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Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics



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Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
14.02.2018
Acoustic blockage-detection system could prevent aircraft accidents
Acoustic blockage-detection system could prevent aircraft accidents
Pitots, which provide airspeed data, have played a role in several aircraft accidents, including the fatal Air France Flight 447 in 2009. New research by aerospace engineers at the University of Bristol has found that an acoustic blockage-detection system could prevent future accidents by making pilots aware of a blocked Pitot before a situation becomes critical.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
14.02.2018
Tissue mechanics essential for cell movement
Cells that form facial features need surrounding embryonic tissues to stiffen so they can move and develop, according to new UCL-led research. The discovery has important implications for understanding the causes of facial defects which account for a third of all birth defects globally (3.2 million each year) and are the primary cause of infant mortality.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
07.02.2018
The Schrödinger equation as a Quantum clock
The Schrödinger equation as a Quantum clock
Researchers succeed in controlling multiple quantum interactions in a realistic material Materials with controllable quantum mechanical properties are of great importance for the electronics and quantum computers of the future.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Computer Science/Telecom
02.02.2018
Automating materials design
Automating materials design
For decades, materials scientists have taken inspiration from the natural world. They'll identify a biological material that has some desirable trait - such as the toughness of bones or conch shells - and reverse-engineer it. Then, once they've determined the material's "microstructure," they'll try to approximate it in human-made materials.
Art and Design - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
24.01.2018
Artificial sounds for traffic safety
Artificial sounds for traffic safety
Research news The almost complete silence of the motors used in electric cars may pose a hazard to inattentive pedestrians. As a result, starting in summer 2019 all new electric and hybrid vehicles will have to be equipped with an acoustic warning system. Psychoacousticians at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are developing the corresponding sounds.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
22.01.2018
Feedback enhances brainwave control of a novel hand-exoskeleton
Feedback enhances brainwave control of a novel hand-exoskeleton
EPFL scientists are developing a lightweight and portable hand exoskeleton that can be controlled with brainwaves. The device enhances performance of brain-machine interfaces and can restore functional grasps for the physically impaired. An extremely lightweight and portable hand exoskeleton may one day help the physically impaired with daily living.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
16.01.2018
How the temperature of your nose shows how much strain you are under
Researchers at the University of Nottingham's Institute for Aerospace Technology (IAT), together with academic staff from the Bioengineering and Human Factors Research Groups, have demonstrated that facial temperatures, which can be easily measured using a non-invasive thermal camera, are strongly correlated to mental workload.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
08.01.2018
Breast cancer research gets a mechanical boost
Stanford researchers say one way to solve the mystery of why some breast cancers are more likely to spread could come from studying the cell's mechanical properties. Ovijit Chaudhuri and his lab are studying how mechanical properties of breast tissue influence tumor cells. (Image credit: Courtesy Department of Mechanical Engineering) One of the most puzzling questions in breast cancer research is why some tumors stay put, while rogue cells from others break free and spread to surrounding tissues, the first step toward creating a more lethal disease.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
08.01.2018
How bacteria turbocharged their motors
How bacteria turbocharged their motors
Using detailed 3D images, researchers have shown how bacteria have evolved molecular motors of different powers to optimize their swimming. The discovery, by a team from Imperial College London, provides insights into evolution at the molecular scale. Bacteria use molecular motors just tens of nanometres wide to spin a tail (or ‘flagellum') that pushes them through their habitat.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
28.11.2017
Dyslexia : when spelling problems impair writing acquisition
Dyslexia : when spelling problems impair writing acquisition
Dyslexia is a learning difficulty which affects the ability to adopt the automatic reflexes needed to read and write. Several studies have sought to identify the source of the problems encountered by individuals with dyslexia when they read. Little attention, however, has been paid to the mechanisms involved in writing.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
28.11.2017
Researchers Establish Universal Signature Fundamental to How Glassy Materials Fail
Researchers Establish Universal Signature Fundamental to How Glassy Materials Fail
Dropping a smartphone on its glass screen, which is made of atoms jammed together with no discernible order, could result in it shattering. Unlike metals and other crystalline material, glass and many other disordered solids cannot be deformed significantly before failing and, because of their lack of crystalline order, it is difficult to predict which atoms would change during failure.
Psychology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
23.11.2017
How badly do you want something? Babies can tell
How badly do you want something? Babies can tell
Babies as young as 10 months can assess how much someone values a particular goal by observing how hard they are willing to work to achieve it, according to a new study from MIT and Harvard University. This ability requires integrating information about both the costs of obtaining a goal and the benefit gained by the person seeking it, suggesting that babies acquire very early an intuition about how people make decisions.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Medicine/Pharmacology
17.11.2017
First graders fitter than expected
Research news Childhood obesity is often attributed to a lack of exercise. So what about sports among elementary school students' A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) pursued this question and collected the results of fitness tests for first-year students over a period of one decade. Their study shows that students did not lose their strength.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Environment/Sustainable Development
17.11.2017
Winds of change for vertical axis turbines?
New research suggests vertical axis turbines, which may have fewer impacts on birds and the environment, could increase public support for new wind energy installations. With global carbon emissions on the rise, wind power continues to be an attractive option for states and countries looking to limit fossil fuel use and increase renewable energy.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
08.11.2017
Liquid shock absorbers
Liquid shock absorbers
Researchers have determined how certain liquids stiffen in response to powerful impacts. At first glance, colloids resemble homogeneous liquids such as milk or blood plasma. But in fact they consist of particles in suspension. Some colloids have remarkable properties: they may stiffen following an impact and absorb surface shocks.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
02.11.2017
Chromosomes 'Cheat' for the Chance to Get Into an Egg
Chromosomes ’Cheat’ for the Chance to Get Into an Egg
Each of your cells contains two copies of 23 chromosomes, one inherited from your father and one from your mother. Theoretically, when you create a gamete - a sperm or an egg -  each copy has a 50-50 shot at being passed on. But the reality isn't so clearcut. Scientists have observed that chromosomes can "cheat," biasing the chance that they will make it into a sex cell.
Earth Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
19.10.2017
Hydroelectric power plants have to be adapted for climate change
Hydroelectric power plants have to be adapted for climate change
Of all the electricity produced in Switzerland, 56% comes from hydropower. The life span of hydroelectric plants, which are massive and expensive to build and maintain, is measured in decades, yet the rivers and streams they depend on and the surrounding environment are ever-changing.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Business/Economics
19.10.2017
Road charges could ease Melbourne’s gridlock, research shows
Charging drivers at peak times could be the best way to help ease Melbourne's traffic woes, according to new research by the University of Melbourne. In a working paper,  Can Road Changes Alleviate Congestion , researchers Dr Leslie Martin and Mr Sam Thornton, from the Faculty of Business and Economics, analysed the economic and social impact of different charges levied on road use in Victoria.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
10.10.2017
Synthetic Muscle Gets Its Punch from Design Method
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's College of Engineering are taking a multidisciplinary approach to building synthetic muscles for applications in regenerative medicine and robotics. Each time a bicep flexes, millions of molecular motors work together in a complex process. These motors - called myosin - are chemically powered proteins.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Life Sciences
04.10.2017
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