engineering Engineering researchers at the University of Waterloo followed their curiosity and called on nature for inspiration for a new urinal design that has attracted internatinal attention by solving the messy problem of splash-back.

Astronomy / Space - Mechanical Engineering - 07.11.2022
Gravity’s impact on bone cells-experiments heading to the International Space Station
Mechanical engineers at the University of Michigan are tackling mysteries of bone density loss in space and on Earth FACULTY Q&A Early this morning, a pair of experiments exploring bone density, designed by engineers at the University of Michigan, left the Wallops Island, Virginia launchpad aboard a Northrop Grumman Corp.

Transport - Mechanical Engineering - 02.11.2022
UT improves wind tunnel measurements for low noise aircraft design
Aircraft noise is an irritating source of ambient noise and a significant cause of stress for local residents and animals in the vicinity of airports. Reducing aircraft noise is a major social issue in the Netherlands, as evidenced by the discussions on the permitted number of flight movements at Schiphol.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 30.09.2022
New insights into tumour biology
New insights into tumour biology
The ancient Egyptians, as described in the Ebers Papyrus, already knew that palpation -feeling for hardened lumps - can help diagnose breast cancer. Palpation is still an important element in early screening for breast cancer. On the other hand, measurements on individual cancer cells show that they are softer than the healthy epithelial cells from which they stem, which probably makes them better able to metastasise in dense human tissue.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 08.08.2022
Tip for riders of hoverboards
Tip for riders of hoverboards
Engineering researchers have some simple advice for people learning to ride hoverboards: it's all in the ankles. An experiment using sophisticated cameras and sensors attached to first-time riders revealed that ankle movements, not knee or hip movements, are the key to catching on to the increasingly popular devices.

Mechanical Engineering - Research Management - 28.06.2022
New method based on smart materials for experimenting with cells
New method based on smart materials for experimenting with cells
Scientists from 4D-BIOMAP, an ERC research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), have developed a new experimental method, based on magneto-active polymers, to study cellular behaviour. These compounds, which consist of a polymeric matrix (e.g., an elastomer) containing magnetic particles (e.g., iron), mechanically react by changing their shape and stiffness.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 18.05.2022
Kidney cells pump blood
Kidney cells pump blood
Study reveals that kidney cells don't filter blood, they pump it The finding could help detect and treat kidney diseases and aid in disease modeling Human kidneys are an intricate network of tubes that process roughly 190 quarts of blood every day. Lining these tubes are epithelial cells that transport blood through the kidneys and circulate it back into the body.

Innovation - Mechanical Engineering - 28.04.2022
A method to optimise the operation of solar thermal power plants has been patented
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have patented a method which makes it possible to reduce energy losses in solar thermal power plants. Solar thermal energy relies on harnessing solar radiation to produce heat. As with most methods of obtaining electricity, this heat is used to heat a high-pressure fluid, which drives a turbine connected to a generator.

Mechanical Engineering - 09.02.2022
Unlocking the mechanical secrets of giant Amazonian waterlilies
Unlocking the mechanical secrets of giant Amazonian waterlilies
Researchers studying giant Amazonian waterlilies have unravelled the engineering enigma behind the largest floating leaves in nature . In a study published today in Science Advances , researchers found that the distinctive pattern on the underside of the gargantuan leaves is the secret to the success of the giant Amazonian waterlily (genus Victoria ).
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