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Environment - Social Sciences - 19.10.2023
Around the Globe, Climate Adaptation Lacks Coordination
Around the Globe, Climate Adaptation Lacks Coordination
Viewed globally, it is above all individuals and households that are pursuing adaptation to the impacts of climate change; systematic networking of the various groups affected is lacking. This is the conclusion reached by an international team of experts from Universität Hamburg's Cluster of Excellence for climate research (CLICCS) and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU).

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 17.10.2023
Social relations in the peninsular Copper Age went from great connectivity to regionalisation in just 300 years
Social relations in the peninsular Copper Age went from great connectivity to regionalisation in just 300 years
Researchers from the University of Valencia have revealed that social relations during the Copper Age in the Iberian Peninsula went from a first homogeneous phase of great connectivity to a more fragmented and regionalised stage. Through the analysis of the ceramic decorations of the Bell Beaker vase, characteristic of the European Chalcolithic and associated with funerary contexts of the elites, the work published in the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory concludes that these vessels were -democratised- in almost 300 years, with the consequent reinterpretation and heterogenisation.

Environment - Social Sciences - 17.10.2023
U-M-led study investigates lions’ interactions with humans in a diminishing habitat 
Humans and wildlife, including large carnivores, interact at an unprecedented scale as they increasingly share the world's landscapes. A new University of Michigan-led study of human-lion interactions found that lions tend to avoid human-dominated areas unless they are facing food scarcity and habitat fragmentation.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.10.2023
The emotional function of dreams is not the same everywhere
The emotional function of dreams is not the same everywhere
By comparing the dreams of Western and non-Western populations, a study by the University of Geneva and the University of Toronto shows that dreams can have a variable emotional function. Why do we dream? A product of our brain's neurophysiology, dreaming is a complex experience that can take on many emotional tones and simulate reality to varying degrees.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.10.2023
Healthcare for millions of pregnant teenage girls is being neglected
Healthcare for millions of pregnant teenage girls is being neglected
The healthcare needs of pregnant adolescents will continue to be ignored in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) unless there are major changes to healthcare delivery and frameworks, according to a new study by UCL and Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI) researchers.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 13.10.2023
Teachings beyond words
Teachings beyond words
Even in digital courses, it's not just the spoken word that counts. Aspects such as tone of voice, eye contact and the appreciation experienced are also important, as a study by the University of Würzburg shows . With the corona pandemic came its big boom: digital lectures. Depending on the incidence and the respective regulations, lecturers and students met digitally in specially set up Zoom meetings.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 11.10.2023
Killing remains a threat to Bornean orangutans
University of Queensland research has found despite considerable conservation efforts, the illegal killing of critically endangered orangutans on Borneo may be an ongoing threat to the species. PhD candidate Emily Massingham from UQ's Faculty of Science managed a team of researchers which visited 79 villages across the Bornean orangutan range in Kalimantan, conducting face to face interviews with 431 people.

Social Sciences - 09.10.2023
Temporal change in risk tolerance around payday
People living in poverty often struggle from payday to payday. Those who receive government assistance, such as welfare or pensions, must manage scarce resources to make ends meet until the next payment. Researchers from Kobe University, the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Toyo University, and Simon Fraser University have studied how people's willingness to take risks changes before and after payday.

Environment - Social Sciences - 06.10.2023
Amazon may hold over 10,000 hidden earthworks built by pre-Columbian societies
Amazon may hold over 10,000 hidden earthworks built by pre-Columbian societies
The Amazon rainforest may be home to thousands of hidden earthworks, made by pre-Columbian societies. This is revealed by a large international study investigating the distribution of these hidden structures. Biologist Hans ter Steege contributed to the research. "This discovery tells us that certain parts of the forest may not be as old as we initially thought." The dense Amazon Rainforest may hold far more traces of human civilization than previously believed.

Social Sciences - 06.10.2023
Fairer AI systems
Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are increasingly being used in various aspects of our society. However, we do not always know how the algorithms work and whether the choices they make are fair.

Social Sciences - 05.10.2023
Family expansion is most common reason for relocation
Family expansion is most common reason for relocation
Around 45 percent of the Swiss population is considering moving. More than half of them would like more living space. This is shown by a study conducted by the ZHAW in collaboration with the Federal Office of Housing, the Fédération Romande Immobilière, the Swiss Homeowners Association and Raiffeisen Switzerland .

Health - Social Sciences - 03.10.2023
Hispanics killed by firearms at twice the rate of whites
U-M analysis of data from 38 states shows significant disparities in firearm injury, death rates among Hispanic populations Study: Firearm homicides among Hispanics and white non-Hispanics: Measuring disparities The rate of firearm homicide among Hispanic populations in the United States was more than two times higher than that of white Americans in 2021, the largest disparity in more than a decade, according to new research led by the University of Michigan.

Social Sciences - 02.10.2023
Metaphors for human fertilization are evolving
While the metaphor of an active sperm and a passive egg has long been used to describe fertilization, a more gender-egalitarian approach is circulating. In a common metaphor used to describe human fertilization, sperm cells are competitors racing to penetrate a passive egg. But as critics have noted, the description is also a -fairy tale- rooted in cultural beliefs about masculinity and femininity.

Social Sciences - 27.09.2023
Social media may increase the risk of teenage alcohol use and binge drinking
Teenagers who spend 30 minutes or more on social media every day may be more at risk of alcohol use and binge drinking, according to new research Teenagers who spend 30 minutes or more on social media every day may be more at risk of alcohol use and binge drinking, according to new research.

Social Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.09.2023
Ancient Amazonians intentionally created fertile 'dark earth'
Ancient Amazonians intentionally created fertile ’dark earth’
The rich soil holds thousands of tons of carbon, sequestered over centuries by indigenous practices, a new study suggests. The Amazon river basin is known for its immense and lush tropical forests, so one might assume that the Amazon's land is equally rich. In fact, the soils underlying the forested vegetation, particularly in the hilly uplands, are surprisingly infertile.

Social Sciences - 19.09.2023
Researchers issue urgent call to save the world’s largest flower -Rafflesia - from extinction
An international group of scientists, including botanists at the University of Oxford's Botanic Garden, has issued an urgent call for coordinated action to save the iconic genus Rafflesia , which contains the world's largest flowers. This follows a new study published this week which found that most of the 42 species are severely threatened, yet just one of these is listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)'s Red List of Threatened Species.

Social Sciences - 19.09.2023
At which age we are at our happiest
At which age we are at our happiest
An evaluation of over 400 samples shows how subjective well-being develops over the course of a lifespan. At what age are people at their happiest? This seemingly simple question has been studied extensively over the past decades, but a definitive answer has long been elusive. A research team from the German Sport University Cologne, Ruhr University Bochum, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the universities of Bern and Basel in Switzerland has now shed light on the question in a comprehensive meta-analytic review published on 7.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.09.2023
Identifying nutrition issues among Miawpukek youth
Identifying nutrition issues among Miawpukek youth
Two UdeM nutrition graduates went to the Newfoundland and Labrador community to identify nutrition problems among Indigenous youth. Last April and May, Université de Montréal researchers Ariane Lafortune and Milena Nardocci spent three weeks in Miawpukek , an Indigenous community in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.09.2023
Cultural racism worsens health inequities between racial groups
Cultural racism worsens health inequities between racial groups
Racism expressed through cultural norms can perpetuate negative health outcomes for nonwhite groups, according to a study by UC Berkeley School of Public Health. Researchers reviewed sociological and racism research to determine the effects of cultural racism on public health for the report, published in the Milbank Quarterly .

Social Sciences - Law - 15.09.2023
Report on Violence Against Human Rights Defenders in Brazil
Study with contributions from sociologist and jurist Maria Eugenia Trombini reveals extent A study on violence against human rights defenders in Brazil reveals more than 1,000 cases occurred between 2019 to 2022. The report was compiled by the Brazilian human rights organisations "Terra de Direitos" and "Justiça Global".
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