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Psychology - Art and Design - 03.08.2023
People feel emotions even with computer-generated art
Man-made works of art, however, are viewed more positively. Computers and artificial intelligence (AI) are also becoming increasingly important in the art world. AI-generated artworks fetch millions at auction, and artists routinely use algorithms to generate aesthetic content. A team of scientists at the University of Vienna has now been able to show through experiments that, contrary to common assumptions, people perceive emotions and intentions when viewing art even if they know that the work was generated by a computer.

Health - Psychology - 31.07.2023
What helps Stephanie may not help Stefan
Women and men react differently to stress and strain. These are the results of an investigation from the first year of the Corona pandemic carried out by a team from the University and the University Hospital Würzburg. Does anyone still remember the initial phase of the Corona pandemic in 2020? When shops, restaurants, cinemas, and theatres remained closed.

Psychology - 31.07.2023
GPT-3 can reason about as well as a college student, UCLA psychologists report
Science + Technology But does the technology mimic human reasoning or is it using a fundamentally new cognitive process? The artificial intelligence language model GPT-3 performed as well as college students in solving certain logic problems like those that appear on standardized tests. In published research, the UCLA researchers who conducted the experiment write that the results prompt the question of whether the technology is mimicking human reasoning or using a new type of cognitive process.

Health - Psychology - 31.07.2023
Half the population to have a mental health disorder by 75
A global study co-led by researchers from The University of Queensland and Harvard Medical School has found one in two people will develop a mental health disorder in their lifetime. Professor John McGrath from UQ's Queensland Brain Institute , Professor Ronald Kessler from Harvard Medical School, and their colleagues from 27 other countries, analysed data from more than 150,000 adults across 29 countries between 2001 and 2022, taken from the largest ever coordinated series of face-to-face interviews - the World Health Organisation's World Mental Health Survey initiative.

Psychology - Computer Science - 26.07.2023
In your face
In your face
Pierrich Plusquellec and his team at UdeM's School of Psychoeducation publish the results of a facial-expression study measuring 'emotional contagion' and the risk of depression. Repeatedly exposed to negative emotions, relationship professionals such as social workers, psychologists and psychoeducators are at high risk of experiencing "emotional contagion," an unconscious, automatic transmission of an emotion from one individual to another.

Health - Psychology - 25.07.2023
Experts call for urgent mental health support for people living with long term autoimmune diseases
Experts call for urgent mental health support for people living with long term autoimmune diseases
More than half of patients with auto-immune conditions experience mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety, yet the majority are rarely or never asked in clinic about mental health symptoms, according to new research from the University of Cambridge and King's College London.

Health - Psychology - 24.07.2023
Often, consumers inadvertently give too much credit to products’ ’scientifically studied’ claims
Health + Behavior UCLA psychologists find people tend to remember vague assertions in more definitive terms Key takeaways A new study finds that consumers often misremember if a product is labeled "scientifically studied" or "scientifically proven" — despite the significant difference in meaning between the two phrases.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 19.07.2023
Study sheds light on where conscious experience resides in the brain
Researchers from Hebrew University of Jerusalem and UC Berkeley recorded electrical activity in the brains of epilepsy patients while showing them various images in an attempt to find out where persistent images are stored in the brain and how we consciously access those images. More than a quarter of all stroke victims develop a bizarre disorder - they lose conscious awareness of half of all that their eyes perceive.

Psychology - Health - 13.07.2023
A vicious cycle: Mental disorders cause the very stress that fuels them
A vicious cycle: Mental disorders cause the very stress that fuels them
Part of what makes depression so hard to overcome is that people with depression tend to behave in ways that lead to more stress in their lives-and stress in turn fuels mental illness. This feedback loop was initially thought to be unique to depression, but UBC psychology researchers recently revealed in Psychological Bulletin that it is a more widespread problem.

Sport - Psychology - 11.07.2023
Field hockey: psychological characteristics help identify latent talent
Field hockey: psychological characteristics help identify latent talent
It would be possible to predict the future performance of young players using variables other than on-ice performance. Martin Saint-Louis: never drafted. Jonathan Marchessault: never drafted. Tom Brady: drafted 199th . The cases of these three athletes, who rose to the top of their sport after being grossly underestimated by scouts, illustrate just how perilous an exercise it can be to identify promising youngsters.

Psychology - 11.07.2023
We can hear silence
We can hear silence
The sound of silence? Researchers prove we can hear it Johns Hopkins philosophers and psychologists used auditory illusions to solve an ancient puzzle: whether people can hear more than sounds S ilence might not be deafening, but it's something that literally can be heard, concludes a team of philosophers and psychologists who used auditory illusions to reveal how moments of silence distort people's perception of time.

Health - Psychology - 11.07.2023
Program for Medi-Cal beneficiaries with complex health needs reduced emergency visits, hospitalizations
Health + Behavior Health Homes Program saved California more than $1,000 per program participant a year, UCLA study finds Vanessa Villafuerte California's Health Homes Program aimed to improve care and reduce costs for Medi-Cal beneficiaries with complex medical needs. Program enrollees generally had fewer emergency room visits and hospitalizations than Medi-Cal beneficiaries who weren't enrolled, saving the state an average of $1,113 per person per year.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 11.07.2023
Orexin influences pupil size
Orexin influences pupil size
The way the brain regulates pupil size is different from previously thought: fundamentally responsible is the neurotransmitter orexin, as researchers at ETH Zurich have now shown. This discovery could well alter our understanding of consciousness and illnesses such as narcolepsy and Alzheimer's. "The effect was so strong, we knew immediately that we were onto something important," recalls Nikola Grujic, a postdoc in the Neurobehavioural Dynamics Laboratory at ETH Zurich.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.07.2023
In-person mindfulness courses help improve mental health for at least six months
Adults who voluntarily take part in mindfulness courses are less likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression for at least six months after completing the programmes, compared to adults who do not take part, a new analysis pooling data from 13 studies has confirmed. This study is the highest quality confirmation so far that the in-person mindfulness courses typically offered in the community do actually work for the average person.

Psychology - 06.07.2023
Research could explain why some people look similar to their partner
University of Queensland research has found people are more attracted to those who look like them. Lead author and PhD candidate Amy Zhao from UQ's School of Psychology "Our experiment consisted of 682 participants and 2,285 speed-dating interactions where participants of the opposite sex interacted for 3 minutes at a time," Miss Zhao said.

Health - Psychology - 06.07.2023
One in five young adults experiencing severe distress in England
The number of people reporting feelings of severe distress in England has steadily risen since the beginning of the pandemic, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL, King's College London and the SPECTRUM Consortium. The research, published in JAMA Network Open , establishes that rising levels of severe distress are being reported in all age groups and population subgroups outside of older adults aged over 65, with young adults aged 18-24 showing the most striking rise.

Health - Psychology - 05.07.2023
Poor air quality found to affect mental health in many ways
Poor air quality affects mental health in many ways, according to a new review of evidence published in the British Journal of Psychiatry . Led by Professor Kam Bhui at the University of Oxford's Department of Psychiatry , researchers in the UKRI-funded BioAirNet programme, analysed existing studies looking at the effects of both indoor and outdoor air pollution across the life course, from birth and pregnancy, to adolescence and adulthood.

Psychology - 01.07.2023
Why do we articulate more when speaking to babies and puppies?
Why do we articulate more when speaking to babies and puppies?
Babies and puppies have at least two things in common: aside from being newborns, they promote a positive emotional state in human mothers, leading them to articulate better when they speak. This finding is the result of research by an international team 1 that included Alejandrina Cristia, a CNRS Researcher at the Laboratoire de sciences cognitives et psycholinguistique (LSCP) (CNRS/EHESS/ENS-PSL).

Social Sciences - Psychology - 29.06.2023
Adverse childhood experiences are ’strong predictor’ for adolescent cannabis use
A new study from psychiatric epidemiologist Dr Lindsey Hines calls for greater support to help young people avoid problematic drug use. Young people who are exposed to adverse childhood experiences between the ages of 0 - 12 years, including parental drug misuse, are at highest risk for developing problematic adolescent cannabis use as teenagers, according to a new study.

Psychology - 28.06.2023
Multiracial Black adults more likely to need mental health services than monoracial Blacks
UCLA study also shows those born outside U.S. have greater unmet needs for mental health care Health + Behavior UCLA study also shows those born outside U.S. have greater unmet needs for mental health care June 28, 2023 California adults who identify as Black and at least one other race are more likely to need mental health services than those who identify only as Black, according to a study published today by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.
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