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Physics/Materials Science



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Sport Sciences - Physics / Materials Science - 22.06.2018
Physicist investigates home run increase
The home run rate has surged in the past several years and Major League Baseball wanted to know why. The league convened a committee of scientists to find out, including Stanford physicist Roger Blandford. Home run rates in Major League Baseball have increased steadily since 2015. In 2017, the rate was 35 percent greater than it was before the All-Star Game in 2015.

Physics / Materials Science - Chemistry - 22.06.2018
The physics of better batteries
Researchers tune the electrochemical insertion of lithium atoms between atomically thin sheets of layered materials for smaller, long-lasting batteries Harvard University researchers are using physics to solve one of the biggest challenges in designing light-weight, long-lasting batteries: how to squeeze more energy into less space.

Mechanical Engineering / Mechanics - Physics / Materials Science - 22.06.2018
What causes the sound of a dripping tap - and how do you stop it?
Scientists have solved the riddle behind one of the most recognisable, and annoying, household sounds: the dripping tap. And crucially, they have also identified a simple solution to stop it, which most of us already have in our kitchens.  We were all surprised that no one had actually answered the question of what causes the sound.

Chemistry - Physics / Materials Science - 21.06.2018
Discovery may help find new ways to innovate with light
We have taken the first step towards one day being able to control and manipulate chemical reactions that are critical to vision and photosynthesis. ANU has contributed to a ground-breaking discovery that promises to help revolutionise the science behind the next generation of light-harvesting technologies, including potential new ways to generate solar power.

Physics / Materials Science - Life Sciences - 21.06.2018
6 Berkeley Lab Researchers Receive DOE Early Career Research Awards
Six scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science to receive significant funding for research through its Early Career Research Program. The program, now in its ninth year, is designed to bolster the nation's scientific workforce by providing support to exceptional researchers during the crucial early career years, when many scientists do their most formative work.

Physics / Materials Science - Electroengineering - 20.06.2018
Clues to Solar Cell Efficiency Found at Atomic Level
Clues to Solar Cell Efficiency Found at Atomic Level
For the past 10 years, a family of materials called metal-halide perovskites, which can efficiently convert sunlight to electricity, has been shaking up solar cell research. Unlike traditional silicon solar cells, perovskites do not need to be manufactured under high temperature and with high purity, making them comparatively cheaper and easier to work with.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 19.06.2018
NASA to test Sussex physicist's atomic bubble trap theory in space
NASA to test Sussex physicist’s atomic bubble trap theory in space
NASA to test Sussex physicist's atomic bubble trap theory in space For 18 years Professor Barry Garraway has wondered what might be revealed by his ‘atomic bubble trap' if it were ever to be created in a place without gravity. Now the University of Sussex quantum physicist is about to find out.

Chemistry - Physics / Materials Science - 19.06.2018
Game-changing finding pushes 3D printing to the molecular limit
New University of Nottingham research proves that advanced materials containing molecules that switch states in response to environmental stimuli such as light can be fabricated using 3D printing. The study findings have the potential to vastly increase the functional capabilities of 3D-printed devices for industries such as electronics, healthcare and quantum computing.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 19.06.2018
State of the art imaging challenges our understanding of how platelets are made
State of the art imaging challenges our understanding of how platelets are made
Correlative light-electron microscopy is being used to increase our knowledge of how platelets are made in the body and the results are challenging previously held understandings. University of Bristol Press Release State of the art imaging challenges our understanding of how platelets are made Correlative light-electron microscopy is being used to increase our knowledge of how platelets are made in the body and the results are challenging previously held understandings.

Physics / Materials Science - Chemistry - 19.06.2018
Nano-scale ’vibrational wave’ research could revolutionise super materials
A new Oxford University research collaboration could transform the design and development of a number of next generation materials, including thermoelectrics, which are used in products that support everyday life, capturing waste heat and recycling it into electricity. A new Oxford University research collaboration could transform the design and development of a number of next generation materials, including thermoelectrics.

Chemistry - Physics / Materials Science - 19.06.2018
An unlikely marriage among oxides
An unlikely marriage among oxides
Sebastian Siol is looking for new materials with unusual properties that were so far not accessible in experiments. To do this, he connects partners who don't really fit together: One partner forces the other into a state that would not be possible without the unlikely pairing. Siol also makes sure that the crystal bonds last in everyday life.

Physics / Materials Science - Chemistry - 18.06.2018
Scientists Create Continuously Emitting Microlasers With Nanoparticle-Coated Beads
Scientists Create Continuously Emitting Microlasers With Nanoparticle-Coated Beads
Berkeley Lab-led team discovers right mix of nanocrystals and light to activate unique laser properties in 5-micron spheres Researchers have found a way to convert nanoparticle-coated microscopic beads into lasers smaller than red blood cells. These microlasers, which convert infrared light into light at higher frequencies, are among the smallest continuously emitting lasers of their kind ever reported and can constantly and stably emit light for hours at a time, even when submerged in biological fluids such as blood serum.

Microtechnics - Physics / Materials Science - 18.06.2018
Diamond watch components
Diamond watch components
Researchers have developed a new technique for carving materials to create micromechanical systems. In particular, they have created a miniscule watch component out of synthetic single-crystal diamond. Diamond is very hard and elastic, a very good thermal conductor and highly transparent, which makes it ideal for many mechanical and optical applications.

Chemistry - Physics / Materials Science - 15.06.2018
New ID pictures of conducting polymers discover a surprise ABBA fan
First ever detailed pictures of conjugated polymers - which conduct electricity and are highly sought after - captured with a novel visualisation technique developed by University of Warwick New approach realises Richard Feynman's famous remark that it would be very easy to make an analysis of any complicated chemical substance; all one would have to do would be to look at it and see where the atoms are" Polymers need alternating pattern of "A"

Physics / Materials Science - Innovation / Technology - 15.06.2018
Ground broken on upgrades to the Large Hadron Collider
The international particle accelerator, which discovered the Higgs boson in 2012, is getting some serious upgrades in its hunt for new physics. The upgrade will mean a more than five-fold increase in the number of particle collisions, allowing scientists to observe rarer physical phenomena. The much larger data sets that it will make available will allow us to take our understanding of the subatomic world to the next level - helping elucidate some of the deepest mysteries of the universe.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 15.06.2018
Laser-sonic Scanner Aims to Replace Mammograms for Finding Breast Cancer
Laser-sonic Scanner Aims to Replace Mammograms for Finding Breast Cancer
For women over 40, mammography is a necessary yet annoying procedure to endure every year or two. The technique, while valuable for reducing breast cancer deaths, is less than ideal because it exposes patients to X-ray radiation and requires their breasts to be painfully squished between plates. The plates flatten the breast so the X-rays can more easily pass through it and produce a clear image.

Life Sciences - Physics / Materials Science - 14.06.2018
Biological light sensor filmed in action
Biological light sensor filmed in action
Film shows one of the fastest processes in biology Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. In doing so, they produced a molecular movie that reveals how the light sensor retinal is activated in a protein molecule.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 14.06.2018
Scientists spot erupting jets of material as black hole tears a star apart
Astronomers have for the first time directly imaged a fast-moving jet of material ejected as a supermassive black hole consumed a star. Scientists have previously detected a few cases of black holes destroying stars, but this is the first time they have imaged a bright jet of material from the event.

Physics / Materials Science - Innovation / Technology - 14.06.2018
Realization of high-performance magnetic sensors due to magnetic vortex structures
Realization of high-performance magnetic sensors due to magnetic vortex structures
Magnetic sensors play a key role in a variety of applications, such as speed and position sensing in the automotive industry or in biomedical applications. Within the framework of the Christian Doppler Laboratory "Advanced Magnetic Sensing and Materials" headed by Dieter Süss novel magnetic sensors have been realized that surpass conventional technologies in performance and accuracy in a cooperation between the University of Vienna, the Danube University Krems and Infineon AG.

Physics / Materials Science - Innovation / Technology - 14.06.2018
Tracking down the mystery of entangled particles of light
Tracking down the mystery of entangled particles of light
Bernese researchers have taken an important step towards new measurement methods such as quantum spectroscopy. In an experiment, they succeeded in uncovering part of the mystery surrounding the so-called "entangled photons" and gaining fine control on the measured correlations. Quantum technologies hold the promise to go beyond the capabilities of classical present technologies by making use of pure quantum phenomenon, such as "entangled particles".
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