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Mathematics - Psychology - 24.08.2010
Major Moral Decisions Use General-Purpose Brain Circuits to Manage Uncertainty
Major Moral Decisions Use General-Purpose Brain Circuits to Manage Uncertainty
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Steve Bradt 617. Major Moral Decisions Use General-Purpose Brain Circuits to Manage Uncertainty Humans and other animals use this circuitry to make basic decisions about things like food, discounting the involvement of a specific 'moral sense' Cambridge, Mass. August 25, 2010 - Scientists at Harvard University have found that humans can make difficult moral decisions using the same brain circuits as those used in more mundane choices related to money and food.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 11.08.2010
MRI scans show brain’s response to actions of others in Stanford study
When we believe a person is doing something nice for someone else, we really do take it personally. Our brains register the observation of a good deed as a personal reward. BY ADAM GORLICK It might seem like a no-brainer: We're inclined to like generous people more than stingy ones. But what's driving our feelings about them? Is it what they're doing, or why we think they're doing it? That's where the brain comes in.

Psychology - Pedagogy - 09.08.2010
Evidence in overhaul of same-sex marriage ban
Evidence in overhaul of same-sex marriage ban
The testimony of a University of Cambridge researcher has played a key role in the decision to overturn California's ban on same-sex marriages. Professor Michael Lamb, from the University's Department of Social Psychology, provided information that played a crucial role in the decision of a Federal Judge to overturn "Proposition 8" last week.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 03.08.2010
Study details autism’s heavy toll beyond childhood on marriages
The parents of grown children with autism are more likely to divorce than couples with typically developing children, according to new data from a large longitudinal study of families of adolescents and adults with autism.

Psychology - Pedagogy - 31.07.2010
Personality test to explore rules of attraction
Personality test to explore rules of attraction
A major new investigation which aims to solve two of the biggest unanswered questions in psychology is being launched by researchers at the University of Cambridge in partnership with the BBC. The project, which will form the next phase of the BBC's successful online experiment, the "Big Personality Test", will attempt to explain whether people with similar tastes have more successful relationships, or if opposites attract?

Social Sciences - Psychology - 29.07.2010
Inklings of Suicide
Inklings of Suicide
Two powerful new tests developed by psychologists at Harvard University show great promise in predicting patients? risk of attempting suicide, researchers say. These tests may help clinicians to overcome their reliance on self-reporting by at-risk individuals, information that often proves misleading when suicidal patients wish to hide their intentions.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 28.07.2010
Warnings of suicidal intent
Warnings of suicidal intent
Two powerful new tests developed by Harvard psychologists show great promise in predicting patients? risk of attempting suicide, researchers say. These tests may help clinicians to overcome their reliance on self-reporting by at-risk individuals, information that often proves misleading when suicidal patients wish to hide their intentions.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 27.07.2010
Psychologists Develop Two Potent New Predictors of Suicide Risk
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Steve Bradt 617. Psychologists Develop Two Potent New Predictors of Suicide Risk Tests promise to help clinicians move beyond reliance on self-reporting by suicidal individuals Cambridge, Mass. July 28, 2010 - Two powerful new tests developed by psychologists at Harvard University show great promise in predicting patients' risk of attempting suicide.

Economics / Business - Psychology - 26.07.2010
Your personality plays a role in your political behavior, author says
Your personality plays a role in your political behavior, author says
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Our personalities play a role in every aspect of our lives, from friendships to hobbies, from whom we marry to what we do for a living. It's only natural, then, that personality should also play a role in our political beliefs and behavior, says Jeffery Mondak ' yet it's long been ignored as a subject of study.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 23.07.2010
Genetic link to emotional problems
Genetic link to emotional problems
Genetic link to emotional problems 23 Jul 2010, PR 163/10 Researchers at the Institute of Psychiatry (IoP) at King's and Duke University (US) have discovered a genetic variation that moderates whether victims of bullying will go on to develop emotional problems. Gene and environment interactions are a burgeoning area of scientific research and an increasing body of evidence demonstrates that children who are victims of bullying are at risk of developing emotional problems including depression.

Psychology - Linguistics / Literature - 21.07.2010
Professor-edited journal rated among tops in its field
Professor-edited journal rated among tops in its field
Developmental Review: Perceptions in Behavior and Cognition, a quarterly journal of theory and literature review in developmental psychology edited by Charles Brainerd, professor of human development, has been rated one of the three most influential journals in its field. In the 2009 Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Impact Factor data released in June, Developmental Review ranks alongside Child Development and Developmental Psychology - the two longest-running developmental psychology publications.

Psychology - Law - 20.07.2010
Study: Negative emotions trigger false memories in adults more often than in children
Emotions - particularly those provoked by negative events - can cause distorted, inaccurate memories, but less often in children than in adults, according to a new Cornell study.

Psychology - 20.07.2010
Remembering so as not to forget
Remembering so as not to forget
Verbal distractions are a primary cause of poor memory, according to scientific tests, which prove that the key to preventing ourselves from forgetting is to rehearse and 'refresh' our thoughts. Psychologists from the University of Bristol conducted a series of tests with 117 six year old children and 104 eight year old children to assess why we forget and how we preserve material in working memory, which governs our ability to process information in order to complete everyday tasks such as problem solving and arithmetic.

Psychology - 07.07.2010
Biological clock increases women's libido
AUSTIN, Texas — As more women wait until their 30s and 40s to have children, they are more willing to engage in a variety of sexual activities to capitalize on their remaining childbearing years, according to new research by psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin. Such "reproduction expediting" includes one-night stands and adventurous bedroom behavior, the research shows.

Health - Psychology - 06.07.2010
New study contradicts negative perceptions of the menopause
New research from the University of Sheffield has found that social and psychological factors have the biggest influence upon women´s sexual behaviour during the menopause, rather than biological changes such as declining hormone levels. The study, which will be published in the Journal of Health Psychology, found that contrary to previous evidence, women´s experience of sexual activity during the menopause differs greatly between individuals, and is not always directly linked to biological factors.

Health - Psychology - 29.06.2010
Research links workplace bullying with ill-health
A new study by the University of Sheffield has uncovered new evidence of a strong link between workplace bullying and the subsequent psychological ill-health of employees. The study, which was funded by the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH), found that bullying from organisational insiders, for example colleagues, subordinates and superiors, significantly influenced levels of stress reported seven months later.

Psychology - Health - 24.06.2010
Study: Moms’ favoritism tied to depression in adulthood
Whether mom's golden child or her black sheep, siblings who sense that their mother consistently favors or rejects one child over others are more likely to show depressive symptoms as middle-aged adults, finds a new study by Cornell gerontologist Karl Pillemer.

Health - Psychology - 06.06.2010
Link found between passive smoking and poorer mental health
Link found between passive smoking and poorer mental health
Second-hand smoke exposure is associated with psychological distress and risk of future psychiatric illness, according to new UCL research that suggests the harmful affects of passive smoking go beyond physical health. The new research, published today in the Archives of General Psychiatry , examined the associations between mental health and second hand smoke (SHS) exposure ? known as passive smoking ? by measuring the circulating biochemical marker cotinine, which is found in saliva and can be used to measure levels of exposure to tobacco smoke.

Psychology - 18.05.2010
Racial and Ethnic Bias Leads to Lower Well-Being
The latest study considered 214 previous studies comprising 91,338 adolescents and measured 11 distinct indicators of well-being. Free use of image by Max Pixel. AUSTIN, Texas - Racial and ethnic discrimination is problematic for all aspects of development - from mental and physical health to risky behaviors and academic success - particularly for Latinos, researchers at The University of Texas at Austin determined after analyzing findings from hundreds of previous studies on adolescents.

Health - Psychology - 18.05.2010
Creativity linked to mental health
Creativity linked to mental health
New research shows a possible explanation for the link between mental health and creativity. By studying receptors in the brain, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have managed to show that the dopamine system in healthy, highly creative people is similar in some respects to that seen in people with schizophrenia.
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