Results 61 - 74 of 74.

Philosophy - 18.03.2015
Moral decisions can be influenced by eye tracking
Moral decisions can be influenced by eye tracking
Our opinions are affected by what our eyes are focusing on in the same instant we make moral decisions. Researchers at Lund University and other institutions have managed to influence people's responses to questions such as "is murder defensible?" by tracking their eye movements. When the participants had looked at a randomly pre-selected response long enough, they were asked for an immediate answer.

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 02.03.2015
Research communications experts partner with Morgridge Institute
Intuition tells us that the more factual information one gathers on a controversial topic, the more likely one will reach the "correct" conclusion. But when it comes to controversial science - genetically modified foods, biofuels, and climate change, to name a few -áthe most informed people on the topics frequently have the most polarized views about their value or risk.

Philosophy - Life Sciences - 18.12.2014
Neuroscientists identify brain mechanisms that predict generosity in children
University of Chicago developmental neuroscientists have found specific brain markers that predict generosity in children. Those neural markers appear to be linked to both social and moral evaluation processes. There are many sorts of prosocial behaviors. Although young children are natural helpers, their perspective on sharing resources tends to be selfish.

Philosophy - Economics - 18.11.2014
Most people would rather harm themselves than others for profit
Most people would rather harm themselves than others for profit
A UCL-led experiment on 80 pairs of adults found that people were willing to sacrifice on average twice as much money to spare a stranger pain than to spare themselves, despite the decision being secret. The study, conducted by researchers from UCL and Oxford University and funded by the Wellcome Trust, was the first to experimentally compare how much pain people were willing to anonymously inflict on themselves or strangers in exchange for money.

Philosophy - Administration - 04.11.2014
PC workplace boosts creativity in male-female teams
Political correctness - loathed by some as censorship awash in leftist philosophy - actually boosts the creativity of mixed-sex work teams, according to new research. If you think Americans are pushed to speak the language of close-minded social idealists at the expense of free speech, new research led by a Cornell ILR School professor might make you cringe.

Mathematics - Philosophy - 30.06.2014
Logic is Like Abstract Art
Modern logic unleashed new areas of mathematics. Even when language and intuition fail, conclusive theories can be constructed with the help of logic. When little children share chocolates, they already have to deal with numbers. Even complicated mathematical objects can often be grasped intuitively.

Philosophy - 23.06.2014
Understanding sexual ethics in school
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Philosophy - 06.06.2014
UQ workshops research misconduct investigations with Go8
The University of Queensland is sharing its expertise in investigating and preventing research misconduct with other Group of Eight (Go8) universities. Acting Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) Professor Anton Middelberg said University investigations had resulted in the retraction of three academic journal articles published by two former members of staff, and was now helping other universities to learn from that process.

Health - Philosophy - 03.06.2014
Prostate cancer testing is on trial
Prostate cancer testing is on trial 3 June 2014 The University of Sydney's School of Public Health is seeking people to participate in a "community jury" to independently asses the process of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing in Australia. The PSA test is often used to test healthy men to see whether they have prostate cancer.

Philosophy - 18.06.2013
Review of Research Calls into Question Sex Differences in Face-to-Face Mate Preferences
AUSTIN, Texas — Women say they place a priority on a potential partner's earning prospects, and men claim to value a potential partner's physical attractiveness; these sex differences have been widely studied by psychologists for decades. A recently published meta-analysis conducted by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin indicates that these differences may be more fragile than previously thought.

Philosophy - 24.04.2013
Discovering the gender of an unborn baby and giving him or her a name, may help fathers bond with their offspring
Dads who find out the sex of their unborn child and give him or her a name may find it easier to connect emotionally with their baby, a study conducted at the University of Birmingham has found. The report, entitled The Moral Habitus of Fatherhood: A Study of How Men Negotiate the Moral Demands of Becoming a Father, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, looked at men's experiences of, and feelings about, becoming a father and mapped their journeys from the discovery of the pregnancy to the early months of fatherhood.

Philosophy - Health - 11.01.2013
Scholars call for new ethical guidelines to direct research on social networking
The unique data collection capabilities of social networking and online gaming websites require new ethical guidance from federal regulators concerning online research involving adolescent subjects, an ethics scholar from the Morgridge Institute for Research and a computer and learning sciences expert from Tufts University argue .

Life Sciences - Philosophy - 28.11.2012
Moral evaluations of harm are instant and emotional, brain study shows
People are able to detect, within a split second, if a hurtful action they are witnessing is intentional or accidental, new research on the brain at the University of Chicago shows. The study is the first to explain how the brain is hard-wired to recognize when another person is being intentionally harmed.

Philosophy - 03.06.2009
Easily grossed out? You’re more likely a conservative, says Cornell psychologist
Are you someone who squirms when confronted with slime, shudders at stickiness or gets grossed out by gore? Do crawly insects make you cringe or dead bodies make you blanch? If so, chances are you're more conservative - politically, and especially in your attitudes toward gays and lesbians - than your less-squeamish counterparts, according to two Cornell studies.