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Psychology - 11.07.2023
We can hear silence
We can hear silence
The sound of silence? Researchers prove we can hear it Johns Hopkins philosophers and psychologists used auditory illusions to solve an ancient puzzle: whether people can hear more than sounds S ilence might not be deafening, but it's something that literally can be heard, concludes a team of philosophers and psychologists who used auditory illusions to reveal how moments of silence distort people's perception of time.

Health - Psychology - 11.07.2023
Program for Medi-Cal beneficiaries with complex health needs reduced emergency visits, hospitalizations
Health + Behavior Health Homes Program saved California more than $1,000 per program participant a year, UCLA study finds Vanessa Villafuerte California's Health Homes Program aimed to improve care and reduce costs for Medi-Cal beneficiaries with complex medical needs. Program enrollees generally had fewer emergency room visits and hospitalizations than Medi-Cal beneficiaries who weren't enrolled, saving the state an average of $1,113 per person per year.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 11.07.2023
Orexin influences pupil size
Orexin influences pupil size
The way the brain regulates pupil size is different from previously thought: fundamentally responsible is the neurotransmitter orexin, as researchers at ETH Zurich have now shown. This discovery could well alter our understanding of consciousness and illnesses such as narcolepsy and Alzheimer's. "The effect was so strong, we knew immediately that we were onto something important," recalls Nikola Grujic, a postdoc in the Neurobehavioural Dynamics Laboratory at ETH Zurich.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.07.2023
In-person mindfulness courses help improve mental health for at least six months
Adults who voluntarily take part in mindfulness courses are less likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression for at least six months after completing the programmes, compared to adults who do not take part, a new analysis pooling data from 13 studies has confirmed. This study is the highest quality confirmation so far that the in-person mindfulness courses typically offered in the community do actually work for the average person.

Psychology - 06.07.2023
Research could explain why some people look similar to their partner
University of Queensland research has found people are more attracted to those who look like them. Lead author and PhD candidate Amy Zhao from UQ's School of Psychology "Our experiment consisted of 682 participants and 2,285 speed-dating interactions where participants of the opposite sex interacted for 3 minutes at a time," Miss Zhao said.

Health - Psychology - 06.07.2023
One in five young adults experiencing severe distress in England
The number of people reporting feelings of severe distress in England has steadily risen since the beginning of the pandemic, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL, King's College London and the SPECTRUM Consortium. The research, published in JAMA Network Open , establishes that rising levels of severe distress are being reported in all age groups and population subgroups outside of older adults aged over 65, with young adults aged 18-24 showing the most striking rise.

Health - Psychology - 05.07.2023
Poor air quality found to affect mental health in many ways
Poor air quality affects mental health in many ways, according to a new review of evidence published in the British Journal of Psychiatry . Led by Professor Kam Bhui at the University of Oxford's Department of Psychiatry , researchers in the UKRI-funded BioAirNet programme, analysed existing studies looking at the effects of both indoor and outdoor air pollution across the life course, from birth and pregnancy, to adolescence and adulthood.

Psychology - 01.07.2023
Why do we articulate more when speaking to babies and puppies?
Why do we articulate more when speaking to babies and puppies?
Babies and puppies have at least two things in common: aside from being newborns, they promote a positive emotional state in human mothers, leading them to articulate better when they speak. This finding is the result of research by an international team 1 that included Alejandrina Cristia, a CNRS Researcher at the Laboratoire de sciences cognitives et psycholinguistique (LSCP) (CNRS/EHESS/ENS-PSL).

Social Sciences - Psychology - 29.06.2023
Adverse childhood experiences are ’strong predictor’ for adolescent cannabis use
A new study from psychiatric epidemiologist Dr Lindsey Hines calls for greater support to help young people avoid problematic drug use. Young people who are exposed to adverse childhood experiences between the ages of 0 - 12 years, including parental drug misuse, are at highest risk for developing problematic adolescent cannabis use as teenagers, according to a new study.

Psychology - 28.06.2023
Multiracial Black adults more likely to need mental health services than monoracial Blacks
UCLA study also shows those born outside U.S. have greater unmet needs for mental health care Health + Behavior UCLA study also shows those born outside U.S. have greater unmet needs for mental health care June 28, 2023 California adults who identify as Black and at least one other race are more likely to need mental health services than those who identify only as Black, according to a study published today by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 27.06.2023
Reading for pleasure early in childhood linked to better cognitive performance and mental wellbeing in adolescence
Reading for pleasure early in childhood linked to better cognitive performance and mental wellbeing in adolescence
Children who begin reading for pleasure early in life tend to perform better at cognitive tests and have better mental health when they enter adolescence, a study of more than 10,000 young adolescents in the US has found.

Psychology - 21.06.2023
Why you’re more likely to drink when you’re happy than when you’re sad
Robin Bailey , University of Bolton Adrian Wells , University of Manchester There's a long-held belief that people drink alcohol in excess to drown their sorrows. But recent research into mood and drinking has found the opposite is also true. Using data from 69 studies (12,394 people in total) in the US, Canada, France and Australia, all of which employed surveys to assess mood and drinking levels, the researchers found no evidence that people drank more on days when they felt down.

Health - Psychology - 21.06.2023
Eating disorders and self-harm rose among teenage girls during the pandemic - new UK study
Pearl Mok , University of Manchester Alex Trafford , University of Manchester Evidence tells us the COVID pandemic and measures put in place to contain the virus negatively affected the mental health of adolescents and young people in the UK and elsewhere. One review study published in August 2021 estimated that the global prevalence of children and adolescents with depression and anxiety had doubled since the start of the pandemic.

Psychology - Health - 19.06.2023
Plants improve performance and well-being in virtual realities
Plants improve performance and well-being in virtual realities
How can cognitive abilities and well-being be enhanced in virtual worlds? An international team from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, led by the Department of Computer Science at the University of Hamburg, has found that the presence of plants in a virtual office environment can increase mental productivity, memory performance and well-being.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 16.06.2023
Spiral-shaped signals that organise brain activity
Spiral-shaped signals that organise brain activity
Discovery could advance both computing and understanding of the brain  University of Sydney and Fudan scientists have discovered human brain signals travelling across the outer layer of neural tissue that naturally arrange themselves to resemble swirling spirals. The research, published today in Nature Human Behaviour , indicates these ubiquitous spirals, which are brain signals observed on the cortex during both resting and cognitive states, help organise brain activity and cognitive processing.

Psychology - 15.06.2023
Finding out you’re autistic in later life can be a positive experience
Learning that you are autistic at an older age, like Christine McGuiness, is no bad thing say researchers from the University of Bath and King's College London. Receiving an autism diagnosis in your 20, 30s, 40s, 50s or even 60s may seem daunting, but a new study from psychologists in Bath and London finds that the link between the age at which someone gets diagnosed has little bearing on their quality of life.

Psychology - 14.06.2023
Men and young adults are more narcissistic than women and older people
Men and young adults are more narcissistic than women and older people
Current psychological study on gender and age differences Psychologists at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) in Münster, Germany, have joined forces with an international consortium to conduct the most comprehensive study to date on gender and age differences on the topic of narcissism. The scientists surveyed around 270,000 people for their study.

Health - Psychology - 14.06.2023
Impact of Covid-19 on mental health in Europe revealed
Impact of Covid-19 on mental health in Europe revealed
Across Europe, depression and anxiety disorders became more common following the onset of the pandemic, reports a major review of evidence led by UCL researchers. Later in 2020, depression and anxiety rates reduced again, but fluctuated over the following year. The systematic review, published in The Lancet Psychiatry , pulls together evidence from 177 studies in 20 European countries to assess how the Covid-19 pandemic affected mental health across the continent for the first two years after lockdowns began.

Health - Psychology - 09.06.2023
LGB adults at higher risk of suicidal thoughts and self-harm
LGB adults at higher risk of suicidal thoughts and self-harm
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people are more than twice as likely than their straight peers to experience suicidal thoughts or self-harming behaviours, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , is the first ever to analyse nationally representative data on sexual orientation and suicidality in England whilst being able to compare individual sexual minority groups.

Psychology - Environment - 08.06.2023
Fears about the future of the planet will impact all of us - it’s how we act on them that matters
Eco-distress is rising around the world, but a new article in the journal Nature by psychologists suggests this could be a positive catalyst for action. More and more people are experiencing -eco-distress existential fears about the future of the planet in view of increased extreme weather events and ecological loss.
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