Results 21 - 40 of 74.

Health - Philosophy - 22.08.2018
New ethical framework released for global health research
New ethical framework released for global health research
The author of a new ethical framework for global health research aims to support researchers and their partners to better engage disadvantaged and marginalised communities when setting research priorities. University of Melbourne School of Population and Global Health ethics researcher Dr Bridget Pratt also wants research funders to ensure their grants programs encourage and support meaningful community engagement.

Philosophy - Psychology - 09.08.2018
When moral outrage goes viral, it can come across as bullying, Stanford study finds
Stanford psychologists find that when online comments pile up against an individual's questionable behavior, people are more likely to see it as bullying and start to feel sympathy for the offender. Stanford psychologists find that while individual comments against offensive behavior on social media are seen as admirable, when comments multiply they may lead to greater sympathy for the offender.

Social Sciences - Philosophy - 26.07.2018
New research uncovers successes and failures of UK’s help for Syrian immigrants
Syrian refugees have higher levels of unemployment than UK citizens, are often overqualified for work they do find, and are being underserved by current British immigration policy despite their eagerness to contribute to society, new research reveals. A new report from a multidisciplinary research team at the University of Glasgow, supported by the Global Challenges Research Fund, offers unique insight into the lives of Syrian refugees based in the UK and how their experiences compare with refugees settled in Lebanon and Greece.

Social Sciences - Philosophy - 25.07.2018
Is storytelling bad for science?
Is storytelling bad for science?
Science can't exist without telling a story. The question is not whether we should use it, but how we should use it best, writes Professor Nick Enfield. Scientists often struggle to communicate the findings of research. Our subject matter can be technical and not easily digested by a general audience.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 23.07.2018
Heritable genome editing could become "morally permissible"
An independent inquiry led by Nuffield Council on Bioethics, involving UCL, has concluded that editing the DNA of a human embryo, sperm, or egg to influence the characteristics of a future person ('heritable genome editing') could be "morally permissible". The technique of genome editing could be used to alter the DNA of a human embryo, before it is transferred to the womb.

Philosophy - Career - 12.07.2018
Bridging the divide: philosophy meets science
A unique three-year project to bridge the divide between science and philosophy - which embedded early-career philosophers into some of Cambridge's ground-breaking scientific research clusters - is the subject of a new film released today. Academics in the humanities as well as the sciences are beginning to appreciate some of the difficulties arising from the extreme degrees of specialisation - where we are losing the ability to talk to each other.

Innovation - Philosophy - 03.07.2018
Establishing Public Trust in Smart Cities
CMU expert says key is to focus on psychological, sociological and ethical consequences of new technologies The deployment of smart city technologies forms a fascinating social quandary. On one hand, smart city technologies have already proven they can make our lives more convenient, and even transform individuals who were previously limited based on factors such as health and socioeconomic status.

Philosophy - Mathematics - 29.01.2018
Indian Sacred Texts and the Logic of Computer Ethics
Indian Sacred Texts and the Logic of Computer Ethics
Can we teach ethical behaviour to machines' Computer Scientists in Vienna are studying ancient Sanskrit texts and using the tools of mathematical logic to describe ethical rules. The Indian sacred texts of the Vedas have been studied for millennia. But now, for the first time in history, computer scientists in Vienna analyse them by applying the methods of mathematical logic.

Philosophy - 05.12.2017
Migrant deaths are 'vastly under-reported' according to new report
Migrant deaths are ’vastly under-reported’ according to new report
The majority of migrant deaths are unrecorded, according to a new report which calls for 'significant improvements' to be made in order to capture the true number of deaths which occur during migration worldwide. The report, the second part of Fatal Journeys Volume 3: Improving data on missing migrants from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and co-edited by University of Bristol academic Ann Singleton , comes just days after the US pulled out of the United Nations' global compact on migration.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 02.11.2017
Further retraction prompted by UQ investigation
The editors and publishers of the journal Brain Injury have retracted an academic paper following advice from The University of Queensland. UQ Pro-Vice-Chancellor Research Professor Mark Blows said the 2013 paper involved two former UQ staff members who had already had other papers retracted following a UQ investigation.

Environment - Philosophy - 25.07.2017
Could spraying particles into marine clouds help cool the planet?
Could spraying particles into marine clouds help cool the planet?
The idea of geoengineering, also known as climate engineering, is very controversial. But as greenhouse gases continue to accumulate in our atmosphere, scientists are beginning to look at possible emergency measures. A new University of Washington study looks at the idea of marine cloud brightening , which a UW group is investigating as a promising strategy to offset global warming.

Philosophy - 18.07.2017
Hearing a sound can alter perception of finger size
Hearing a sound can alter perception of finger size
Hearing an ascending sound while pulling their own finger can make a person think their finger is longer than it is, finds a new study led by UCL and the Institute of Philosophy, School of Advanced Study, University of London. The study, published in Scientific Reports and funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), provides the first evidence that an artificial sound, unrelated to the sound of body movements, can alter how a person perceives their own body when the sound is arbitrarily paired with a bodily action.

Economics - Philosophy - 14.06.2017
‚?'Purposeful leaders‚'' are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds
‚?‘Purposeful leaders‚’’ are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds
‚?'Purposeful leaders‚'' are winning hearts and minds in workplaces, study finds People are happier and more productive when their leaders show strong morals, a clear vision and commitment to stakeholders, a new study has found. The growing importance of what is being described as 'purposeful leadership' for the modern workplace is outlined today in a new report for the CIPD , the professional body for HR and people development.

Philosophy - Social Sciences - 07.04.2017
The power of social approval on cooperation
People value their moral reputation to such an extent that they will work to behave well and cooperate with each other rather than risk being judged negatively for their actions, according to new Stanford research. Sociology Professor Robb Willer says a new study shows that moral judgments are a powerful means for encouraging cooperation.

Health - Philosophy - 05.04.2017
Public attitudes towards end-of-life care in progressive neurological illness are conflicted, study reveals
Public attitudes towards end-of-life care in progressive neurological illness are conflicted, study reveals
Public attitudes in UK and USA reveal support both for life-sustaining interventions and for measures to enable peaceful death in progressive neurological illness such as dementia, according to a survey carried out by researchers at the University of Cambridge. Debate surrounding assisted dying goes to the heart of clinical ethical principles Gemma Clarke The study found that one in six people believes that measures must be taken to sustain life at any cost even when a patient is in the final stages of an illness such as dementia.

Health - Philosophy - 30.01.2017
Why the bar needs to be raised for human clinical trials
Standards for authorizing first-time trials of drugs in humans are lax, and should be strengthened in several ways, McGill University researchers argue in a paper . Standards for authorizing first-time trials of drugs in humans are lax, and should be strengthened in several ways, McGill University researchers argue in a paper .

Environment - Philosophy - 24.01.2017
Pope’s picture spurs Republicans to shift climate views
After Pope Francis framed climate change as a moral issue in his second encyclical , conservative Republicans shifted and began to see that environmental dilemma in the same way, according to a new study led by Cornell communication researchers. 'When Pope Francis issued his encyclical paper in June 2015, he emerged as a strong advocate for climate action,' said Jonathon P. Schuldt, assistant professor of communication.

Philosophy - 21.12.2016
Emojis’ So does the rest of the world
ANN ARBOR?People worldwide love , except the French, who prefer , according to a new study of global emoji usage. Researchers at the University of Michigan and Peking University analyzed 427 million messages from nearly 4 million smartphone users in 212 countries and regions to see if emoji use was universal or differed based on user location and culture.

Philosophy - 19.12.2016
Turns out 'dirty money' does bother people
Turns out ‘dirty money’ does bother people
People tend to view money through a moral lens and are more likely to turn down or donate stolen bills and coins than 'clean' cash, a new study has found. Classic economics suggests that the only thing that matters about money is its amount, not what it looks like or where it has been. However, researchers from Yale and the University of Michigan show that people evaluate money based on its moral history.

Health - Philosophy - 16.12.2016
From knowledge to certainty
From knowledge to certainty
Research news Evidence is continually growing in importance for political, societal, and individual decisions, despite increasing talk of an impending 'post-factual era'. Evidence is based on data that is collected in a scientific fashion, but is also a social phenomenon. How and by whom is it created and used, and what impact does this have? This is what a new research group funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and represented by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has set out to investigate.