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Health - Jun 18
Health
Antidepressant treatment, not only depression per se, can lead to reductions in behavioral and neural responses to pain empathy Depression is a disorder that often comes along with strong impairments of social functioning. Until recently, researchers assumed that acute episodes of depression also impair empathy, an essential skill for successful social interactions and understanding others.
Health - Jun 18

Blood tests that detect inflammation, known as inflammatory marker tests, are not sensitive enough to rule out serious underlying conditions and GPs should not use them for this purpose, according to researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care, University of Exet

Environment - Jun 17

The myth that modern wheat varieties are more heavily reliant on pesticides and fertilisers than older varieties has been debunked by new research. The University of Queensland 's Dr Kai Voss-Fels said modern wheat varieties have out-performed older varieties in side-by-side field trials under both optimum and harsh growing conditions.

Life Sciences - Jun 18
Life Sciences

A spectacular stack on a ski slope in Canada has led to a University of Queensland researcher determining a simple modification that could improve skier safety on the snow.

Veterinary Science - Jun 17

Aggressive behaviour in pet dogs is a serious problem for dog owners across the world, with bite injuries representing a serious risk to both people and other dogs. New research by the University of Bristol has explored the factors that influence how owners manage aggressive behaviour in their dogs.


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Health - Life Sciences - 12:02
Antidepressants can reduce the empathic empathy
Antidepressants can reduce the empathic empathy
Antidepressant treatment, not only depression per se, can lead to reductions in behavioral and neural responses to pain empathy Depression is a disorder that often comes along with strong impairments of social functioning. Until recently, researchers assumed that acute episodes of depression also impair empathy, an essential skill for successful social interactions and understanding others.

Health - 18.06.2019
GPs should not use inflammatory marker tests to rule out serious conditions
Blood tests that detect inflammation, known as inflammatory marker tests, are not sensitive enough to rule out serious underlying conditions and GPs should not use them for this purpose, according to researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care, University of Exeter and the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care West (NIHR CLAHRC West).

Life Sciences - 18.06.2019
Researcher carving a new path for skier safety
Researcher carving a new path for skier safety
A spectacular stack on a ski slope in Canada has led to a University of Queensland researcher determining a simple modification that could improve skier safety on the snow. UQ's Queensland Brain Institute researcher Dr Will Harrison studied visual perception under different lighting conditions to identify a better method for grooming ski runs.

Environment - Chemistry - 17.06.2019
Wheat myth comes a cropper
The myth that modern wheat varieties are more heavily reliant on pesticides and fertilisers than older varieties has been debunked by new research. The University of Queensland 's Dr Kai Voss-Fels said modern wheat varieties have out-performed older varieties in side-by-side field trials under both optimum and harsh growing conditions.

Veterinary Science - Psychology - 17.06.2019
Managing the risk of aggressive dog behaviour
Aggressive behaviour in pet dogs is a serious problem for dog owners across the world, with bite injuries representing a serious risk to both people and other dogs. New research by the University of Bristol has explored the factors that influence how owners manage aggressive behaviour in their dogs.

Social Sciences - Health - 17.06.2019
Social Exclusion Measured in fMRI
Social Exclusion Measured in fMRI
A fMRI study shows the effect of social support on the social exclusion experience. Social belonging is a fundamental need for the life of human beings.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2019
Murder of Jo Cox used by "digital prophets" to widen divides before EU vote
MP Jo Cox's murder sparked a wave of inaccurate speculation on social media which may have influenced voters before the EU Referendum, research concludes. Cardiff University's Crime and Security Research Institute analysed nearly 44,000 tweets mentioning key terms “Jo Cox” and “Brexit”, which were posted in the run up to the crucial vote.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 17.06.2019
Preventing drugs from being transported
Certain membrane proteins specialise in transporting molecules out of cells - a problem for the efficacy of cancer medication and antibiotics. An international research team has investigated the transport mechanism of a bacterial membrane protein using an artificially produced antibody fragment. The transport proteins, called ABC exporters, are present, for instance, in the cell membranes of bacteria and in large quantities in cancer cells and are responsible for transporting small molecules out of the cells.

Innovation / Technology - 17.06.2019
Going wireless in Greenland
Going wireless in Greenland
Glaciers are beginning to move faster than they have ever done before. Our warming world is melting the ice on top of glaciers, causing meltwater to trickle down through cracks and holes and act as a lubricant over which the glacier can roll - much like shopping items on a conveyer belt. When a glacier slides downstream and eventually meets the ocean, it melts and causes sea levels to rise with potentially devastating effects for coastal communities around the world.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2019
Review of Intensive Family Preservation Services
Intensive social work designed to help families in crisis is effective in preventing children from entering care, research has found. In association with its research partner the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE) at Cardiff University, What Works for Children's Social Care has launched its latest report examining the evidence-base and effectiveness of Intensive Family Preservation Services (IFPS).

Physics - Materials Science - 17.06.2019
You Don't Have to Be Perfect for TMDCs to Shine Bright
You Don’t Have to Be Perfect for TMDCs to Shine Bright
Atomically thin semiconductors known as TMDCs (transition metal dichalcogenides) could lead to devices that operate more efficiently than conventional semiconductors in light-emitting diodes, lasers, and solar cells. But these materials are hard to make without defects that dampen their performance.

Chemistry - Physics - 17.06.2019
Here Comes the Sun: A New Framework for Artificial Photosynthesis
Here Comes the Sun: A New Framework for Artificial Photosynthesis
Scientists have long sought to mimic the process by which plants make their own fuel using sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water through artificial photosynthesis devices, but how exactly substances called catalysts work to generate renewable fuel remains a mystery.

Materials Science - 17.06.2019
Groundbreaking Study Maps Out Paths to New Nitride Materials
Groundbreaking Study Maps Out Paths to New Nitride Materials
Formed by elements combining with nitrogen, nitrides can possess unique properties with potential applications from semiconductors to industrial coatings. But before nitrides can be put to use, they first must be discovered - and the odds of finding them in nature are slim. Now, your chances of discovering new nitrides just got better with a groundbreaking Nature Materials study led by Berkeley Lab in close collaboration with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and a number of other institutions.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 17.06.2019
Melting a satellite, a piece at a time
Melting a satellite, a piece at a time
Researchers took one of the densest parts of an Earth-orbiting satellite, placed it in a plasma wind tunnel then proceeded to melt it into vapour. Their goal was to better understand how satellites burn up during reentry, to minimise the risk of endangering anyone on the ground. Taking place as part of ESA's Clean Space initiative, the fiery testing occurred inside a plasma wind tunnel, reproducing reentry conditions, at the DLR German Aerospace Center's site in Cologne.

Life Sciences - 17.06.2019
Rinsing System in Stomach Protects the Teeth of Ruminants
Rinsing System in Stomach Protects the Teeth of Ruminants
When they graze, goats, sheep and cows often ingest bits of earth that can be damaging to their teeth. Researchers from the University of Zurich have now shown how the animals protect themselves against dental abrasion: Their stomach system rinses dust and sand off the ingested food before it is chewed for the second time.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.06.2019
Schizophrenia: adolescence is the game-changer
Schizophrenia: adolescence is the game-changer
Researchers at UNIGE have discovered that the development of the hippocampus, the area of the brain responsible for memory and emotions, is severely impacted in adolescence following the onset of the first psychotic symptoms. Schizophrenia causes hallucinations and memory or cognition problems inter alia.

Life Sciences - 16.06.2019
Neuroscientists 3D model ’face identity information’ stored in the brain
In a world first, neuroscientists from the University of Glasgow have been able to construct 3D facial models using the unique information stored in an individual's brain when recalling the face of a familiar person. The study will be the cornerstone for greater understanding of the brain mechanisms of face identification, and could have applications for AI, gaming technology and eyewitness testimony.

Pharmacology - Health - 14.06.2019
Compound with anti-aging effects passes human trial
Compound with anti-aging effects passes human trial
Urolithin A, a metabolite of biomolecules found in pomegranates and other fruits, could help slow certain aging processes. EPFL spin-off Amazentis, in conjunction with EPFL and the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, has published a paper Metabolism outlining the results of their clinical trial. It is a fact of life that skeletal muscles begin to lose strength and mass once a person reaches the age of 50.

Earth Sciences - 14.06.2019
How tides can trigger earthquakes
How tides can trigger earthquakes
An international team of scientists - including a volcanologist from the University of Bristol - have uncovered why underwater earthquakes are linked with the tides. Their study, published , investigates the inner workings of tidally triggered earthquakes and found that even the slightest stress can set off a tremor.

Physics - 14.06.2019
Building a Better Electron Gun
Building a Better Electron Gun
The successful test of the LCLS-II electron gun ( see related article ) marks the culmination of an R&D effort spanning more than a decade at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). The gun's design was conceived in 2006 by John W. Staples, a retired Berkeley Lab physicist, and Fernando Sannibale, a senior scientist in Berkeley Lab's Accelerator Technology and Applied Physics Division.
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