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Health - Social Sciences - 27.03.2023
Legal cannabis markets linked to increased motor vehicle deaths
A new study from the University of Illinois Chicago used death certificate data to compare mortality rates in states that legalized recreational cannabis dispensaries with states that only provided access to medical cannabis. The UIC researchers found that there was a substantial increase in crash fatalities in four of the seven states used in the study with legalized recreational markets and that, on average, recreational markets were associated with a 10% increase in motor vehicle accident deaths.

Social Sciences - Health - 27.03.2023
CDC report: Autism rate rises among 8-year-olds
Prevalence of autism among 8-year-olds rises to new high, CDC report shows Data from 11 U.S. sites, including one at Johns Hopkins, shows overall prevalence at 1 in 36 in 2020, up from 1 in 44 two years earlier Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that found a continued rise in the overall prevalence of autism among 8-year-olds in 2020, the year the data was collected, as well as notable sex and racial/ethnic trends.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 23.03.2023
What’s your sound barrier? New study finds nearly one in five people in the UK find everyday sounds intolerable
Researchers from King's College London and University of Oxford have shown that 18.4 per cent of the general UK population report that certain sounds, such as loud chewing, and repetitive sniffing, cause a significant problem in their lives. The condition is known as misophonia. Misophonia is a strong negative reaction to common sounds, which are usually made by other people, and include breathing, yawning, or chewing.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
Viewing self-harm images online and in social media usually causes harm
Clinical researchers from Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust have reviewed the international research evidence regarding the impact of viewing images of self-harm on the internet and in social media. This indicates that viewing such images usually causes harm, though the findings also highlighted the complexity of the issue.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
Vaping increasing among young Aussies, as risks confirmed
Vaping increasing among young Aussies, as risks confirmed
E-cigarette use among young Australians has increased "alarmingly" in recent years, as a major peer-reviewed study led by The Australian National University (ANU) confirms the risks to health vaping poses. Published in the Medical Journal of Australia , the study builds on a 2022 ANU report on e-cigarettes , with additional peer-review and evidence from more than 400 studies and reports.

Environment - Social Sciences - 20.03.2023
Forces that shape biodiversity
Forces that shape biodiversity
"If you pick a spot in, say, a rainforest, and count the number of different species of lizards within 15 metres and you come up with a number," says  Luke Mahler , "What determines that number?" Mahler is an assistant professor in the University of Toronto's department of ecology and evolutionary biology in the Faculty of Arts & Science.

Social Sciences - 16.03.2023
Digital well-being through social media
Smartphones and social media are part of our lives, raising understandable concerns, especially when younger people use them. However, online experiences can be as negative as they are positive. The way to the psychological well-being of adults and adolescents is through the conscious use of such technologies, not their avoidance.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.03.2023
Cancer care and lessons learned from the pandemic
Without a vital support person, patients find cancer care "a lonely journey" Experts say we need to plan for the next pandemic to ensure informal carers are not left out in the cold, after strict rules prevented good care. A new study by The University of Sydney and Duke University in the United States has found that people living with cancer suffered considerable stress during the pandemic due to strict rules preventing a family member, support person or 'informal caregiver' from attending appointments and treatments.

Social Sciences - Health - 16.03.2023
How we can help children with autism socialize using their natural rhythmic abilities
Imagine children on a playground tossing a ball back and forth, playing hand clapping games, sharing game pieces,and chasing each other in a game of tag. Now take a closer look and notice how each child moves at their own pace and has coordinated movements to effortlessly engage with other children. On the same playground, now notice children with autism who appear clumsy and not interacting with others.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.03.2023
Preventing type 2 diabetes in young people is possible without medication
Preventing type 2 diabetes in young people is possible without medication
All it takes is some physical activity every day and less time spent in front of a screen, Canadian researchers find.

Social Sciences - 09.03.2023
Superb fairy-wrens picky when helping others in distress
Superb fairy-wrens picky when helping others in distress
Superb fairy-wrens are more likely to take risks to help members of their close social circle, according to an international team of researchers including scientists from Monash University and The Australian National University (ANU). The authors found that wild superb fairy-wrens use similar rules to human hunter-gatherers when deciding how much help to offer another in need.  "Both species live in multilevel societies, starting with a core group of just a few closely connected individuals," lead author and PhD candidate at Monash University Ettore Camerlenghi said.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.03.2023
Allergies in Europe: Regional Differences in Sensitization Profiles in Children Detected for the First Time
Allergies in Europe: Regional Differences in Sensitization Profiles in Children Detected for the First Time
Medicine & Science As part of a study led by MedUni Vienna in cooperation with the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and the Karl Landsteiner Private University for Health Sciences (KL) in Krems, a comprehensive European allergy atlas was compiled for the first time using a newly developed test method.

Politics - Social Sciences - 07.03.2023
UK voters want politicians to face stronger checks and balances
UK voters want politicians to face stronger checks and balances
Trust in politicians is at a low ebb and the health of the UK democracy matters as much to voters as issues such as crime and immigration, according to a new report by the UCL Constitution Unit. Published today, the report found that most voters believe stronger mechanisms are needed to ensure politicians follow the rules, with four out of five saying the current system needs reform so that politicians who do not act with integrity can be punished.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.03.2023
Many parents report health risks prior to pregnancy: Study
We know that a person's health during pregnancy impacts their child's developmental trajectories, but what about parental health before conception? A new study led by  Cindy-Lee Dennis , a senior scientist at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute at Sinai Healthand a professor in the University of Toronto's Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, found that a significant number of Canadian women have poor preconception health or interconception health, which refers to the period between two pregnancies.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.03.2023
Higher infection risk was main driver of ethnic inequality
Latin American cashier scanning products at a grocery store wearing a facemask - iStock The research, published in The Lancet: eClinicalMedicine, analysed results from 77 research studies, covering 200 million people from around the world. Earlier research showed a higher risk of severe illness or death for people from ethnic minority groups, but it was not clear if this was due to higher infection risk, poorer prognosis once infected, or both.

Social Sciences - 01.03.2023
The elderly, those of a lower socioeconomic level and men, the ones using Valenbisi the longest
The elderly, those of a lower socioeconomic level and men, the ones using Valenbisi the longest
A study by the University of Valencia (UV) on the time spent using the shared bicycle system (SBC) in Valencia and its relationship with physical activity concludes that older people, those with a lower socioeconomic level and men are the ones who use the Valenbisi system the most. The work, on 6,946 users, has been published in the magazine Retos .

Social Sciences - Economics - 24.02.2023
Severity in gambling behaviours and suicidality linked in young adults
An increase in difficulties with gambling is linked to a heightened risk of suicide attempts among young adults, according to new research led by the University of Glasgow. 'Changes in severity of problem gambling and subsequent suicide attempts: a longitudinal survey of young adults in Great Britain, 2018-20' shows that over the course of a year, young adults (aged 16-24) who experienced an increase in severity of gambling harms were 2.74 times more likely to attempt suicide than those whose gambling was unchanged.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.02.2023
LGB and more likely to die
A new epidemiological study finds that lesbian, gay and bisexual people in Canada have higher preventable death rates than their heterosexual counterparts. CONTENU - The scientific literature has repeatedly shown health gaps between lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual people. In 2020, for instance, Statistics Canada reported that members of the LGB community were three times more likely to have experienced physical or sexual violence at some point in their lives.

Economics - Social Sciences - 24.02.2023
Starting a business can liberate LGBT people to be themselves
Starting a business can liberate LGBT people to be themselves
Setting up a business or going self-employed can give LGBT people a sense of liberation and freedom to be their authentic selves, shows study. Setting up a business or going self-employed can give LGBT people a sense of liberation and freedom to be their authentic selves, shows a study of small businesses with LGBT owners.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.02.2023
Covid-19 pandemic created life-long risks for children in temporary accommodation in London
Covid-19 pandemic created life-long risks for children in temporary accommodation in London
Adverse effects caused by the Covid-19 pandemic could have lasting implications for children under five who are living in temporary accommodation in London, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, examined the impact of not having a fixed address during the Covid-19 pandemic on the healthcare access and health outcomes of children under five living in the London Borough of Newham.
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