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Physics - Chemistry - 07.12.2018
Engineers produce smallest 3-D transistor yet
Engineers produce smallest 3-D transistor yet
Process that modifies semiconductor material atom by atom could enable higher-performance electronics. Researchers from MIT and the University of Colorado have fabricated a 3-D transistor that's less than half the size of today's smallest commercial models. To do so, they developed a novel microfabrication technique that modifies semiconductor material atom by atom.

Physics - Chemistry - 07.12.2018
Seeing and avoiding the ’blind spot’ in atomic force measurements
Researchers have discovered a 'blind spot' in atomic force microscopy - a powerful tool capable of measuring the force between two atoms, imaging the structure of individual cells and the motion of biomolecules. Atoms are around a tenth of a nanometre in size, or a million times smaller than the width of a human hair.

Physics - 06.12.2018
Atoms stand in for electrons in system for probing high-temperature superconductors
Atoms stand in for electrons in system for probing high-temperature superconductors
Using new "quantum emulator," physicists can observe individual atoms moving through these materials, and measure their speed. High-temperature superconductors have the potential to transform everything from electricity transmission and power generation to transportation. The materials, in which electron pairs travel without friction - meaning no energy is lost as they move - could dramatically improve the energy efficiency of electrical systems.

Health - Physics - 05.12.2018
Nano-signature discovery could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
Nano-signature discovery could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
A quick and easy test to detect cancer from blood or biopsy tissue could eventually result in a new approach to patient diagnosis. The test has been developed by University of Queensland researchers Dr Abu Sina , Dr Laura Carrascosa and Professor Matt Trau , who have discovered a unique DNA nanostructure that appears to be common to all cancers.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.12.2018
Galileo satellites prove Einstein's Relativity Theory to highest accuracy yet
Galileo satellites prove Einstein’s Relativity Theory to highest accuracy yet
ESA Navigation EGNOS Galileo Evolution NAVISP 4 December 2018 Europe's Galileo satellite navigation system - already serving users globally - has now provided a historic service to the physics community worldwide, enabling the most accurate measurement ever made of how shifts in gravity alter the passing of time, a key element of Einstein's Theory of General Relativity.

Physics - Life Sciences - 03.12.2018
Nanoscale tweezers can perform single-molecule ’biopsies’ on individual cells
Using electrical impulses, the 'tweezers' can extract single DNA, proteins and organelles from living cells without destroying them. We are continuously expanding our knowledge on how cells function, but many unanswered questions remain. This is especially true for individual cells that are of the same type, such as brain, muscle or fat cells, but have very different compositions at the single-molecule level.

Life Sciences - Physics - 03.12.2018
Simple yet powerful model predicts DNA organization
Stanford researchers built a computer model to simulate how DNA is packaged in the nucleus, allowing them to do computational experiments that would be impractical at the lab bench. Facebook Twitter Email Scientists often try to understand important processes in the cell by interfering and observing what happens.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.12.2018
LIGO and Virgo announce four new gravitational-wave detections
University of Glasgow physicists are closing out 2018 with the publication of a wealth of new gravitational wave data collected during the first two observing runs of the LIGO and Virgo detectors. video In a new paper just published online, scientists from the LIGO and Virgo research collaborations present data from a total of 10 stellar-mass binary black hole mergers and one merger of neutron stars.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.12.2018
Scientists detect biggest known black-hole collision
Scientists detect biggest known black-hole collision
An international team of scientists have detected ripples in space and time, known as gravitational waves, from the biggest known black-hole collision that formed a new black hole about 80 times larger than the Sun - and from another three black-hole mergers. ANU is playing a lead role in Australia's involvement with the gravitational wave discovery through a partnership in the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), which is based in the United States.

Physics - Innovation / Technology - 03.12.2018
New quantum materials could take computers beyond the semiconductor era
New quantum materials could take computers beyond the semiconductor era
Researchers from Intel Corp. and UC Berkeley are looking beyond current transistor technology and preparing the way for a new type of memory and logic circuit that could someday be in every computer on the planet. In a paper appearing online Dec.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 30.11.2018
Study witnesses first moments of star dying in finest detail
Study witnesses first moments of star dying in finest detail
An international research team including The Australian National University (ANU) has used the Kepler space telescope in coordination with ground-based telescopes to witness the first moments of a star dying in unprecedented detail. The astronomers witnessed the star dying a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, as part of a project that aims to solve the mystery of how stars explode.

Physics - Careers / Employment - 30.11.2018
Ten projects awarded
ETH researchers had excellent results in the issuing of ERC grants: they were able to win 10 Consolidator Grants in the amount of 24 million Swiss francs for their research. Researchers from ETH Zurich have never before been able to win so many ERC Consolidator Grants in one round as they managed to this time.

Innovation / Technology - Physics - 29.11.2018
Team blasts Intel's new AI chip with radiation at CERN
Team blasts Intel’s new AI chip with radiation at CERN
ESA Space Engineering & Technology Preparing for the Future Shaping the Future 29 November 2018 An ESA-led team subjected Intel's new Myriad 2 artificial intelligence chip to one of the most energetic radiation beams available on Earth. This test of its suitability to fly in space took place at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.

Materials Science - Physics - 29.11.2018
What happens when materials take tiny hits
What happens when materials take tiny hits
High-speed camera shows incoming particles cause damage by briefly melting surfaces as they strike. When tiny particles strike a metal surface at high speed - for example, as coatings being sprayed or as micrometeorites pummeling a space station - the moment of impact happens so fast that the details of process haven't been clearly understood, until now.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 29.11.2018
A new method for weighing super-massive black holes
A new method for weighing super-massive black holes
Paris, 29 November 2018 Scientists have revealed, for the first time outside our Galaxy, the properties of rapidly moving gas clouds in the immediate vicinity of a super-massive black hole, enabling the mass of the black hole to be measured with unprecedented accuracy.

Physics - 28.11.2018
FIONA Measures the Mass Number of 2 Superheavy Elements: Moscovium and Nihonium
FIONA Measures the Mass Number of 2 Superheavy Elements: Moscovium and Nihonium
A team led by nuclear physicists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has reported the first direct measurements of the mass numbers for the nuclei of two superheavy elements: moscovium, which is element 115, and nihonium, element 113. They obtained the results using FIONA, a new tool at Berkeley Lab that is designed to resolve the nuclear and atomic properties of the heaviest elements.

Physics - Environment - 28.11.2018
A new way to provide cooling without power
A new way to provide cooling without power
Device developed at MIT could provide refrigeration for off-grid locations. MIT researchers have devised a new way of providing cooling on a hot sunny day, using inexpensive materials and requiring no fossil fuel-generated power. The passive system, which could be used to supplement other cooling systems to preserve food and medications in hot, off-grid locations, is essentially a high-tech version of a parasol.

Life Sciences - Physics - 27.11.2018
Potential New Way to Boost Biofuels and Bioproducts Production
Potential New Way to Boost Biofuels and Bioproducts Production
JBEI researchers gain understanding of central metabolism of bacteria and yeast species commonly used in biotechnology Researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have gained insight into the primary process by which all cells harness energy, known as cellular respiration, of E. coli bacteria and a species of yeast, each of which are common hosts for biofuels and bioproducts.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.11.2018
Marsquakes’ mission successfully lands on Red Planet
A mission to Mars which carries instruments co-designed by Oxford scientists, has successfully landed and will soon begin the first study of the heart of the planet. The NASA InSight mission landed shortly after 19:50 GMT on Monday, 26 November. InSight will study the inside of Mars to learn how planets, moons and meteorites with rocky surfaces, including the Earth and its Moon, formed.

Physics - Chemistry - 23.11.2018
Chemists develop new method for selective binding of proteins
Chemists develop new method for selective binding of proteins
‘Key-and-lock recognition' through co-assembling points of contact on a nanoscale / Potential for diagnostics, imaging and active ingredients in medicines A new method of selectively binding proteins to nanoparticles has been described by a team of German and Chinese researchers headed by Prof. Bart Jan Ravoo, a chemist at the “Center for Soft Nanoscience” at the University of Münster.
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