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Health - Philosophy - 06.05.2019
Security cameras in nursing homes aim to protect the vulnerable but present ethical dilemmas
For many people who care for aging parents, one solution is a safe, responsible nursing home. But an increasingly common means of ensuring that safety - security cameras installed by relatives - may do more harm than good, says Clara Berridge , an assistant professor of social work at the University of Washington.

Philosophy - 21.01.2019
Conforming to the beauty ideal to look younger, thinner, firmer and smoother becomes the norm - research finds
Beauty practices and standards are higher than ever with the pressure to achieve the ‘perfect' body now becoming a moral imperative, suggests research published by the University of Birmingham. Professor Heather Widdows , University of Birmingham argues in her new book Perfect Me: Beauty as an Ethical Ideal , published by Princeton University Press, that beauty ideals are becoming shared ethical ideals by which we judge ourselves and others as ‘good' or ‘bad'.

Philosophy - Physics - 21.11.2018
One of Universe's secret ingredients for life
One of Universe’s secret ingredients for life
A new study led by ANU†has investigated†the nature of a cosmic phenomenon that slows down star formation, which helps to ensure the†Universe is a place where life can emerge. Lead researcher Dr Roland Crocker from the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics said the research team studied a particular way stars provide a counter-pressure to gravity that slows down the star-formation process.

Philosophy - Earth Sciences - 21.11.2018
New Study Raises Questions About Salts Near Seasonally Darkening Streaks on Mars
New Study Raises Questions About Salts Near Seasonally Darkening Streaks on Mars
A data-processing artifact may be responsible for evidence cited in a 2015 report that cold salty waters are responsible for forming seasonally dark streaks on the surface of Mars, according to a new study from Caltech.

Philosophy - 24.10.2018
How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?
How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?
Massive global survey reveals ethics preferences and regional differences. A massive new survey developed by MIT researchers reveals some distinct global preferences concerning the ethics of autonomous vehicles, as well as some regional variations in those preferences.

Health - Philosophy - 22.08.2018
New ethical framework released for global health research
New ethical framework released for global health research
The author of a new ethical framework for global health research aims to support researchers and their partners to better engage disadvantaged and marginalised communities when setting research priorities. University of Melbourne School of Population and Global Health ethics researcher Dr Bridget Pratt also wants research funders to ensure their grants programs encourage and support meaningful community engagement.

Philosophy - Psychology - 09.08.2018
When moral outrage goes viral, it can come across as bullying, Stanford study finds
Stanford psychologists find that when online comments pile up against an individual's questionable behavior, people are more likely to see it as bullying and start to feel sympathy for the offender. Stanford psychologists find that while individual comments against offensive behavior on social media are seen as admirable, when comments multiply they may lead to greater sympathy for the offender.

Social Sciences - Philosophy - 26.07.2018
New research uncovers successes and failures of UK’s help for Syrian immigrants
Syrian refugees have higher levels of unemployment than UK citizens, are often overqualified for work they do find, and are being underserved by current British immigration policy despite their eagerness to contribute to society, new research reveals. A new report from a multidisciplinary research team at the University of Glasgow, supported by the Global Challenges Research Fund, offers unique insight into the lives of Syrian refugees based in the UK and how their experiences compare with refugees settled in Lebanon and Greece.

Social Sciences - Philosophy - 25.07.2018
Is storytelling bad for science?
Is storytelling bad for science?
Science can't exist without telling a story. The question is not whether we should use it, but how we should use it best, writes Professor Nick Enfield. Scientists often struggle to communicate the findings of research. Our subject matter can be technical and not easily digested by a general audience.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 23.07.2018
Heritable genome editing could become "morally permissible"
An independent inquiry led by Nuffield Council on Bioethics, involving UCL, has concluded that editing the DNA of a human embryo, sperm, or egg to influence the characteristics of a future person ('heritable genome editing') could be "morally permissible". The technique of genome editing could be used to alter the DNA of a human embryo, before it is transferred to the womb.

Philosophy - Career - 12.07.2018
Bridging the divide: philosophy meets science
A unique three-year project to bridge the divide between science and philosophy - which embedded early-career philosophers into some of Cambridge's ground-breaking scientific research clusters - is the subject of a new film released today. Academics in the humanities as well as the sciences are beginning to appreciate some of the difficulties arising from the extreme degrees of specialisation - where we are losing the ability to talk to each other.

Innovation / Technology - Philosophy - 03.07.2018
Establishing Public Trust in Smart Cities
CMU expert says key is to focus on psychological, sociological and ethical consequences of new technologies The deployment of smart city technologies forms a fascinating social quandary. On one hand, smart city technologies have already proven they can make our lives more convenient, and even transform individuals who were previously limited based on factors such as health and socioeconomic status.

Health - Philosophy - 22.02.2018
New curriculum prioritizes tribal sovereignty, cultural respect in scientific research of American Indian, Alaska Native communities
New curriculum prioritizes tribal sovereignty, cultural respect in scientific research of American Indian, Alaska Native communities
When scientists have conducted research in Native American communities, the process and the results have sometimes been controversial. There have been a few well-known cases, such as the 1979 Barrow Alcohol Study , in which researchers examined substance use in the tiny Arctic Circle town and issued findings to the press, before briefing the local community.

Philosophy - Mathematics - 29.01.2018
Indian Sacred Texts and the Logic of Computer Ethics
Indian Sacred Texts and the Logic of Computer Ethics
Can we teach ethical behaviour to machines' Computer Scientists in Vienna are studying ancient Sanskrit texts and using the tools of mathematical logic to describe ethical rules. The Indian sacred texts of the Vedas have been studied for millennia. But now, for the first time in history, computer scientists in Vienna analyse them by applying the methods of mathematical logic.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 27.12.2017
Behind the scenes: journalists visit animal testing lab: "An unusual step": press event to launch the "Principles on the Ethical Treatment of Animals
The white mouse has been anaesthetized. Its little legs have been affixed to a heating plate by means of adhesive strips, and a large amount of gel has been spread over its clean-shaven breast. An ultrasound probe is positioned overhead, and Richard Holtmeier, a member of the team at the European Institute for Molecular Imaging (EIMI) at the University of MŁnster is using this to study how the mouse copes with a plastic catheter which has been inserted into its carotid artery.

Philosophy - 05.12.2017
Migrant deaths are 'vastly under-reported' according to new report
Migrant deaths are ’vastly under-reported’ according to new report
The majority of migrant deaths are unrecorded, according to a new report which calls for 'significant improvements' to be made in order to capture the true number of deaths which occur during migration worldwide. The report, the second part of Fatal Journeys Volume 3: Improving data on missing migrants from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and co-edited by University of Bristol academic Ann Singleton , comes just days after the US pulled out of the United Nations' global compact on migration.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 02.11.2017
Further retraction prompted by UQ investigation
The editors and publishers of the journal Brain Injury have retracted an academic paper following advice from The University of Queensland. UQ Pro-Vice-Chancellor Research Professor Mark Blows said the 2013 paper involved two former UQ staff members who had already had other papers retracted following a UQ investigation.

Environment - Philosophy - 25.07.2017
Could spraying particles into marine clouds help cool the planet?
Could spraying particles into marine clouds help cool the planet?
The idea of geoengineering, also known as climate engineering, is very controversial. But as greenhouse gases continue to accumulate in our atmosphere, scientists are beginning to look at possible emergency measures. A new University of Washington study looks at the idea of marine cloud brightening , which a UW group is investigating as a promising strategy to offset global warming.

Philosophy - 18.07.2017
Hearing a sound can alter perception of finger size
Hearing a sound can alter perception of finger size
Hearing an ascending sound while pulling their own finger can make a person think their finger is longer than it is, finds a new study led by UCL and the Institute of Philosophy, School of Advanced Study, University of London. The study, published in Scientific Reports and funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), provides the first evidence that an artificial sound, unrelated to the sound of body movements, can alter how a person perceives their own body when the sound is arbitrarily paired with a bodily action.

Business / Economics - Philosophy - 14.06.2017
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚'' are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚’’ are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚'' are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds People are happier and more productive when their leaders show strong morals, a clear vision and commitment to stakeholders, a new study has found. The growing importance of what is being described as ‘purposeful leadership' for the modern workplace is outlined today in a new report for the CIPD , the professional body for HR and people development.
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