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Psychology - Pedagogy - 30.08.2023
Surprising study results: Students are bored during exams
Surprising study results: Students are bored during exams
In the case of boredom, we think of many situations in life but intuitively not of exams. However, an international team of academics led by Thomas Götz from the University of Vienna has now studied exactly this phenomenon of test boredom for the first time and found remarkable results. According to the study, school students are actually very bored during exams.

Health - Psychology - 30.08.2023
Need for better awareness, training and intervention on sex trafficking in the healthcare system
Victims- agency and needs, independent of their desire to exit trafficking, should be the focus of healthcare services for individuals who have been sexually exploited, concludes a new study by researchers with McGill University's Ingram School of Nursing (ISoN). -Unfortunately, we found a lack of awareness on the part of healthcare professionals and the inability to recognize the signs and symptoms of sex trafficking.

Psychology - 22.08.2023
Which is easier to remember, symbols or words?
People tend to memorize symbols better than words with the same meaning. Everyday symbols like &'!#@$ are highly memorable, according to new research. The new study led by the University of Waterloo aimed to investigate how well symbols are remembered compared to words with the same meaning. "Our work is ground-breaking as it highlights how humans remember graphic symbols and logos," said Myra Fernandes, co-author and professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at Waterloo.

Health - Psychology - 21.08.2023
Adults were psychologically resilient to the Covid-19 pandemic
Adults in England largely appeared to be psychologically resilient to developing depression or anxiety during the pandemic, a study by University of Manchester researchers has shown. The analysis of data from 16.5 million people attending general practice and 41 thousand respondents to a survey where people reported their symptoms over time, published in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe, shows that while mental distress reported in the surveys increased in the short term during the first two waves of the pandemic, the numbers affected quickly returned to pre-pandemic levels.

Psychology - 15.08.2023
Anxious people use less suitable section of brain to control emotions
When choosing their behaviour in socially difficult situations, anxious people use a less suitable section of the forebrain than people who are not anxious. This can be seen in brain scans, as shown by the research of Bob Bramson and Sjoerd Meijer at the Donders Institute of Radboud University. For example, an anxious and a non-anxious person both run into someone whom they've been in love with for quite some time.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 15.08.2023
Reduced grey matter in frontal lobes linked to teenage smoking and nicotine addiction - study
Findings may demonstrate a brain and behavioural basis for how nicotine addiction is initiated and then takes hold in early life, say scientists. Smoking is perhaps the most common addictive behaviour in the world, and a leading cause of adult mortality Trevor Robbins Levels of grey matter in two parts of the brain may be linked to a desire to start smoking during adolescence and the strengthening of nicotine addiction, a new study has shown.

Health - Psychology - 14.08.2023
Link found between academic pressure and mental health problems in adolescence
A new study led by UCL researchers has found a positive association between academic pressure or proximity to exams and mental health issues among young people. The research, published in the Journal of Affective Disorders, reviewed 52 studies involving students who attended either primary school, secondary school or sixth-form college across the globe, between 1991 and 2022.

Psychology - Health - 14.08.2023
Mindfulness should be about more than just ’me’ - new study
A new review from Bath's Centre for Mindfulness and Community challenges common interpretations of what the practice of mindfulness should look like. Is looking after kids in the summer stressing you out? In need of a relaxing break? Maybe it's time to unwind and practice some calming mindfulness. Over recent years, around the world, there has been growing interest in the practice which encourages people to pause, be fully present in the moment, and explore how to be less reactive or overwhelmed by whatever is going on around and within them.

Psychology - Health - 11.08.2023
Social media use interventions alleviate symptoms of depression
Receiving therapy for problematic social media use can be effective in improving the mental wellbeing of people with depression, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research , found that social media use interventions could help adults for whom social media use has become problematic or interferes with their mental health.

Health - Psychology - 04.08.2023
Q&A: Alexey Makarin on why social media harms youth mental health
Q&A: Alexey Makarin on why social media harms youth mental health
MIT discusses the US surgeon general's recent advisory and why scrolling social media can lead to depression and anxiety. It's the height of summer break, and as students decompress from the school year, they also have more time for scrolling social media. What effect do these platforms have on the young people's mental health?

Psychology - Art and Design - 03.08.2023
People feel emotions even with computer-generated art
Man-made works of art, however, are viewed more positively. Computers and artificial intelligence (AI) are also becoming increasingly important in the art world. AI-generated artworks fetch millions at auction, and artists routinely use algorithms to generate aesthetic content. A team of scientists at the University of Vienna has now been able to show through experiments that, contrary to common assumptions, people perceive emotions and intentions when viewing art even if they know that the work was generated by a computer.

Health - Psychology - 31.07.2023
What helps Stephanie may not help Stefan
Women and men react differently to stress and strain. These are the results of an investigation from the first year of the Corona pandemic carried out by a team from the University and the University Hospital Würzburg. Does anyone still remember the initial phase of the Corona pandemic in 2020? When shops, restaurants, cinemas, and theatres remained closed.

Psychology - 31.07.2023
GPT-3 can reason about as well as a college student, UCLA psychologists report
Science + Technology But does the technology mimic human reasoning or is it using a fundamentally new cognitive process? The artificial intelligence language model GPT-3 performed as well as college students in solving certain logic problems like those that appear on standardized tests. In published research, the UCLA researchers who conducted the experiment write that the results prompt the question of whether the technology is mimicking human reasoning or using a new type of cognitive process.

Health - Psychology - 31.07.2023
Half the population to have a mental health disorder by 75
A global study co-led by researchers from The University of Queensland and Harvard Medical School has found one in two people will develop a mental health disorder in their lifetime. Professor John McGrath from UQ's Queensland Brain Institute , Professor Ronald Kessler from Harvard Medical School, and their colleagues from 27 other countries, analysed data from more than 150,000 adults across 29 countries between 2001 and 2022, taken from the largest ever coordinated series of face-to-face interviews - the World Health Organisation's World Mental Health Survey initiative.

Psychology - Computer Science - 26.07.2023
In your face
In your face
Pierrich Plusquellec and his team at UdeM's School of Psychoeducation publish the results of a facial-expression study measuring 'emotional contagion' and the risk of depression. Repeatedly exposed to negative emotions, relationship professionals such as social workers, psychologists and psychoeducators are at high risk of experiencing "emotional contagion," an unconscious, automatic transmission of an emotion from one individual to another.

Health - Psychology - 25.07.2023
Experts call for urgent mental health support for people living with long term autoimmune diseases
Experts call for urgent mental health support for people living with long term autoimmune diseases
More than half of patients with auto-immune conditions experience mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety, yet the majority are rarely or never asked in clinic about mental health symptoms, according to new research from the University of Cambridge and King's College London.

Health - Psychology - 24.07.2023
Often, consumers inadvertently give too much credit to products’ ’scientifically studied’ claims
Health + Behavior UCLA psychologists find people tend to remember vague assertions in more definitive terms Key takeaways A new study finds that consumers often misremember if a product is labeled "scientifically studied" or "scientifically proven" — despite the significant difference in meaning between the two phrases.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 19.07.2023
Study sheds light on where conscious experience resides in the brain
Researchers from Hebrew University of Jerusalem and UC Berkeley recorded electrical activity in the brains of epilepsy patients while showing them various images in an attempt to find out where persistent images are stored in the brain and how we consciously access those images. More than a quarter of all stroke victims develop a bizarre disorder - they lose conscious awareness of half of all that their eyes perceive.

Psychology - Health - 13.07.2023
A vicious cycle: Mental disorders cause the very stress that fuels them
A vicious cycle: Mental disorders cause the very stress that fuels them
Part of what makes depression so hard to overcome is that people with depression tend to behave in ways that lead to more stress in their lives-and stress in turn fuels mental illness. This feedback loop was initially thought to be unique to depression, but UBC psychology researchers recently revealed in Psychological Bulletin that it is a more widespread problem.

Sport - Psychology - 11.07.2023
Field hockey: psychological characteristics help identify latent talent
Field hockey: psychological characteristics help identify latent talent
It would be possible to predict the future performance of young players using variables other than on-ice performance. Martin Saint-Louis: never drafted. Jonathan Marchessault: never drafted. Tom Brady: drafted 199th . The cases of these three athletes, who rose to the top of their sport after being grossly underestimated by scouts, illustrate just how perilous an exercise it can be to identify promising youngsters.