Results 41 - 60 of 74.

Philosophy - 07.12.2016
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
Optional moral assessment can promote cooperation more effectively than compulsory moral assessment A research team led by Mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from the University of Vienna presents a new optimal theory of the evolution of reputation-based cooperation. This team proves that the practice of making moral assessments conditionally is very effective in establishing cooperation in terms of evolutionary game theory.

Environment - Philosophy - 16.11.2016
Moral values influence action on climate change
Two moral values most highly rated by liberals predict willingness to make lifestyle changes to avert climate change, according to Cornell research. The findings also suggest that a moral value rated more highly by conservatives may foster intention to act on climate change. A new multidisciplinary study suggests moral values highly rated by liberals - namely, compassion and fairness - influence willingness to make personal choices to mitigate climate change's impact in the future.

Economics - Philosophy - 01.11.2016
Elephant poaching costs African economies US $25 million per year in lost tourism revenue
New research shows investing in elephant conservation is smart economic policy for many African countries. We know that within parks, tourism suffers when elephant poaching ramps up. This work provides a first estimate of the scale of that loss Andrew Balmford The current elephant poaching crisis costs African countries around USD $25 million annually in lost tourism revenue, according to a new study published .

Philosophy - Pedagogy - 05.10.2016
The truth about lying? Children’s perceptions get more nuanced with age
Moral development study suggests that younger children have a binary take on truth and lies - while older children take intent and outcomes more into consideration Parents don't like it when children lie. But what do the kids themselves think about it? New research suggests truth telling isn't black and white.

Social Sciences - Philosophy - 05.10.2016
Being kind to others does make you ’slightly happier’
Researchers conclude that being kind to others causes a small but significant improvement in subjective well-being. The review found that the effect is lower than some pop-psychology articles have claimed, but also concluded that future research might help identify which kind acts are most effective at boosting happiness.

Health - Philosophy - 16.09.2016
A litmus test of fairness
A litmus test of fairness
For example, lay people think that the sickest patients and those on waiting lists should be treated first, while ethicists - and to some degree medical professionals - tend to have a different set of priorities.

Philosophy - 17.08.2016
The dragonfly's flight technique uncovered
The dragonfly’s flight technique uncovered
An American emperor dragonfly accelerates streaks of smoke down when it flaps its four wings. The photo has been edited. PHOTO: IGOR SIWANOWICZ/HUAI-TI LIN The complicated structure of the dragonfly's wings makes them sturdier and increases their stability and flexibility in the air, without affecting the aerodynamics.

Philosophy - 07.07.2016
248 from Jul 07, 2016 Appointed to Senate of German Research Foundation Three Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin Newly Appointed to DFG Senate
Three Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin Newly Appointed to DFG Senate ' 248/2016 from Jul 07, 2016 Three scholars at Freie Universität Berlin have been newly appointed to the Senate of the German Research Foundation (DFG). They are Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Professor Dr. Peter Geimer, and Thomas Risse.

Philosophy - 06.07.2016
How to get moral free-riders to cooperate
How to get moral free-riders to cooperate
What motivates people to contribute to trustful moral judgment, which is a public good yet tends to be costly? This is the moral free rider problem. Mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from University of Vienna and colleagues Isamu Okada and Yutaka Nakai in Japan have put forth a theoretical resolution. The study has been published online in Biology Letters, a journal published by The Royal Society.

Philosophy - Health - 30.06.2016
Ethical issues surrounding CRISPR-Cas9 technology
Font size Bookmark Print Tip a friend On 13 June last, the Inserm Ethics Committee assembled over a hundred individuals at its annual seminar. All those present had the benefit of an ethical perspective on many problems posed by biomedical research. One of the questions addressed was that of CRISPR-Cas9 technology.

Philosophy - 09.06.2016
UQ responds to inaccurate media reports
Letter to the Editor On 9 June 2016 The Guardian published an article in relation to a decision involving Professor Paul Frijters. It is not the University's practice to comment in relation to ongoing staffing matters. However there are a number of inaccuracies in the article which need to be corrected.

Philosophy - Health - 29.03.2016
Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Autistic and non-autistic people make similar moral judgements
Despite prevalent myths in public about autism about their lack of empathic concern for others and propensity for condoning harmful behavior, so far the relation between their empathic capacity and moral evaluations remains sparsely studied. New research shows that the seemingly callous attitudes in autism are not a feature of autism per se but are due to an understudied aspect of their personality called alexithymia, which is characterized by emotional processing difficulties.

Philosophy - Economics - 19.11.2015
More or less ethical
The ethics of a person's negotiating tactics may differ according to the nationality of the other party to the negotiation, according to a new study. Business is increasingly global, so ethical concerns are becoming more important in terms of cross-national business and negotiations David De Cremer Do the ethics of a person's negotiating tactics differ when they negotiate with someone from a different country? A new study co-authored at University of Cambridge Judge Business School suggests that they do.

Philosophy - 12.10.2015
To make effective political arguments, Stanford sociologist says
To make effective political arguments, Stanford sociologist says
Stanford sociologist Robb Willer finds that an effective way to persuade people in politics is to reframe arguments to appeal to the moral values of those holding opposing positions. In today's American politics, it might seem impossible to craft effective political messages that reach across the aisle on hot-button issues like same-sex marriage, national health insurance and military spending.

Philosophy - Physics - 25.08.2015
Stanford philosopher strengthens Kant’s connection to natural science and Newton
Research by philosophy Professor Michael Friedman reveals how a lesser-known Kantian text serves as an important bridge between Kant's concepts of metaphysics and natural science, as well as between defining periods in Kant's development. Wikimedia German philosopher Immanuel Kant's "Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science" is the subject of Stanford Professor Michael Friedman's newest book.

Philosophy - Economics - 20.08.2015
Collaboration may encourage corporate corruption
While the benefits of cooperation in human society are clear, new research from The University of Nottingham suggests it also has a dark side - one that encourages corrupt behaviour. "Collaborative settings, not just greed, can provide fertile ground for corruption, as typified by recent scandals in the football and banking worlds.

Philosophy - Pedagogy - 09.07.2015
Philosophy discussions for ten year olds can boost their reading and maths
Philosophy discussions for ten year olds can boost their reading and maths
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Philosophy discussions for ten year olds can boost their reading and maths Encouraging primary school pupils to have philosophical discussions can boost their maths and reading results, according to new research conducted by Durham University.

Philosophy - Life Sciences - 05.06.2015
Eating Less During Late Night Hours May Stave off Some Effects of Sleep Deprivation, Penn Study Shows
Individuals with a higher level of moral reasoning skills showed increased gray matter in the areas of the brain implicated in complex social behavior , decision making , and conflict processing as compared to subjects at a lower level of moral reasoning, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in collaboration with a researcher from Charité Universitätsmediz in Berlin, Germany.

Philosophy - Economics - 05.06.2015
’Moral identity’ key to charitable time giving
Charities want your time and not just your money: new study identifies factors that lessen 'time aversion' in charitable giving. There is a strong connection between moral identity and the willingness to donate time Eric Levy Charities have long wrestled with the issue of persuading people to donate their time to worthy causes.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 26.05.2015
What is the best way to kill a cane toad?
Like many pests, cane toads are killed in their thousands in Australia every year, especially by community-based 'toad-busting' groups. New research has now revealed the most humane way to do it. "We need to offer a humane death to the toads - it's not their fault they were brought to Australia 80 years ago - but until now nobody has been sure how to do it," said Professor Rick Shine, from the University of Sydney's School of Biological Sciences.