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Mechanical Engineering - 20.10.2015
New study explores gender bias in academic hiring
When all else is equal between highly qualified candidates for entry-level faculty positions, professors in academic science overwhelmingly prefer women over men, Cornell researchers previously found in national experiments. But would this pro-female bias be strong enough to elevate slightly less impressive women above more accomplished male candidates?

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 19.10.2015
New Technique Developed by Team Including CMU President Suresh Removes Defects While Keeping Materials Strong
New Technique Developed by Team Including CMU President Suresh Removes Defects While Keeping Materials Strong-CMU News - Carnegie Mellon University When designing a new material, whether for an airplane, car, bridge, mobile device, or biological implant, engineers strive to make the material strong and defect-free.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 15.10.2015
Good neighbours turn bad: Helper cells in the brain could hold the clue to Motor Neuron Disease
Helper cells in the brain, which support nerve function, change their behaviour with the progression of Motor Neuron Disease (MND), a new study has found. Researchers at the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN) discovered the star-shaped cells, called astrocytes, progressively lose the ability to support motor neurons as MND progresses leading to the death of the specialised nerve cells that control our movements.

Mechanical Engineering - Mathematics - 15.10.2015
Artificial whisker reveals source of harbor seal’s uncanny prey-sensing ability
Harbor seals have an amazingly fine-tuned sense for detecting prey, as marine biologists have noted for years. Even when blindfolded, trained seals are able to chase the precise path of an object that swam by 30 seconds earlier. Scientists have suspected that the seal's laser-like tracking ability is due in part to its antennae-like whiskers.

Mechanical Engineering - Life Sciences - 25.09.2015
Offshore wind farms could be more risky for gannets than previously thought
Offshore wind farms which are to be built in waters around the UK could pose a greater threat to protected populations of gannets than previously thought, research led by the University of Leeds says. It was previously thought that gannets, which breed in the UK between April and September each year, generally flew well below the minimum height of 22 metres above sea level swept by the blades of offshore wind turbines.

Mechanical Engineering - Life Sciences - 25.09.2015
Offshore wind farms could be more risky for gannets than previously thought, study shows
Offshore wind farms which are to be built in waters around the UK could pose a greater threat to protected populations of gannets than previously thought, research led by the University of Leeds says. It was previously thought that gannets, which breed in the UK between April and September each year, generally flew well below the minimum height of 22 metres above sea level swept by the blades of offshore wind turbines.

Earth Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 24.09.2015
NSF Grant to Boost UT Austin Earthquake Engineering Research
NSF Grant to Boost UT Austin Earthquake Engineering Research
AUSTIN, Texas - The National Science Foundation (NSF) has selected the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin for a $3.8 million grant to support research that aids in the design of buildings and infrastructure that can better withstand earthquakes, hurricanes, storm surges and other natural hazards.

Mechanical Engineering - Health - 18.09.2015
3D-printed guide helps regrow complex nerves after injury
Research could help more than 200,000 people annually who suffer from nerve injuries or disease A national team of researchers has developed a first-of-its-kind, 3D-printed guide that helps regrow both the sensory and motor functions of complex nerves after injury. The groundbreaking research has the potential to help more than 200,000 people annually who experience nerve injuries or disease.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 03.08.2015
UCLA materials scientists take big step toward tougher ductile ceramics
Advance could lead to more durable, higher-performing components for spacecraft technology and tiny mechanical systems Matthew Chin Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Electron microscope image of a micrometer-scale carbide pillar carved out of a single crystal using focused ion beams.

Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering - 03.08.2015
New study explores how personalities affect communication, teamwork
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. The personality-based communication styles of team members can often determine the success or failure of a team, according to a recent study by Penn State researchers. "This new research shows that understanding the communication styles of team members can help us account for differences in personality and the impact those differences have on team performance," said Gretchen Macht, a postdoctoral scholar in architectural engineering.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 28.07.2015
Mechanics between Two Worlds
Theoretical Physicists at Freie Universität Berlin Develop New Insights into Interface between Classical and Quantum Worlds Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin in the group of physics professor Jens Eisert developed a novel method for gaining insight into the complex behavior of mechanical systems at the micro and nano scale.

Mechanical Engineering - Physics - 09.07.2015
Why do puddles stop spreading?
When you spill a bit of water onto a tabletop, the puddle spreads - and then stops, leaving a well-defined area of water with a sharp boundary. There's just one problem: The formulas scientists use to describe such a fluid flow say that the water should just keep spreading endlessly. Everyone knows that's not the case - but why?

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 01.07.2015
Trapping vortices key to high-current superconductors
If we are to see the promised benefits of high-temperature superconductors, such as low-loss motors and generators or maglev trains, we will need superconductors that can carry very large currents. Decades-old experiments have shown that the current density a superconductor can carry may be increased by bombarding the material with high-energy ion beams.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 29.06.2015
Curci Foundation Provides Funding for Research in Neuroscience
The Shurl & Kay Curci Foundation has given $200,000 to an interdisciplinary research team at Carnegie Mellon University to support fundamental research in neuroscience. The grant will allow biological sciences and engineering professors to teach mice to use brain-computer interfaces (BCI). The project could provide new information about the neural basis of learning, behavior and motor control, and could lead to the creation of a mouse model for BCI research.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 02.06.2015
Weight management is critical for survival in motor neuron disease
Weight management is critical for survival in motor neuron disease
Researchers from around the UK, led by a team at the University of Sheffield's Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN), have found new evidence to support early nutrition management in motor neuron disease (MND). The first UK wide study into tube feeding in MND (ProGas) has found that MND patients benefited most from enteral feeding when they had lost less than 10 per cent of their body weight before the intervention.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 28.05.2015
Novel Use of 3-D Imaging Technique for Precise Measurement of Injectable Wrinkle Reducers
Novel Use of 3-D Imaging Technique for Precise Measurement of Injectable Wrinkle Reducers
A three-dimensional imaging technique often used in the automotive and aerospace industries for accurate measurement may be useful to measure the efficacy of injectable wrinkle reducers such as Botox and Dysport, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania .

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 27.05.2015
Unravelling the mystery of the most common genetic cause of Motor Neuron Disease
Unravelling the mystery of the most common genetic cause of Motor Neuron Disease
Researchers from the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN) have shed light on how mutations in a high risk gene specifically affect motor neurons. Scientists at the flagship motor neuron disease research centre, based at the University of Sheffield, investigated how specialised nerve cells that control voluntary movements die - something which is key to understanding motor neuron disease (MND).

Mechanical Engineering - Life Sciences - 12.05.2015
Faster, smaller, more informative
Faster, smaller, more informative
A new technique invented at MIT can measure the relative positions of tiny particles as they flow through a fluidic channel, potentially offering an easy way to monitor the assembly of nanoparticles, or to study how mass is distributed within a cell. With further advancements, this technology has the potential to resolve the shape of objects in flow as small as viruses, the researchers say.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 22.04.2015
Preventing deformed limbs: researchers discover link to physical forces
University of Toronto engineers and a U of'T pediatric surgeon have discovered how physical forces such as pressure and tension affect the development of limbs in embryos - research that could someday be used to help prevent birth defects. The team, including U of'T bioengineer Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalez from the Institute of Biomaterials & Biomedical Engineering, U of'T mechanical engineer Yu Sun and the Faculty of Medicine's Dr. Sevan Hopyan used live imaging and computer models to study the links between mechanical forces, changes in cell shape and cell movement in embryos.

Mechanical Engineering - 20.04.2015
New research gives clues as to why older people get more tendon injuries
New research into how tendons age has found that the material between tendon fibre bundles stiffens as it gets older and that this is responsible for older people being more susceptible to tendon injuries. Researchers from QMUL, University of East Anglia, University College London and University of Liverpool, repeatedly stretched samples of horse tendons, which are very similar to human ones, to test their elasticity and ability to recover.
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