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Physics - 23.03.2010
Seeing is believing
Seeing is believing
Whenever you look up at the stars you are looking back in time, as light from even our closest neighbour, Alpha Centauri, started its journey to Earth more than four years ago. It is a phenomenon that astrophysicists Professor Malcolm Bremer and Dr Ben Maughan from the Department of Physics grapple with daily in their research into deepest space.

Physics - Administration - 22.03.2010
Helium rain on Jupiter explains lack of neon in atmosphere
Helium rain on Jupiter explains lack of neon in atmosphere
A slice through the interior of Jupiter shows the top layers that are depleted of helium and neon, the thin layer where helium drops condense and fall, and the deep interior where helium and neon again mix with metallic hydrogen. ( Burkhard Militzer graphic) On Jupiter, however, UC Berkeley scientists claim that helium rain is the best way to explain the scarcity of neon in the outer layers of the planet, the solar system's largest.

Physics - History / Archeology - 21.03.2010
Astronomers Get Sharpest View Ever of Star Factories in Distant Universe
Astronomers Get Sharpest View Ever of Star Factories in Distant Universe
Cambridge, MA - Astronomers have combined a natural gravitational lens and a sophisticated telescope array to get the sharpest view ever of "star factories" in a galaxy over 10 billion light-years from Earth. They found that the distant galaxy, known as SMM J2135-0102, is making new stars 250 times faster than our Galaxy, the Milky Way.

Health - Physics - 20.03.2010
Caltech-led Team Provides Proof in Humans of RNA Interference Using Targeted Nanoparticles
Caltech-led Team Provides Proof in Humans of RNA Interference Using Targeted Nanoparticles
PASADENA, Calif.—A California Institute of Technology (Caltech)-led team of researchers and clinicians has published the first proof that a targeted nanoparticle—used as an experimental therapeutic and injected directly into a patient's bloodstream—can traffic into tumors, deliver double-stranded small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), and turn off an important cancer gene using a mechanism known as RNA interference (RNAi).

Physics - 19.03.2010
LHC sets new record to 3.5 TeV
LHC sets new record to 3.5 TeV
At just after 5:20 this morning, two 3.5 TeV proton beams successfully circulated in the Large Hadron Collider for the first time.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 18.03.2010
Clever Materials Just Bend
Clever Materials Just Bend
Those who witnessed the first takeoff of an Airbus A380 Superjumbo from Zurich airport at the end of January know that elegant is not the right word for the aircraft.

Physics - 17.03.2010
Cool Jupiter exoplanet found
Cool Jupiter exoplanet found
The CoRoT satellite has discovered the coolest Jupiter-like exoplanet so far to pass in front of its host star, enabling detailed studies of the planet, a team including Oxford University scientists report. CoRoT-9b has a very slightly eccentric orbit similar to that of Mercury around the Sun and, whilst fairly typical of exoplanets found so far, is special in that it passes in front of its host star once per orbit.

Physics - 17.03.2010
Six years in, Cassini provides insights into Saturn’s rings
From the propeller-shaped disturbances and embedded moonlets in the A ring inward to the nearly transparent D ring and outward to the bright arc circling the faint G ring, NASA's Cassini spacecraft has given astronomers a new look at the complex system of rings circling Saturn. Six years into the mission, rings researchers took a step back this week and reviewed some of its most important findings - and noted a few of the many mysteries that remain - in a paper featured on the cover of the March 18 issue of the journal Science.

Physics - Environment - 16.03.2010
Jupiter's Red Spot has 'warm heart'
The international team, including scientists from Oxford University and NASA JPL , used thermal images from the Very Large Telescope (Chile), Gemini Observatory telescope (Chile) and Japan's Subaru telescope (Hawaii). They report their findings in the journal Icarus . ‘This is the first time we can say that there's an intimate link between environmental conditions - temperature, winds, pressure and composition - and the actual colour of the Great Red Spot,' lead author Leigh Fletcher, from Oxford University's Department of Physics, told me.

Physics - 12.03.2010
Princeton scientists say Einstein's theory applies beyond the solar system
Princeton scientists say Einstein's theory applies beyond the solar system
A team led by Princeton University scientists has tested Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity to see if it holds true at cosmic scales. And, after two years of analyzing astronomical data, the scientists have concluded that Einstein's theory, which describes the interplay between gravity, space and time, works as well in vast distances as in more local regions of space.

Physics - 10.03.2010
General relativity valid on cosmic scale
General relativity valid on cosmic scale
San Francisco - University of California Berkeley An analysis of more than 70,000 galaxies demonstrates that the universe - at least up to a distance of 3.5 billion light years from Earth - plays by the rules set out 95 years ago by Albert Einstein in his General Theory of Relativity.

Physics - 10.03.2010
Study validates general relativity on cosmic scale, existence of dark matter
Study validates general relativity on cosmic scale, existence of dark matter
BERKELEY — An analysis of more than 70,000 galaxies by University of California, Berkeley, University of Zurich and Princeton University physicists demonstrates that the universe at least up to a distance of 3.5 billion light years from Earth plays by the rules set out 95 years ago by Albert Einstein in his General Theory of Relativity.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 07.03.2010
Dinosaurs went out with a bang, says study
Dinosaurs went out with a bang, says study
The dinosaurs died out as a result of a huge asteroid strike rather than the eruption of a super volcano, according to a study published today in the journal Science . Dr Paul Bown (UCL Earth Sciences) was part of a panel of researchers who analysed more than two decades? worth of evidence to determine the cause of the Cretaceous?Tertiary (KT) mass extinction.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 05.03.2010
The ever-changing Earth
Researchers at the Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics at Vienna University of Technology (TU) are investigating the effects of the Earth's atmosphere on our planet's shape, its rotation and its gravitational field. The Earth's atmosphere is not only essential to support human life on Earth; it also affects our planet's shape, its rotation and its gravitational field.

Physics - 03.03.2010
Bodleian Library unveils plans for long-awaited renovation of New Bodleian Library
Bodleian Library unveils plans for long-awaited renovation of New Bodleian Library
University 04 Mar 10 Oxford University's world-famous Bodleian Library today unveils its plans for the restoration and renovation of the New Bodleian library building. The long-awaited project has been designed by Wilkinson Eyre Architects; planning permission and Listed Building Consent will be applied for at the end of March.

Physics - Chemistry - 03.03.2010
First of Missing Primitive Stars Discovered
First of Missing Primitive Stars Discovered
Cambridge, MA - Astronomers have discovered a relic from the early universe - a star that may have been among the second generation of stars to form after the Big Bang. Located in the dwarf galaxy Sculptor some 290,000 light-years away, the star has a remarkably similar chemical make-up to the Milky Way's oldest stars.

Physics - Mathematics - 02.03.2010
Mega-tsunami hits House of Commons
Mega-tsunami hits House of Commons
A breakthrough discovery by experts at the University of Sheffield, which sheds light on mega-tsunamis on the Sun, is set to be revealed at the House of Commons next week (Monday 8 March 2010). Solar physicists from the University will discuss their discovery of solar Transition Region Quakes to an audience of MPs both from the House of Commons and the House of Lords at the House of Commons Marquee, after being selected by the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee.

Physics - Life Sciences - 02.03.2010
Device for analyzing biological reactions puts the power of a lab in a pocket
Cambridge, Mass. March 2, 2010 - FFictional candy maker Willy Wonka called his whimsical device to sort good chocolate eggs from bad, an eggucator. Likewise, by determining what enzymes and compounds to keep and which to discard, scientists are aiming to find their own golden eggs: more potent drugs and cleaner sources of energy.

Physics - Chemistry - 25.02.2010
Startup joins UCLA tech incubator to develop technologies for drug discovery, screening
Librede Inc. has joined the UCLA on-campus technology incubator space at the California NanoSystems Institute, where the startup company will work on developing technologies to improve ion channel drug discovery and screening. Ion channels are proteins in cell membranes that play a central role in generating and transmitting cardiac and neural signals.

Physics - Mathematics - 25.02.2010
Scientists find an equation for materials innovation
Scientists find an equation for materials innovation
Princeton engineers have made a breakthrough in an 80-year-old quandary in quantum physics, paving the way for the development of new materials that could make electronic devices smaller and cars more energy efficient. By reworking a theory first proposed by physicists in the 1920s, the researchers discovered a new way to predict important characteristics of a new material before it's been created.

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