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Physics / Materials Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 12:05
Acrylic Tanks Provide Clear Window Into Dark Matter Detection
Acrylic Tanks Provide Clear Window Into Dark Matter Detection
Set of see-through acrylic tanks will help researchers reject false signals measured by deep-underground experiment Scientists have a new window into the search for dark matter - an acrylic vessel that features a grouping of 12-foot-tall transparent tanks with 1-inch-thick walls. The tanks, which will surround a central detector for a nearly mile-deep experiment under construction in South Dakota called LUX-ZEPLIN ( LZ ), will be filled with liquid that produces tiny flashes of light in some particle interactions.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics / Materials Science - 15.10.2018
New infrared telescope first to monitor entire northern sky
A new infrared telescope designed and built by astronomers at ANU and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in the US will be the first of its kind to monitor the entire northern sky in search of new cosmic events. The agile robotic telescope, called Gattini-IR, will scan the northern sky once every night, from the Palomar Observatory in southern California, allowing astronomers to observe and study fast-changing transient and variable events with unprecedented speed and accuracy.

Physics / Materials Science - 15.10.2018
When light, not heat, causes melting
When light, not heat, causes melting
Study reveals the details of light-induced phase changes. The way that ordinary materials undergo a phase change, such as melting or freezing, has been studied in great detail. Now, a team of researchers has observed that when they trigger a phase change by using intense pulses of laser light, instead of by changing the temperature, the process occurs very differently.

Physics / Materials Science - 12.10.2018
Disrupting crystalline order to restore superfluidity
Disrupting crystalline order to restore superfluidity
When we put water in a freezer, water molecules crystallize and form ice. This change from one phase of matter to another is called a phase transition. While this transition, and countless others that occur in nature, typically takes place at the same fixed conditions, such as the freezing point, one can ask how it can be influenced in a controlled way.

Innovation / Technology - Physics / Materials Science - 12.10.2018
Graphene may exceed bandwidth demands of future telecommunications
Graphene may exceed bandwidth demands of future telecommunications
Researchers from the Cambridge Graphene Centre, together with industrial and academic collaborators within the European Graphene Flagship project, showed that integrated graphene-based photonic devices offer a solution for the next generation of optical communications. The researchers have demonstrated how properties of graphene - a two-dimensional form of carbon - enable ultra-wide bandwidth communications and low power consumption to radically change the way data is transmitted across the optical communications systems.

Physics / Materials Science - 12.10.2018
Keeping an eye on very active Schrödinger's cats
Keeping an eye on very active Schrödinger’s cats
An international team of researchers has developed a theory of multi-level quantum coherence, a step further than the theory which allows the famous Schrödinger's cat to be in a quantum superposition of being dead and alive at the same time. The team, including a University of Queensland researcher, has demonstrated the use of its theory through an experiment on a four-level quantum system.

Physics / Materials Science - 11.10.2018
Pentacene patterns prove crucial for solar power
Solar panels could be improved by arranging their molecules in a certain pattern, according to new research led by Imperial and UCL. Renewable solar power can be harnessed using solar cells, which are made of materials called semiconductors. In a solar cell, electrons are generated when photons, or packets of light, are absorbed by semiconductors and released as high energy electrons.

Physics / Materials Science - 11.10.2018
Researchers quickly harvest 2-D materials, bringing them closer to commercialization
Researchers quickly harvest 2-D materials, bringing them closer to commercialization
Efficient method for making single-atom-thick, wafer-scale materials opens up opportunities in flexible electronics. Since the 2003 discovery of the single-atom-thick carbon material known as graphene, there has been significant interest in other types of 2-D materials as well. These materials could be stacked together like Lego bricks to form a range of devices with different functions, including operating as semiconductors.

Physics / Materials Science - 10.10.2018
The culprit of superconductivity in cuprates
Highlights: > Harvard University researchers have developed a new printing technology that uses sound waves to control the size of liquid droplets independent of fluid viscosity > The research may open a new avenue for designing materials with high-temperature superconductivity When it comes to high-temperature superconductors, "high" is a relative term.

Life Sciences - Physics / Materials Science - 10.10.2018
This time, it's all bio: SwissFEL makes protein structures visible
This time, it’s all bio: SwissFEL makes protein structures visible
Successful pilot experiment on biomolecules at the newest large research facility of PSI For the development of new medicinal agents, accurate knowledge of biological processes in the body is a prerequisite. Here proteins play a crucial role. At the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, the X-ray free-electron laser SwissFEL has now, for the first time, directed its strong light onto protein crystals and made their structures visible.

Physics / Materials Science - 09.10.2018
A new path to solving a longstanding fusion challenge
A new path to solving a longstanding fusion challenge
Novel design could help shed excess heat in next-generation fusion power plants. A class exercise at MIT, aided by industry researchers, has led to an innovative solution to one of the longstanding challenges facing the development of practical fusion power plants: how to get rid of excess heat that would cause structural damage to the plant.

Chemistry - Physics / Materials Science - 09.10.2018
Stamp-sized graphene sheets riddled with holes could be boon for molecular separation
Stamp-sized graphene sheets riddled with holes could be boon for molecular separation
Fabrication technique could be integrated into manufacturing to make large-scale membranes. MIT engineers have found a way to directly "pinprick" microscopic holes into graphene as the material is grown in the lab. With this technique, they have fabricated relatively large sheets of graphene ("large," meaning roughly the size of a postage stamp), with pores that could make filtering certain molecules out of solutions vastly more efficient.

Environment - Physics / Materials Science - 09.10.2018
Ancient Pigment Can Boost Energy Efficiency
By Christina Nunez A color developed by Egyptians thousands of years ago has a modern-day application as well - the pigment can boost energy efficiency by cooling rooftops and walls, and could also enable solar generation of electricity via windows. Egyptian blue, derived from calcium copper silicate, was routinely used on ancient depictions of gods and royalty.

Physics / Materials Science - Chemistry - 09.10.2018
Metal leads to the desired configuration
Metal leads to the desired configuration
Scientists at the University of Basel have found a way to change the spatial arrangement of bipyridine molecules on a surface. These potential components of dye-sensitized solar cells form complexes with metals and thereby alter their chemical conformation. The results of this interdisciplinary collaboration between chemists and physicists from Basel were recently published in the scientific journal ACS Omega.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 08.10.2018
Invasive breast cancers punch tunnels into neighboring tissue
Stanford researchers have found that malignant breast cancer cells can extend protrusions known as invadopodia to dig escape tunnels through surrounding tissue, revealing a possible new target for therapies. Cancers pose the greatest danger when they become invasive and then spread from their originating tissues throughout the body.

Physics / Materials Science - Electroengineering - 08.10.2018
Study opens route to flexible electronics made from exotic materials
Study opens route to flexible electronics made from exotic materials
Cost-effective method produces semiconducting films from materials that outperform silicon. The vast majority of computing devices today are made from silicon, the second most abundant element on Earth, after oxygen. Silicon can be found in various forms in rocks, clay, sand, and soil. And while it is not the best semiconducting material that exists on the planet, it is by far the most readily available.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics / Materials Science - 08.10.2018
String Theory: Is Dark Energy even Allowed?
String Theory: Is Dark Energy even Allowed?
A new conjecture causes excitement in the string theory community. Timm Wrase of the Vienna University of Technology has now published much-discussed results on recent new developments. In string theory, a paradigm shift could be imminent. In June, a team of string theorists from Harvard and Caltech published a conjecture which sounded revolutionary: String theory is said to be fundamentally incompatible with our current understanding of "dark energy" - but only with "dark energy" can we explain the accelerated expansion of our current universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics / Materials Science - 05.10.2018
World’s largest neutrino detector brings scientists closer to understanding the universe
International scientists are one step closer to answering the most fundamental question of our existence, ‘why are we here'', as part of a global collaboration involving UCL researchers. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is led by scientists at CERN, Switzerland and Fermilab, USA, and is dedicated to unlocking the mysteries of neutrinos, the most abundant and most mysterious matter particles in the universe.

Physics / Materials Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 04.10.2018
Latest insights into Saturn's weird magnetic field only make things weirder
Latest insights into Saturn’s weird magnetic field only make things weirder
Some of the last data from the Cassini mission reveals more structure in Saturn's magnetic field, but still no answer as to how it formed. NASA's Cassini mission - with Imperial kit on board - took a series of daring dives between the planet and its inmost ring in September 2017 before burning up in the planet's atmosphere.

Chemistry - Physics / Materials Science - 04.10.2018
Part-organic invention can be used in bendable mobile phones
Engineers at ANU have invented a semiconductor with organic and inorganic materials that can convert electricity into light very efficiently, and it is thin and flexible enough to help make devices such as mobile phones bendable. The invention also opens the door to a new generation of high-performance electronic devices made with organic materials that will be biodegradable or that can be easily recycled, promising to help substantially reduce e-waste.
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