Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.06.2024
Teens with behavioural problems, particularly girls, more likely to sext
Teens with behavioural problems, particularly girls, more likely to sext
Researchers say it's important to recognize and support youth who are vulnerable to sexual victimization It's important that programs promoting safer sexting behaviours consider the specific needs of adolescents with behavioural problems, a new study by McGill researchers suggests. Adolescents with behavioural problems engage in elevated levels of sexting compared with their peers without such problems.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 12.06.2024
Ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá
Ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá
Ancient Maya genomes reveal the practice of male twin sacrifice and the enduring genetic legacy of colonial-era epidemics Rising to power in the wake of the Classic Maya collapse, Chichén Itzá was among the largest and most influential cities of the ancient Maya, but much about its political connections and ritual life remain poorly understood.

Social Sciences - Career - 10.06.2024
Italian Moms Work far Fewer Years than Dads, while Finland Shows Equality
Italian Moms Work far Fewer Years than Dads, while Finland Shows Equality
Significant differences in the working lives of mothers and fathers in Italy - Finland, on the other hand, balanced A study by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research shows that, in contrast to Finland, from midlife mothers in Italy and the US work significantly fewer years than fathers, especially if they have two and more children.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Peers Crucial in Shaping Boys’ Confidence in Math Skills
Boys are good at math, girls not so much? A study from the University of Zurich has analyzed the social mechanisms that contribute to the gender gap in math confidence. While peer comparisons seem to play a crucial role for boys, girls' subjective evaluations are more likely to be based on objective performance.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Adolescents who experience higher levels of social anxiety symptoms are more likely to report increased suicidal thoughts and other depressive symptoms two years later, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The findings, published in JCPP Advances, highlights the need for early interventions to address society anxiety in young people.

Social Sciences - 06.06.2024
Inclusive integration policy can reduce perception of diversity as a threat
Increasing ethnic and racial diversity in Western societies often accompanies feelings of threat among the ethnic majorities of a country. New research from Tilburg University shows that an inclusive integration policy can reduce the perception of diversity as a threat. The research suggests that policies that give immigrants more equal rights are particularly effective in promoting social cohesion and reducing tensions in Western societies.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 05.06.2024
Sexual minorities experience greater exclusion in everyday situations
Sexual minorities experience greater exclusion in everyday situations
Lesbian, gay and bisexual people experience greater exclusion than heterosexual people. This is the conclusion of a recent study by researchers from the University of Basel and the University of Kaiserslautern-Landau (RPTU). Heterosexual individuals who deviate from traditional gender roles are also affected.

Social Sciences - Politics - 04.06.2024
'Fuzzy' maps offer insight into local perceptions of volunteering's value
’Fuzzy’ maps offer insight into local perceptions of volunteering’s value
In a new study, Yale researchers employed fuzzy cognitive mapping to better understand how volunteering benefits poor women in Jordan. In the global South, volunteer programs are framed by policymakers and scholars as an effective vehicle for empowering women living in poverty. But this narrative often rests on scant knowledge of the perspectives and experiences of a key set of local stakeholders: the volunteers.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 30.05.2024
Critical dialogue helps straight men confront sexist, homophobic beliefs
Study: Iconic illustrations initiate critical dialogues among heterosexual men who then develop critical consciousness around homophobia and sexism: A qualitative study Adult heterosexual men with sexist and homophobic views can potentially improve their attitudes toward gay men and women by engaging in critical dialogues that use illustrations as a springboard, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 29.05.2024
AI saving humans from the emotional toll of monitoring hate speech
Researchers use machine learning to identify hate speech with 88 per cent accuracy A team of researchers at the University of Waterloo have developed a new machine-learning method that detects hate speech on social media platforms with 88 per cent accuracy, saving employees from hundreds of hours of emotionally damaging work.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 28.05.2024
Active internet users assess their psychological well-being more positively than non-users
With the rise and increasing use of digital technologies and online platforms worldwide, the debate about their potential impact on our psychological well-being is growing. New research from Tilburg University and the University of Oxford shows that active (mobile) internet users are more satisfied with their lives and assess their social and physical well-being more positively than non-users.

Environment - Social Sciences - 28.05.2024
Fewer invasive species in natural areas of indigenous populations
Fewer invasive species in natural areas of indigenous populations
Sustainable land use as a key to combating alien species The introduction of plant and animal species into new regions by humans is increasing rapidly worldwide. Some of these non-native species have a massive impact as they upset the balance of ecosystems. It was previously unclear whether there are differences in the spread of such invasive species between areas cared for by indigenous populations and other regions.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
Cultural Networks of Central African Hunter-Gatherers Have Ancient Origin
Cultural Networks of Central African Hunter-Gatherers Have Ancient Origin
Extensive social networks between different hunter-gatherer groups in the Congo Basin existed long before agriculture arrived in the region. This continent-wide exchange preserved a cultural diversity that evolved thousands of years ago, as researchers from the University of Zurich show based on musical instruments, specialized vocabulary and genetic information.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 22.05.2024
One in two children with ADHD experience emotional problems
Cambridge scientists have shown that problems regulating emotions - which can manifest as depression, anxiety and explosive outbursts - may be a core symptom of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 22.05.2024
Anthropology, a shared discipline
Since 2022, anthropology has been in the spotlight at CNRS. Caroline Bodolec, the deputy scientific director behind this initiative, looks back at the main mediation actions around the discipline after it "put on a show" on April 30, 2024. The CNRS Sciences humaines & sociales "Sharing Anthropology" focus ended on April 30.

Social Sciences - 17.05.2024
Wastewater reveals socioeconomic link to alcohol consumption
People from a higher socioeconomic status drink more alcohol on average than those of lower socioeconomic background, according to new research from The University of Queensland. Dr Ben Tscharke from UQ's Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS) said the team analysed wastewater samples collected from 50 sites across Australia between 2016 and 2023, covering 50 per cent of the population.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 09.05.2024
Ivey prof develops strategy to bridge the digital divide
Ivey prof develops strategy to bridge the digital divide
New research shows need for 'design mindset' to include marginalized communities in the digital economy Whether it's a financial tracking app, a watch that monitors your health, or earphones that translate languages instantly, technology has revolutionized the human experience. Yet not everyone has equal access to these advantages.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.05.2024
ER screening tool can help identify youth at risk of experiencing firearm violence
Study: Association Between the SaFETy Score and Self-reported Firearm Violence Among Young Adults Presenting to Emergency Departments in Three Cities: A Cross-Sectional Study (DOI: 10.7326/M24-0026) Doctors may be better able to identify young adults and youth at risk of firearm violence by implementing a new screening questionnaire, according to a study published by researchers at the University of Michigan.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.05.2024
Researchers hope new report fuels reproductive health care research involving minors
Related story: Abortion policy is changing every day. Minors are the most vulnerableand the least understood A new report from Youth Reproductive Equity, a national collaborative of researchers and clinicians, outlines a research agenda to examine the impact of the Dobbs decision on minors. The lead author of the report, " Adolescence Post-Dobbs: A Policy-Driven Research Agenda for Minor Adolescents and Abortion - is Julie Maslowsky , associate professor at the University of Michigan School of Nursing and an affiliate of the Population Studies Center at the Institute for Social Research.

Health - Social Sciences - 02.05.2024
Targeting friends to induce social contagion to benefit the world
In a new study, researchers induced social contagion in Honduran villages by targeting people's friends to receive a health intervention. A new study co-authored by Yale sociologist Nicholas A. Christakis demonstrates that tapping into the dynamics of friendship significantly improves the possibility that a community will adopt public health and other interventions aimed at improved human wellbeing.
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