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Health - Psychology - 21.02.2024
Avid appetite in childhood linked to later eating disorder symptoms
An enthusiastic response to food in early childhood may be linked to a higher likelihood of experiencing eating disorder symptoms in adolescence, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL and Erasmus University Rotterdam. The study, published in  The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health , looked at survey data from 3,670 young people in the UK and the Netherlands to investigate how appetite traits in early childhood might relate to the likelihood of developing eating disorder symptoms up to 10 years later.

Health - Psychology - 21.02.2024
Police transport may influence restraint use in the ED
Police transport may influence restraint use in the ED
Black patients are more likely than white patients to be restrained in emergency departments. Police transport may play a role. Patients brought to the emergency department (ED) under police transport are more likely to be restrained in the ED, a new Yale study finds. And it may explain, at least in part, why racial disparities exist in the use of restraint, the researchers say.

Psychology - 20.02.2024
Mental health impaired internationally following the outbreak of war in Ukraine
Mental health impaired internationally following the outbreak of war in Ukraine
International team led by Münster researchers studies psychological consequences of the war The outbreak of Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine almost two years ago led internationally to a collective downturn in people's sense of well-being - irrespective of age, gender, political views or any other attributes which the people questioned had.

Psychology - 20.02.2024
Lack of visual imagery does not lead to less pleasure in reading
When people read a book, they typically imagine the story in their heads. But how do people experience a story if they find it difficult or impossible to imagine what is being described? Cognitive scientist Laura Speed and her colleagues found in an initial study of reading in people with so-called aphantasia that they do not enjoy reading less, but they do become less engaged with a story.

Psychology - Health - 20.02.2024
Understanding the relationship between our sleep, body clock and mental health
Problems with our sleep and internal body clock can trigger or worsen a range of psychiatric disorders, according to a new review of recent research evidence. The review, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) , suggests gaining a better understanding of the relationship between sleep, circadian rhythms and mental health could unlock new holistic treatments to alleviate mental health problems.

Psychology - Health - 20.02.2024
Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters
Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters
UCLA-led research team's study is the first to identify earlier adrenal puberty as a result of prenatal stress Health + Behavior UCLA-led research team's study is the first to identify earlier adrenal puberty as a result of prenatal stress Key takeaways A UCLA-led research team found a correlation between certain aspects of early puberty in first-born daughters and high levels of prenatal stress in their mothers.

Career - Psychology - 20.02.2024
Lessons from the pandemic: the trouble with working from home
Researchers in Canada and France followed 700 office workers for six months in 2020 and 2021 to see how they were coping. Their findings reveal a less than favorable outlook on extensive remote work. Remember when COVID-19 hit, and suddenly everyone was working from home? Well, a team of researchers in Montreal and Paris decided to dig deeper into how this shift affected office workers during the pandemic.

Health - Psychology - 19.02.2024
Physical activity counteracts the negative consequences of being alone
Physical activity counteracts the negative consequences of being alone
Physical activity in everyday life has the potential to compensate for the negative consequences of being alone on well-being - especially in psychologically and neurobiologically vulnerable people. Social isolation and loneliness are major societal problems. Their negative impact on mental health has been exacerbated worldwide by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Psychology - Health - 19.02.2024
Schema therapy is effective for treating severe depression
Schema therapy is effective for treating severe depression
In an uniquely extensive study, researchers were able to demonstrate the clinical benefits of schema therapy in the context of inpatient treatment. This therapy is therefore a promising alternative for the treatment of severe depression. Schema therapy is increasingly being used as a psychotherapeutic method.

Psychology - 15.02.2024
How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms
ADHD can be stemmed through specific parenting behaviours Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study co-authored by a University of Waterloo researcher.

Psychology - Pharmacology - 15.02.2024
Exercising your way out of depression
Exercise can be a powerful tool to fight depression and should be routinely prescribed as part of treatment plans, according to University of Queensland research. Dr Michael Noetel from UQ's School of Psychology reviewed more than 200 studies looking at the effect of exercise, psychotherapy and antidepressants in treating depression.

Psychology - 14.02.2024
Western researchers examine intimate relationships  
Valentine's Day means the stores are filled with hearts and chocolate and florists are rushing to fill orders. But beyond cards and candy, what factors make for a strong relationship that lasts?  Why do some relationships break down and others flourish? How does a relationship progress to a long-term partnership? How important is sexual compatibility in a successful relationship?  These are among the questions researchers in Western's psychology department are examining, through relationship studies involving feedback from couples in intimate relationships.

Psychology - Health - 14.02.2024
Hostile environment policies linked to prolonged distress in people with Black Caribbean ancestry
Hostile environment policies linked to prolonged distress in people with Black Caribbean ancestry
Psychological distress increased among people with Black Caribbean heritage in the UK, relative to the White population, following the 2014 Immigration Act and the Windrush scandal, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers say their findings, published in The Lancet Psychiatry , suggest a causal link between government policies and a subsequent decline in mental health.

Psychology - 14.02.2024
Are internet images turning back the clock on gender bias?
A paper published today in the journal Nature finds that online images show stronger gender biases than online texts. Researchers also found that bias is more psychologically potent in visual form than in writing. A picture is worth a thousand words, as the saying goes, and research has shown that the human brain does indeed better retain information from images than from text.

Health - Psychology - 14.02.2024
Burnout rate high among Michigan nurses
Ninety-four percent of Michigan nurses report emotional exhaustion, with younger nurses significantly more likely to report burnout than colleagues over 45, according to a University of Michigan School of Nursing survey. "I've been studying nurse burnout for 20 years and these are among the highest numbers I've seen,- said principal investigator Christopher Friese , U-M professor of nursing and public health.

Health - Psychology - 13.02.2024
Childhood bullying linked to distrust and mental health problems in adolescence
Study finds childhood bullying linked to distrust and mental health problems in adolescence Teens who experience bullying and develop distrust of others are 3.5 times more likely to experience clinically significant mental health issues by age 17 Teens who experience bullying and develop distrust of others are 3.5 times more likely to experience clinically significant mental health issues by age 17.

Health - Psychology - 12.02.2024
Dancing may be better than other exercise for improving mental health
New research finds that undertaking structured dance of any genre is generally equal and occasionally more effective than other types of physical activity interventions for improving a range of psychological and cognitive outcomes. A structured dance program of at least six weeks' duration can significantly improve psychological and cognitive health outcomes equivalent to other forms of structured exercise interventions, finds new research from Australian researchers.

Health - Psychology - 08.02.2024
Group physical and mental health rehabilitation improves life quality for people with long covid
A new study has found that an on-line rehabilitation programme improves quality of life for adults with long covid. This is the first randomised trial to show a benefit from rehabilitation for people with long covid, and the first high quality evidence confirming the sustained clinical benefit and lack of harm with rehabilitation programmes for long covid.

Health - Psychology - 07.02.2024
Nature is particularly beneficial for people on lower income
Nature is particularly beneficial for people on lower income
Regular time spent in nature is more beneficial to the well-being of poorer than richer people Data from a representative sample of the Austrian population suggests that the relationship between nature contact and well-being is consistently stronger for people on lower than higher incomes. However, this pattern was only found when people actively visited nature and not when they merely lived near greenspaces.

Health - Psychology - 30.01.2024
New data shows prevalence of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Around 1.6% of women and girls have symptomatic Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), according to a new review of global studies published in the Journal of Affective Disorders . Researchers led by Dr Thomas Reilly at the University of Oxford's Department of Psychiatry looked at studies from across the world to work out how many women and girls met the strict diagnostic criteria for the condition.
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