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Results 81 - 100 of 1783.


Pedagogy - Innovation / Technology - 12.03.2019
Mobile devices don’t reduce shared family time
The first study of the impact of digital mobile devices on different aspects of family time in the UK has found that children are spending more time at home with their parents rather than less - but not in shared activities such as watching TV and eating. The increase is in what is called 'alone-together' time, when children are at home with their parents but say they are alone.

Life Sciences - Physics - 12.03.2019
Axolotl salamanders provide clues to spinal cord regeneration
Researchers are one step closer to solving the mystery of why some vertebrates can regenerate their spinal cords while others, including humans, create scar tissue after spinal cord injury, leading to lifelong damage. Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory have identified gene "partners" in the axolotl salamander that, when activated, allow the neural tube and associated nerve fibers to functionally regenerate after severe spinal cord damage.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2019
Concussion from hits to the side of the head
Concussion from hits to the side of the head
Through a combination of biometric tracking, simulated modeling and medical imaging, researchers detail how hits to the side of the head cause concussion. Concussion researchers have long suggested that damage to the corpus callosum, a thick bundle of nerves that connects the brain's two halves, could result in some common side effects of concussion, like dizziness or vision problems.

Chemistry - 12.03.2019
Light provides control for 3D printing with multiple materials
For News Media   Contact: A.J. Boydston, aboydston [at] wisc (p) edu × Graduate student Johanna Schwartz next to the multimaterial printing setup that she built. Image courtesy A.J. Boydston and Johanna Schwartz 3D printing has revolutionized the fields of healthcare, biomedical engineering, manufacturing and art design.

Physics - 12.03.2019
Sydney united to build a Quantum Harbour City
Sydney united to build a Quantum Harbour City
Sydney is fast becoming recognised as the global destination for quantum technology. Research teams at the University of Sydney and UNSW are finding that cooperation alongside competition provide a fertile ground for advancement. Research collaboration between UNSW and the University of Sydney has overcome a fundamental hurdle to building quantum computers in silicon, opening the way to further develop the machines at scale.

Astronomy / Space Science - 12.03.2019
Floating ideas for an airlock near the Moon
Floating ideas for an airlock near the Moon
Assembly of a new habitable structure near the Moon, known as the Gateway , is scheduled to begin in 2023. The international project will allow humans to explore farther than ever before and it brings new opportunities for European design in space. In late 2018, ESA commissioned two consortia - one led by Airbus and the other by Thales Alenia Space - to undertake parallel studies into the design of a scientific airlock.

Health - 12.03.2019
Is my child seriously ill?
Parents generally tend to consider their child more unwell than GPs and use different factors to judge symptom severity, according to researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care in a study published in the British Journal of General Practice today [Tuesday 12 March]. Respiratory infections are the commonest reason parents take children to see their GP.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 11.03.2019
One term - three different interpretations
One term - three different interpretations
As different as the term “dynamic” is used and understood in science, so diverse are the research areas of the University of Münster, in which dynamic even plays a central role in the title. Prof. Christopher Deninger and Prof. Mario Ohlberger from the Cluster of Excellence „Mathematics Münster“, the lawyer Prof. Nils Jansen from the Cluster of Excellence „Religion and Politics“ and the biochemist Prof. Lydia Sorokin from Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence explain what they understand by the term in their research.

Pharmacology - Health - 11.03.2019
Repurposing older drugs could raise new hope for breast cancer treatment
An estimated 15 to 20 percent of all breast cancer patients are "triple negative," meaning women lack three crucial treatment targets-the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Because they lack these targets, most triple negative patients are treated with standard chemotherapy, rather than the preferred targeted drugs.

Environment - 11.03.2019
When coyote parents get used to humans, their offspring become bolder, too
Across North America, coyotes are moving into urban environments, and regardless of how they feel about it, urban residents are having to get used to some new animal neighbors. A big question for wildlife researchers is how coyotes habituate to humans, which can potentially lead to conflict. A study led by a University of Washington Tacoma faculty member, recently published in Ecology and Evolution, suggests coyotes can habituate to humans quickly and that habituated parents pass this fearlessness on to their offspring.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.03.2019
New evidence proves the work of UN agencies is effective
Academics led by Professor Lucie Cluver at Oxford University have shown how key services in lower and middle-income countries can contribute to multiple sustainable development goals (SDGs), even for the highest-risk children and adolescents. The study, led by Oxford University in collaboration with the universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand, University College London and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is the first to test the UN's concept of 'accelerators': provisions that can improve the lives of vulnerable populations in not only one SDG area, but many.

Health - 11.03.2019
Vaccine developed to treat osteoarthritic pain
Researchers have developed a vaccine that blocks the effects of the main cause of pain in osteoarthritis (OA) - nerve growth factor (NGF) - in mice. In a collaborative effort between the Jenner Institute and the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology at the University of Oxford, with colleagues in the University of Bern, and the Latvian Biomedical Research & Study Centre, scientists have developed and tested a vaccine that could be used to treat chronic pain caused by osteoarthritis, by blocking the cause of the pain - NGF.

Environment - Health - 11.03.2019
Black and Hispanic Americans bear a disproportionate burden from air pollution
Poor air quality is the largest environmental health risk in the United States. Fine particulate matter pollution is responsible for more than 100,000 deaths each year from heart attacks, strokes, lung cancer and other diseases. But not everyone is equally exposed to poor air quality, nor are all people equally responsible for generating it.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2019
Brain Awareness Week 2019
Brain Awareness Week 2019
In celebration of Brain Awareness Week, we will give you a sneak peek into the lives of the some of the Wyss Center team. Find out how they came to work in neurotech and where they think we'll see the greatest advances in the coming years. Check back regularly! From restoring movement in paralyzed limbs to reducing tinnitus through thought, this series of interviews with the Wyss Center leadership, neuroscientists and robotics experts will put cutting edge neurotechnology in the spotlight.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.03.2019
Nature's Own Biorefinery
Nature’s Own Biorefinery
Insects are critical contributors to ecosystem functioning, and like most living organisms their co-evolution with microbes has been essential to support these functions. While many insects are infamous for wreaking havoc wherever they roam, many thousands of species go quietly about their business, providing important services essential to healthy ecosystems using the innovative biochemistry of their microbiomes.

Life Sciences - 11.03.2019
Sugar set for 'energycane' reinvention
Sugar set for ’energycane’ reinvention
Gene-editing sugarcane for use in renewable energy and bio-plastics could help secure the industry's future. The University of Queensland's Professor Robert Henry said sugarcane's reinvention as an “energycane” crop could sustain the industry in the face of falling global demand for sugar.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2019
Protection from Zika virus may lie in a protein derived from mosquitoes
By targeting a protein found in the saliva of mosquitoes that transmit Zika virus, Yale investigators reduced Zika infection in mice. The finding demonstrates how researchers might develop a vaccine against Zika and similar mosquito-borne viruses, the study authors said. There is no current vaccine or therapy for Zika virus infection, which caused substantial illness, including birth defects, during the 2015 outbreak that impacted over a million people in the Americas.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.03.2019
Zinc could help as non-antibiotic treatment for UTIs
Zinc could help as non-antibiotic treatment for UTIs
New details about the role of zinc in our immune system could help the development of new non-antibiotic treatment strategies for bacterial diseases, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs). UTIs are one of the most common bacterial infections worldwide with about 150 million cases each year, and can lead to serious conditions such as kidney infection and sepsis.

Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
Confirms horseshoe crabs are really relatives of spiders, scorpions
For News Media FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE × University of Wisconsin-Madison postdoctoral researcher Jesús Ballesteros holds a small horseshoe crab. A study he led with integrative biology Professor Prashant Sharma used robust genetic analysis to demonstrate that horseshoe crabs are arachnids like spiders, scorpions and ticks.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
New insight into gestational diabetes
Researchers at Cardiff University have found that women taking metformin and/or insulin during gestational diabetes could reduce the risk of long-term complications for their child. The team discovered that the placentas of women treated with the drugs didn't exhibit DNA alterations associated with type 2 diabetes, while those of women not treated with the drugs did.