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Results 81 - 100 of 1674.


Materials Science - 16.05.2019
’A Day in the Light’ Videos Highlight How Scientists Use Light in Experiments
In recognition of the International Day of Light ( @IDL2019 ) on May 16, the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( Berkeley Lab ) is highlighting how scientists use light in laboratory experiments. From nanolasers and X-ray beams to artificial photosynthesis and optical electronics, Berkeley Lab researchers tap into light's many properties to drive a range of innovative R&D.

Health - 16.05.2019
Provost named among Nation's Lifesavers
Provost named among Nation’s Lifesavers
A researcher from the University of Sussex has today been recognised for his exceptional contribution to the nation's wellbeing. Professor Saul Becker , the University's Provost and world-leading expert in young carers has been named one of the Nation's Lifesavers - the top 100 individuals or groups based in universities whose work is saving lives and making a life-changing difference to our health and wellbeing.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 16.05.2019
Geologists discover previously unknown region of the Earth's mantle
Geologists discover previously unknown region of the Earth’s mantle
The Bermuda Islands - a very special terrain in the middle of the western Atlantic Ocean, not only for its white beaches, but also because the archipelago is at the top of a 4,570-metre high volcano that died out about 30 million years ago. An international team of researchers has now taken a closer look at this geological peculiarity and geochemically examined the magma rock under Bermuda for the first time.

Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
Cane toads are 'reluctant warriors' when it comes to oozing toxin
Cane toads are ’reluctant warriors’ when it comes to oozing toxin
Cane toads are exhausted by releasing their deadly toxin and will go to great lengths not to release it. They far prefer to run or freeze when a predator approaches. The cost to the cane toad for releasing the poison is substantial, including reduced growth and activity. The toad takes several months to replenish its toxin after using it to repel a predator, which could explain why it uses it frugally.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
Epilepsy prediction device receives Microsoft grant
Epilepsy prediction device receives Microsoft grant
The University of Sydney's Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies has been awarded an AI for Accessibility grant from Microsoft to support its efforts developing solutions that improve the independence for people living with epilepsy. There are approximately 250,000 people living with epilepsy in Australia and 65 million worldwide.

Business / Economics - 16.05.2019
Most deprived communities are left behind
16 May 2019 As the UK heads towards a cashless society, experts have warned changes to infrastructure - including easy access to free ATMs - are leaving some of the most deprived communities behind. New research from the University of Bristol's Personal Finance Research Centre shows deprived neighbourhoods, often those where people are most likely to rely on cash, are rapidly witnessing the disappearance of their free cashpoints.

Linguistics / Literature - 16.05.2019
Bristol academic publishes solution to Voynich mystery
Bristol academic publishes solution to Voynich mystery
A University of Bristol academic appears to have succeeded where countless cryptographers, linguistics scholars and computer programs have failed - by cracking the code of the 'world's most mysterious text', the Voynich manuscript. Although the purpose and meaning of the manuscript had eluded scholars for over a century, it took Research Associate Dr. Gerard Cheshire two weeks, using a combination of lateral thinking and ingenuity, to identify the language and writing system of the famously inscrutable document.

Environment - 15.05.2019
Monitoring Earth's shifting land
Monitoring Earth’s shifting land
15 May 2019 The monitoring of land subsidence is of vital importance for low-lying countries, but also areas which are prone to peculiar ground instability. Land subsidence is the lowering or sinking of the ground's surface, owing to changes that take place underground. Subsidence is usually due to a combination of ground water overexploitation, mining, natural consolidation of sediments and rapid urbanisation.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.05.2019
Study identifies how cancer drug inhibits DNA repair in cancer cells
According to researchers at Yale Cancer Center , a cancer drug thought to be of limited use possesses a superpower of sorts: It is able to stop certain cancer cells from repairing their DNA in order to survive. The study, published today Translational Medicine , suggests that combining this drug, cediranib, with other agents could potentially deliver a lethal blow in cancer that uses a specific pathway - or process - to create DNA repair cells.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.05.2019
3D Earth in the making
3D Earth in the making
15 May 2019 A thorough understanding of the 'solid Earth' system is essential for deciphering the links between processes occurring deep inside Earth and those occurring nearer the surface that lead to seismic activity such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the rise of mountains and the location of underground natural resources.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.05.2019
Jawless fish take a bite out of the blood-brain barrier
A jawless parasitic fish could help lead the way to more effective treatments for multiple brain ailments, including cancer, trauma and stroke. One major challenge in treating cancers and other disorders of the brain is ensuring that medicines reach their targets. A team of biomedical engineers and clinician-scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Texas at Austin borrowed molecules from the immune system of the parasitic sea lamprey to deliver anti-cancer drugs directly to brain tumors.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 15.05.2019
First smartphone app that can hear ear infections in children
First smartphone app that can hear ear infections in children
. This condition occurs when fluid builds up in the middle ear behind the eardrum and is infected. This buildup is also common in another condition called otitis media with effusion. Any kind of fluid buildup can be painful and make it hard for children to hear, which can be especially detrimental when they are learning to talk. Both conditions are hard to diagnose because they have vague symptoms: Sometimes children tug on their ears or have fev

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.05.2019
Water cycle wrapped
15 May 2019 As our climate changes, the availability of freshwater is a growing issue for many people around the world. Understanding the water cycle and how the climate and human usage is causing shifts in natural cycling processes is vital to safeguarding supplies. While numerous satellites measure individual components of the water cycle, it has never been described as a whole over a particular region - until now.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.05.2019
Mapping microbial symbioses in forests
Data collected from over 1 million forest plots reveals patterns of where plant roots form symbiotic relationships with fungi and bacteria. In and around the tangled roots of the forest floor, fungi and bacteria grow with trees, exchanging nutrients for carbon in a vast, global marketplace. A new effort to map the most abundant of these symbiotic relationships - involving more than 1.1 million forest sites and 28,000 tree species - has revealed factors that determine where different types of symbionts will flourish.

Physics - 15.05.2019
Tug-of-war drives magnetic north sprint
Tug-of-war drives magnetic north sprint
15 May 2019 As far as we know, Earth's magnetic north has always wandered, but it has recently gained new momentum and is making a dash towards Siberia at a pace not seen before. While this has some practical implications, scientists believe that this sprint is being caused by tussling magnetic blobs deep below our feet.

Social Sciences - 15.05.2019
In political messages, values matter more than policy
Stanford sociologists find that when progressive candidates talk about how their policies are aligned with values commonly associated with conservative ideals - as opposed to liberal ones - they receive greater support from conservatives and moderates. When political candidates talk about progressive economic policies in language consistent with traditionally conservative values - such as patriotism, the American dream, family and respect for tradition - they gain support among conservative and moderate Americans, according to a new Stanford study.

Health - Environment - 15.05.2019
How your clothes influence the air you breathe
How your clothes influence the air you breathe
Researchers have taken a critical look at how much we really know about our exposure to particles and chemicals transported by our clothing. His study concludes that further research is needed and opens up new areas of investigation. There is growing evidence that our clothing exposes us to particles and chemicals on a daily basis - and that this exposure could carry significant health risks.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.05.2019
Lowering blood pressure reduces brain bleeding in strokes
The search for treatments for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage, the most devastating type of stroke, which carries a 40% mortality rate, has been rife with disappointments. But a new study suggests that intensive blood pressure lowering may reduce the amount of bleeding in deep areas of the brain in patients with the condition, a team of Yale researchers report May 13 in the journal JAMA Neurology.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.05.2019
A new way to wind the development clock of cardiac muscle cells
These days, scientists can collect a few skin or blood cells, wipe out their identities, and reprogram them to become virtually any other kind of cell in the human body, from neurons to heart cells.    The journey from skin cell to  another type of  functional cell involves converting them into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which  are  similar to the developmentally immature  stem  cells found in embryos, and then coaxing them to mature into  something different.

Computer Science / Telecom - 14.05.2019
Augmented reality affects people’s behavior in the real world
Stanford scholar Jeremy Bailenson and other researchers found that people's interactions with a virtual person in augmented reality, or AR, influenced how they behaved and acted in the physical world. As major technology firms race to roll out augmented reality products, Stanford researchers are learning how it affects people's behavior - in both the physical world and a digitally enhanced one.