Social Sciences

Results 21 - 40 of 2225.

Politics - Social Sciences - 04.05.2023
Are ethnic and religious minority voters key to election success?
New research led by experts from The University of Manchester , the University of St Andrews, the University of Essex and the University of Nottingham suggests that people from ethnic and religious minority groups are more likely to be interested in politics than White British people. Evidence for Equality National Survey (EVENS) is a major new survey of racism and ethnic inequalities carried out by the Centre on the Dynamics of Ethnicity (CoDE).

Social Sciences - 03.05.2023
How do makerspaces contribute to urban vitalism?
In recent years, researchers noticed the return of making practices, small-scale manufacturing and independent craft production to postindustrial cities. This 'maker movement' comes together in so called 'makerspaces' and, more generally, in community-based spaces of making. How do these spaces contribute to urban vitalism? Researchers Amanda Brandellero and Anna Niutta conducted empirical research on the opportunities and limitations of these spaces in Turin, Italy.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 03.05.2023
Traces from the past
Traces from the past
An international research team led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, has for the first time successfully isolated ancient human DNA from a Paleolithic artefact: a pierced deer tooth discovered in Denisova Cave in southern Siberia. To preserve the integrity of the artefact, they developed a new, nondestructive method for isolating DNA from ancient bones and teeth.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 02.05.2023 unveiling of the first data on police stop experiences in Montreal
Participatory mapping project reveals that one in three citizens believe their appearance or identity contributed to their stop by the police The first research report from , a participatory mapping project of police stop experiences, presents preliminary data contributed by citizens of Montreal.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.04.2023
Covid-19 has reduced diverse urban interactions
Covid-19 has reduced diverse urban interactions
Mobility-related data show the pandemic has had a lasting effect, limiting the breadth of places people visit in cities. The Covid-19 pandemic has reduced how often urban residents intersect with people from different income brackets, according to a new study led by MIT researchers. Examining the movement of people in four U.S. cities before and after the onset of the pandemic, the study found a 15 to 30 percent decrease in the number of visits residents were making to areas that are socioeconomically different than their own.

Social Sciences - Career - 26.04.2023
Misconceptions Put Women Off STEM Subjects
Young women seem to be less drawn to degrees in science or technology. But what is putting them off? A sociological study at UZH has revealed that outdated gender stereotypes - such as supposed differences in analytical thinking - play a major role. Why do so few female school leavers with good grades in mathematics choose to study a technical subject - despite the high salaries and good employment prospects in the STEM sector? This question has long preoccupied the social sciences, especially as studies show that girls and boys do equally well in mathematics at school.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.04.2023
'The techniques for the energy transition are not there yet'
’The techniques for the energy transition are not there yet’
At Utrecht University, interdisciplinary research into a sustainable future comes together in Pathways to Sustainability. To do justice to the natural sciences in this strategic theme, Professor René van Roij  together with several colleagues from the Faculties of Science and Geosciences initiated the community Science for Sustainability  a year ago.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.04.2023
Health surveys, studies exclude trans people and gender-diverse communities, impacting health care
Study: Discordance in Chromosomal and Self-Reported Sex in the UK Biobank: Implications for Transgenderand Intersex-Inclusive Data Collection Health surveys and clinical studies have a data collection problem: Because of the way they record sex or gender, they often exclude transgender and gender-diverse people, according to University of Michigan research.

Social Sciences - 21.04.2023
Even in an extremely hierarchical monkey society, individuals help each other
Some individuals in an extremely hierarchical society of monkeys help others by providing them with food, without receiving a direct reward themselves. As this is the first time that such 'prosocial' behaviour is seen in a species that is not considered socially peaceful or tolerant, these results have consequences for the understanding of the evolution of cooperative behaviours.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2023
Over a third of people from minority groups have experienced racist assaults, survey finds
More than a third of people from ethnic and religious minority groups in Britain have experienced some form of racist assault, according to new research led by experts from The University of Manchester, the University of St Andrews and King's College London. The Evidence for Equality National Survey (EVENS) is a major new survey of racism and ethnic inequalities carried out by the Centre on the Dynamics of Ethnicity (CoDE) , which reveals the extent of racism and racial discrimination experienced by people from ethnic and religious minority groups.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2023
The human tendency to help exists in all cultures
People from different cultures are more alike than we first thought. All over the world, people tend to respond to requests for help and help others. This is the conclusion of a new linguistic study that appeared in Nature Scientific Reports, and in which several Radboud researchers collaborated. Linguist Mark Dingemanse, one of the project's researchers, calls the results "heartening" and striking.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2023
Human rights a thing of the past? Google says: No
Recently, scholars have expressed doubt that the language of human rights still animates the global fight for better living conditions. Critics say the "human rights-based approach,” defined by the United Nations as a "conceptual framework for the process of human development that is normatively based on international human rights standards,” is no longer useful for people struggling to bring about change.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 18.04.2023
A question of promoting talent
A question of promoting talent
When children develop their professional interests, the social environment is extremely formative. Girls often still lack female role models in the field of computer science. The university group wants to change that and get girls excited about programming. It is often said that IT is a man's world.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.04.2023
Michigan’s new firearm safety laws
FACULTY Q&A New laws that strengthen safe storage of firearms and background checks on purchasers go into effect in early 2024 and are considered the most significant changes to gun safety measures in Michigan in nearly 30 years. University of Michigan researchers provided evidence, including research and data on how the laws could save lives in and outside of the state.

Social Sciences - Career - 17.04.2023
New book shines a light on migrant worker rights
New book shines a light on migrant worker rights
A new book, written by Associate Professor Anna Boucher, examines migrant exploitation experiences in major immigration countries, with a view to understanding how best to safeguard vulnerable migrant workers in Australia and internationally. A new book, Patterns of Exploitation , written by global migration expert Associate Professor Anna Boucher, Chair of the Discipline of Government and International Relations , is shining a light on global exploitation of migrant workers and how different national legal and policy frameworks can help or hinder the enforcement of their rights.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 14.04.2023
Ancient DNA reveals the multiethnic structure of Mongolia's first nomadic empire
Ancient DNA reveals the multiethnic structure of Mongolia’s first nomadic empire
The Xiongnu dominated the Eurasian steppes two millennia ago and foreshadowed the rise of the Mongol Empire The Xiongnu, contemporaries of Rome and Egypt, built their nomadic empire on the Mongolian steppe 2,000 years ago, emerging as Imperial China's greatest rival and even inspiring the construction of China's Great Wall.

Politics - Social Sciences - 14.04.2023
Privately educated twice as likely to consistently vote Conservative
Those educated at private schools are twice as likely to be consistent Conservative voters in adulthood as those who had a state education, according to a new study involving UCL researchers. Published in the journal Sociology , the study uses data from a longitudinal study of almost 7,000 British people born in 1970.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.04.2023
Worldwide, those with ’traditional’ values adhered more strictly to COVID precautions
UCLA-led study could help officials tailor health and safety policies to appeal to populations with a variety of social views. Health + Behavior UCLA-led study could help officials tailor health and safety policies to appeal to populations with a variety of social views.

Social Sciences - 06.04.2023
Study seeks link between stuttering and sleep behaviour in children
Study seeks link between stuttering and sleep behaviour in children
Researchers at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel suspect there is a link between stuttering and the quality and quantity of sleep in children aged four to 13. Previous research has shown that sleep problems can cause drowsiness, fatigue attention disorders, anxiety and depression symptoms and, the VUB researchers believe, the intensity of stutters.

Environment - Social Sciences - 06.04.2023
Second-hand cannabis smoke: Researchers investigate involuntary THC exposure in homes
University of Toronto researchers are investigating exposure to second-hand - and even third-hand - marijuana smoke in homes, including the THC that can collect on floors and surfaces. The researchers, in Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering, have  published a new study  that models how THC - the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis - behaves and transforms once it is released in an indoor environment.