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Physics - Innovation / Technology - 22.02.2019
Researchers use ’laser tweezers’ to boost liquid crystal technology
Institute for Molecular Engineering breakthrough could lead to new display or sensor technologies Liquid crystals, with their uniform molecular structure and orientation, offer exciting possibilities for future technology. They are already the basis of displays, which use the crystals' orientation to exhibit a wide array of colors.

Physics - 22.02.2019
Physicists get thousands of semiconductor nuclei to do 'quantum dances' in unison
Physicists get thousands of semiconductor nuclei to do ’quantum dances’ in unison
A team of Cambridge researchers have found a way to control the sea of nuclei in semiconductor quantum dots so they can operate as a quantum memory device.

Life Sciences - Physics - 22.02.2019
New MRI sensor can image activity deep within the brain
New MRI sensor can image activity deep within the brain
Noninvasive measurements of calcium could reveal neurons' roles in different types of behavior. Calcium is a critical signaling molecule for most cells, and it is especially important in neurons. Imaging calcium in brain cells can reveal how neurons communicate with each other; however, current imaging techniques can only penetrate a few millimeters into the brain.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 22.02.2019
Physicists calculate proton's pressure distribution for first time
Physicists calculate proton’s pressure distribution for first time
The particle's core withstands pressures higher than those inside a neutron star, according to a new study. Neutron stars are among the densest-known objects in the universe, withstanding pressures so great that one teaspoon of a star's material would equal about 15 times the weight of the moon. Yet as it turns out, protons - the fundamental particles that make up most of the visible matter in the universe - contain even higher pressures.

Physics - Chemistry - 21.02.2019
Quantum dots can spit out clone-like photons
Quantum dots can spit out clone-like photons
System that generates coherent single particles of light could help pave the way for quantum information processors or communications. In the global quest to develop practical computing and communications devices based on the principles of quantum physics, one potentially useful component has proved elusive: a source of individual particles of light with perfectly constant, predictable, and steady characteristics.

Physics - Chemistry - 21.02.2019
Big Data at the Atomic Scale: New Detector Reaches New Frontier in Speed
Big Data at the Atomic Scale: New Detector Reaches New Frontier in Speed
This video provides an overview of the R&D effort to upgrade an electron microscope at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry with a superfast detector, the 4D Camera. The detector, which is linked to a supercomputer at Berkeley Lab via a high-speed data connection, can capture more images at a faster rate, revealing atomic-scale details across much larger areas than was possible before.

Physics - Electroengineering - 21.02.2019
How to Freeze Heat Conduction
How to Freeze Heat Conduction
Physicists have discovered a new effect, which makes it possible to create excellent thermal insulators which conduct electricity. Such materials can be used to convert waste heat into electrical energy. Every day we lose valuable energy in the form of waste heat - in technical devices at home, but also in large energy systems.

Physics - Chemistry - 21.02.2019
ANU at the forefront of ground-breaking solar research
ANU at the forefront of ground-breaking solar research
Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have made a fresh series of breakthroughs that could help further revolutionise solar technology - making it more efficient, and more accessible - following major discoveries last year. The team from ANU have been concentrating on the solar cell's skin layer, which is 1,000 times thinner than a human hair, and is used to conduct electricity and protect the solar cell.

Physics - 20.02.2019
Of quark speeds finds a solution for a 35-year physics mystery
Of quark speeds finds a solution for a 35-year physics mystery
Number of proton-neutron pairs determine how fast the particles move, results suggest. MIT physicists now have an answer to a question in nuclear physics that has puzzled scientists for three decades: Why do quarks move more slowly inside larger atoms? Quarks, along with gluons, are the fundamental building blocks of the universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.02.2019
Cosmic dust forms in supernovae blasts
Scientists claim to have solved a longstanding mystery as to how cosmic dust, the building blocks of stars and planets, forms across the Universe. Cosmic dust contains tiny fragments or organic material and is spread out across the Universe. The dust is primarily formed in stars and is then blown off in a slow wind or a massive star explosion.

Chemistry - Physics - 20.02.2019
Dietary Fiber Helps Clump Material in Your Gut
Dietary Fiber Helps Clump Material in Your Gut
Food, microbes, and medicine all clump together as they move through our gut. Sticky molecules secreted into our intestines bind the gut particles in the same way that flour holds a ball of dough together. Now a new mice-based study from Caltech is showing that dietary fiber also plays a role in clumping.

Physics - Electroengineering - 20.02.2019
The holy grail of nanowire production
The holy grail of nanowire production
EPFL researchers have found a way to control and standardize the production of nanowires on silicon surfaces. This discovery could make it possible to grow nanowires on electronic platforms, with potential applications including the integration of nanolasers into electronic chips and improved energy conversion in solar panels.

Physics - 18.02.2019
Superconduction: Why does it have to be so cold?
Superconduction: Why does it have to be so cold?
Currently, there is no precise computation method to describe superconducting materials. TU Wien has now made a major advance towards achieving this goal and, at the same time, has furthered an understanding of why conventional materials only become superconducting at around -200°C Why does it always have to be so cold? We now know of a whole range of materials that ' under certain conditions ' conduct electrical current entirely without resistance.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 18.02.2019
Space behaviour
Space behaviour
ESA > Our Activities > Human and Robotic Exploration > International Space Station Europe's Columbus laboratory enters its eleventh year in space with steady operations, a few upgrades and several experiments in full swing. The physical behaviour of particles, liquids and cells in microgravity was the focus of ESA's activities on the International Space Station during the first weeks of February.

Physics - 15.02.2019
Sound waves let quantum systems ’talk’ to one another
Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have invented an innovative way for different types of quantum technology to "talk" to each other using sound. The study , published Feb. 11 , is an important step in bringing quantum technology closer to reality. Researchers are eyeing quantum systems, which tap the quirky behavior of the smallest particles as the key to a fundamentally new generation of atomic-scale electronics for computation and communication.

Electroengineering - Physics - 15.02.2019
A transformer to drive the transition from AC to DC
A transformer to drive the transition from AC to DC
EPFL researchers have developed a compact and efficient medium-frequency transformer. Their device is poised to enhance the flexibility and efficiency of tomorrow's smart grids and DC power distribution networks. An EPFL-made prototype has been thoroughly tested and presented in several tutorials designed for experts from the academic and industrial worlds.

Physics - 14.02.2019
NNSA approves 'Critical Decision 1' for Advanced Sources and Detectors Project, a new tool to advance stockpile stewardship
NNSA approves ’Critical Decision 1’ for Advanced Sources and Detectors Project, a new tool to advance stockpile stewardship
The project is designed to generate x-ray images of subcritical experiments The new diagnostics capabilities provided by ASD will significantly enhance and expand the ability to measure the dynamic behavior of plutonium under weapons-relevant conditions. Bob Webster, Deputy Director of Los Alamos National Laboratory for Weapons The project is designed to generate x-ray images of subcritical experiments for the Nation's nuclear weapons program LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb.

Materials Science - Physics - 14.02.2019
Solar-powered supercapacitors could create flexible, wearable electronics
A breakthrough in energy storage technology could bring a new generation of flexible electronic devices to life, including solar-powered prosthetics for amputees. In a new paper published in the journal Advanced Science , a team of engineers from the University of Glasgow discuss how they have used layers of graphene and polyurethane to create a flexible supercapacitor which can generate power from the sun and store excess energy for later use.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.02.2019
Earth's atmosphere stretches out to the Moon - and beyond
Earth’s atmosphere stretches out to the Moon - and beyond
The outermost part of our planet's atmosphere extends well beyond the lunar orbit - almost twice the distance to the Moon. A recent discovery based on observations by the ESA/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, SOHO, shows that the gaseous layer that wraps around Earth reaches up to 630 000 km away, or 50 times the diameter of our planet.

Physics - Electroengineering - 14.02.2019
Giving keener
Giving keener "electric eyesight" to autonomous vehicles
On-chip system that detects signals at sub-terahertz wavelengths could help steer driverless cars through fog and dust. Autonomous vehicles relying on light-based image sensors often struggle to see through blinding conditions, such as fog. But MIT researchers have developed a sub-terahertz-radiation receiving system that could help steer driverless cars when traditional methods fail.
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