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Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.09.2019
New results for the mass of neutrinos
New results for the mass of neutrinos
Apart from photons, the fundamental quanta of light, neutrinos are the most abundant elementary particles in the universe. As they possess a small non-zero mass, these “light-weights of the universe” play a key role in cosmology and particle physics. The most precise scale for neutrinos in the world is the international experiment "KATRIN" at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, in which scientists of the University of Münster are also involved.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.09.2019
KATRIN Cuts the Mass Estimate for the Elusive Neutrino in Half
KATRIN Cuts the Mass Estimate for the Elusive Neutrino in Half
Original release published by the University of Washington. An international team of scientists that includes researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant yet elusive elementary particles in our universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 16.09.2019
KATRIN cuts the mass estimate for the elusive neutrino in half
KATRIN cuts the mass estimate for the elusive neutrino in half
An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. At the 2019 Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics conference in Toyama, Japan, leaders from the KATRIN experiment reported Sept.

Physics - 16.09.2019
3Q: Scientists shave estimate of neutrino's mass in half
3Q: Scientists shave estimate of neutrino’s mass in half
Joseph Formaggio explains the discovery that the ghostly particle must be no more than 1 electronvolt, half as massive as previously thought. Prof. Joseph Formaggio speaks with Clara Moskowitz of Scientific American about how an international team of researchers (including MIT scientists) has found that a neutrino cannot weigh more than one electron volt.

Pharmacology - Physics - 12.09.2019
A Single Dose for Good Measure: How an Anti-Nuclear-Contamination Pill Could Also Help MRI Patients
A Single Dose for Good Measure: How an Anti-Nuclear-Contamination Pill Could Also Help MRI Patients
Same pill designed to treat radiation poisoning could double as an anti-gadolinium-toxicity pill for MRI patients injected with commonly used contrast dye, says Berkeley Lab chemist W hen chemist Rebecca Abergel and her team at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) successfully developed an anti-radiation-poisoning pill in 2014 , they hoped it would never have to be used.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 11.09.2019
Black hole at the center of our galaxy appears to be getting hungrier
The enormous black hole at the center of our galaxy is having an unusually large meal of interstellar gas and dust, and researchers don't yet understand why. “We have never seen anything like this in the 24 years we have studied the supermassive black hole,” said Andrea Ghez, UCLA professor of physics and astronomy and a co-senior author of the research.

Chemistry - Physics - 11.09.2019
From years to days: Artificial Intelligence speeds up photodynamics simulations
From years to days: Artificial Intelligence speeds up photodynamics simulations
Scientists use deep neural networks to achieve simulations on long time scales The prediction of molecular reactions triggered by light is to date extremely time-consuming and therefore costly. A team led by Philipp Marquetand from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna has now presented a method using artificial neural networks that drastically accelerates the simulation of light-induced processes.

Physics - Chemistry - 11.09.2019
Atomically thin micas as proton-conducting membranes
Inleiding: Recent work from CMT researchers (Dr Bacaksiz and Prof Peeters) provide theoretical support for experiments done in Manchester which show that micas are excellent proton conducting membranes. (Physworld News) One-atom thick materials like graphene (a 2D sheet of carbon) conduct protons extremely well but they become impermeable to protons the thicker they get.

Physics - 09.09.2019
Making and controlling crystals of light
Making and controlling crystals of light
EPFL scientists have shown how light inside optical on-chip microresonators can be crystallized in a form of periodic pulse trains that can boost the performance of optical communication links or endow ultrafast LiDAR with sub-micron precision. Optical microresonators convert laser light into ultrashort pulses travelling around the resonator's circumference.

Physics - Music - 06.09.2019
The Force of Sound: CEA-Leti Manipulates Cells & Bacteria Samples Using Non-contact Evanescent Acoustic Tweezers
The Force of Sound: CEA-Leti Manipulates Cells & Bacteria Samples Using Non-contact Evanescent Acoustic Tweezers
Evanescent Acoustic Beam Moves Suspended Particles at Lower Cost & Energy Consumption Than Existing Propagative Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) Systems. CEA-Leti has developed a new acousto-microfluidic technology for manipulating microand nanoscale samples using evanescent sound waves. Described in a paper published in the September issue of Nature (Comm.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 05.09.2019
Closing in on elusive particles
Closing in on elusive particles
In the quest to prove that matter can be produced without antimatter, the GERDA experiment at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory is looking for signs of neutrinoless double beta decay. The experiment has the greatest sensitivity worldwide for detecting the decay in question. To further improve the chances of success, a follow-up project, LEGEND, uses an even more refined decay experiment.

Physics - Computer Science / Telecom - 05.09.2019
Artificial Intelligence for Physics Research
Artificial Intelligence for Physics Research
Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin develop a deep learning method to solve a fundamental problem in statistical physics No 255/2019 from Sep 05, 2019 A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) method that provides a fundamentally new solution of the "sampling problem" in statistical physics.

Materials Science - Physics - 04.09.2019
New insulation technique paves the way for more powerful and smaller chips
Researchers at KU Leuven and imec have successfully developed a new technique to insulate microchips. The technique uses metal-organic frameworks, a new type of materials consisting of structured nanopores. In the long term, this method can be used for the development of even smaller and more powerful chips that consume less energy.

Physics - Materials Science - 04.09.2019
Studying heart cells with nanovolcanoes
Studying heart cells with nanovolcanoes
Researchers at EPFL and the University of Bern have developed a groundbreaking method for studying the electrical signals of cardiac muscle cells. The technology has numerous potential applications in basic and applied research - such as improving the search for mechanisms underlying cardiac arrhythmias.

Physics - Life Sciences - 04.09.2019
Structural Changes in a Photosynthetic Protein Demonstrated in Four Dimensions
Biophysics researchers used a free-electron laser to detect light-induced structural changes with the utmost in temporal and spatial precision No 250/2019 from Sep 04, 2019 The process by which light energy translates into a change in protein structure plays a crucial role in many areas of life, from vision to photosynthesis.

Physics - 04.09.2019
Top secret: writing with a quantum alphabet
Top secret: writing with a quantum alphabet
Secret quantum alphabets could revolutionise how secure communication networks are built and utilised, according to a University of Queensland researcher. UQ PhD candidate and experimental physicist Michael Kewming created his own unique quantum alphabet using the shape of light's smallest particles - photons.

Chemistry - Physics - 03.09.2019
Reveals 'Radical' Wrinkle in Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in Space
Reveals ’Radical’ Wrinkle in Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in Space
Unique experiments at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source shine a light on a new pathway for carbon chemistry to evolve in space A team of scientists has discovered a new possible pathway toward forming carbon structures in space using a specialized chemical exploration technique at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

Physics - 02.09.2019
A new alphabet to write and read quantum messages with very fast particles
A new alphabet to write and read quantum messages with very fast particles
The interplay of quantum mechanics and special relativity requires a new alphabet to send reliable quantum messages Quantum information relies on the possibility of writing messages in a quantum particle and reading them out in a reliable way. If, however, the particle is relativistic, meaning that it moves with velocities close to the speed of light, it is impossible for standard techniques to unambiguously decode the message and the communication fails.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 29.08.2019
Gravitational waves observed from another cosmic collision of a pair of black holes
The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration identify a further gravitational wave event in the data from the Advanced LIGO detectors. On 26 December 2015 at 03:38:53 GMT, the twin LIGO instruments observed a binary black hole coalescence, named GW151226.

Chemistry - Physics - 29.08.2019
The Chemistry of Art: Scientists Explore Aged Paint in Microscopic Detail to Inform Preservation Efforts
The Chemistry of Art: Scientists Explore Aged Paint in Microscopic Detail to Inform Preservation Efforts
Study involving X-ray imaging at Berkeley Lab provides clues to how artwork composed of oil paints can deteriorate over time Watching paint dry may seem like a boring hobby, but understanding what happens after the paint dries can be key in preserving precious works of art. The formation of metal soaps in artwork composed with oil paints can cause "art acne" - including pimpling and more severe deterioration - which poses a pressing challenge for art conservation around the globe.

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