Results 21 - 40 of 174.

Politics - 17.03.2022
Fairness key to police officers gaining civilian’s respect
Nobody enjoys being stopped by the police. But civilians who believe the officer interacting with them is attempting to behave fairly are more likely to perceive the officer's authority as legitimate and cooperate, even if the encounter still results in a citation, suggests a new study coauthored by Yale political scientist Gregory Huber.

Social Sciences - Politics - 15.03.2022
’traumatic effects of war’ extend far beyond the front lines
Professors Olena Antonaccio and Robert J. Johnson are working on several studies that examine the mental health and other detrimental impacts of war on Ukrainians. The impacts of war can be destructive on many fronts. But new research from two University of Miami faculty members reveals that the mental health toll of military conflicts for people living in Ukraine is particularly severe.

Politics - 11.02.2022
How Personal Commonalities Foster Closeness of Political Views
How Personal Commonalities Foster Closeness of Political Views
Study shows that divergent opinions need not necessarily lead to polarisation We naturally feel close to people who are similar to us, who share our interests or partake in related activities, for instance. This natural feeling of closeness can be funnelled to reduce political differences and increase consensus on conflictual political topics.

Politics - 09.02.2022
Large majority of citizens trust science
Large majority of citizens trust science
The Corona pandemic has not only impinged on daily life around the world for around two years now - it is increasingly shifting science and research into the focus of public debate. One aspect is the trust people have in the work done by scientists. A team of researchers led by Prof. Rainer Bromme, a psychologist at the University of Münster, now have published a study, which concludes that science has so far passed the pandemic stress test of public trust in science.

Health - Politics - 04.02.2022
False claims about COVID-19 must be repeatedly debunked
R esearchers at the University of Toronto, Dartmouth College, the University of Exeter and the University of Kent have found that fact checking can quickly correct misperceptions about COVID-19 - but that beliefs in wrong information often return.

Politics - 18.01.2022
Expert insight: Conspiracy without the theory
Conspiracy theories have mutated into conspiracism , a transformation marked by people rejecting proof and evidence in favour of frivolous speculation. That's what political scientists Russell Muirhead and Nancy Rosenblum suggest in their book A Lot of People are Saying . In short, conspiracism is conspiracy without the theory.

Politics - 18.01.2022
Conspiracy mentality around the globe tends to be particularly pronounced on the political fringes
Results of surveys involving more than 100,000 participants in 26 countries show a correlation between belief in conspiracies and identification as far-left, and, in particular, far-right Conspiracy theories have circulated at all times, in all cultures, and among all populations. They routinely appear in conjunction with major incidents, such as those that today take the form of terrorist attacks, the COVID-19 pandemic, and presidential elections.

Politics - 15.12.2021
EU citizens want more justice and participation
EU citizens want more justice and participation
What are European citizens' ideal visions of the European Union (EU)- According to an international study undertaken by political scientists from the University of Münster, people across all countries studied primarily support more participation and justice.

Politics - Computer Science - 09.12.2021
The identification of political ads on Facebook often goes wrong
The identification of political ads on Facebook often goes wrong
Researchers at KU Leuven (belonging to the imec-DistriNet research group) and New York University (Cybersecurity for Democracy) have demonstrated that on a global scale, Facebook misjudges up to 83 percent of ads that they or the researchers deemed political. In some cases, Facebook does not recognise them as political ads, while they often wrongfully label non-political ads as political.

Politics - 10.11.2021
Online news consumption can increase the divide between citizens, but also boost political involvement
In the past everyone used to read the same news (one size fits all), but now we get our own made-to-measure news portions. News is selected based on our taste and online behaviour. Does it matter that we no longer see and read the same things? 'The divide between citizens who choose political news and citizens who choose entertainment seems to be growing in the digital society,' says communication scientist Susan Vermeer, who studied our news consumption.

Environment - Politics - 29.10.2021
Why biodiversity policy has yet to get off the ground
Why biodiversity policy has yet to get off the ground
Whether a hydroelectric power plant is built, a pesticide is banned or a moor is placed under protection - a wide variety of political decisions have an impact on biodiversity. But does biodiversity play any role at all in such decisions? Researchers at Eawag and WSL have investigated this question and examined Swiss policy over the past 20 years.

Politics - Social Sciences - 12.10.2021
New computational model suggests the existence of polarization tipping-points
Politics around the world has in recent decades entered an era of political polarization, in which politics appears like a struggle between warring tribes. An interdisciplinary team of sociologists and physicists developed a computational model to analyse this rise in political temperature. They used their model to examine the potential link between social media and polarization and suggest the existence of polarization tipping-points, which can lead to run-away polarization.

Politics - Computer Science - 08.10.2021
A new Lab for Science in Diplomacy in Geneva
A new Lab for Science in Diplomacy in Geneva
ETH Zurich and UNIGE establish an interdisciplinary unit dedicated to science in diplomacy in the heart of international Geneva. This joint lab will bring scientific insights and methods into diplomatic, international conflict resolution and help address the global challenges our societies are facing.

Politics - 23.09.2021
Survey Finds Bipartisan Support for Major Reform to California’s Recall Process
UC San Diego Yankelovich Center Survey analysis also shows that the 2021 gubernatorial recall election was unrepresentative of the state's electorate Pundits around the nation have been calling for overhaul of the century-old rules that govern California's recall elections, since even before the petition to remove Gov.

Politics - 08.09.2021
Willingness to take part in demonstrations depends on group size
The size of one's own group motivates protestors more than the number of counter-demonstrators / interdisciplinary study of the Cluster of Excellence ECONtribute: Markets & Public Policy at the Universities of Bonn and Cologne The expected number of participants at a rally is decisive for people's willingness to participate in left-wing or right-wing political protest.

Politics - Campus - 18.08.2021
Greater scientific expertise needed in Parliament to improve decision-making
A new academic study finds that an over-representation of MPs with social sciences backgrounds limits debate on STEM topics. Last updated on Wednesday 1 September 2021 Political parties need to put more effort into recruiting candidates with scientific backgrounds in order to increase 'cognitive diversity' among MPs, say the authors of a new academic study.

Politics - Social Sciences - 17.08.2021
Europe-wide political divide emerging between cities and countryside - study
Europe-wide political divide emerging between cities and countryside - study
"Geography of disillusion" poses a major challenge for democratic countries across the continent, according to researchers. As disenchantment rises in European hinterlands, democratic politics risks being eroded from within Davide Luca A new study reveals the extent of the political divide opening up between city and countryside right across Europe, with research suggesting that political polarisation in the 21st century may have a lot to do with place and location.

Politics - 12.08.2021
Insurrectionist movement in U.S. is larger and more dangerous than expected
In NORC surveys, millions of Americans indicate that they hold insurrectionist sentiments In early April 2021, Prof. Robert Pape of the University of Chicago released an analysis of 377 Americans arrested or charged in the Jan. Capitol insurrection. Looking to take the temperature of the nation at large, Pape and his team have followed up with a new survey of American adults to gauge their political sentiments related to an insurrection.

Economics / Business - Politics - 30.07.2021
Australia one of three countries to exceed 30 per cent women on company boards
Australia is one of only three countries in the world to 'break the glass ceiling' and exceed 30 per cent of women on top-listed company boards without legislated quotas, according to University of Queensland research. UQ Business School researchers Dr Terry Fitzsimmons , Dr Miriam Yates and Professor Victor Callan identified the factors that saw Australia leap from 8.3 per cent women on ASX200 boards in 2008 to 33.6 per cent in 2021.

Environment - Politics - 23.07.2021
Water resources: defusing conflict, promoting cooperation
Water resources: defusing conflict, promoting cooperation
The EU funded project DAFNE has developed a methodology for avoiding conflicts of use in transboundary rivers. The model-based procedure allows for participatory planning and cooperative management of water resources. The aim is now for the DAFNE methodology to be implemented in other regions of the world.